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Newly discovered gene fusion may lead to improved prostate cancer diagnosis

Researchers from NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center have discovered a new gene fusion that is highly expressed in a subset of prostate cancers. The results may lead to more accurate prostate cancer testing and new targets for potential treatments. Experts believe that gene ...

Stunting plants' skyward reach could lead to improved yields

EAST LANSING, Mich. In the forest's fight for survival, it's the tallest trees that prevail by reaching for sunlight and shading competition. Corn and other plants, too, divert precious energy to grow higher when nearby plants start to encroach. Michigan State University plant scientist Berond...

Ovarian transplantation: New technique gives greatly improved results in this delicate operation

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Ultra-fast freezing of ovarian tissue from women who have lost their fertility as a result of cancer treatment can lead to it being used in transplants with the same success rate as fresh tissue, a researcher told the 25th annual conference of the European Society of Hu...

New and improved tomato analyzer

WOOSTER, OHTomatoes come in a variety of sizes and shapes, making them the perfect subject to test shape-analyzing software. The Tomato Analyzer is "rapidly becoming the standard for fruit morphological characterizations," according to a study led by Marin Talbot Brewer of The Ohio State Universit...

NIST guides genetic genealogy labs toward improved accuracy

Anyone who has watched crime dramas on TV knows that forensic scientists can use DNA profiling to identify people from evidence gathered at a crime scene, establish a paternity link or help free an innocent person who has been wrongly jailed. A lesser known but rapidly growing application of DNA p...

Scientists identify gene that may contribute to improved rice yield

A team of scientists, including Penn State Distinguished Professor of Biology Hong Ma, has identified a gene in rice that controls the size and weight of rice grains. The gene may prove to be useful for breeding high-yield rice and, thus, may benefit the vast number of people who rely on this sta...

Researchers link cocoa flavanols to improved brain blood flow

McLEAN, VA (August 18, 2008) Cocoa flavanols, the unique compounds found naturally in cocoa, may increase blood flow to the brain, according to new research published in the Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment journal. The researchers suggest that long-term improvements in brain blood flow cou...

Mobilizing white blood cells to the lung: New discovery could lead to an improved influenza vaccine

July, 10, 2008; Saranac Lake, N.Y. -- Findings just published in the scientific journal Immunity by researchers at the Trudeau Institute shed new light on how a previously-unknown messaging mechanism within the human immune system prompts specific influenza-fighting cells to the lung airways dur...

UF researchers develop improved gene therapy agent

GAINESVILLE, Fla. Replacing one amino acid on the surface of a virus that shepherds corrective genes into cells could be the breakthrough scientists have needed to make gene therapy a more viable option for treating genetic diseases such as hemophilia, University of Florida researchers say. Re...

Lean and mean biomass-degrading fungus reveals capabilities for improved biofuel production

WALNUT CREEK, CAThe bane of military quartermasters may soon be a boon to biofuels producers. The genome analysis of a champion biomass-degrading fungus has revealed a surprisingly minimal repertoire of genes that it employs to break down plant cell walls, highlighting opportunities for further im...

Brain study may lead to improved epilepsy treatments

Using a rodent model of epilepsy, researchers found one of the bodys own neurotransmitters released during seizures, glutamate, turns on a signaling pathway in the brain that increases production of a protein that could reduce medication entry into the brain. Researchers say this may explain why a...

Chesapeake Bay ecosystem health remains poor, but slightly improved in 2007

An independent scientific analysis led by University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science researchers gives the Chesapeake Bay a C-minus in 2007, indicating that Bay ecological conditions were slightly better than the previous year, but far below what is needed for a healthy Bay. The C...

Physician-scientist urges improved drug regulation to ensure heart safety of non-heart drugs

Recommendations by NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell's Dr. Jeffrey Borer Emphasize Need for Better Attention to Cardiovascular Effects, Beginning With Early Studies and Continuing Past Drug Approval NEW YORK (Dec. 28, 2007) -- Current regulatory policies should be strengthened to ensure accept...

