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Short stressful events may improve working memory

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- Experiencing chronic stress day after day can produce wear and tear on the body physically and mentally, and can have a detrimental effect on learning and emotion. However, acute stress -- a short stressful incident -- may enhance learning and memory. Researchers at the Unive...

LSUHSC's Kolls awarded $1.8 million to improve vaccine strategies for P. carinii pneumonia

New Orleans, LA Jay K. Kolls, MD, Professor and Chairman of Genetics at LSU Health Sciences Center New Orleans School of Medicine, has been awarded $1.8 million over five years by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study whether antibodies that re...

Urban myth disproved: Fingerprints do not improve grip friction

Fingerprints mark us out as individuals and leave telltale signs of our presence on every object that we touch, but what are fingerprints really for? According to Roland Ennos, from the University of Manchester, other primates and tree-climbing koalas have fingerprints and some South American monk...

New center at Georgia Tech aims to improve recovery of soldiers with severe injuries

When a soldier is wounded during combat, surgeons must focus on reducing infection and reconstructing damaged bone and tissues. Technologies that could improve the repair and regeneration processes are being developed in research laboratories across the country, but they are not being moved quickl...

Identification of genetic variants affecting age at menopause could help improve fertility treatment

Vienna, Austria: For the first time, scientists have been able to identify genetic factors that influence the age at which natural menopause occurs in women. Ms Lisette Stolk, a researcher from Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, told the annual conference of the European Society of Human ...

Joining forces to improve lung cancer treatment

Lugano, 27 April 2009 Prevention, personalized therapies and closer collaborations between surgeons, medical oncologists and radiation oncologists will result in better outcomes for lung cancer patients and those at risk, a leading European expert says. "Lung cancer is a complex disease. It is...

Early administration of antiretroviral therapy can improve survival

This release is available in Spanish . The first antiretroviral treatments appeared in 1996. Since then, new and better drugs have been discovered that have almost turned AIDS into a chronic disease. Nevertheless, there is still room to improve the performance of the the therapeutic strate...

Clemson and collaborators receive $1.1 million to improve durability of concrete infrastructure

CLEMSON Researchers from Clemson University, in collaboration with Purdue University and PSI Inc., have received a four-year $1.1 million grant from the Federal Highway Administration to better understand the challenges facing the durability of concrete infrastructure and to develop new test meth...

Engineer devises ways to improve gas mileage

Last summer, it was very expensive to fill up a gas tank when the gasoline price hit close to four dollars a gallon. Transportation by road or air consumes fuel, which not only increases our vulnerability to foreign imports but also is a source of greenhouse gas emissions that will impact adverse ...

Stem cell infusion and hyperbaric oxygen treatment improve islet function in diabetes

Tampa, Fla. (Mar. 12, 2009) A study to determine if patients with type 2 diabetes can benefit from a combination of autologous (patient self-donated) stem cell infusions (ASC) and hyperbaric (above the normal air pressure of ) oxygen treatment (HBO) before and after ASC has found "significant ben...

MacArthur Foundation awards planning grant to improve decision-making in energy policy

The University of Chicago is launching a large-scale collaboration to develop a computational modeling tool that will help a wide range of organizations in climate and energy policy decision-making. A $350,000 planning grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation supports the eff...

New reference material can improve testing of multivitamin tablets

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed a new certified reference material that can be an important quality assurance tool for measuring the amounts of vitamins, carotenoids, and trace elements in dietary supplements. The new Standard Reference Material (SRM) 3280 f...

Measuring molecules to improve drug design

CSIRO has patented an improved microscopy method for measuring the shapes and sizes of proteins which could help scientists create new pharmaceuticals that are a better match for the proteins they target. The method, called Differential Aberration Correction (DAC) microscopy, measures distances ...

TECNALIA uses artificial vision to improve recycling of electronic scrap metal

This release is available in Spanish . TECNALIA Technological Corporation is studying an innovative method based on multispectral artificial vision systems to enhance the value of electronic scrap which currently represent 4% of urban waste in Europe. The aim of this project, known as...

Gene's past could improve the future of rice

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - In an effort to improve rice varieties, a Purdue University researcher was part of a team that traced the evolutionary history of domesticated rice by using a process that focuses on one gene. Scott A. Jackson, a professor of agronomy, said studying the gene that decides ...

To improve forecasting earthquakes, NJIT mathematician studies grains

A new and better way to predict earthquakes and avalanches may soon be available to forecasters thanks to mathematical research underway at NJIT. Using mathematical modeling, researchers are investigating how forces and pressures propagate through granular materials. "Computational Homology...

