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Lowers in Biological News

Vitamin C lowers levels of inflammation biomarker considered predictor of heart disease

Berkeley -- A new study led by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, adds to the evidence that vitamin C supplements can lower concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), a central biomarker of inflammation that has been shown to be a powerful predictor of heart disease and diabet...

Robotic surgery lowers risk of a rare but serious complication of gastric bypass

The use of a robot to assist with the most commonly performed weight-loss surgery appears to significantly lower a patient's risk of developing a rare but serious complication, according to a study published in the most recent edition of the Journal of Robotic Surgery. Minimally-invasive surg...

Folic acid lowers blood arsenic levels in Bangladesh

A new study conducted in Bangladesh finds that folic acid supplements can dramatically lower blood arsenic levels in individuals chronically exposed to arsenic-contaminated drinking water. Arsenic is a toxic element that is naturally present in some soils and water. Arsenic-contaminated drinking...

Folic acid lowers blood arsenic levels, according to Mailman School of Public Health study

October 8, 2007 -- A new study by researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health finds that folic acid supplements can dramatically lower blood arsenic levels in individuals exposed to arsenic through contaminated drinking water. This toxic element, naturally present in some a...

Hair-growth drug artificially lowers PSA levels in prostate cancer screening, study finds

The popular hair-growth drug finasteride, taken by millions of balding men, artificially lowers the results of the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, the standard screening test for prostate cancer, a multicenter study has found. The study, involving 308 men ranging in age from 40 to 60 years...

How nice, brown rice: Study shows rice bran lowers blood pressure in rats

Thousands of years ago, humans began scrubbing off and discarding the outer layer of long-grain rice, preferring the polished white kernel beneath. Now, for the first time, scientists in Japan have shown that this waste product of rice processing, called rice bran, significantly lowers blood pressu...

Reducing antibiotic use lowers rates of drug-resistant bacteria

Fewer antibiotic prescriptions leads to fewer "superbugs." That's the take-home message behind a new study in the Oct. 15 issue of Clinical Infectious Diseases, now available online. The study found that reducing antibiotic use for pediatric respiratory tract infections resulted in lower rates of c...

FDA: 'Highly Unlikely' Green Tea Lowers Cancer Risk

The new surgical assistant at the University of North Carolina Hospitals arrived in February sporting three arms, a computerized brain and a glowing track record in helping to repair heart valves, remove cancerous prostates, bypass blocked coronary arteries and perform gastric bypass operations for...

University of Hawaii at Manoa researchers reveal ocean acidification at Station ALOHA

...er, this beneficial role of the oceans as a CO 2 "scrubber" does not come without undesired consequences. When dissolved, CO 2 acts as an acid, and lowers seawater pH. Since the beginning of the industrial age, CO 2 -driven acidification of the surface oceans has already caused a 0.1 unit lowering of pH...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...ce advantages for electric power grid applications. These cables are different because they are round, rather than flat like conventional wires, which lowers heat loss and eliminates energy loss, making longer transmission lengths possible. Superconducting wires can carry five times more power than copper c...

Two dietary oils, two sets of benefits for older women with diabetes

...id appears to allow the body to burn calories in a heat-producing way. Questions remain about the long-term safety of any kind of supplementation that lowers body fat, because some research has suggested that the fat that leaves fat tissue ends up in the liver or muscles a condition that could lead to insu...

IUPUI study finds living near fast food outlet not a weighty problem for kids

...kets, which sell fresh fruit and vegetables as well as so called junk food, lowers weight. The IUPUI investigators in economics, pediatrics, geography and...nal amenities -- fitness areas, kickball diamonds, and volleyball courts -- lowers children's body mass indexes (adjusted for normal childhood growth). The re...

Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy

...ity that healthy babies are born to women across a spectrum of pregnancy weight changes. Studies consistently show that gaining within the guidelines lowers health risks for mothers and children, though this does not mean that every woman who exceeds or falls short of the guidelines or that the babies born...

