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Moves in Biological News

Another JDRF partner moves research forward with collaboration agreement for diabetes treatment

NEW YORK, June 18, 2009 The Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation said today that for the fourth time in 18 months, one of its biotech partners has signed a collaboration agreement with a large pharmaceutical company to move research on type 1 diabetes into the final phases of trials. Accordin...

Mayo Clinic researchers discover and manipulate molecular interplay that moves cancer cells

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. Based on research that reveals new insight into mechanisms that allow invasive tumor cells to move, researchers at the Mayo Clinic campus in Florida have a new understanding about how to stop cancer from spreading. A cancer that spreads elsewhere in the body, known as metastasi...

Stem cell chicken and egg debate moves to unlikely arena: the testes

LA JOLLA, CA Logic says it has to be the niche. As air and water preceded life, so the niche, that hospitable environment that shelters adult stem cells in many tissues and provides factors necessary to keep them young and vital, must have emerged before its stem cell dependents. A team of sc...

Teenager moves video icons just by imagination

Now, a St. Louis-area teenage boy and a computer game have gone hands-off, thanks to a unique experiment conducted by a team of neurosurgeons, neurologists, and engineers at Washington University in St. Louis. The boy, a 14-year-old who suffers from epilepsy, is the first teenager to play a two...

Antarctic Treaty Meeting moves to protect frozen continent from non-native species

Important new measures to protect Antarctica ?the world's last great wilderness ?from invasive non-native species have been agreed at a meeting of Antarctic experts in Edinburgh. Scientists and policy makers at the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting, which finished at Edinburgh International C...

Gene therapy for Parkinson's disease moves forward in animals

An international team of scientists has used gene therapy in two separate studies to renew brain cells and restore normal movements in monkeys and rats with a drug-induced form of Parkinson's disease. The research, detailed online in the scientific publications Brain and The Journal of Neuroscie...

Gene Therapy For Parkinson's Disease Moves Forward In Animals

An international team of scientists has used gene therapy in two separate studies to renew brain cells and restore normal movements in monkeys and rats with a drug-induced form of Parkinson's disease. The research, detailed online in the scientific publications Brain and The Journal of Neuroscie...

Freshwater fish at the top of the food chain evolve more slowly

...ured the fine parts of the head and mouth. "A fish mouth is much more complicated than our own mouth," says Wainwright. "Whereas we have one bone that moves our jaw fish actually have two dozen separately moving bones, and lots of muscles that move those bones in a coordinated fashion." By mapping the...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...tects explosive liquids in less than a minute, and may make current airline liquid restrictions obsolete. TerraOps Software Radio This software moves the concept of software-defined radio into space, where it can be used to extend dramatically the lifetimes of electronic systems aboard satellites an...

World's largest ocean observatory takes shape

...Business, Technology and Economic Development. "Today's beginning of the final phase of installing the world's first regional cabled ocean observatory moves us closer to the wide range of benefits NEPTUNE Canada will bring to our province, from fighting climate change to creating high-tech jobs." NEPTUN...

American Chemical Society's Weekly Presspac -- June 17, 2009

...69-24-5028 Email: t-kondo@mizkan.co.jp ARTICLE #5 EMBARGOED FOR 9 A.M., EASTERN TIME, June 22, 2009 No more test tubes on four feet? EPA moves toward animal-free toxicity tests Chemical & Engineering News The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) plans to switch to a new genera...

Discovery of a water snake that startles fish in a way that makes them flee into its jaws

... Next, the biologist noticed that the first part of its body that the snake moves is not its head. Instead, it flexes a point midway down its body. Using a s...m for the fish's initial position and then adjust its direction as the fish moves the way most predators do. Instead it heads directly for the location wher...

Advance in understanding cellulose synthesis

... microtubules are built. Using advanced imaging techniques, they tracked the motion of single fluorescent molecules, and found that cellulose synthase moves along "tracks" defined by the microtubules. In this paper, the researchers looked at how the association between the cellulose synthase complexes ...

