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Army study improves ability to predict drinking water needs

AUDIO: When soldiers leave base for a three-day mission, how much water should they bring? Dr. Samuel Cheuvront of the US Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine t...

U-M researcher and colleagues predict large 2009 Gulf of Mexico 'dead zone'

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---University of Michigan aquatic ecologist Donald Scavia and his colleagues say this year's Gulf of Mexico "dead zone" could be one of the largest on record, continuing a decades-long trend that threatens the health of a half-billion-dollar fishery. The scientists' latest forec...

Scientists find formula to uncover our planet's past and help predict its future

Studies of climate evolution and the ecology of past-times are often hampered by lost information lost variables needed to complete the picture have been long thought untraceable but scientists have created a formula which will fill in the gaps of our knowledge and will help predict the future. ...

Genetic factors may predict depression in heart disease patients

PROVIDENCE, RI Individuals with heart disease are twice as likely to suffer from depression as the general population, an association the medical community has largely been unable to explain. Now, a new study by researchers at The Miriam Hospital, in conjunction with The Montral Heart Institute, ...

Health choices predict cancer survival, U-M study finds

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Head and neck cancer patients who smoked, drank, didn't exercise or didn't eat enough fruit when they were diagnosed had worse survival outcomes than those with better health habits, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center. "While t...

CSHL team develops mouse models of leukemia that predict response to chemotherapy

Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Being able to accurately predict how a given cancer will respond to chemotherapy would spare patients with non-responsive tumors the burden of undergoing toxic and ultimately unhelpful treatment. Just as important, knowing which of a patient's cancer-causing genetic lesi...

ORNL, St. Jude track neurons to predict and prevent disease

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and St. Jude Children's Research Hospital are looking at how developing nerve cells may hold a key to predicting and preventing diseases like cancer and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. St. Jude scientists have linked m...

Crickets may predict human survivability during global warming

How well crickets adapt to rising temperatures may provide clues about whether or not humans can survive global warming. UCF scientist Wade Winterhalter landed an $860,000 grant from the U.S. Department of Energy for an innovative study that fuses global warming models with a biological model t...

Simple test helps predict heart attack risk

SAN DIEGO, Calif. (March 10, 2009)The use of common and readily available screening testslike the ankle brachial index (ABI)along with traditional risk scoring systemssuch as the Framingham Risk Scorehas the potential to prevent devastating heart attacks in thousands of individuals who are not ori...

Using hair to manage HIV/AIDS and predict treatment success

UCSF researchers have found that examining levels of antiretroviral drugs in hair samples taken from HIV patients on therapy strongly predicts treatment success. The findings, published in the February 20 issue of AIDS , note that the levels of antiretrovirals found in the hair of patients on...

Dana-Farber oncologists present at ASCO GU -- predict prostate cancer survival using Source MDx test

Orlando, Fla., February 27, 2009 Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI) and Source MDx today announced that Source MDx's whole blood RNA transcript-based Precision Profiles diagnostic test predicted survival in men with castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). In a study of 62 CRPC patients, th...

Scientists can predict nano drug outcome

Scientists including one from The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston successfully predicted the outcome of a nano drug on breast tumors in a pre-clinical study. Their research could help determine which patients will respond best to cancer-fighting nano drugs. Researchers from...

New technique images tumor vessel leakiness to predict breast cancer chemotherapy outcome

Chemotherapy is an integral part of modern cancer treatment, but it's not always effective. Successful chemotherapy depends on the ability of anticancer drugs to escape from the bloodstream through the leaky blood vessels that often surround tumors. Predicting chemotherapy's efficacy could save...

DNA repair patterns may predict risk of pancreatic cancer

PHILADELPHIA Genetic variations in DNA repair patterns may increase risk of pancreatic cancer by as much as threefold or decrease it by as much as 77 percent, depending on the genes involved, according to a report published in the January 15, 2009, issue of Clinical Cancer Research , a journal o...

Ecologists use oceanographic data to predict future climate change

Ecologists and oceanographers are attempting to predict the future impacts of climate change by reconstructing the past behavior of Arctic climate and ocean circulation. In a November special issue of the journal Ecology , a group of scientists report that if current patterns of change in the ...

Study confirms amphibians' ability to predict changes in biodiversity

Biologists have long suspected that amphibians, whose moist permeable skins make them susceptible to slight changes in the environment, might be good bellwethers for impending alterations in biodiversity during rapid climate change. Now two University of California biologists have verified the ...

