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Marine in Biological News

West Coast needs more research on fisheries, marine science, climate change

According to a new report on regional marine research and information needs, the West Coast critically needs more research about fisheries, ocean health, coastal hazards and climate change - among other topics - to support and protect the region's annual $32-billion ocean-related economy, accordin...

NOAA report finds threats to California's Cordell Bank Marine Sanctuary

A new NOAA report on the health of Cordell Bank National Marine Sanctuary indicates that the overall condition of the sanctuary's marine life and habitats is fair to good, but identifies several emerging threats to sanctuary resources. "Global issues of concern such as marine debris, ocean acid...

Breakthrough made in assessing marine phytoplankton health

CORVALLIS, Ore. Researchers from Oregon State University, NASA and other organizations said today that they have succeeded for the first time in measuring the physiology of marine phytoplankton through satellite measurements of its fluorescence an accomplishment that had been elusive for years. ...

Time record of marine species formation in the Baltic Sea

In 2005 researchers at the University of Gothenburg and Stockholm University discovered a new species of seaweed. The species, which was named Fucus radicans , evolved from a bladder wrack (Fucus vesiculosus) ancestor from the Baltic Sea. Detailed studies of Fucus radicans show that, from an ev...

Genes from tiny marine algae suggest unsuspected avenues for new research

MOSS LANDING, CA By sequencing the DNA of two tiny marine algae, a team of scientists has opened up a myriad of possibilities for new research in algal physiology, plant biology, and marine ecology. The project was led by Alexandra Worden at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) an...

You don't call, you don't write: Connectivity in marine fish populations

Children of baby boomers aren't the only ones who have taken to setting up home far from where their parents live. A new study published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences documents how larval dispersal connects marine fish populations in a network of marine protect...

Drug used to treat skin conditions is a marine pollutant

Clotrimazole is a common ingredient in over-the-counter skin creams. Recent results from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, now show that it is associated with major environmental risks. "The pharmaceuticals and chemicals in everyday use form a mixture in the ocean that has a direct impact on...

Dust deposited in oceans may carry elements toxic to marine algae

SANTA CRUZ, CA--Dust blown off the continents and deposited in the open ocean is an important source of nutrients for marine phytoplankton, the tiny algae that are the foundation of the ocean food web. But new findings show that some sources of dust also carry toxic elements that can kill marine p...

EPA to study Puerto Rico waters and marine habitat

Starting today, EPA's ocean survey vessel, the OSV BOLD, will conduct a series of scientific studies aimed at protecting and improving the Caribbean environment in and around the San Juan Bay Estuary, Jobos Bay, La Parguera and other marine areas around Puerto Rico. The ship will also be open to t...

New light shed on marine luminescence

The phenomenon of light emission by living organisms, bioluminescence, is quite common, especially in marine species. It is known that light is generated by chemical reactions in which oxygen molecules play an important part. In the animal world, these chemical reactions take place in special lumi...

Nutrient pollution chokes marine and freshwater ecosystems

MILLBROOK ―February 19, 2009 ― Protecting drinking water and preventing harmful coastal "dead zones", as well as eutrophication in many lakes, will require reducing both nitrogen and phosphorus pollution. Because streams and rivers are conduits to the sea, management strategies should ...

New version of Google Earth features California's marine protected areas

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) You don't have to get wet, or seasick, to find out what is going on in Marine Protected Areas worldwide. Just tune in through your computer. This morning at 10 a.m. Pacific Time, Ocean in Google Earth available to computers everywhere was launched at the California Ac...

Census of Marine Life and ocean in Google Earth bring ocean information to life

Web visitors can now share the excitement of Census of Marine Life explorations as scientists uncover the mysteries of what lives below the surface of the global ocean. A world of marine discoveries including 50 different kinds of Arctic jellies, a colossal sea star, and Antarctica's biggest-ever ...

