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Pandemic in Biological News

K-State researcher, collaborators study virulence of pandemic H1N1 virus

Laboratory studies at Kansas State University and the work of a K-State researcher are making headway in the effort to control the pandemic H1N1 virus. Juergen Richt is a Regents Distinguished Professor at K-State's College of Veterinary Medicine and is a Kansas Bioscience Authority Eminent Sch...

1 in 6 health workers won't report in flu pandemic -- study by Ben-Gurion U. researchers

BEER-SHEVA, ISRAEL -- July 28, 2009 A study conducted by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and John Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health indicates that approximately 16 percent of public health care workers will not report for work in a pandemic flu emergency, regardles...

Global Viral Forecasting Initiative receives $11M to implement pandemic early warning system

The Global Viral Forecasting Initiative (GVFI), a nonprofit research initiative dedicated to preventing pandemics, has received $11 million dollars from Google.org and The Skoll Foundation. The support, which includes $5.5 million dollars from each organization, represents the largest grant to dat...

Rethinking who should be considered 'essential' during a pandemic flu outbreak

Not only are doctors, nurses, and firefighters essential during a severe pandemic influenza outbreak. So, too, are truck drivers, communications personnel, and utility workers. That's the conclusion of a Johns Hopkins University article to be published in the journal of Biosecurity and Bioterror...

Survivors of 1918 flu pandemic protected with a lifetime immunity to virus

New research has discovered that infection and natural exposure to the 1918 influenza virus made survivors immune to the disease for the remaining of their lives. Antibodies produced by cells isolated from these survivors served as an effective therapy to protect mice from the highly lethal 1918 ...

VaxInnate to discuss seasonal and pandemic flu vaccines during BIO 2008 this week

SAN DIEGO, CA, June 16, 2008 -- VaxInnate Corporation announced today that it will discuss its novel proprietary technology for producing seasonal and pandemic influenza vaccines during BIO 2008 here this week. VaxInnate will participate in the following three BIO 2008 panel discussions: ...

NASA technology helps predict and prevent future pandemic outbreaks

With the help of 14 satellites currently in orbit and the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations (NASA) Applied Sciences Program, scientists have been able to observe the Earths environment to help predict and prevent infectious disease outbreaks around the world. The use of remote sensin...

Experts predict Tamiflu could halve the pandemic influenza death toll versus no intervention

Treatment with the oral antiviral Tamiflu (oseltamivir) and prophylaxis for people exposed to infected patients could be one of the most cost-effective strategies for reducing illness and death during an influenza pandemic. According to modelling research presented by Beate Sander, University of T...

Recurrence of a flu pandemic similar to infamous 1918 flu could kill 62 million

In recent years, health professionals and the general public alike have been acutely aware of the potential ravages that could result from a flu pandemic. Although many people might still recall the pandemics of 1968 and 1957, it is the infamous 1918-1920 pandemic--and the possibility of a recurren...

Air travel and pandemic flu

Restricting air travel from countries where there is a serious influenza outbreak will do little to hold back the spread of the infection, according to the findings of a study conducted at the UK Health Protection Agency and published in the journal PLoS Medicine. Sometimes a new type of influez...

Diabetes hits 275 Australians each day as pandemic spreads

A new national health study funded by the NH&MRC, industry and state governments released today by the International Diabetes Institute in Melbourne shows diabetes is hitting up to 275 new victims each day throughout Australia. The findings of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle St...

Study outlines genetic differences between potential pandemic influenza strains

An analysis of H5N1 influenza samples in Southeast Asia shows not only how the two strains that have caused human disease are related but also that they belong to two different, distinct genetic subgroups. Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report their findings today ...

Ancient retrovirus sheds light on modern pandemic

Human resistance to a retrovirus that infected chimpanzees and other nonhuman primates 4 million years ago ironically may be at least partially responsible for the susceptibility of humans to HIV infection today. These findings, reported by a team of researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Researc...

