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Plains in Biological News

Alcoholism, smoking and genetics among Plains American Indians

Alcoholism and smoking have a high rate of co-occurrence in the general population. Yet little is known about the co-morbidity of alcoholism and smoking among American Indians. In the March issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research , researchers examine patterns of alcohol and to...

International conference on CO2 sequestration processes

...dozen other nations. A optional Sept. 9-11 field trip will explore natural sites related to carbon and climate, including glaciers, hot springs, flood plains and lava flows. This project is a partnership of Columbia University's Earth Institute; Reykjavik Energy; University of Iceland; and the National Cent...

Wiping out the world's mass migrations

... (Caribou), Eurasian steppes and plateaus (Chiru and Saiga), North American plains (bison and elk), and African savannahs (zebra and wildebeests). The fewest ...till considered migratory, but their range is now restricted from the Great plains to two small sites in Yellowstone and Alberta. Similar changes are found on...

Indigenous peoples at world summit to share climate change observations, coping techniques

...peoples have adopted a nomadic lifestyle, moving to more forested zones in the dry season, and are now planting manioc, their main staple, in alluvial plains where, previously, it was too moist to plant crops. Indigenous Peoples most at risk According to the International Union for the Conservation ...

Ma and Pa solutions to global warming

...ers do for a desperate and aging population in an environment faced with global warming to re-engage a region that blankets eight states. The Great plains are dotted with oil patches, public utilities, farms, ranches, feed lots, meat-packing plants, medium-size cities, military bases and tiny towns feedi...

April 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...rom a distinct increase in the 87Sr/86Sr ratios of the mammoth skeletal remains, reflecting a change in the feeding area of the animals, from the vast plains of the continental self to the more mountainous area of present-day Wrangel Island. Renewed glacial activity during the Antarctic cold revers...

Prairie dog research promotes caring, conservation

...ine, lots of other species are going to go, too." Although they only grow to about 15 inches high, prairie dogs are a keystone genus that 200 other plains species depend upon, including insects, hawks, burrowing owls and snakes. Slobodchikoff also argues that the prairie dog's barks, yips and chirpin...

Evidence of earliest known domestic horses found in Kazakhstan

... chin, with the trailing ends acting as the reins. plains Indians called this a war bridle or racing bridle ...n be made to the early horse-herder culture of the plains Indians in America, but with some important differ...le and controllable," said Olsen. "Although the plains Indians often had to develop their own tack, harne...

Birds in Flint Hills of Kansas, Oklahoma face population decline despite large habitat

...ing and widespread grazing The Flint Hills contain the largest remaining tracts of tallgrass prairie, a habitat that once covered much of the Great plains but of which only 4 percent is now left, mostly in the Flint Hills. Far from being pristine prairie, however, the Flint Hills region supports a major ...

Invasive plants challenge scientists in face of environmental change

... Managing invasive plant species on the Great plains has become more challenging in recent years in the...ioxide levels and nitrogen deposition on the Great plains amplify the ability of weedy species to compete wi...ome better adapted for some of these altered Great plains ecosystems than dominant native species." Seast...

December Geosphere media highlights

...le and late Miocene (ca. 17 Ma). The continental sedimentary record was compiled along a 2000-km transect from coastal California to the western Great plains and correlated with the coeval marine Monterey Formation. Integration of data from the fields of plate tectonics, oceanography, sedimentology, paleocl...

New national survey says public reveres bison

..., the vast majority of those live on private ranches, with only about 9,000 plains bison considered free-ranging in the U.S., Canada, and Mexico. An addition...logical restoration of North American bison would occur when large herds of plains and wood bison can move freely across extensive landscapes within all major...

Alpine rivers hold important clues for preserving biodiversity and coping with climate change

...es, but also because the faster flowing and deeper middle of the river is linked to the edges where the water may move quite slowly, and also to flood plains during flood events. An important aspect of river modelling therefore lies in defining the major associations between physical patterns of flow, sedim...

