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New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein

Athens, Ga. Most parts of living organisms come packaged with ribbons. The ribbons are proteinschains of amino acids that must fold into three-dimensional structures to work properly. But when for any reason the ribbons fold incorrectly, bad things can happen, and in humans misfolded-protein diso...

Study by NTU professors provides important insight into apoptosis or programmed cell death

A study by Nanyang Technological University (NTU)'s Assistant Professor Li Hoi Yeung, Assistant Professor Koh Cheng Gee and their team have made an important contribution to the understanding of the process that cells go through when they die. This process known as 'apoptosis' or programmed cell d...

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC scientists identify enzyme important in aging

PITTSBURGH, July 10 The secret to longevity may lie in an enzyme with the ability to promote a robust immune system into old age by maintaining the function of the thymus throughout life, according to researchers studying an "anti-aging" mouse model that lives longer than a typical mouse. The ...

2 reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer

PHILADELPHIA Researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that survival among women with ovarian cancer is influenced by age of menarche and total number of lifetime ovulatory cycles. This finding suggests that hormonal activity over the course of a woman's lifet...

NSF provides $3.4 million to study climatically important Agulhas Current

VIRGINIA KEY, Fla. -- The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) announced that it is funding a study with the goal of building a multi-decadal time series of Agulhas Current volume transport, which will contribute to the Global Ocean Observing System. Led by Principal Investigator, Lisa Beal, Ph...

Research team finds important role for junk DNA

Scientists have called it "junk DNA." They have long been perplexed by these extensive strands of genetic material that dominate the genome but seem to lack specific functions. Why would nature force the genome to carry so much excess baggage? Now researchers from Princeton University and Indi...

Clinical trials for shingles drug take an important step forward

A possible new anti-viral drug designated FV-100, which could alleviate the suffering of millions of people with herpes zoster or shingles, has entered the second stage of clinical testing in patients. Developed and patented by scientists based at Cardiff University, a Phase II clinical trial ...

Fire is important part of global climate change, report scientists

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) Fire must be accounted for as an integral part of climate change, according to 22 authors of an article published in the April 24 issue of the journal Science . The authors determined that intentional deforestation fires alone contribute up to one-fifth of the human-caus...

Greatest thing since sliced bread: New data offer important clues toward improving wheat yields

Breed a better crop of wheat? That's exactly what a team of researchers from Kansas State University and the U.S. Department of Agriculture hope their research will lead to. In their study, appearing in the March 2009 issue of the journal GENETICS ( http://www.genetics.org ), they analyzed the t...

Cleft lip and palate: Genes more important than thought?

Comparing 500,000 snippets of human DNA put scientists from the University of Bonn on the right track. A genetic variant on chromosome 8 occurs with significantly higher frequency in people with cleft lip and palate than in the control group. The results are to be published in the forthcoming iss...

NC State study finds genes important to sleep

For many animals, sleep is a risk: foraging for food, mingling with mates and guarding against predators just aren't possible while snoozing. How, then, has this seemingly life-threatening behavior remained constant among various species of animals? A new study by scientists at North Caroli...

New research shows how gene function drives natural selection in important class of genetic elements

Athens, Ga. Transposons are the Clark Kents of a genome. Apparently mild-mannered and inconsequential but with sudden bursts of activity, these free-floating bits of genetic material have for millions of years been sneaking into the genetic maps of plants and animals, dramatically increasing a ge...

Alpine rivers hold important clues for preserving biodiversity and coping with climate change

Marginal plants, particularly trees, play a crucial role in sustaining the biodiversity of Europe's big river systems, according to a recently held workshop organised by the European Science Foundation (ESF). This finding provides important clues for protecting Europe's rivers against a combined o...

Mysterious microbe plays important role in ocean ecology

An unusual microorganism discovered in the open ocean may force scientists to rethink their understanding of how carbon and nitrogen cycle through ocean ecosystems. A paper describing the new findings appears in the November 14 issue of the journal Science . A research team led by Jonathan ...

Mysterious microbe may play important role in ocean ecology

SANTA CRUZ, CA--An unusual microorganism discovered in the open ocean may force scientists to rethink their understanding of how carbon and nitrogen cycle through ocean ecosystems. A research team led by Jonathan Zehr, professor of ocean sciences at the University of California, Santa Cruz, charac...

The Camille & Henry Dreyfus Foundation to host important symposium on chemistry and the environment

New York, October 22, 2008Eight of the nations leading scientists will present groundbreaking analysis and findings in environmental chemistry research at The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundations symposium, Climate, Energy, and the Changing Environment, to be held on October 24, 2008, at the New ...

Structures of important plant viruses determined

UPTON, NY - Flexible filamentous viruses make up a large fraction of known plant viruses and are responsible for more than half the viral damage to crop plants throughout the world. New details of their structures, which were poorly understood, have been revealed by scientists using a variety of s...

Location, location, location important for genes, too

COLUMBUS, Ohio Cells become cancerous mainly because they lose control of their growth. To better understand how this happens, a new study at Ohio State University's Comprehensive Cancer Center looks at four genes that help regulate cell growth in embryos and that contribute to cancer in adults. ...

Dartmouth researchers identify an important gene for a healthy, nutritious plant

Dartmouth researchers identify an important gene for a healthy, nutritious plant. The research paper, published with colleagues from Colorado State University and the University of South Carolina, appeared in the early online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Science duri...

2 Springer authors win important awards from the Ecological Society of America

The Springer authors Monica Turner and Stuart Chapin will receive two prestigious awards from the Ecological Society of America (ESA). Turner is the winner of this year's Robert H. MacArthur Award presented for outstanding ecological achievement. Chapin is given the Sustainability Science Award fo...