UCR researchers awarded nearly $1.7M to develop improved cowpea varieties

RIVERSIDE, Calif. Providing food security, one of the greatest challenges of our time, is a critical goal especially in the developing world, where crop destruction by drought, disease and pest infestation swiftly places millions of lives at risk of hunger. Scientists at the University of Cali...

In-vitro fertilization improved with 3-D/4-D-guided embryo transfer and new placement target

Beverly Hills, Calif. and Washington DC (ASRM Annual Meeting) - October 15, 2007 - The pregnancy rate for patients undergoing in-vitro fertilization (IVF) is improved when doctors use advanced 3D/4D imaging to guide the placement of embryos to the point where the endometrium is most receptive to i...

Report calls for improved monoclonal antibodies against solid tumors

A new report by leading experts in monoclonal antibody research for oncology offers a conceptual framework for future research in the design of antibody therapies against solid tumors. Writing in the January 15, 2007 issue of CANCER ( http://www.interscience.wiley.com/cancer-newsroom ), a peer-revi...

UF scientists test improved gene therapy method for hereditary heart conditions

A new way of delivering corrective genes with a single injection into a vein holds promise for long-lasting treatments of hereditary diseases of the heart, University of Florida researchers report. UF researchers used the approach to successfully reverse symptoms in mice with a form of muscular ...

Novel method reveals how menthol discovery could point towards new or improved pain therapies

This new understanding could lead to potential advances in pain therapy, the researchers said. Moreover, the scientists envision that their method may be potentially useful in studying the activation mechanism of other drugs and proteins. "Because our ability to sense temperature is closely link...

Zebrafish may hold key to improved cancer research

A new study has confirmed that research done with zebrafish may be able to play a critical role in learning about the genetic basis of cancer and the mutations that can lead to it - and identified one gene in particular, B-myb, whose function is essential to preventing tumors. The findings were p...

Research suggests fitness of Florida panthers improved by limited breeding with Texas animals

The number of living Florida panthers has grown from a previously estimated 30 to a recently counted 87 as a result of a controversial breeding effort to improve the genetic health of the endangered and inbred animals, according to a new assessment. Hybrid kittens born to panthers brought into th...

Scientists discuss improved biopesticides for locust control in West Africa

Two Virginia Tech scientists contributed by invitation to an international scientific meeting called by Abdoulaye Wade, president of Senegal, to identify strategies for the control of the ongoing locust outbreak in West Africa. Last year, locusts stripped fields of crops and trees of foliage across...

Discovery of key protein's shape could lead to improved bacterial pneumonia vaccine

Scientists at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital have discovered that the shape of a protein on the surface of pneumonia bacteria helps these germs invade the human bloodstream. This finding, published Dec. 16 online by the EMBO Journal, could help scientists develop a vaccine that is significan...

Marine microbes creating green waves in industry

... and cleaner manufacturing methods. Dr Robert Speight, from Ingenza Ltd, explained: "We are using biology in our chemical processes to come up with improved manufacturing routes. We are taking advantage of the natural diversity of marine organisms that has arisen through evolution in different environments...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

...ic situation involving a turbulent eddy field and wind-driven motions in the upper layers of the ocean. The authors believe that the results show that improved SSH measurements made by planned missions will enable significant advances in the study of ocean dynamics. Title: Diagnosis of vertical velocities...

New DNA and RNA aptamers offer unique therapeutic advantages

...ction, low risk of inducing an immune reaction in humans, and amenability to chemical modifications that enhance their drug-like properties, including improved stability and residence time in the bloodstream. Aptamer therapeutics presently in clinical development target diseases and applications such as macul...

Plankton Power and RTDC announce proposed algae-to-biofuels pilot facility on Cape Cod

... commercial-scale development of algae biodiesel (a type of biofuel) that is cost-competitive with existing petroleum- and vegetable-based fuels, with improved performance characteristics. The planned biorefinery is proposed for construction on five acres of land on the Massachusetts Military Reservatio...