Stowers researchers develop whole genome sequencing approach for mutation discovery

...ting phenotype is labor intensive and time consuming, and many mutations that cause medically relevant phenotypes are not discovered. The new approach lowers the barrier to finding mutations and greatly accelerates the discovery of genes important for human health. "This approach will change the way fr...

Apple enthusiasts welcome WineCrisp

...ts resistance to the fungal disease apple scab, a primary nemesis of apple growers. Not having to use chemical fungicides to spray for apple scab will lowers costs for growers and is a significant benefit for the environment. Korban added that WineCrisp apples can continue hanging on the tree even after ri...

Scientists shed light on inner workings of human embryonic stem cells

...roRNA a single-stranded RNA whose function is to decrease gene expression lowers the activity of three key ingredients in the recipe for embryonic stem cell...hat a rise in miR-145 prevents human embryonic stem cells' self-renewal and lowers the activity of genes that lend stem cells the capacity to produce other ce...

Translating the conversation between the brain and blood vessels

... advances, and more may be on the way: Dr. Abboud defined the identity of a sensor in the nerve endings in the carotid artery in the neck that rapidly lowers blood pressure when stimulated. A clinical trial is now underway to see if people who are hypertensive can lower their blood pressure by using a pacem...

Vitamin D may exacerbate autoimmune disease

... yet to be named or have their DNA characterized. Marshall and team explain that by deactivating the VDR and subsequently the immune response, 25-D lowers the inflammation caused by many of these bacteria but allows them to spread more easily in the long-run. They outline how long-term harm caused by hi...

Saving energy and the environment with Flywheels

... heat. Flynn's design captures the braking energy and uses it for the next hoist. More importantly, the addition of a flywheel energy storage system lowers the peak power requirements which saves energy during idle periods. Field tests in China showed that when operators used a genset appropriate for the ...

Two-day symposium in Baltimore to tackle the promises and perils of proton radiotherapy

... or neck. It is also safer -- especially for young children -- because it exposes less of the tissue surrounding a tumor to the dosage, proton therapy lowers the risk of secondary cancers later in life. What does the scientific evidence show about proton therapy? With the rapid proliferation of proton fa...

Ocera Therapeutics licenses novel treatment for acute hepatic encephalopathy from UCLB

...nt of patients with established liver disease," stated Professor Rajiv Jalan M.D. "Unlike UCL-L1V, none of the currently available treatments directly lowers circulating levels of ammonia. The partnership with Ocera is a significant step towards bringing this potentially lifesaving discovery to patients." ...

Diabetics on high-fiber diets might need extra calcium, report UT Southwestern researchers

...ant mineral in the human body. Prior research at UT Southwestern has shown that a high intake of dietary fiber, mostly from fruits and vegetables, lowers blood glucose levels and leads to decreased insulin levels in the blood, as well as lowering blood lipid concentrations in patients with type 2 diabet...

Mental fatigue can affect physical endurance

...searchers speculate that the perception of effort occurs in the brain. Dr. Marcora said his team is considering two possibilities: mental fatigue lowers the brain's inhibition against quitting, or mentally fatigue affects dopamine, a brain chemical that plays a role in motivation and effort One in...

Social support during breast-feeding helps humans have more children

...lt, their reproductive rates are relatively low, averaging a new birth every four to seven years. "We know that negative energy balance on the body lowers a female's ability to get pregnant. If humans mediate that, have social support, and are able to maintain or even achieve a positive energy balance, t...

Physical activity may not be key to obesity epidemic

...g or sit-ups, at least twice a week. Physical activity has many proven benefits. It strengthens bones and muscles, improves mental health and mood, lowers blood pressure, improves cholesterol levels and reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, breast cancer and colon cancer. But Loyola re...

Study helps explain connection between sleep apnea, stroke and death

...lar in most other ways. The researchers monitored the participants' blood pressure while standing and squatting. Standing from a squatting position lowers blood pressure as can be experienced during normal daily activity. They also monitored the participants as they slept. The study found that the sleep ...

Ocean fish farming harms wild fish, study says

...explains how farm fish cause nearby wild fish to decline. The foundation of his paper is that higher density of fish promotes infection, and infection lowers the fitness of the fish. For wild fish, lowered fitness means more difficulty finding food and escaping predators, causing higher death rates. But...

