Study finds homicidal poisoning rising, more likely in infants and elderly
Athens, Ga. Homicidal poisonings are rare but on the riseand infants
are the most common victimsaccording to a new University of Georgia study that aims to raise awareness of this often overlooked crime.
Greene Shepherd, clinical professor in the UGA College of Pharmacy, and recent graduate B...
Research exposes the risk to infants from the chemicals used in liquid medicines
A team of medical scientists from the University of Leicester has published research which looks into the harmful substances in liquid medicines that premature babies are being exposed to.
Research published today (Jan 20) ahead of print in the Fetal & Neonatal Edition of Archives of Disease ...
Vitamin D deficiency in infants and nursing mothers carries long-term disease risks
New Rochelle, NY, December 16, 2008Once believed to be important only for bone health, vitamin D is now seen as having a critical function in maintaining the immune system throughout life. The newly recognized disease risks associated with vitamin D deficiency are clearly documented in a report in...
UNC expands brain imaging study of infants at risk for autism
A study led by University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers using brain imaging of infants
to examine changes in their brains and behavior that may mark the onset of autistic symptoms is being substantially expanded after receiving an additional $3.25 million in funding.
The Infant B...
Brown University and Women & Infants Hospital expand national children's study to Bristol County
PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] Brown University, with lead partner Women & Infants
Hospital of Rhode Island, has been awarded a $12-million, five-year contract to expand its participation in the National Children's Study, a groundbreaking research project aimed at improving child health.
Study suggests new way to screen infants for fetal alcohol syndrome
Cincinnati, OH, March 5, 2008 Children who have been diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) are more likely to have serious psychiatric and behavioral problems later in life, including a higher risk for dropping out of school, unemployment, and criminal behavior. Studies have shown that ear...
Breastfeeding boost IQ in infants with 'helpful' genetic variant
New Haven, Conn.Breastfeeding boosts infants
IQs, but only if the babies have a genetic variant that enhances their metabolism of breast milk, a Yale researcher and collaborators report today in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
It is this genetic variant in FADS2, a gene invo...
Debate on admin. of magnesium sulfate to pregnant women to prevent cerebral palsy in pre-term infants
New York, New York, June 29, 2009 Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most prevalent chronic childhood motor disability with an estimated lifetime cost of nearly $1 million per individual. There is evidence that magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) can reduce the incidence of CP for very early preterm infants. Many ...
UC Davis bioengineer receives Hartwell Foundation grant to address skull fusion disorder of infants
With support from a foundation that champions cutting-edge medical research, a biomedical engineer at UC Davis will start work this month on developing a new treatment for infants
born with disorders that cause the sutures of their skulls to prematurely fuse together.
The new approach is based ...
Soy isoflavone may inhibit common gastrointestinal illness in infants
The soy isoflavone genistin--at concentrations present in soy infant formula-- may reduce a babys susceptibility to rotavirus infections by as much as 74 percent, according to a University of Illinois study published in Septembers Journal of Nutrition.
Rotavirus is the primary cause of diarrhea...
Monkeys use 'baby talk' to interact with infants
Female rhesus monkeys use special vocalizations while interacting with infants, the way human adults use motherese, or baby talk, to engage babies attention, new research at the University of Chicago shows.
Motherese is a high pitched and musical form of speech, which may be biological in origin, ...
Early exposure to indoor fungus molecules may protect infants against future allergies
Maybe being a fussy housekeeper isn’t such a good thing after all.
Environmental health scientists at the University of Cincinnati (UC) say they have confirmed what other scientists have only suspected: early-life exposure to certain indoor fungal components (molecules) can help build stronger i...
HIV and malaria combine to adversely affect pregnant women and their infants
University of Toronto researchers have uncovered the basis by which pregnant women protect themselves against malaria and have also discovered how the HIV virus works to counteract this defence. The research could lead to improved vaccines for pregnant women in malaria-ravished regions.
NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists
...ct of video viewing on infant learning
TV programs and videos targeted at infants
are flourishing, despite the
recommendation by the American Academy of Pedi... well as the potential benefits, of educational video materials
targeted at infants
Vitamin D and lung scarring:
Pulmonary fibrosis, or scarri...
Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns
...d the study also shows this system may be a promising therapeutic target in infants
suffering hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). Identification of a treatm...al models. The researcher team also recommends studies to determine whether infants
diagnosed with HIE, or who are at high risk cerebral palsy, have elevated l...
Scientists link immune system's natural killer cells to infant liver disease
...ter understand the disease's apparent link to the developing and still immature infant immune system, researchers in this study analyzed the livers of infants
diagnosed with biliary atresia. They discovered elevated populations of NK cells in the bile ducts. The NK cells over-expressed genes involved in crea...
Hush little baby... Linking genes, brain and behavior in children
...ous types of temperament in children. For example, infants
who have more activity in the left frontal cortex ...lly "easy" and are easily calmed down. Conversely, infants
with greater activity in the right half of the fro... study, brain activity was measured in 9-month-old infants
via electroencephalography (EEG) recordings. When ...
Plastics chemical retards growth, function of adult reproductive cells
...t showed effects in animals exposed to low doses of BPA led it to have "some concern for effects on the brain, behavior and prostate gland in fetuses, infants
and children at current human exposures to bisphenol A."
The new study points to possible concerns in adults as well, Flaws said.
"I think there...
Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows
... to investigate the risk of being born preterm for infants
who have a variety of congenital brain defects.
...Brown also looked at published files of over 7,000 infants
with "significant birth defects of any kind" and more than 260,000 infants
without brain defects. The control cases came from...
U of Minnesota-led study finds that hunters are depleting lion and cougar populations
...pact of hunting on populations of lions, cougars and leopards with its impact on black bear populations because male black bears do not routinely kill infants
of other males.
Lion and cougar populations have suffered the greatest decline in African countries and U.S. states where sport hunting has been m...
Nutricia launches Nutra Neocate, weaning product designed for cows milk protein allergy
... Nutra has been specifically developed for weaning infants
and older children with cows' milk protein allergy...nique format, Neocate Nutra is suitable for taking infants
through the various stages of weaning and also for...PA, a condition which affects between 2 to 7.5% of infants
worldwide.1 With the launch of Neocate Nutra, par...
Cost-effective measures could stop child pneumonia deaths
...d could reduce total child mortality by 17 percent and could reduce pneumonia deaths by more than 90 percent. Pneumonia is a leading cause of death of infants
in many developing countries, resulting in 2.2 million deaths each year. The study is published in the June 2009 issue of the Bulletin of the World H...
Study suggests obese women should not gain weight
...he findings showed that there were no fetal deaths and no growth-restricted infants
in the study group. Also, there were fewer babies weighing more than 10 pou...rol group. (A birth weight over 10 pounds poses significant hazards to both infants
and mothers.) Moreover, women in the study group gained less weight, had fe...
Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy
...l growth and preterm delivery.
The report focuses on weight changes during pregnancy, but it also notes that women's weight at conception affects infants
and mothers, too. Nearly two-thirds of U.S. women of childbearing age are overweight or obese. To minimize the risks, women should aim to conceive w...
Babies born to native high-altitude mothers have decreased risk of low birth weight
...tude for centuries. However, the babies of these women weigh more at birth compared to women whose ancestors have not lived at high altitude. European infants
are three times more likely to be born small for their gestational age compared to Andean babies.
The same is true when comparing groups of women i...
Does mom know when enough is enough?
...ation and Behavior reports that mothers who miss signs of satiety in their infants
tend to overfeed them, leading to excess weight gains during the 6 month to...irectionindicating that mothers who were less sensitive to satiety cues had infants
who gained more weight.
Writing in the article, John Worobey, PhD; Maria...
UTSA, Health Science Center collaborate with Merck & Co. to develop chlamydia vaccine
Long-term C. trachomatis infection in females can lead to pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, serious complications for newborn infants
and infertility. Macrolide (erythromycin-like) antibiotics can successfully eradicate the pathogen in most patients, but treated individuals are highl...