TXOTX, coordinated international project to contribute to sustainability of the marine resources

AZTI-Tecnalia, the technological centre specialising in marine and food research, is coordinating the international TXOTX (Technical eXperts Overseeing Third country eXpertise) project. The fundamental aim of this project is to collate the greatest information possible on scientific fishery resear...

Fish guts explain marine carbon cycle mystery

Research published today reveals the major influence of fish on maintaining the delicate pH balance of our oceans, vital for the health of coral reefs and other marine life. The discovery, made by a team of scientists from the UK, US and Canada, could help solve a mystery that has puzzled marin...

Ocean acidification could have broad effects on marine ecosystems

SAN FRANCISCO, CA--Concern about increasing ocean acidification has often focused on its potential effects on coral reefs, but broader disruptions of biological processes in the oceans may be more significant, according to Donald Potts, a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at the Univer...

Snowy owl -- a marine species?

Wildlife satellite studies could lead to a radical re-thinking about how the snowy owl fits into the Northern ecosystem. "Six of the adult females that we followed in a satellite study spent most of last winter far out on the Arctic sea ice," said Universit Laval doctoral student Jean-Francois...

Marine invasive species advance 50 km per decade, World Conference on Marine Biodiversity told

A rapid, climate change-induced northern migration of invasive marine is one of many research results announced Tues. Nov. 11 during opening day presentations at the First World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, in Valencia. Investigators report that invasiv...

Marine invasive species advance 50km per decade, World Conference on Marine Biodiversity told

A rapid, climate change-induced northern migration of invasive marine is one of many research results announced Tues. Nov. 11 during opening day presentations at the First World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, in Valencia. Investigators report that invasiv...

Scientists announce major progress towards historic Census of Marine Life in 2010

In a report on progress towards the first Census of Marine Life, more than 2,000 scientists from 82 nations announce astonishing examples of recent new finds from the world's ocean depths. As more than 500 delegates gather for the World Conference on Marine Biodiversity (Valencia, Spain Nov. 11...

The Marine Mammal Center begins new leptospirosis study in California

(SAUSALITO, Calif. October 22, 2008) The Marine Mammal Center is seeing a large number of leptospirosis cases in California sea lions this year and is leading a study to determine when and why the sea lions contract this disease. Every four to five years, the Center sees a surge in the number o...

Effects of anthropogenic sound on marine mammals -- a research strategy

The Marine Board-ESF published its 13th Position Paper, which presents a view from marine mammal specialists on the research needed to assess the effects of anthropogenic sound upon marine mammals. The research strategy presented in Marine Board Position Paper 13 results from the activities and...

Fuel emissions from marine vessels remain a global concern

The forecast for clear skies and smooth sailing for oceanic vessels has been impeded by worldwide concerns of their significant contributions to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions that impact the Earth's climate. A new study by professors James Winebrake and James Corbett examines "Emi...

Fossil and molecular evidence reveals the history of major marine biodiversity hotspots

This press release is available in Spanish . The journal " Science " has published in the issue of the 1st of August the results of a detailed research work about the evolution of marine diversity all through the last 50 million years. The study has been carried out with the participation o...

More acidic ocean could spell trouble for marine life's earliest stages

Increasingly acidic conditions in the oceanbrought on as a direct result of rising carbon dioxide levels in the atmospherecould spell trouble for the earliest stages of marine life, according to a new report in the August 5th issue of Current Biology , a publication of Cell Press. Levels of acidi...

Acidification of the sea hampers reproduction of marine species

By absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and from the human use of fossil fuels, the world's seas function as a giant buffer for the Earth's life support system. The chemical balance of the sea has long been regarded as immovable. Today, researchers know that the pH of the sea's surface wa...

UCSB researcher leads worldwide study on marine fossil diversity

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) - It took a decade of painstaking study, the cooperation of hundreds of researchers, and a database of more than 200,000 fossil records, but John Alroy thinks he's disproved much of the conventional wisdom about the diversity of marine fossils and extinction rates. Alro...