Pregnant women with asthma can be more confident about some medicines

...to start," Professor Sawicki said. "Good asthma control prevents asthma attacks, and that ensures that the baby's oxygen supply is not interrupted. It lowers the risk of needing to be hospitalised with an asthma attack." Women with asthma can usually keep using the same medications during pregnancy that ...

New life beneath sea and ice

...hese lakes occur as a result of geothermal heat trapped by the thick ice, melting it from underneath, and the great pressure from the ice above, which lowers the melting point of water. The largest subglacial lake, Lake Vostok, lies beneath the coldest place on the planet, where the temperature at the sur...

Cold water corals conference to be held in Woods Hole

...carbonate to create their stony skeletons. The ocean is the primary sink on earth for increasing carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. More carbon dioxide lowers the pH of the ocean making it more acidic and more difficult to precipitate calcium carbonate skeletons. This threat is doubled for deep corals that r...

Birth control has long-term effect on hormone exposure

...e step closer to understanding why past oral contraceptive use dramatically lowers the risk of ovarian and uterine cancers later in life. While studying t...rs have known for many years that past oral contraceptive use significantly lowers the risk of ovarian and uterine cancers later in life, this new observation...

Scientists point to forests for carbon storage solutions

...on. More carbon is stored in older wood, but the rate of accumulation decreases over time because a higher rate of decomposition in soil and dead wood lowers the net gain of carbon storage. Curtis noted that some policymakers are concerned that aging Great Lakes forests will show a decline in carbon sto...

Researchers block damage to fetal brain following maternal alcohol consumption

...hol during development. The researchers also found that although alcohol lowers the amount of oxygen in the blood of the mother, it is not the lack of oxyg...al alcohol spectrum disorders, occur more frequently. Maternal drinking lowers the blood pH of both the mother and the fetus, making the blood more acidic...

Gladstone scientists create Wikipathways to foster research collaboration

...ata formats, collaborative online environments, and the growing number of open access journals." WikiPathways hands over the keys to the database, lowers the technical and hierarchical barriers with creative support tools, and let the data producer organize the data. By allowing anyone to contribute and...

Mice mothers devote energies to offspring when life is threatened

...ring," Schwanz said. In deer mice, however, the opposite was happening. In the study, Schwanz infected 30 female deer mice with a parasite that lowers the future reproductive ability and eventually kills the mice. By producing larger babies now, the mice are probably compensating for this loss in fut...

Incense is psychoactive: Scientists identify the biology behind the ceremony

...ty, said Raphael Mechoulam, one of the research studys co-authors. We found that incensole acetate, a Boswellia resin constituent, when tested in mice lowers anxiety and causes antidepressive-like behavior. Apparently, most present day worshipers assume that incense burning has only a symbolic meaning. ...

MIT creates new material for fuel cells

...afion, is permeable to methanol, allowing some of the fuel to seep across the center of the fuel cell. Among other disadvantages, this wastes fuel-and lowers the efficiency of the cell-because the fuel isn't available for the reactions that generate electricity. Using a relatively new technique known as ...

UF scientists discover compound that could lead to new blood pressure drugs

...ty of Florida researchers have identified a drug compound that dramatically lowers blood pressure, improves heart function and in a remarkable finding preve...tion and to reverse tissue damage. In contrast, the enzyme ACE2 not only lowers levels of angiotensin II but also converts it to a hormone that helps prote...

Chocolate bar shown to lower cholesterol

...arted the AHA diet, a lot of them began to lose weight, so we had to keep fussing at them to eat more. We didnt want a weight change because that also lowers cholesterol, said Ellen Evans, a U. of I. professor of kinesiology and community health and co-author of the study. After starting the CocoaVia bar...

Chemical engineers discover new way to control particle motion

...he reason: thermodynamics determines the structure of a fluid, not dynamics - and thermodynamics favors a disordered state for bulk fluids because it lowers the system's free energy, he said. The Truskett team determined that confining a fluid to small length scales allowed them to tune the thermodynami...
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