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FAS honors Mark D. Levine with 2008 Public Service Award

SAN FRANCISCO The Federation of American Scientists has chosen Mark D. Levine, director of the China Energy Group at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, as the recipient of the 2008 FAS Public Service Award for "his extraordinary contributions to energy efficiency research and for his work...

Monell scientist Mark Friedman awarded Guggenheim Fellowship to study diet and obesity

PHILADELPHIA (April 10, 2008) -- Monell Center scientist Mark I. Friedman, PhD has been selected to receive a 2008 Guggenheim Fellowship to pursue his work on diet and obesity. The prestigious fellowships are awarded to established scholars in the fields of science, humanities, and creative a...

Unmanned aerial vehicles mark robotic first for British Antarctic Survey

Scientists at British Antarctic Survey (BAS) in collaboration with the Technical University of Braunschweig (TUBS), Germany have completed the first ever series of flights by autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) in Antarctica. This is the first time that unpiloted UAVs have been used in the ...

Atomic bomb survivor, scientists mark 60 years of long-term radiation study

For the past 60 years, the National Academies have studied the health effects of radiation exposure in Japanese survivors of the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan. First known as the Atomic Bomb Casualty Commission (ABCC), the study group was reorganized in 1975 to form the Ra...

USP awards verified mark to Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, Ltd. ingredients

Rockville, Md., October 2, 2007 The United States Pharmacopeial Convention (USP) today announced the award of a specific verification mark, shown at the conclusion of this announcement, to two drug substances (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients) manufactured by Dr. Reddys Laboratories, Ltd. in Hyd...

Here's venom in your eye: Spitting cobras hit their mark

Spitting cobras have an exceptional ability to spray venom into eyes of potential attackers. A new study published in Physiological and Biochemical Zoology reveals how these snakes maximize their chances of hitting the target. The name "spitting cobra" is a bit of a misnomer. Cobras don't act...

Smithsonian study: Sediment prediction tools off the mark

A recent study led by Smithsonian ecologist Kathy Boomer suggests it is time for a change in at least one area of watershed management. Boomer has been examining the tools scientists and managers use to predict how much sediment runs into the Chesapeake Bay, and by her account, they are way off th...

Earliest European Farmers Left Little Genetic Mark On Modern Europe

Editor : Be sure to check out the complete report on the HIV situation worldwide , available in several languages. There is new evidence that adult HIV infection rates have decreased in certain countries and that changes in behaviour to prevent infection—such as increased use of condoms, delay ...

Number Of Babies Born Prematurely Nears Historic Half Million Mark In U.S.

Some 12.3 percent of all babies -- 499,008 infants -- were born prematurely (less than 37 weeks gestation) in 2003, according to the report released by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). That's up from 12.1 percent (or about 480,000 babies) in 2002 -- and an increase of more than 30 ...

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

...reviously been waste products in the manufacturing process, into the desired product, therefore increasing the efficiency of the process. Professor mark Keane, from Heriot-Watt University, said: "Our approach is to look for microbes which can promote the chemical reactions that we want to use in manufa...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

...at are protein and micronutrient rich, disease-and pest-resistant, and that can be disseminated through smallholder farmers. Heading the GHA team is mark Manary, M.D., a leader in the field of childhood malnutrition who is the Helene B. Roberson Professor of Pediatrics at Washington University School of...

Bioterrorism and disaster preparedness explored in special issue of Medical Decision Making

...red for an attack--and how they respond to the surge in patients seeking carewill determine our success in containing an attack if one happens."" said mark Helfand, editor of Medical Decision Making . ...

Technology improves salmon passage at hydropower dams

...Specific Mortality Information in the Lower Columbia River and Estuary. Authors: Thomas J. Carlson, PhD, Geoffrey A. McMichael, Jessica A. Carter, and mark A. Weiland, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; M. Brad Eppard and Blaine D. Ebberts, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. An informational video about ...