Brain-nourishing molecule may predict schizophrenia relapse

A factor that helps optimize brain formation and function may also provide clues about whether patients suffering with schizophrenia are headed toward relapse, researchers say. Over the next two- and one-half years, they are regularly measuring levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or BD...

Millisecond brain signals predict response to fast-acting antidepressant

Images of the brain's fastest signals reveal an electromagnetic marker that predicts a patient's response to a fast-acting antidepressant, researchers have discovered. "Such biomarkers that identify who will benefit from a new class of antidepressants could someday minimize trial-and-error pres...

Children's Hospital researchers identify genetic mutation that may predict organ rejection

Using a novel combination of cutting-edge technologies to scan the human genome, researchers at Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC have identified a genetic mutation that identifies transplant recipients who experience rejection. Known as a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), the genet...

World-first to predict premature births

Australian researchers and a pathology company have joined forces to develop a world-first computerised system which may reveal a way to predict premature birth with greater accuracy. The University of Melbourne, the University of Newcastle and Symbion Pathology are combining expertise in medical...

Scientists use remote satellite imaging to predict outbreaks of infectious disease

Scientists in the USA have established a way to predict outbreaks of cholera, making it easier to control. This finding could provide a model to predict and potentially control outbreaks of other important infectious diseases. Cholera is a serious, ancient water-borne infectious disease, which ...

New indicator uncovered that can predict coral health

Honolulu, HI A new indicator of coral health has been discovered in a community of microscopic single-celled algae called dinoflagellates. The study, released in the July 8th edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, reveals that a particular type of these algae re...

New studies predict record land grab as demand soars for new sources of food, energy and wood fiber

LONDON (14 July 2008) -- Escalating global demand for fuel, food and wood fibre will destroy the world's forests, if efforts to address climate change and poverty fail to empower the billion-plus forest-dependent poor, according to two reports released today by the U.S.-based Rights and Resources ...

Molecular 'clock' could predict risk for developing breast cancer

DALLAS May 14, 2008 A chemical reaction in genes that control breast cancer provides a molecular clock that could one day help researchers more accurately determine a womans risk for developing breast cancer and provide a new approach for treatment, UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers hav...

Genes and environment interact in first graders to predict physical but not social aggression

Physical aggression in children comes from their genes and the environment in which they grow up. Social aggression, such as spreading rumors or ignoring other children, has less to do with genetic factors and more with environmental factors. One important environmental influence on children...

NASA technology helps predict and prevent future pandemic outbreaks

With the help of 14 satellites currently in orbit and the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) Applied Sciences Program, scientists have been able to observe the Earths environment to help predict and prevent infectious disease outbreaks around the world. The use of remote sensin...

Researchers developing device to predict proper light exposure for human health

Troy, N.Y. Scientists have long known that the human body runs like clockwork, guided by a circadian system that responds to daily patterns of light and darkness. Now a team of researchers is developing a personal device to measure daily light intake and activity, which could allow them to predic...

UC health news: molecular pathway may predict chemotherapy effectiveness

CINCINNATIA common molecular pathway could help physicians predict which lung cancer patients will benefit from chemotherapy drugs, according to new research from a multidisciplinary team at the University of Cincinnati (UC). Known as the retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor, this fundamental m...

Study finds environmental tests help predict hospital-acquired Legionnaires' disease risk

PITTSBURGH, Aug. 22 A new study spearheaded by the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine has determined that environmental monitoring of institutional water systems can help to predict the risk of hospital-acquired Legionella pneumonia, better known as Legionnaires disease. Reported recentl...

Experts predict Tamiflu could halve the pandemic influenza death toll versus no intervention

Treatment with the oral antiviral Tamiflu (oseltamivir) and prophylaxis for people exposed to infected patients could be one of the most cost-effective strategies for reducing illness and death during an influenza pandemic. According to modelling research presented by Beate Sander, University of T...

Researchers use MRI to predict recovery after spinal cord injury

Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), radiologists can better predict the likelihood of full or partial recovery of patients with acute spinal cord injuries (SCI), according to a study published in the June issue of the journal Radiology. "Our study demonstrates that the possibility and exten...

Gene expression patterns predict rapid decline in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic lung disease typically characterized by the slow but progressive onset of shortness of breath or cough. Most patients live about five years after diagnosis. However, according to a new study being published today in the online journal PLoS ONE, a su...

Individual differences in a clock gene predict decline of performance during sleep deprivation

People are known to differ markedly in their response to sleep deprivation, but the biological underpinnings of these differences have remained difficult to identify. Researchers have now found that a genetic difference in a so-called clock gene, PERIOD3, makes some people particularly sensitive to...