Soil Science Society of America presents awards in Houston

...l-time professional employment. Warren J. Busscher, USDA-ARS Coastal plains Research Center -- Soil Science Research Award. Warren Busscher is a soil science researcher with the USDA-Agricultural Research Service Coastal plains Research Center in Florence, SC. He received a B.S. from Loyola University,...

Earth scientists keep an eye on Texas

...per42936.html Wednesday, 8 October 2008: 4:00 PM, Exhibit Hall E 779-1 Energy Balance of Irrigated and Dryland Cotton in the Southern High plains http://a-c-s.confex.com/crops/2008am/webprogram/Paper41678.html Thursday, 9 October 2008: 9:00 AM, Room 381B The Joint Annual Meeti...

Unexpected large monkey population discovered

...mbodia since 1999, helping to establish the Seima Biodiversity Conservation Area, and developing landscape-level conservation programs in the Northern plains and Tonle Sap Great Lake. ...

AgriLife Research breeder develops drought-tolerant corn

...limited irrigation," Xu said. A field day was held recently at the North plains AgriLife Research Station near Etter to demonstrate the differences between...on from the plants, and is reported on a daily basis through the Texas High plains Evapotranspiration Network ( http://txhighplainset.tamu.edu/ ). Bruce ...

Climate change threatens 1 in 5 plant species

...uropean Union's stabilisation target of two degrees Celsius in order to protect biodiversity. Saarland, Rhineland Palatinate and Hesse and the lowland plains of Brandenburg, Saxony-Anhalt and Saxony could suffer particularly high species losses. In contrast, the researchers expect the number of species in t...

US EPA, UVM's Gund Institute team up to develop new ways to understand ecosystem services

...ter models developed by the Gund Institute to research projects planned by EPA to study ecosystem services in four different parts of the country: the plains in the Upper Midwest, the Willamette River Valley in Oregon, coastal areas of North and South Carolina, and Tampa Bay in Florida. EPA relies on q...

Tree-killing fungus officially named by scientists

...y announced that an SRS scientist and other researchers have officially named the fungus responsible for killing redbay and other trees in the coastal plains of northeastern Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina. Lead author and Iowa State University Plant Pathologist Tom Harrington, co-author and SRS P...

Ancient Mexican maize varieties

...evidence traces the earliest popcorn in the USA to New Mexico, suggesting an overland dispersal from the highlands of central Mexico into the northern plains of Mexico and then into the southwestern USA. Recent studies also support the hypothesis that popcorns are some of the oldest races of maize and grou...

Britain's last Neanderthals were more sophisticated than we thought

... fissure. Clearly, Neanderthal hunters were drawn to the hill over a long period time, presumably for excellent views of the game-herds grazing on the plains below the ridge." The excavations suggest the site may not be unique. Similar sites with comparable fissure systems are thought to exist across sou...

July 2008 GEOLOGY and GSA Today media highlights

...exposed in the badlands of Wyoming are famous for their fossil remains of ancient mammals, such as the earliest primates and horses that inhabited the plains of North America. The sediments include spectacularly red, orange, and purple color-banded soils that extend for kilometers throughout the landscape o...

Climate modelers see modern echo in '30s Dust Bowl

...s to simulate the 1930s Dust Bowl on the U.S Great plains have found that dust raised by farmers probably am...hen took place. This would have affected the Great plains too, but probably would have not brought disaster....sing precipitation even further. Dust on the Great plains helped draw the drought northward like a siphon, s...

Bison can thrive again, study says

...onx Zoo headquarters and began efforts to re-populate reserves on the Great plains with animals from the zoos herd and other sources (bison continue to be exh...rding to the groups, ecological restoration would occur when large herds of plains and wood bison can move freely across extensive landscapes within major hab...

Kansas state flower receives scientific attention

...ower, Desert sunflower and Pecos sunflower. The independent origins of these three hybrid species, from the same two parents, the common sunflower and plains sunflower, raised some intriguing questions for Ungerer that inspired his grant proposal. As Ungerer reviewed the genetic data from all five specie...

