Flies may spread drug-resistant bacteria from poultry operations
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found evidence that houseflies collected near broiler poultry
operations may contribute to the dispersion of drug-resistant bacteria and thus increase the potential for human exposure to drug-resistant bacteria. The findings demons...
Tracking poultry litter phosphorus: Threat of accumulation?
MADISON, WI, JANUARY 26, 2009 The Delmarva Peninsula, flanking the eastern shore of the Chesapeake Bay, is home to some 600 million chickens. The resulting poultry
manure and some of the chicken house bedding material is usually composted and then spread onto croplands as a fertilizer.
New insights into a leading poultry disease and its risks to human health
Biodesign Institute at Arizona State University associate research scientist Melha Mellata, a member of professor Roy Curtiss' team, is leading a USDA funded project to develop a vaccine against a leading poultry
disease called avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC).
APEC is part of a large, divers...
Thermochemical process converts poultry litter into bio-oil
Foster Agblevor, associate professor of biological systems engineering, is leading the team of researchers in the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences ( www.cals.vt.edu ) at Virginia Tech ( www.vt.edu ) developing transportable pyrolysis units that will convert poultry
litter into bio-oil, pro...
Study finds antibiotic resistance in poultry even when antibiotics were not used
A surprising finding by a team of University of Georgia scientists suggests that curbing the use of antibiotics on poultry
farms will do little ?if anything ?to reduce rates of antibiotic resistant bacteria that have the potential to threaten human health.
Dr. Margie Lee, professor in the UGA Co...
Veterinary scientists explore poultry virus as cancer killer
Virologists in the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of Veterinary Medicine (VMRCVM) at Virginia Tech are looking at how a genetically modified variant of Avian Newcastle disease virus (NDV) can treat human prostate cancer.
Dr. Elankurmaran Subbiah, assistant professor in the Department of Bio...
Researcher examines polymers created with poultry feathers
Biodegradable polymers created from poultry
feathers may add value to the poultry
industry and help solve the growing environmental problem of plastic waste.
According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, more than 29 million tons of non-biodegradable plastic waste ends up in landfills ea...
Faster immune system testing set to improve poultry quality
The Eureka E! 2692 Molecular Tests project has developed a simple, fast and easy-to-apply test to assess the robustness of the immune system in poultry. The test can be performed in two days on blood samples from poultry
houses, using equipment already available in poultry
diagnostic laboratories. ...
Brazilians sequence genes of pig and poultry killers
Brazilian researchers have sequenced the genomes of two bacteria that cause significant damage to pig and poultry
farming in Brazil and elsewhere.
The researchers are now analysing the results in an attempt to identify bacterial proteins that could be used to develop vaccines and diagnostic kits ...
Drug-resistant bacteria on poultry products differ by brand
The presence of drug-resistant, pathogenic bacteria on uncooked poultry
products varies by commercial brand and is likely related to antibiotic use in production, according to researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Their study is the first to directly compare bacterial ...
Harmful Bacterium Commonly Found in Poultry May Survive Refrigeration and Frozen Storage Combined
Glia appear essential for 'hair cells'
responsible for hearing and balance. Traditionally viewed as supporting
actors, cells known as glia may be essential for the normal development
of nerve cells responsible for hearing and balance, according to new
University of Utah research. The study is repor...
Biodiesel on the wing: A 'green' process for biodiesel from feather meal
...diesel fuel from "chicken feather meal," made from the 11 billion pounds of poultry
industry waste that accumulate annually in the United States alone. Their s...essing it into biodiesel. Given the amount of feather meal generated by the poultry
industry each year, they estimate this process could create 153 million gal...
Happier, healthier, more productive hens on omega-3?
...ng banning conventional cage systems. Because of greater rates of bone breakage in free-range systems this represents a serious welfare issue for the poultry
and egg production industry.
Concern about the welfare of laying hens housed in non-cage systems was expressed in the 1990s, when the issue of bro...
American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009
...emic of swine flu, researchers from Nebraska report for the first time that poultry
carcasses infected with another threat the "bird flu" virus can remain in...rom flocks worldwide in efforts to control the disease. More than 4 million poultry
died or were culled in a 2002 outbreak in Virginia, and the carcasses were ...