Proteins may predict lung transplant rejection

Using the latest in high tech tools, researchers have identified three proteins that were highly predictive of chronic lung rejection up to 20 months before the rejection occurred. Lung transplant patients have the highest mortality rate of organ recipients, about 45% over five years, said lead i...

Stanford discovery may help predict when toxoplasma can be deadly

Toxoplasma is arguably the most successful animal parasite on earth: It infects hundreds of species of warm-blooded animals, most notably half of humanity. Its unusual ability to overcome the numerous challenges of infecting and reproducing inside such a wide range of creatures has long intrigu...

Circadian gene helps the brain predict mealtime

By investigating how animals can predict the timing of food availability, researchers have identified the first gene critical for anticipation of mealtime. This gene, called Period 2, is a key component of the circadian time-keeping system. The findings are reported by Urs Albrecht of the Universit...

Bacteria can help predict ocean change

Every creature has its place and role in the oceans ?even the smallest microbe, according to a new study that may lead to more accurate models of ocean change. Scientists have long endorsed the concept of a unique biological niche for most animals and plants ?a shark, for example, has a differen...

Can biological traits predict diversification rates in birds?

Why do some taxanomic families contain many species and others contain far fewer? There has been much debate in the scientific community over the reason for such variation, but a recent study in The American Naturalist by Albert B. Phillimore (Imperial College London, Silwood Park Campus), Robert ...

Mayo Clinic study finds two genes predict outcome for breast cancer patients

Mayo Clinic researchers report that the expression of two novel genes within the tumors of women with early stage breast cancer may allow identification of women who are and are not at risk for early relapse or cancer-related death. Results of the study are published in the April 1 issue of Clinic...

Markers of gene, protein, or micro-RNA activity predict outcome in prostate and colorectal cancers

Cancer researchers are working toward a future in which each patient's tumor will act like a crystal ball, revealing how oncologists should treat the cancer to obtain the best outcome. Currently, physicians cannot predict which patients with prostate cancer should receive extra therapy after sur...
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(Date:4/17/2014)... In the most densely forested and most densely ... centuries of human needs, values and practices. Disturbances associated ... for agriculture and development, have set the stage for ... Service study reports. , The report Five anthropogenic ... needs in the Northern United States was ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... development of stem cell therapies to cure a variety ... cell populations based on cell surface markers. Researchers from ... that is highly expressed in a type of stem ... describe in an article in BioResearch Open Access ... publishers. The article is available free on the ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... A credit-card-sized anthrax detection cartridge developed at Sandia ... makes testing safer, easier, faster and cheaper. , ... is commonly found in soils all over the world ... both humans and animals. The bacteria can survive in ... B. anthracis may occur through skin contact, inhalation ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Five anthropogenic factors that will radically alter northern forests in 50 years 2Five anthropogenic factors that will radically alter northern forests in 50 years 3Pocket-sized anthrax detector aids global agriculture 2Pocket-sized anthrax detector aids global agriculture 3
(Date:4/18/2014)... online in The Gerontologist reports ... associated with a decrease in anxiety about death and ... over their lives. In particular, listening to gospel music ... and an increase in sense of control. , These ... men, and individuals of both low- and high-socioeconomic status. ...
(Date:4/18/2014)... University psychologists have made a brain-related discovery that ... disorders. , This discovery opens up the possibility ... suppress a specific brain activity that the researchers ... The Journal of Neuroscience has just ... McDonald, an associate professor of psychology and his ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... in non-cancerous prostate tissue may have nearly twice the ... no inflammation, according to results of a new study ... Center. , The link between persistent inflammation and cancer ... cancer those with a Gleason score between 7 ... aggressive and rapidly growing prostate cancers. , "What we,ve ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... of Experimental Biology and Medicine a ... and Paul Kenis in the Institute of Genomic ... of Illinois Urbana-Champaign describe their recent work on ... variety of cell functions including energy metabolism, signaling, ... in regulating normal cellular behavior, redox status has ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... created a new technology for modifying human cells ... body and selectively target cancer and other sites ... monitor and modify human physiology is a promising ... technology enabled bioengineers to build such devices that ... a customized fashion. , "The project addressed a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Religious music brings benefit to seniors' mental health 2Health News:Scientists discover brain's anti-distraction system 2Health News:Chronic inflammation linked to 'high-grade' prostate cancer 2Health News:Chronic inflammation linked to 'high-grade' prostate cancer 3Health News:Live cell imaging reveals distinct alterations of subcellular glutathione potentials 2Health News:Building 'smart' cell-based therapies 2
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