Newly discovered gene fusion may lead to improved prostate cancer diagnosis

...ce, are important because they serve as a cancer-specific marker," says Dr. mark A. Rubin, the Homer T. Hirst Professor of Oncology in Pathology, professor ...- the message that all cells produce -- the computational team, lead by Dr. mark Gerstein from Yale University and Andrea Sboner from Weill Cornell Medical ...

Music is the engine of new U-M lab-on-a-chip device

...lit pin-prick drops of fluid in the device's microscopic channels and divots. "You quickly lose the advantage of a small microfluidic system," said mark Burns, professor and chair of the Department of Chemical Engineering and a professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering. "You'd really lik...

NOAA bans commercial harvesting of krill

... small shrimp-like crustacean and a key source of nutrition in the marine food web. "Krill are the foundation for a healthy marine ecosystem," said mark Helvey, NOAA's Fisheries Service Southwest Assistant Regional Administrator for Sustainable Fisheries. "Protecting this vital food resource will help ...

Climate change may spell demise of key salt marsh constituent

...kleweed) and Triglochin maritima , a popular food for Brent and Canada geese as well as ducks and other migratory waterfowl. Gedan and her adviser, mark Bertness, chair of the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department at Brown, decided to find out how global warming may affect pannes. In a series of ...

Alzheimer's disease drug treats traumatic brain injury, report GUMC researchers

...s to prevent neuronal cell death, and this study suggests that one therapy could possibly work for both," says the study's lead author, neuroscientist mark Burns, PhD, an assistant professor at GUMC. Both disorders are associated with build-up of beta amyloid, a toxic brain peptide. This substance is c...

Seals quickly respond to gain and loss of habitat under climate change

...site thousands of kilometres from existing breeding grounds, according to new research. An international research team, including post-doctorate Dr mark de Bruyn and collaborators from the US, South Africa and Italy, led by Professor Rus Hoelzel from the School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Du...

2 Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists receive Presidential Early Career Award

...laboratory of Hutchinson Center basic scientist Steven Henikoff, Ph.D. "Harmit thinks creatively and fearlessly about his research," said colleague mark T. Groudine, M.D., Ph.D., deputy director of the Hutchinson Center and former director of the Center's Basic Sciences Division. "His thinking really p...

Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming

...t had been thought for some time that if you used biofuel treatments to produce energy, you could offset the carbon emissions from this process," said mark Harmon, holder of the Richardson Chair in the OSU Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society. "That seems to make common sense and sounds great in th...

Scientists closer to developing salt-tolerant crops

... a problem that is only going to get worse, as pressure to use less water increases and quality of water decreases," says the team's leader, Professor mark Tester, from the School of Agriculture, Food and Wine at the University of Adelaide and the Australian Centre for Plant Functional Genomics (ACPFG). ...

Mystery of bat with an extraordinary nose solved

...ion to compare varying sizes of bat noses, from small noses on other bats to the large nose of the paradoxolophus bat. In what Mueller calls a perfect mark of evolution, he says his computer modeling shows the length of the paradoxolophus bat's nose stops at the exact point the sonar beam's focal point wo...

Pitt team first to profile genes in acutely ill idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients

...ndow into the mystery of why patients with lung fibrosis suddenly decompensate and how to identify these patients for more aggressive therapies," said mark T. Gladwin, M.D., chief of Pitt's Division of Pulmonary, Allergy and Critical Care Medicine. "Our current research efforts in the division focus on th...

Study finds role for parasites in evolution of sex

... an opportunity to compare the two versions side-by-side in nature. Jukka Jokela of the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, mark Dybdahl of the University of Washington and Curtis Lively of Indian University, Bloomington began observing several populations of these snails for te...

Research network wins approximately £5.7 million to target human and animal diseases in Africa

... Enhance ICT support to distance learning Provide research apprenticeships with 'smart partners' institutions, namely RVC and LSHTM Professor mark Rweyemamu, Executive Director of SACIDS, Professor at Sokoine University and a Visiting Professor at RVC, stressed the necessity of the SACIDS initiat...

Triggering muscle development -- a therapeutic cure for muscle wastage?