Cold and brown fat raise the prospect of a new method of treating obesity
...at - a discovery that may provide new possibilities in treating overweight and obesity.
It has previously been believed that the brown fat found in infants
disappears as we grow up, but the new study shows that this is not the case. Brown fat cells have been found in adults, in the lower part of the neck ...
UAB's Lisa Guay-Woodford earns top international nephrology prize
...he advancement of potential PKD therapies.
"I truly am honored to receive this award in recognition of our investigative work, our care of affected infants
and children, and our efforts to educate and support affected families," she said.
Guay-Woodford is a professor of genetics at UAB and her research...
Pulmonary hypertension in children may result from reduced activity of gene regulator
...h heart defects, researchers say.
If they are right, drugs already under study to boost PPAR signaling in adults with lung injuries, may help these infants
restore a healthy balance of blood vessel dilation and contraction, preventing the remodeling that transforms flexible blood vessels into rigid pipes ...
Autism Speaks funds $5 million to studies on genetic and environmental risk factors for autism
...c risk for developing the disorder. Many of these infants
will be followed from close to conception through ...nt siblings of children with autism. Some of these infants
may go on to develop ASD. Their brain images will ...nings of early behaviors as they become evident in infants
and toddlers with autism and will allow us to stud...
Updated formula measures kidney function more accurately
...dren with CKD before studying other populations," said Schwartz.. "It will also be important to determine if such a formula will apply to children and infants
with higher levels of kidney function, so that any harm that might come from antibiotics, chemotherapeutic drugs and dehydration can be minimized in t...
States expand newborn screening for life-threatening disorders
...for families and provide additional funding for follow-up and treatment for infants
who test positive for disorders identified through screening.
The recen...ate-by-state requirements on expanded newborn screening, only 38 percent of infants
were born in states that required screening for 21 or more of 29 core condi...
Fast-food diet cancels out benefits of breastfeeding in preventing asthma
...that breastfeeding for too short a time was linked to a higher risk of asthma, or conversely that children exclusively breastfed 12 weeks or longer as infants
had a lower risk.
"But this beneficial effect was only seen in children who did not consume fast food, or only occasionally had fast food," she a...
Crib-side studies help struggling newborns go home without feeding tubes
...ationwide Children's Hospital is helping premature infants
and other newborns with severe swallowing difficul...tionwide Children's were able to help 15 out of 20 infants
with severe feeding difficulties and airway concer... home without the need for feeding tubes.
were referred to the Neonatal and Infant Feeding D...
American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- Jan. 14, 2009
...ental factors that can damage the prenatal immune system as well as that of infants
and children, according to an article scheduled for the Jan. 19 issue of AC...and other environmental factors on the developing immune system in fetuses, infants
and children. Research so far suggests links between those factors and an i...
New infant feeding and obesity research adds insight to ongoing issue
... in BMI at the age of 60 years associated with duration of breastfeeding.
These findings may help explain why some studies that examined breastfed infants
during the first year of life suggested a protective effect of breastfeeding and obesity, whereas other studies that examined the relationship later i...
World breakthrough in treating premature babies
...high doses of fatty acids administered to pre-term infants
via their mother's breast milk or infant formula c...ts, in the form of tuna oil capsules. If required, infants
were given supplementary formula with matching DHA...volving five Australian hospitals, about 50% fewer infants
on high-DHA diets had significantly delayed mental...
Facebook flack regarding breastfeeding mothers
...Breastfeeding encourages "images of breastfeeding as the normal way to feed infants
in most places women and their infants
go." Facebook should certainly be considered one of those places.
Primate culture is just a stone's throw away from human evolution, study finds
...n the development of the infant's stone-handling abilities. In other words, infants
with mothers who frequently exhibited stone-handling behaviors spent more t...frequent stone-handling caught the infants' attention, and as a result, the infants
acquired the behavior more quickly than other infants.
Furthermore, as t...