UNH researchers track lobster migrations to improve population estimates

DURHAM, N.H. Jason Goldstein checks his lobster traps in New Hampshire's Great Bay Estuary once a week, but not for tasty crustaceans to sell. Instead, the University of New Hampshire Ph.D. candidate is fitting these lobsters with transmitters and tracking their migrations year-round. Goldst...

UI researchers help to improve carbon measurements in global climate studies

UI researchers help to improve carbon measurements in global climate studies University of Iowa researchers and their colleagues have found a way to improve existing estimates of the amount of carbon absorbed by plants from the air, thereby improving the accuracy of global warming and land cove...

USAID grant awarded to improve food security in Africa

Blacksburg, Va. -- Amid global concerns about food security, the U.S. Agency for International Development has awarded a $1 million grant to Virginia Tech's Office of International Research, Education, and Development to improve agricultural productivity and ease trade barriers in Africa. The A...

How eating fruit and vegetables can improve cancer patients' response to chemotherapy

RIVERSIDE, Calif. The leading cause of death in all cancer patients continues to be the resistance of tumor cells to chemotherapy, a form of treatment in which chemicals are used to kill cells. Now a study by UC Riverside biochemists that focuses on cancer cells reports that ingesting apigeni...

British scientists go cloud-hopping in the Pacific to improve climate predictions

A 20-strong -team of cloud and climate experts from the UK's National Centre for Atmospheric Science will today set off for Chile to investigate how massive swathes of clouds that hang over the Pacific are affecting climate and weather all round the world, including the UK. This new 3M project ai...

RNA molecules, delivery system improve vaccine responses, effectiveness

AUSTIN, Texas A novel delivery system that could lead to more efficient and more disease-specific vaccines against infectious diseases has been developed by biomedical engineers at The University of Texas at Austin. The findings use specific ribonucleic acid (RNA) molecules to significantly bo...

Research about plant viruses could lead to new ways to improve crop yields

An interdisciplinary group of scientists has obtained the first detailed information about the structure of the most destructive group of plant viruses known: flexible filamentous viruses. The cost of worldwide crop losses due to plant diseases is estimated at $60 billion annually. Alth...

Researchers study how pistachios may improve heart health

Going green may be heart healthy if the green you choose is pistachio nuts, according to researchers at Penn State who conducted the first study to investigate the way pistachios lower cholesterol. "We investigated mechanisms of action to explain the cholesterol-lowering effects of the pistach...

NIH awards Clemson bioengineer $1.5 million to improve durability of tissue heart valves

CLEMSON The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has awarded Naren Vyavahare, Hunter Endowed Chair and professor of bioengineering at Clemson University, more than $1.5 million over four years to develop durable bioprosthetic heart valves (BHVs). Aortic valves taken from pigs are used in thousa...

FSU joins coalition working to improve nation's power grid

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- Florida State University's Center for Advanced Power Systems (CAPS) has joined a prominent national coalition that seeks to transform the nation's electric power systems. CAPs is now a member of the GridWise Alliance, a group of 69 leading companies and academic institutions w...

Iowa State engineer works to clean and improve engine performance

AMES, Iowa The five engines in Song-Charng Kong's Iowa State University laboratory have come a long way since Karl Benz patented a two-stroke internal combustion engine in 1879. There are fuel injectors and turbochargers and electrical controls. There's more horsepower, better efficiency, clea...

Normalizing tumor vessels to improve cancer therapy

Chemotherapy drugs often never reach the tumors they're intended to treat, and radiation therapy is not always effective, because the blood vessels feeding the tumors are abnormal"leaky and twisty" in the words of the late Judah Folkman, MD, founder of the Vascular Biology program at Children's Ho...

Childhood dairy intake may improve adolescent bone health

Cincinnati, OH, August 13, 2008Dairy is recognized as a key component of a healthy, balanced diet. However, until recently it was unclear how long-term dairy intake contributes to the many aspects of bone health in children, including bone density, bone mineral content, and bone area. A new stud...

Predicting acute GVHD by gene expression could improve liver stem cell transplant outcomes

Tampa, Fla. (July 21, 2008) Many cell transplants involve the use of stem cells from another human being (known as an allograft), which raises the major concern of the potential for acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). GVHD occurs when an immune response is elicited by the grafted cells agains...

Search for salt tolerant grasses aims to improve roadside plantings

KINGSTON, R.I. July 2, 2008 Standing in a greenhouse at the University of Rhode Island, Rebecca Brown was smiling even though it appeared that something had gone terribly wrong. Almost all of the 16 species of grass she planted last February in hundreds of small pots were dead. The associa...