New research on pre-eclampsia in mice may have important implications for humans

WHITE PLAIN, N.Y., JULY 27, 2008 In a new March of Dimes-funded study of pre-eclampsia, a serious and potentially deadly disorder that affects about 5 percent of pregnancies, researchers have found results in mice that may have important implications for diagnosis and treatment in humans. Yang...

Peers important for nutrition education among Latinos

Philadelphia, PA, July 15, 2008 A systematic literature review conducted by a team of researchers from the University of Connecticut, the Hispanic Health Council (Hartford), and the Connecticut Center for Eliminating Health Disparities among Latinos assessed the impact of peer education/counselin...

The benefits of green tea in reducing an important risk factor for heart disease

More evidence for the beneficial effect of green tea on risk factors for heart disease has emerged in a new study reported in the latest issue of European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation .1 The study found that the consumption of green tea rapidly improves the function of ...

New bee checklist lets scientists link important information about all bee species

In time for National Pollinator Week, June 22 through June 28, biologists have completed an online effort to compile a world checklist of bees. They have identified nearly 19,500 bee species worldwide, about 2,000 more than previously estimated. There is a current crisis known as "colony collapse ...

Three Dimensional Visualization of Right Ventricle Provides Important Information for Treatment of Patients with Tetralogy of Fallot, According to a Study in The American Journal of Cardiology

Model Created Using Piecewise Smooth Subdivision Surface Provides Both Shape and Volumetric Evaluation of Tetralogy of Fallot Patients SEATTLE, April 8, 2008 /PRNewswire/ -- Three dimensional visualization of the right ventricle provides important shape and volumetric insights that help ca...

Managing uncertainty important in ecological balance: ASU researcher

BOSTON -- The balance of nature looms prominently in the public mind these days. Climate change, genetically modified plants and animals, and globally declining fish stocks are but a few of the issues that remind us that ours is a fragile world. Or is it? It depends on whom you ask, says Ann K...

2 genes are important key to regulating immune response

NEW YORK (Dec. 28, 2007) -- A research team at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York City has identified two genes that may be crucial to the production of an immune system cytokine called interleukin-10 (IL-10). The discovery fills in an important "missing link" in a biochemical pathway ...

It is important to demonstrate the influence of the microenvironment in the process of metastasis

In the work defended at the University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), an in vitro culture model of human colon cancer was created in order to reproduce the gene regulation that is expressed in these cancer cells during their growth as metastasis in the liver of patients. This in vitro culture mo...

Lipids in the brain an important factor for Alzheimer's disease?

Brussels & Leuven, Belgium As the most common form of dementia in the Western world, Alzheimer's disease carries enormous implications for our ageing society. It is generally accepted that the disease is caused by Alzheimer peptide (A -peptide) protofibrils. Until now, the conditions under which ...

Researchers discover important tool in understanding differentiation in human embryonic stem cells

Researchers at the University of Minnesotas Stem Cell Institute have described how an existing genetic tool can be used to study how human embryonic stem cells differentiate. The research appears in the November 2007 issue of Experimental Biology and Medicine. Researchers know very little about...

Fossilized cashew nuts reveal Europe was important route between Africa and South America

Cashew nut fossils have been identified in 47-million year old lake sediment in Germany, revealing that the cashew genus Anacardium was once distributed in Europe, remote from its modern native distribution in Central and South America. It was previously proposed that Anacardium and its African si...

Scientists discover important beauty secret for balanced skin color and tone

In the timeless quest for healthier, younger looking skin, scientists from the University of Cincinnati and Tokyo Medical University have made an important discovery toward manipulating skin tone and color. The implications of this research range from helping doctors develop more natural looking b...

Nicotinic receptors may be important targets for treatment of multiple addictions

For years, scientists have known that some people are biologically more susceptible to drug addiction than others, but they have only been able to speculate why. In the August 15, 2007 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, researchers at the University of Chicago report on a study that may help...

LIAI scientists make important finding on cytomegalovirus transmission

Researchers at the La Jolla Institute for Allergy & Immunology have shown that cytomegalovirus (CMV) in the salivary glands can be reduced ?and in some cases eliminated ?through the use of antibodies to enhance the disease-fighting power of the immune system. The research team’s findings, base...

3 proteins may play important role in nerve-cell repair

Some mature brain cells can grow new extensions when the amount of three particular proteins on their surface increases, a new study shows. The research examined three related receptor proteins, called GPR3, GPR6 and GPR12, on nerve cells in the brains of rats. When researchers increased t...

Proteins important in Alzheimer's, Parkinson's disease travel in the slow lane

Using a novel video-imaging system, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine have been able to observe proteins important in Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease moving along axons, extensions of nerve cells that carry proteins away from the cell body. Understanding this proc...

Susceptibility to Crohn's disease -- an important new clue

Crohn’s disease is a chronic relapsing inflammatory disorder of the intestinal tract that affects an estimated 0.15% of people in the developed world. Common symptoms include abdominal pain and diarrhea, but the disorder is often associated with debilitating clinical complications. Researchers from...

New research identifies gene important for nicotine's effects on the brain

New research identifies an important gene that influences several aspects of nicotine-induced behaviors in the brain. The study, funded by National Institutes of Drug Abuse, was presented today at the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology's Annual Meeting. Investigator Marina Picciotto, P...

Most important actors in the growth process of neurons identified

Defects in the growth process of our neurons often underlie brain or nerve diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease or multiple sclerosis. Scientists from the Flanders Interuniversity Institute for Biotechnology (VIB) connected to the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, led by Bassem Hassan, have achieved...

Quality not quantity important for immune response to HIV

When it comes to an immune response against HIV, research funded by the Wellcome Trust in the UK and the National Institutes of Health in the US has found that bigger is not necessarily better, contrary to conventional medical wisdom. The research may have a profound impact on the development of a ...
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