Douglas-fir, geoducks make strange bedfellows in studying climate change

...ntists' ability to estimate their past variability is met with interest in the research community. This new study has enabled scientists to develop an improved model of sea surface temperatures in the northeastern Pacific Ocean dating back to 1880. When Black first began publishing comparisons of tree ring...

E-Noses: Testing their mettle against fly noses

...th developers of solid-state chemical sensors in the search for more effective devices. This research is part of a much larger project developing an improved electronic nose, the Cybernose, for use in the wine industry. Using insect receptors, the Cybernose will detect volatiles and contaminants in grapes a...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

... Led by GHA scientists, teams will field-test improved cassava varieties in Kenya and Nigeria during the ... of the Danforth Center and its collaborators, the improved varieties could potentially be widely available in...nd during in-country studies. Test and validate improved cassava varieties in Nigeria and Kenya in limited,...

Most older long-term cancer survivors have poor health habits

...terested in diet and exercise actually have poor health habits. The study also reveals that those survivors who do exercise and watch their diet have improved physical health and quality of life. Published in the September 1, 2009 issue of Cancer , a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the...

Common allergy drug reduces obesity and diabetes in mice

...as given cromolyn or ketotifen fumarate; and the fourth was both given the drug and switched to a healthy diet. While symptoms of the second group improved moderately, the third group demonstrated dramatic improvements in both body weight and diabetes. The fourth group exhibited nearly 100 percent recover...

Improved air quality during Beijing Olympics could inform pollution-curbing policies

...ions standards equivalent to European Union regulations. A similar standard was mandated starting in June 2008 for 20,000 buses and 66,000 taxies. The improved fuel quality probably enhanced the performance of engines and catalytic converters, the researchers reported. "We are showing what the city can do ...

New drug may reduce heart attack damage

...duce heart muscle damage after a heart attack and may lead to significantly improved patient outcomes, researchers at the University of New South Wales (UNSW) h...ich is Australia's number one killer. "There remains a clinical need for improved therapies. Mortality and morbidity have been relatively static in heart dis...

Short stressful events may improve working memory

...ul experience and one day post-stress, compared to the non-stressed rats. To determine if the corticosterone neuropathway was responsible for the improved memory, as they proposed, researchers injected one group of rats before the stressful forced-swim with a medicinal compound that blocks the pathway, a...

EPA grant to University of Chicago for research on food allergy triggers

...awarded a $433,100 grant to the University of Chicago to investigate how allergic reactions to food are initiated. The research is expected to lead to improved methods to assess whether pesticides produced in genetically engineered plants can trigger food allergies, which impact more than 11 million Americans...

Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient

... to about 12 percent of the silica used in conventional tire manufacture. This decreased the amount of energy needed to compound the rubber composite, improved the heat resistance of the product, and retained tensile strength. Traction is always a key issue with tire performance, and the study showed that ...

C. difficile spores spread superbug

... The results have implications for infection control measures in the healthcare environment and open the door for the development of treatments and improved diagnosis of C. difficile . At present, healthcare professionals manage the threat of C. difficile by observing stringent hygiene and isolation ...

University of Miami receives stimulus funds for study of hurricane impacts on structures, ecosystems

...natural disasters that strike the United States. A better understanding of how structures withstand -- or fail to withstand a hurricane could lead to improved construction standards and practices designed to protect human lives and enhance resiliency. The National Institute for Standards and Technology (...

Promising new treatment for Alzheimer's suggested based on Hebrew University research

... much more stable and efficient than the mutant protein, which suggests that the BChE-K carriers' susceptibility to Alzheimer's could be substantially improved by treating them with the engineered normal protein that is produced in the milk of the transgenic goats. ...

UK bioscience sparkles with new Diamond fellowship

...recipient will deploy the power of systems biology to answer questions about plant root development which could help deliver increased crop yields and improved food security. Dr Celia Caulcott, Director, Innovation and Skills for BBSRC, said: "We are excited to be awarding these Fellowships which give sci...
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