Get smart about what you eat and you might actually improve your intelligence

New research findings published online in The FASEB Journal provide more evidence that if we get smart about what we eat, our intelligence can improve. According to MIT scientists, dietary nutrients found in a wide range of foods from infant formula to eggs increase brain synapses and improve co...

ETH Zurich and IBM improve diagnosis of osteoporosis

With the goal of developing an accurate, powerful and fast method to automate the analysis of bone strength, scientists of the ETH Zurich Departments of Mechanical and Process Engineering and Computer Science teamed up with supercomputing experts at IBM's Zurich Research Laboratory. The breakthro...

Researchers coat titanium with polymer to improve integration of joint replacements

Research at the Georgia Institute of Technology shows that coating a titanium implant with a new biologically inspired material enhances tissue healing, improves bone growth around the implant and strengthens the attachment and integration of the implant to the bone. "We designed a coating tha...

Canada-India RFID project looks to improve traffic flow, reduce pollution

RFID technology may provide the key to better traffic management and improved pollution control in Canada, India and worldwide. That is the hope of a new research collaboration established by the McMaster RFID Applications Lab (MRAL), the Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT- New Delhi), I...

New Web resource to improve crop engineering

Stanford, CA. The Carnegie Institution's Department of Plant Biology today announced the launch of a new web-based resource that promises to help researchers around the world meet increasing demands for food production, animal feed, biofuels, industrial materials, and new medicines. It is the Plan...

8-day undersea mission begins experiment to improve coral reef restoration

Scientists have begun an eight-day mission, in which they are living and working at 60 feet below the sea surface, to determine why some species of coral colonies survive transplanting after a disturbance, such as a storm, while other colonies die. Coral reefs worldwide are suffering from the com...

A nutritional supplement could improve the clinical situation of ICU patients

This release is available in Spanish . Scientists from the University of Granada and the Virgen de las Nieves Hospital have found out that some critical patients could improve their oxide stress and, consequently, their clinical situation by taking a simple exogenous antioxidant treatment...

New 3-D ultrasound could improve stroke diagnosis, care

DURHAM, N.C. Using 3-D ultrasound technology they designed, Duke University bioengineers can compensate for the thickness and unevenness of the skull to see in real-time the arteries within the brain that most often clog up and cause strokes. The researchers believe that these advances will ul...

Herbicide-tolerant crops can improve water quality

The residual herbicides commonly used in the production of corn and soybean are frequently detected in rivers, streams, and reservoirs at concentrations that exceed drinking water standards in areas where these crops are extensively grown. When these bodies of water are used as sources of drinking...
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(Date:10/14/2014)... study published in Cancer Research shows SIRT6—a ... colon cancers—can promote the development of skin cancers by ... survival of sun-damaged skin cells. , Previously considered protective, ... called sirtuins that help regulate genomic stability and prevent ... helps repair DNA damage, which can lead to cancer. ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... leading questions is how to produce enough food to ... Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations predicts ... 40 years to feed a growing global population, and ... in food production. Plants—grains, cereals, fruits, vegetables, and ... Current research must tap into our knowledge of how ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... – October 14, 2014 – Scientists from The Scripps ... the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to lead an ... hemorrhagic fever disease in Africa. The study aims to ... some patients die, while others survive the inflection. ... the basic mechanism of how Lassa fever virus causes ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Two-faced gene: SIRT6 prevents some cancers but promotes sun-induced skin cancer 2Building a bridge from basic botany to applied agriculture 2Building a bridge from basic botany to applied agriculture 3Scripps Research Institute team receives $6.6 million to investigate deadly Lassa virus 2
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(Date:10/22/2014)... HealthDay Reporter , TUESDAY, Oct. 21, 2014 (HealthDay ... be showing a genetic propensity for obesity as toddlers, a ... linked to increased body fat, but the same genes in ... researchers said. At 1 year, kids with these genes ... however, these genes were linked to excessive weight gain, the ...
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Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Top Provider of Continuing Education at Home Releases 20 New Online Courses 2Health News:Jay Cormier, Sr. Vice President of Sales for Lintelus, Speaks about Event Technology Integration at Meetings Technology Expo in NYC 2Health News:Tall, Heavy 1-Year-Olds May Be at Risk for Obesity Later, Study Finds 2Health News:Binge Drinking May Boost Blood Pressure in Young Men 2Health News:Binge Drinking May Boost Blood Pressure in Young Men 3Health News:Binge Drinking May Boost Blood Pressure in Young Men 4Health News:CDC Tightens Rules on Caring for Ebola Patients 2Health News:CDC Tightens Rules on Caring for Ebola Patients 3
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