Into the abyss: Deep-sixing carbon

...eep oceans. He believes it may offer a viable solution because vast flat plains cover huge areas of the deep oceans. These abyssal plains have little life and are benign environments. If you stay away from the ste...

Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, February 2008

...esearchers are able to take extract and compare relevant patterns from enormous datasets. For this study, researchers used data for the Southern Great plains Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) site in Lamont, Okla., and projections from the National Center for Atmospheric Research's Community Climate S...

New dinosaur from Mexico offers insights into ancient life on West America

...nosaurs living on the long, narrow, peninsula-like western landmass known as Laramidia, or more simply, West America, occupied only a narrow belt of plains that were sandwiched between the seaway to the east and rising mountains to the west. Central America had not formed at the time, which made Mexico th...

Plant reflections may be key to early detection of treatment needs

...ter at Lubbock, uses a hyperspectral camera to determine how light is being reflected off plant leaf surfaces. He discussed the technology at the High plains Vegetable Conference in Canyon. Just like when we start having the flu, our body responds and we get a fever, he said. The fever is because our bod...

New map outlines risk of zebra mussel invasion

...lakes and a new risk assessment based on water chemistry suggests the Great plains and American Southwest could be next in line for invasion. Results of th...ped the analysis notes that nearly 60 percent of the country, including the plains states and the Southwest, is in a high-risk ecoregion, based on calcium lev...

Indigenous water frogs under threat

...zerland originated from frogs bred for gourmet restaurants or imported directly from various source countries. The frog fauna along larger river flood plains in both countries has now altered significantly in favour of the new frog species. Until now though, it was not clear why the new species had been abl...

Summer-dormant tall fescue grass shows promise for pasture improvements

...chardgrass, ryegrass and hardinggrass grow under conditions of mild winters and hot, dry and long summers, he said. At one time, the southern Great plains had its peak rainfalls in May and September, but that precipitation pattern doesnt exist now, Malinowski said. This year is one of the many example...

Social standing influences elephant movement

...uch as a favorite tree - potentially removing it from a local area," said Wittemyer. "Being 'ecosystem engineers,' they are capable of changing wooded plains to complete grasslands. Elephants have huge space and resource needs, and are particularly impacted by land use changes. Fencing in these populations ...

Fungus genome yielding answers to protect grains, people and animals

...pidemic during the 1990s in wheat- and barley-growing regions around the world. Experts estimate that from 1998 to 2000 the central and northern Great plains of the United States suffered economic losses of $2.7 billion due to the disease. In Indiana alone in 1996, the fungus caused at least $38 million in ...

Great Plains' historical stability vulnerable to future changes

...s in population, farm income, and crop production in the agricultural Great plains concludes that threats to society and the environment are counterbalanced b...unities for farm-associated work, have decreased theirs slightly. The Great plains population is nonetheless falling behind that of the country as a whole, an...

Scientists seek useful traits in wild cottons

...ch can reach 30,000 parts per million. If cotton breeders can impart more salt tolerance to commercial varieties, farmers on the Texas High plains could one day irrigate their crop from the Santa Rosa Aquifer ?which lies underneath the heavily-tapped Ogallala Aquifer, Gannaway said. "T...

Cambodian vulture nests offer hope for species

...ies to ensure that they are involved in—and support—longer-term conservation measures. "We already have a successful WCS model working in the Northern plains where local people benefit from conservation activities. I think we have a good chance of making it work here if we can find the support." The sl...

Birth rate, competition are major players in hominid extinctions

...ity with longer cold seasons and shorter periods of warm weather. Leading up to and during the last glacial maximum about 18,000 years ago, the grassy plains disappeared, taking with them the animals that relied on large expanses of grass for grazing. These animals were the prime food source for Neandertal...

Save the whales? Sure, but how many?

...s need. 'Having animals acting like animals in the fullest sense, seems the standard conservationists should seek, whether it's bison on the Great plains or Asia's forests with tigers and their prey,' said Sanderson. ...
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