Protein that triggers plant cell division revealed by researchers

...as to build a new wall from the inside out in order to divide" said Bergmann. Bergmann said that the next steps will be to understand how BASL moves from where it is made to the nucleus or out to the periphery of the cell, and what it actually does in those regions of the cell. "What we don...

Improving livestock productivity in Honduras

... bring a set of integrated laboratory-based services for the benefit of cattle farmers, as an IAEA-supported project to improve livestock productivity moves into its third phase. The project addresses two main areas. First, it directly assists milk and meat producers by determining the nutritional value...

New device detects heart disease using less than one drop of blood

...ountries where access to medical laboratories does not exist," said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal . "In addition, this moves much closer to a future where new blood vessels, veins and arteries for transplants no longer need to be grafted from patient's bodies. The amount of ...

URI receives $18 million grant to strengthen biomedical research capacity in Rhode Island

... Rhode Island," said URI College of Pharmacy Dean Ron Jordan. "This sector of our economy will bear more fruit in the next several years as the state moves toward a knowledge based economy that will leverage this great higher education research, our highly qualified Rhode Island health delivery institutio...

Drugs needed to preserve eggs for reproduction need to be given in stages

...ctants, where it appears to work some magic. Sugar can't permeate a cell membrane so high concentrations in the medium reduce the amount of fluid that moves inside the egg. Too much fluid causes the egg to swell and potentially burst. Almost paradoxically, because sugar thickens the medium, it helps put pr...

Using combinatorial libraries to engineer genetic circuits advances synthetic biology

...een converted to ethanol," the paper noted. The researchers concluded that their method using combinatorial libraries to engineer genetic circuits moves the "tweaking" from the back-end of gene network engineering to the front-end. "Projects undertaken with this approach will help accelerate synthet...

K-State using Second Life island to help high school students learn earth science

... A mysterious island that moves through time. Travelers in search of answers. It sounds something like the science fiction television show "Lost," but it also describes a new appr...

Yale researchers uncover secrets of salmonella's stealth attack

..." the SopB protein with a tag called ubiquitin. Addition of this tag makes the bacterial protein recognizable to the cellular machinery that normally moves proteins from the plasma membranes to internal vesicles. "These studies provide a unique insight into the mechanisms by which this important patho...

Researchers discover primer to plant defense system

...ich stimulates the production of AZ11, a protein that the researchers found to be essential for the increased systemic plant immunity. Azelaic acid moves throughout the stem and leaves and bolsters the plant's immune system so it can respond quicker and more effectively to diseases compared to nave plan...

MIT: Novel needle could cut medical complications

...against a tissue, she is actually applying force only to the filament, not the needle itself, thanks to a special clutch. When the filament, which moves through the tip of the needle, encounters resistance from a firm tissue, it begins to buckle within the S-shaped tube. Due to the combined buckling an...

Mollusks taste memories to build shells

...t of other shapes. These come about when a pigment inhibits future secretion at that site but excites secretion in surrounding cells. The pigment thus moves laterally on successive days, producing the equivalent of a traveling wave. Ironically, most sea snails don't care a whit about their shell pattern...

Scripps scientists help decode mysterious green glow of the sea

...hed as the cover story of the current issue of the journal Invertebrate Biology , provides insights into the function of fireworm bioluminescence and moves scientists closer to identifying the molecular basis of the light. "This is another step toward understanding the biology of the bioluminescence in...

DNA repair mechanisms relocate in response to stress

...ast was exposed to hydrogen peroxide, causing oxidative stress, or to other chemicals causing DNA damage. One DNA repair enzyme they studied, Ntg1, moves to the nucleus or the mitochondria depending on where DNA damage is concentrated, the authors found. In contrast, a related enzyme, Ntg2, stays in the...

Flight of the bumble (and honey) bee

...ht paths have a direct affect on their ability to hunt for pollen and generate "gene flow", fertilization and seed production that results when pollen moves from one plant to another. The study of gene flow has experienced more attention in part due to the recent introduction of genetically modified organi...