Scientists discover new reefs teeming with marine life in Brazil

Fort Lauderdale, FL (July 8, 2008) Scientists announced today the discovery of reef structures they believe doubles the size of the Southern Atlantic Ocean's largest and richest reef system, the Abrolhos Bank, off the southern coast of Brazil's Bahia state. The newly discovered area is also far...

Ancient marine invertebrate diversity less explosive than thought

Diversity among the ancestors of such marine creatures as clams, sand dollars and lobsters showed only a modest rise beginning 144 million years ago with no clear trend afterwards, according to an international team of researchers. This contradicts previous work showing dramatic increases beginnin...

Census of Marine Life lists 122,500 known species, over halfway to complete inventory by Oct. 2010

Census of Marine Life-affiliated scientists consolidating world databases of ocean organisms have demoted to alias status almost one-third of all names culled from 34 regional and highly specialized inventories. The new World Register of Marine Species ( www.marinespecies.org ) contains about 1...

Genomics of large marine animals showcased in the biological bulletin

MBL, WOODS HOLE, MA Though the slow moving purple sea urchin may look oblivious, lacking a head, eyes and ears, this prickly creature has an impressive suite of sensory receptors to detect outside signals. And don't overlook this animal's self-defense abilities: it has much more ammunition to acti...

Exploited fish make rapid comeback in world's largest no-take marine reserve network

No-take marine reserves, in which fishing is completely banned, can lead to very rapid comebacks of the fish species most prized by commercial and recreational fisheries, reveals a new study of Australia's Great Barrier Reef published in the June 24th issue of Current Biology , a Cell Press publi...

Study of marine snail leads to new insights into long-term memory

UCLA cellular neuroscientists are providing new insights into the mechanisms that underlie long-term memory research with the potential to treat long-term memory disorders. "The more we know about how long-term memory is induced in the brain and how our memories are maintained in the brain,...

Genome sequence of small marine creature sheds light on vertebrate origins

Genome Research is publishing several papers related to analyses of the amphioxus ( Branchiostoma floridae ) genome sequence. The amphioxus, or lancelet, is a cephalochordate residing in shallow regions of tropical and temperate seas, bearing resemblance to a small fish, however lacking pairs o...

Worm-like marine animal providing

Research on the genome of a marine creature led by scientists at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego is shedding new light on a key area of the tree of life. Linda Holland, a research biologist at Scripps Oceanography, and her colleagues from the United States, Europe and Asia, ...

New study raises concerns about proposed mitigation strategy for marine bycatch

SANTA CRUZ, CA--Huge numbers of fish, seabirds, and other marine animals are routinely killed and discarded after being inadvertently caught during fishing operations. Known as marine bycatch, this problem is an ongoing challenge to the fishing industry, regulatory agencies, and conservationists. ...

Queen's marine biologist investigates aliens beneath the waves

Queen's University Belfast is appealing for help from the public in looking at ways to detect and stop the spread of marine aliens. Activities such as aquaculture, shipping and recreational boating have led to an army of marine alien species hitchhiking around the globe. Now Queen's is attempt...

Scientists reveal the lifestyle evolution of wild marine bacteria

Marine bacteria in the wild organize into professions or lifestyle groups that partition many resources rather than competing for them, so that microbes with one lifestyle, such as free-floating cells, flourish in proximity with closely related microbes that may spend life attached to zooplankton ...

New whale detection buoys will help ships take the right way through marine habitat

Researchers from the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the Bioacoustics Research Program (BRP) at the Cornell Lab of Ornithology have teamed up with an international energy company and federal regulators to listen for and help protect endangered North Atlantic right whales in New Eng...

Arctic marine mammals on thin ice

The loss of sea ice due to climate change could spell disaster for polar bears and other Arctic marine mammals. The April Special Issue of Ecological Applications examines such potential effects, puts them in historical context, and describes possible conservation measures to mitigate them. The ...
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