...e is not an option. It may even prove useful to ameliorate muscle loss resulting from long periods in zero-gravity conditions during space travel. Dr. mark Lewis (University College London, UK) will present their latest results on how MGF exerts its effects during his talk at the Society of Experimental B...

Scientists find a biological 'fountain of youth' in new world bat caves

... mice, indicating that bats have a mechanism for maintaining proper structure under extreme stress. "Maybe Juan Ponce De Len wasn't too far off the mark when he searched Florida for the Fountain of Youth," said Gerald Weissmann, M.D., Editor-in-Chief of The FASEB Journal . "As it turns out, one of the...

Dolphins get a lift from delta wing technology

...t that they generate, the drag that they experience or their hydrodynamic efficiency. Laurens Howle and Paul Weber from Duke University teamed up with mark Murray from the United States Naval Academy and Frank Fish from West Chester University, to find out more about the hydrodynamics of whale and dolphin...

Engineering innovative solutions for 21st century medicine

...orld-class engineers with the capacity to invent high-tech solutions to medical challenges, potentially improving thousands of patients' lives. Sir mark Walport, Director of the Wellcome Trust, said: "Research in medical engineering has been responsible for major advances in healthcare, ranging from ul...

Troubled waters: Low Apalachicola River flow may hurt gulf fisheries

...is now suggests that there might be a link between the river flow variations and offshore fisheries." Morey, Dmitry Dukhovskoy, also of COAPS, and mark Bourassa, an associate professor of meteorology at FSU, examined the seasonal and year-to-year variability of the river flow caused by changes in prec...

'The Vision Revolution': Eyes are the source of human 'superpowers'

... Troy, N.Y. For mark Changizi, it's all in the eyes. About half of the human brain is used for vision, and sight is the best understood and most thoroughly investigated...

University of Leicester geologists demonstrate extent of ancient ice age

...tionally renowned Palaeobiology Research Group of the University of Leicester, Department of Geology, Alex Page and his colleagues Jan Zalasiewicz and mark Williams demonstrated how the ice age was probably of much longer duration. The team demonstrated that the Late Ordovician and Early Silurian Epoch...

Potential for non-invasive brain tumor treatment

...ut the body. Much of the liposome research was carried out at Duke by David Needham, professor of mechanical engineering and materials science, and mark Dewhirst, professor of radiation oncology. ...

NIH funds $9.5 million for research on HIV and the human innate immune system

...T and/or low level chronic HIV infection may impact the human innate defense system, and the research team wants to know what happens. Working with mark Chance, professor and director of the Case Center for Proteomics and Bioinformatics, McCormick and Santosh Ghosh, postdoctoral fellow, Department of B...

Major breakthrough in early detection and prevention of AMD

...as often already been done. This is why finding a means for early detection and intervention is so important." Drs. Atsunobu Takeda, Judit Z. Baffi, mark E. Kleinman, Won Gil Cho and other researchers in the Ambati laboratory discovered that CCR3 a molecule also implicated in inflammatory processes is...

Urban myth disproved: Fingerprints do not improve grip friction

... Fingerprints mark us out as individuals and leave telltale signs of our presence on every object that we touch, but what are fingerprints really for? According to Rolan...

First ever worldwide census analysis of caribou/reindeer numbers reveals dramatic decline

...ng and industrial development are responsible for driving this dramatic decline in species numbers around the world. Vors, who is studying under Dr mark Boyce, Alberta Conservation Association Chair in Fisheries and Wildlife at the University of Alberta, says the decline raises serious concerns not onl...

Mars mission could ease Earth's energy supply crisis

...e and efficient way to help process unconventional energy resources, potentially having an enormous impact on the UK and global economy. Professor mark Sephton from Imperial's Department of Earth Science and Engineering, said: "The research involves using extraction-helping materials, called surfactan...

Horse whisperers, lion tamers not needed: Scientists find genetic regions that soothe savage beasts

...ntified regions in the rat genome that cause a rat to be tamer or more aggressive. "For thousands of years, humans have domesticated animals," said mark Johnston, Editor-in-Chief of the journal GENETICS , "and all during this time, much folklore and mythology has surrounded the process. But of course ...
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