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OSu in Biological News

Key OSU water research receives national funding

STILLWATER, Okla. In a first to the state of Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University's Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources will receive $226,890 in grant funding from the U.S. Geological Survey, provided through the Oklahoma Water Resources Research Institute. OWRRI and USGS of...

NSF approves $1.3M for OSU and OU microbes hunt

The National Science Foundation has approved a $1.3 million grant for researchers at Oklahoma State University and the University of Oklahoma to discover new kinds of microorganisms in natural habitats. The five-year grant will enable scientists to detect, identify, and isolate unique microorganis...

OCAST funds OSU projects with commercial viability

Stillwater, Okla.Three OSU researchers received grants totaling more than $240,000 last week from the Oklahoma Center for the Advancement of Science and Technology under its Oklahoma Applied Research Support program. The OARS program backs projects with the potential for producing a commercially ...

Avocados may help prevent oral cancer, OSU study shows

Columbus, Ohio -- Nutrients taken from avocados are able to thwart oral cancer cells, killing some and preventing pre-cancerous cells from developing into actual cancers, according to researchers at Ohio State University. Researchers found that extracts from Hass avocados kill or stop the gro...

Family planning a major environmental impact

.... "In discussions about climate change, we tend to focus on the carbon emissions of an individual over his or her lifetime," said Paul Murtaugh, an osu professor of statistics. "Those are important issues and it's essential that they should be considered. But an added challenge facing us is continuing...

Douglas-fir, geoducks make strange bedfellows in studying climate change

...uries and greatly extend our climate histories." Black is working with Jason Dunham, an ecologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Corvallis, and osu graduate student Brett Blundon to apply tree ring techniques to freshwater mussels, which also show annual growth through rings. They recently discove...

Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient

...e professor of wood science and engineering in the osu College of Forestry, who conducted this research w...nexpensive, easily available, light and renewable, osu experts turned to microcrystalline cellulose a mi...ses about 40-50 percent of wood. In this study, osu researchers replaced up to about 12 percent of the...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

...from this process," said Mark Harmon, holder of the Richardson Chair in the osu Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society. "That seems to make common sen...n sequestration," Harmon said. That could be significant. Another recent osu studied concluded that if forests of Oregon and northern California were ma...

Athletes, spectators faced unprecedented air pollution at 2008 Olympic Games

...lution in and around Beijing during the Olympics, this was the largest scale atmospheric pollution experiment ever conducted," said Staci Simonich, an osu associate professor of environmental and molecular toxicology. "Despite all that, it was some evening rains and favorable shifts in the winds that pro...

Improved method developed to test carcinogen risk

... impact of carcinogens is not always "linear," the osu researchers reported in this study. This means exp...the dose makes the poison," said George Bailey, an osu distinguished professor emeritus of molecular and ...ost was too prohibitive." What has changed, the osu researchers said, is the realization that rainbow ...

Hatchery fish may hurt efforts to sustain wild salmon runs

... "If anyone ever had any doubts about the genetic differences between hatchery and wild fish, the data are now pretty clear," said Michael Blouin, an osu professor of zoology. "The effect is so strong that it carries over into the first wild-born generation. Even if fish are born in the wild and survive...

Discovery raises new doubts about dinosaur-bird links

...ect descendants of ancient, meat-eating dinosaurs, osu researchers say. "It's really kind of amazing t...basic aspect of bird biology," said John Ruben, an osu professor of zoology. "This discovery probably mea...ers," unlike virtually all other land animals, the osu experts say. What was just discovered, however, is...

Breakthrough made in assessing marine phytoplankton health

... information we need," said Michael Behrenfeld, an osu professor of botany. "The fluorescence measurement...ine phytoplankton growth," said Allen Milligan, an osu assistant professor of botany and co-author of thi...ia/Irvine. In continued studies, researchers at osu hope to reproduce the marine environment that thes...

