Reading the brain without poking it
... For patients with severe epileptic seizures that are not controlled by medication, surgeons remove part of the skull or cranium and place a silicone mat
containing ECoG electrodes over the brain for days to weeks while the cranium is held in place but not reattached. The large electrodes each several ...
Capillary mats labor-saving, economical alternative to hand watering
...hile allowing water to move from the bottom of the mat
up into the containers on top.
One advantage of...ze and water requirement can be placed on the same mat
without under- or over- watering individual contai...ng hand-watering, overhead sprinkler, or capillary mat
irrigation. "The economic analysis indicates that ...
Earthworm activity can alter forests' carbon-carrying capabilities
...accumulate plant carbon in forms more easily degraded by bacteria.
Overall, the amount of carbon in the litter and duff layer, which is the surface mat
of decaying organic matter and roots, decreases because of earthworm activity. However, the change in carbon chemistry may make it harder for soil org...
Earliest animal footprints ever found -- discovered in Nevada
...Nevada 570 million years ago would have been a good site for exceptional preservation. The sediment surface was probably bound together by a microbial mat
-- a cohesive carpet of bacteria and sediment grains. A creature's tracks could have been readily preserved when the animal pressed its legs into the ...
DOE JGI extends the capabilities of the Integrated Microbial Genome System
...metagenomic and functional analysis a microbial community from Lake Washington in Seattle (Nature Biotechnology, August 2008), a hypersaline microbial mat
(Molecular System Biology 4, June 2008), and the airborne metagenome in an indoor urban environment (PLoS One 3, April 2008).
"The IMG/M system i...
'Wildcat Power Cord' repairs cruciate ligament in dairy cow's knee
... anesthesiologists, veterinary students and technicians.
The next day, the Jersey cow was led across the hospital's video synchronization pressure mat
to determine her level of lameness. "Her stride length had increased 30 percent, and she bore 25 percent more weight on her operated leg," Anderson sa...
Research team says extraterrestrial impact to blame for Ice Age extinctions
...ple detonations comes from a four-inch-thick black mat
of carbon-rich material that appears as far north ...as the Clovis culture, are found beneath the black mat
but are missing entirely within or above it. This ...ay have survived in protected niches.
The black mat
was formed by ponding of water and algal blooms an...
Cold sore virus might play role in Alzheimer's disease
... A gene known to be a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease puts out the welcome mat
for the virus that causes cold sores, allowing the virus to be more active in the brain compared to other forms of the gene. The new findings, publish...
Penguins waddle but they don't fall down, UH researchers say
...can't hold them back," Kurz said. "There is one in particular that always wants to cut in front of the other penguins, so that he can walk across the mat
first. It's pretty cute."
Just why penguins (or pandas or kittens) seem so "cute" to humans isn't as measurable as their gait, but some researcher...
Virginia Tech scientists develop process for creating biocompatible fibers
...molecules," Long said. "Now, we are fabricating fibers from small molecules ?ones with a low molecular weight."
Under the microscope, the resulting mat
shows a porous nonwoven structure.
The researchers used a commercial product, lecithin, a natural mixture of phospholipids and neutral lipids. The ...
Hot-spring bacteria flip a metabolic switch
...The cyanobacteria are true multitaskers within the mat
community," Grossman said. "We had assumed that th...ccus. When photosynthesis shuts down at night, the mat
becomes oxygen starved, making it difficult to per...of day. Perhaps it is more correct to consider the mat
as a single functional unit rather than as a group...
Tiny scaffolding allows stem cells to become working fat cells
...c genes, proteins and hormones normally produced by healthy cells are often absent in two-dimensional colonies.
"The PET fibers are spun out onto a mat
that resembles the intracellular matrix that bonds cells together in normal tissue. The fibers are about the size of a collagen fiber, several nanomet...