Lehigh researcher awarded $1.8 million NIH grant

...s in the ear that may not function properly, and can restore hearing to deaf patients. Although a lot is known about the process of how information moves from the ear to the brain, less is understood about efferent feedback the information that travels from the higher regions of the brain back to lower...

Engineer devises ways to improve gas mileage

...ur monetary pain at the pump by reducing the drag of vehicles. Drag is an aerodynamic force that is the result of resistance a body encounters when it moves in a liquid or gaseous medium (such as air). Reduction in drag means less fuel would be required to overcome the fluid resistance encountered by the m...

Dancing 'adatoms' help chemists understand how water molecules split

... a titanium atom, called an "adatom". Chemists can only see water molecules if they drop the temperature dramatically -- at ambient temperature, water moves too fast for the method to pick them up. In this work, PNNL scientists studied water's reactions with titanium dioxide at ambient temperature at EM...

Study offers clues to beating hearing loss

...ome forms of deafness. The Leeds team has discovered that the myosin 7 motor protein - found in the tiny hairs of the inner ear that pick up sound - moves and works in a different way from many other myosins. Dr Michelle Peckham from the University of Leeds' Faculty of Biological Sciences says: "We'r...

Veterinarians developing model to help producers, vets make cattle more comfortable

...t." The researchers took a variety of measurements. They used thermal imaging cameras to measure skin temperature. As cattle become stressed, blood moves toward the heart and brain, cooling the surface of the body. To see how cattle are moving around, they attached an accelerometer to the legs. Simil...

Carbon accounting from atmospheric measurements -- the aircraft perspective

... In particular, air mass-following experiments using small aircraft can be used to observe ground emission or uptake of CO2 in a single air mass as it moves across an agricultural or urban landscape. The net result is a validation of ground-level emissions estimates by direct measurements of changes in atm...

Scripps scientists create first crystal structure of an intermediate particle in virus assembly

...teins significantly changed in structure during the transition. The researchers don't yet know if this structural change happens all at once, or if it moves like a wave around the sphere. They hypothesize that domains that hang from each of the proteins that eventually form the viral coat drive the pro...

Holy guacamole: invasive beetle threatens Florida's avocados

...tles could cause major damage to the production of avocados." Koch is part of a team that hopes to devise a plan in case the Redbay Ambrosia Beetle moves to southwest Miami, as they predict. The team is currently monitoring the beetles' path and hopes to catch them and stop their progress before they ...

New method monitors critical bacteria in wastewater treatment

... ions being released in real time you can develop a remediation strategy to note that they are stressed and try to get them back." The sensor probe moves robotically back and forth every three seconds, enabling the device to capture data in two locations. The method is called self-referencing because...

Ocean islands fuel productivity and carbon sequestration through natural iron fertilization

...nding sediments can supply to the bloom area. The decaying isotopes provided a built-in clock for the investigators to determine how quickly the water moves over the plateau and into deeper water. The distribution of radium in the water column demonstrated that the source of the iron was the island and the...

Researchers 'unzip' molecules to measure interactions keeping DNA packed in cells

...nzymes as RNA polymerase, which the researchers liken to a motor because it moves along the DNA in the process of gene transcription. "There is this parad...ctive sphere is chemically attached to the DNA strand, and the optical trap moves the sphere, allowing the researchers to unzip the DNA strands apart by pull...

Microbot motors fit to swim human arteries

...o-motors." The team has produced prototypes of the motors and is now working on ways to improve the assembly method and the mechanical device which moves and controls the micro-motors. ...

UBC researcher gives first-ever estimate of worldwide fish biomass and impact on climate change

...nt approaches to estimate the total biomass of fish in the world's ocean. Jennings examined global ocean plant production and its efficiency as it moves through the food chain, while Christensen tallied global fish catches since 1950 and calculated how much fish there must have been in the oceans to su...
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