Scientists decoding genomic sequences of H1N1 using isolates from outbreak in Argentina

...che 454 Life Sciences to decode the complete genomic sequences of influenza pandemic (H1N1) 2009 virus from patients with severe respiratory disease. The scient...of vaccines or drugs used to fight the pandemic. "No one knows how this pandemic will evolve. Continuous surveillance will be essential to focusing both res...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...e environment. "Hereby, this high resolution method makes an important contribution towards a fast and precise recognition of microbial pathogens with pandemic potential." ...

The tiny difference in the genes of bacteria

...e environment. "Hereby, this high resolution method makes an important contribution towards a fast and precise recognition of microbial pathogens with pandemic potential." ...

Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology

...ed cross-reactive immunity against the potentially pandemic H5N1 influenza virus. The researchers from the Na...ew subtypes continue to emerge and the threat of a pandemic is at its highest in decades, researchers are purs...ts suggest a strategy of VLP vaccination against a pandemic virus and one that stimulates heterotypic immunity...

Targeting children effective use of limited supplies of flu vaccine and could help control flu spread

...lu. As the World Health Organization declares a pandemic global H1N1 swine flu, countries are looking at me...e used computer modelling to predict the spread of pandemic influenza and to look at ways of controlling it ef...lthough a simplification of the complex reality of pandemic flu transmission, the researchers believe their mo...

Government of Canada announces funding for research on the H1N1 flu virus

...d a national influenza research network focused on pandemic vaccine evaluation. The network will strengthen Ca...city to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a pandemic influenza vaccine and vaccination programs. The... assess the safety and immunogenicity of a novel pandemic influenza vaccine provide population-based estim...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009

... RELEASE Bird flu virus remains infectious up to 600 days in municipal landfills Environmental Science & Technology Amid concerns about a pandemic of swine flu, researchers from Nebraska report for the first time that poultry carcasses infected with another threat the "bird flu" virus can remai...

The challenges of avian influenza virus: Mechanism, epidemiology and control

...ases, were reported in China. This again made the world alert on a possible pandemic worldwide, probably caused by avian-origin influenza virus. Again H5N1 is i...us? Where will this virus go and where did it come? Can we avoid a possible pandemic of influenza? Will the human beings conquer this devastating agent? Obvious...

Swine flu genes dissimilar to past pandemics

...en and Tom Slezak from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, America, published their analysis identifying 34 conserved amino acid markers from past pandemic flu strains two weeks ago. They have since studied sequences from the new virus and found that only about half of their 34 markers are present. Slezak...

K-State researcher finds 1918 flu resulted in current lineage of H1N1 swine influenza viruses

...ty researcher has found that the virus causing the pandemic was able to infect and replicate in pigs, but did ... Veterinary Medicine, studied the 1918 Spanish flu pandemic with colleagues from the Canadian Food Inspection ...eir research supports the hypothesis that the 1918 pandemic influenza virus and the virus causing the swine fl...

Avian flu research sheds light on swine flu outbreak

... for an avian influenza virus to cause a human flu pandemic is greater than previously thought. Results also ...s, one that is on the list of candidates for human pandemic potential. Using reverse genetics, a technique wh...an hybrid influenza virus forms in nature, a human pandemic of this virus is potentially just a few mutations ...

A London effort to develop point-of-care nanosensors for HIV diagnosis and monitoring

...ext three years, with the promise of additional funding. In the UK, there are an estimated 70,000 carriers of HIV. Worldwide, HIV/AIDS has grown to pandemic proportions and today there are 35 million people living with the virus, two-thirds of them in sub-Saharan Africa. This development is expected to bri...

Is it really only our kidneys that control blood pressure?

... The problem of high blood pressure has reached pandemic proportions, causing premature death through heart attacks, strokes and kidney disease in a third of the UK population. For decades, scientists have b...

Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird and seasonal flu viruses

...of human monoclonal antibodies (mAb) that neutralize an unprecedented range of influenza A viruses, including avian influenza A (H5N1) virus, previous pandemic influenza viruses, and some seasonal influenza viruses. These antibodies have the potential for use in combination with other treatments to prevent or...