New diagnostic advance seen for head, throat cancer

... new types of treatments," said Gitali Indra, an assistant professor in the osu College of Pharmacy. "With these new findings, we believe it should be poss...re a consequence of cancer, or part of the cause," said Arup Indra, also an osu assistant professor of pharmacy. "However, we strongly suspect that it's ca...

Ancient diatoms lead to new technology for solar energy

...tead of conventional semiconductor manufacturing approaches, researchers at osu and Portland State University have created a new way to make "dye-sensitize...imits of what we may be able to accomplish with that," said Greg Rorrer, an osu professor of chemical engineering. "There's an enormous opportunity to deve...

Breakthrough made in energy efficiency, use of waste heat

...nt in situations where cooling is needed. The system is one of the early applications of microchannel technology that is being developed jointly by osu and the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, through a joint venture called the Microproducts Breakthrough Institute. "Our approach will provide ...

Oklahoma EPSCoR receives $20 million for biofuels research

...OSU is so glad to play a major role in this pivotal area of research," said osu President Burns Hargis. "As many in our state and nation deal with fluctua...ting fuel costs, it is encouraging to know that researchers - not only from osu but also from throughout the state - are hard at work developing alternativ...

Salmon smolt survival similar in Columbia and Fraser rivers

...ss can have. During the past dozen or so years, osu scientists have been using telemetry to study surv...pact of predation from colonies of terns. In 2000, osu introduced the use of a new tool acoustic telemet...o began using the same acoustic technology used by osu researchers to study the survival of smolts in the...

Oklahoma researchers support biodiversity in biofuels production

... science-based policy to address this global issue for the Oct. 3 issue of Science magazine. Linda Wallace, OU botany professor, and Michael Palmer, osu botany professor, believe biodiversity in biofuels production may contribute to its long-term success. Wallace was the first to introduce the idea...

Advance offers revolution in food safety testing

...rofessor of microbiology and associate dean of the osu College of Science. "When this new technology is c...e been studied in detail by Trempy's collaborator, osu biochemist Phil McFadden. This research found t... for contaminating bacterial toxicity. Several osu graduate and undergraduate students assisted on th...

New method identifies meth hot spots

...s a new approach toward studying a significant public health concern," said osu associate professor Dr. Daniel Sudakin, the study's author. "There are a lo...blems, others focus on hazardous chemical releases from meth labs. "This osu study incorporates information about when and where these incidents occurre...

Old growth forests are valuable carbon sinks

...t old forests from nothing more than a carbon perspective, the best thing to do is leave them alone," said Beverly Law, professor of forest science at osu and director of the AmeriFlux network, a group of 90 research sites in North and Central America that helps to monitor the current global "budget" of ...

Complex ocean behavior studied with 'artificial upwelling'

...ment was funded in part by the National Science Foundation and the Betty and Gordon Moore Foundation. White and lead investigators Ricardo Letelier of osu and David Karl of the University of Hawaii are part of the NSF-funded Center for Microbial Oceanography: Research and Education (C-MORE) based in Hawa...

Lionfish decimating tropical fish populations, threaten coral reefs

... emissions, the lionfish invasion is a serious concern, said Mark Hixon, an osu professor of zoology and expert on coral reef ecology. The study is the ...doctoral student working with Hixon. In studies on controlled plots, the osu scientists determined that lionfish reduced young juvenile fish populations...

Laser fluorescence could find life on Mars

...verse environments on Earth as below the ocean floor, in deserts and on dry mountaintops. Fisk and Storrie-Lombardi along with other scientists at osu and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory previously collaborated on a study that found bacteria 4,000 feet below the ocean surface in Hawaii that they reach...

Project succeeding to relocate Caspian terns

...umbia River estuary en route to the Pacific Ocean. osu researchers helped lure the Caspian terns to Crump...ome have decided to nest there," said Dan Roby, an osu professor of fisheries and wildlife and principal ...ch Unit is being funded by a $2.1 million grant to osu from the Corps and Bonneville Power Administration...

OSU technologies funded for development

...g. Funding for the program is administered by the osu Office of Intellectual Property Management, and is...ing to be able to continue the trend of developing osu research into viable commercial products. Crea...an Technology Center for Business Development, the osu Center for Innovation and Economic Development, th...