K-State researchers help Epitopix license the United States' first E. coli O157 vaccine for cattle
reduction of E. coli O157 fecal concentration.
"Epitopix LLC has had many successes with this technology in other
industries including poultry
and dairy," Thomson said. "They have a
product currently on the market for control of Salmonella in dairy
E. coli , like other foodborne pa...
Understanding phosphorus in soils is vital to proper management
...cularly large proportion (up to 80% of total P) in poultry
manure. Phytate-P is generally considered to be r... phytate-P accumulation in several soils receiving poultry
manure in this study indicates that manure-derived...ials containing large amounts of phytate-P such as poultry
manure may not differ from other material containi...
Avian flu becoming more resistant to antiviral drugs, says University of Colorado study
...na in 1996, the avian flu has spread throughout Asia and to India, Russia, Pakistan, the Middle East, Africa and Europe by various carriers, including poultry
and migratory waterfowl, Hill said. While H5N1 is not highly communicable to humans from birds or between humans, experts are concerned future evoluti...
Transporting broiler chickens could spread antibiotic-resistant organisms
...m cars driving two to three car lengths behind the poultry
trucks for a distance of 17 miles. The cars were d...ent with other studies on antibiotic resistance in poultry
flocks and poultry
According to the authors, the finding...
Research consortium to sequence turkey genome
...d Smith, professor in the Department of Animal and poultry
Sciences at Virginia Tech, commented: "The turkey ...cited to have some of the leading practitioners in poultry
science and comparative genomics committed to this...reproduction. Rami Dalloul, assistant professor of poultry
immunology in the Department of Animal and...
Avian flu threat: New approach needed
...sponse, backed by over $2bn of public money, has affected the livelihoods and businesses of millions. Markets have been restructured, surveillance and poultry
vaccination campaigns implemented, and over two billion birds have died or been culled. Simultaneously substantial investment has been made in human a...
Stevens awarded $1M for advanced biofuels research
...gae; the University of Georgia, which will evaluate cost-effective algae-biofuel production systems, along with using the abundance of litter from the poultry
industry as a source of low-cost nutrients; the University of Maine, for its plans to determine the optimal yield and productivity of high-potential b...
Seabird ammonia emissions contribute to atmospheric acidity
...ting to nutrient enrichment (eutrophication) and acidification in ecosystems. While most ammonia emissions originate from domesticated animals such as poultry
and pigs, seabirds are the most significant emitters of ammonia to the atmosphere in remote regions.
A recent study, "Temporal variation in atmos...
New UGA invention effectively kills foodborne pathogens in minutes
...s bacteria on food. The new antimicrobial wash rapidly kills Salmonella and E. coli O157:H7 on foods ranging from fragile lettuce to tomatoes, fruits, poultry
products and meats. It is made from inexpensive and readily available ingredients that are recognized as safe by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration...
Study finds healthy intestinal bacteria within chicken eggs
... Boston, could have important implications for the poultry
industry and for food safety.
"Understanding th...uld lead to better methods for promoting growth in poultry
and for reducing the risk of food-borne illness. He explained that as the poultry
industry has moved away from the use of growth-pro...
New vaccine may give long-term defense against deadly bird flu and its variant forms
...f millions of doses needed to protect everyone at risk for highly pathogenic forms of bird flu. With the beginning of a pandemic, since H5N1 decimates poultry
populations, the egg supply needed to produce vaccines would be drastically cut.
The new vaccine uses an adjuvant, molecules added to the vaccine t...
Flying off course
...ts believe, however, that it is unlikely that the virus is spread via migratory birds and suspect that it is spread through the international trade in poultry
products. In any case, vagrants pose the lowest risk.
Size is not important
In the course of their research into vagrants in Europe, the scie...
Solving an avian scourge could also provide benefits to human health
...ify targets to develop a vaccine against a leading poultry
disease, called avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC). ...ccording to the USDA, the two most common types of poultry
infections are from the bacteria E. coli and Salmo...ess to chickens.