Scientists identify human monoclonal antibodies effective against bird, seasonal flu viruses

...of human monoclonal antibodies (mAb) that neutralize an unprecedented range of influenza A viruses, including avian influenza A (H5N1) virus, previous pandemic influenza viruses, and some seasonal influenza viruses. These antibodies have the potential for use in combination with other treatments to prevent or...

Study: Fluid buildup in lungs is part of the damage done by the flu

...ses of the flu, even if some of the sicker patients require ventilation to help them clear fluid and get oxygen to the blood. "But if we get into a pandemic situation and there are 200 people with low levels of oxygen in their blood and five ventilators, 195 people are out of luck. We hope to develop somet...

Shades of 1918? New study compares avian flu with a notorious killer from the past

...e convulsive waves. The year was 1918. The ensuing pandemic claimed up to 100 million victims, most of whom su... the 1918 virussource of the most severe influenza pandemic in recorded history. The results, which appear in...iginal 1918 virus. The threat of an avian flu pandemic hasn't gone away and emergency preparedness effort...

Researchers identify potential new weapon in battle against HIV infection

...sson. "The conclusions of this study pave the way for novel therapeutic approaches to induce HIV resistance and promote further understanding of the pandemic as a whole," says Dr. Lingwood. ...

Study: Excessive use of antiviral drugs could aid deadly flu

...esearchers say. Stockpiling Tamiflu has become a standard part of many government, business and health organization plans to prepare for a long-feared pandemic flu outbreak, especially in the event that avian flu mutates enough to infect and be easily transmitted among humans. "We can't necessarily say wha...

Synthetic virus supports a bat origin for SARS

... SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome alarmed the world five years ago as the first global pandemic of the 21st century. The coronavirus (SARS-CoV) that sickened more than 8,000 people and killed nearly 800 of them may have originated in bats, but ...

Polarized light guides cholera-carrying midges that contaminate water supplies

... Cholera is a major killer and since the first pandemic in the early 19th century it has claimed millions of lives. According to Amit Lerner from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel, the lethal infec...

Masks, hand washing, prevent spread of flu-like symptoms by up to 50 percent

...armaceutical interventions such as hand washing and masks---especially in a pandemic flu outbreak---are critical to study because pharmaceutical interventions s... may not be available in sufficient quantity for preventing and controlling pandemic influenza outbreaks. In February 2007, the Centers for Disease Control a...

Avian flu threat: New approach needed

... International Ministerial Conference on Avian and pandemic Influenza in Sharm el Sheikh, Egypt (October 24-26...veloping drugs and vaccines. In many countries pandemic contingency and preparedness plans have been devis...r an effective and equitable global responses to a pandemic remain weak. The themes addressed in this repor...

Bird flu vaccine protects people and pets

...pecies against different influenza viruses. "The world is experiencing a pandemic of influenza in birds caused by an H5N1 virus. Although it has been restric...za, we could protect wild bird species as well as domestic chickens against pandemic flu strains, limiting the spread of disease to humans. "If an emerging s...

NSF, NIH award Ecology of Infectious Disease grants

...andscapes" of human influenza in households, towns and cities of southern China (Derek Cummings, Johns Hopkins University); Ecology, emergence and pandemic potential of Nipah virus, a virus harbored in fruit bats, in Bangladesh (Peter Daszak, Center for Conservation Medicine); Ecology of anaplasmosis,...

1918 flu antibodies resurrected from elderly survivors

...dical School, is published online in the journal Nature . The influenza pandemic of 1918 killed nearly 50 million people worldwide, many of whom were young, healthy adults. With fears of another looming flu pandemic stoked by the emergence of "bird flu" in Asia, researchers have wanted to s...

Newly described 'dragon' protein could be key to bird flu cure

...2008) -- Scientists and researchers have taken a big step closer to a cure for the most common strain of avian influenza, or "bird flu," the potential pandemic that has claimed more than 200 lives and infected nearly 400 people in 14 countries since it was identified in 2003. Researchers at the U.S. Depart...
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