'Nonlinear' ecosystem response points to environmental solutions

...ff approach. Part of the problem now is that a lot of the data we need to make this type of assessment simply isnt available, said Sally Hacker, an osu associate professor of zoology. Biological, economic and sociological data could be enormously helpful to help us reach better management decisions, a...

GM, Coskata partnership builds on Oklahoma State University biofuels research

... based on research and technology developed by the osu Biofuels Team and licensed exclusively to Coskata.... microorganisms licensed to Coskata as part of the osu Biofuels research convert the resulting syngas int...e National Laboratory, Coskatas process using the osu Biofuels Team microorganisms can reduce carbon di...

LSU and Ohio State battle on football field, collaborate in research field

...educe nutrients to the Gulf of Mexico, but we cant do it alone. Thats where osu comes in. While LSU scientists focus on Louisiana, addressing the issues of dramatic wetland loss and the continuously growing dead zone, osu researchers are developing wetlands upstream so that nutrient loads in the ...

Emory, Ohio State launch partnership in predictive and personalized health care

...model of health care that is tailored to the individual patient for prediction, prevention and treatment," says Daniel Sedmak, MD, executive director, osu Center for Personalized Health Care. Personalized health care is the cornerstone of the Ohio State University Medical Center's vision. In 2005 Oh...

New map outlines risk of zebra mussel invasion

...spread of invasive mussels from one lake to another can occur via connecting waterways or through recreational boaters, according to Alan Herlihy, an osu research professor in the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife. If people put their boat into a lake with these mussels one weekend, then take thei...

Best treatment identified to reduce deadly Staph infections

...e best for this concern. In laboratory studies, osu scientists compared three types of compounds for t...bacterial effectiveness against MRSA bacteria, the osu study found, but only the benzethonium chloride co...trying to prevent a more serious infection. The osu study was funded by Tec Laboratories of Albany, Or...

Massive California fires consistent with climate change

...id Neilson. Fire forecast models developed by Neilsons research group at osu and the Forest Service rely on several global climate models. When combined...g water shortages. In studies released five years ago, Neilson and other osu researchers predicted that the American West could become both warmer and w...

Salmonid hatcheries cause 'stunning' loss of reproduction

...ning, its just remarkable, said Michael Blouin, an osu associate professor of zoology. We were not surpri...despite their appearances, said Michael Blouin, an osu associate professor of zoology. Some have suggeste...to be worried. Earlier work by researchers from osu and the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife had...

Vitamin E trials 'fatally flawed'

...at could be obtained in any diet, and is also above the tolerable upper intake level outlined by the Institute of Medicine, which is 1,000 I.U. a day. osu researchers are not yet recommending that people should routinely take such high levels, but they do say that controlled clinical trials studying this...

Same gene protects from 1 disease, opens door to another

...ult. The blight fungus makes a toxin that causes disease in susceptible plants that is, only plants that carry this gene, said Jennifer Lorang, an osu research associate. But it also turned out that the same gene can provide disease protection. This is very unusual, and should provide insight into ge...

Amber specimen captures ancient chemical battle

...ance of these circumstances all coming together at the exact right second was pretty slim, said George Poinar, Jr., a courtesy professor of zoology at osu and one of the worlds leading experts on distant life forms preserved in amber. You have a prehistoric insect being attacked, using its defenses to wa...

Researchers demonstrate way to control tree height

... also affect foliage shapes or color in very attractive ways, and some might have value in cleaning up environmental pollution. In their studies, osu scientists were able to create young poplar trees, which grow rapidly and can reach a mature height of 150 feet or more, that were anywhere from about...

Amphibians in losing race with environmental change

...ections and other issues," said Andrew Blaustein, a professor of zoology at osu and one of the world's leading experts on amphibian decline. "But look...tics, the amphibians are just the first to go." In their analysis, the osu scientists point out that evolution is not a precise or perfect process - ...
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