But by attempting to solve the poultry
scourge of APEC, Mellata and Curtiss are hopeful t...
Cummings School receives Rockefeller Foundation grant
...cials in the basics of participatory epidemiology, poultry
health, community mobilization, and disease contro...ages. Whats more, most of the countrys 1.4 billion poultry
are in small backyard flocks held by private citiz...e efforts is to progressively reduce infections to poultry
in order to reduce risk to people, but HPAI is cur...
Vitamin B-12 function may be diminished by excessive folate
...es. There is no reason to avoid foods with naturally occurring folate and it essential to consume B12 containing products such as eggs, meat, milk and poultry
and even supplements if necessary, says Selhub. The combination of high blood folate and normal vitamin B12 status is actually beneficial to health.
Poultry workers at increased risk of carrying antibiotic-resistant E. coli
workers in the United States are 32 times more lik...ed antibiotic, gentamicin, than others outside the poultry
industry, according to a recent study conducted by...xposure occurring at a high level among industrial poultry
workers. The results are published in the December...
Tiny pest-eating insect fights fruit flies
...searchers believe that the study results will have additional application for controlling flies that threaten animals in confined environments such as poultry
houses, dairies and horse stables.
Fungus genome yielding answers to protect grains, people and animals
... loss, according to the USDA.
The mycotoxins caused by the fungus can affect people and livestock that ingest infected grain. Pigs, cattle, horses, poultry
and people can develop vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhea, staggering, skin irritation and immunosuppression. The most severe cases can be fatal.
New field-deployable biosensor detects avian influenza virus in minutes instead of days
...ick identification of avian influenza infection in poultry
is critical to controlling outbreaks, but current ...infections on the farm, in live-bird markets or in poultry
processing facilities, said Jie Xu, a research sci...pread by migratory aquatic birds have plagued the poultry
industry for decades with millions of dollars in l...
Clemson scientists shed light on molecules in living cells
...f subjects at the society meeting. Other topics include detection and quantification of uranium in groundwater, conversion of lipid feedstocks such as poultry
fat to biodiesel and a new mechanism for antioxidants that fight DNA damage. ...
Avian influenza survivors' antibodies effective at neutralising H5N1 strain
...ory and prove effective at neutralising the virus in culture vitro and in mice.
The H5N1 influenza virus has caused disease and death in millions of poultry
across the globe and occasionally has been transmitted to humans, often fatally. By mid-May 2007, according to the World Health Organization, there ha...
UCI scientists reconstruct migration of avian flu virus
...les obtained across Eurasia, the UCI team reconstructed the virus's geographic reach and evolution. The analysis shows that Guangdong ?home to a large poultry
industry ?is the source of many H5N1 strains that have spread to other provinces and countries. To the south in nearby Indochina, the strains appear l...
Arsenic in chicken feed may pose health risks to humans, C&EN reports
...d suppliers have stopped using the compound, including the nation’s largest poultry
producer, Tyson Foods, according to the article. Still, about 70 percent of...Department of Agriculture has actually measured the level of arsenic in the poultry
meat that most people consume,?according to the article.
In-shell vaccine for chick disease
...rus (IBV) causes losses of £23.6M a year to the UK poultry
industry but scientists are now developing a new w...ctious disease in terms of economic loss to the UK poultry
industry. Infection can lead to severe respiratory...protection rates of up to 100 percent. With the UK poultry
industry sustaining losses of £23.6M a year to inf...
Will the plague pathogen become resistant to antibiotics?
... A small piece of DNA that helps bacteria commonly found in US meat and poultry
resist several antibiotics has also been found in the plague bacillus Yersinia pestis, gene sequence researchers report.
The ability to resist man...
Control measures fail to stop spread of new H5N1 virus
...e responsible for the increased occurrence of H5N1 poultry
infections since October 2005, as well as recent h... St. Jude.
Based on their study of vaccinated poultry
the Hong Kong/St. Jude team suggested that the vac...hangai, Wuhan and Guangzhou, which are remote from poultry
"We don't know yet whether the people ...