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Implications in Biological News

Book explores global implications of wildland fire smoke

An international team of scientists offer a compendium of air pollution research in a new book that explores smoke impacts on humans and the environment, while addressing the challenges of finding socially-acceptable uses of fire as a land management tool. The 686-page book includes 26 research...

NSF and EPA establish 2 centers for environmental implications of nanotechnology

The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have made awards to establish two Centers for the Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology (CEIN). The centers, led by UCLA and Duke University, will study how nanomaterials interact with the environmen...

Duke to lead new NSF, EPA center to study the environmental implications of nanotechnology

DURHAM, NC--The National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) have awarded $14.4 million to create the Center for Environmental Implications of NanoTechnology (CEINT) to explore the potential ecological hazards of nanoparticles. Nanoparticles are as much as a ...

NSF funds multi-university center to study environmental implications of nanotechnology

Blacksburg, Va. Researchers from geosciences and civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech are part of a consortium of four principal universities and five other schools awarded a multi-million dollar grant to study nanotechnology and the environment. This is one of only two such conso...

New research on pre-eclampsia in mice may have important implications for humans

WHITE PLAIN, N.Y., JULY 27, 2008 In a new March of Dimes-funded study of pre-eclampsia, a serious and potentially deadly disorder that affects about 5 percent of pregnancies, researchers have found results in mice that may have important implications for diagnosis and treatment in humans. Yang...

Stopping unwanted cell death: Implications for drug discovery

BOSTON (April 13, 2008, 1:00 p.m. ET) Research published in Nature Chemical Biology reveals that three specific inhibitors of a cell death pathway, termed necroptosis, all target and inhibit RIP1 kinase, a protein that can direct cells into necrosis. Induced by trauma such as a heart attack or str...

Reflecting on the social implications of human genetics research -- past, present and future

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. In 1911, the influential geneticist Charles Davenport published Heredity in Relation to Eugenics , advancing his ideas of how genetics would improve society in the 20th century. It became a college textbook and a foundation for the widespread eugenics movement in the ...

Multiple species of bacteria may cause trachoma: Implications for treatment

In a study published in this weeks PLoS Medicine, researchers have found that more than one species of bacteria may be causing the infectious eye disease trachoma. Six million people most of whom live in crowded and unhygienic conditions in the developing world are blind because of the disease a...

NHGRI funds new Centers for Excellence in Ethical, Legal and Social Implications Research

The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), part of the National Institutes of Health (NIH), today announced the establishment of two new centers to address the most critical ethical, legal and social questions faced by researchers and patients involved in genetic and genomic research. ...

UNC study on properties of carbon nanotubes, water could have wide-ranging implications

CHAPEL HILL A fresh discovery about the way water behaves inside carbon nanotubes could have implications in fields ranging from the function of ultra-tiny high-tech devices to scientists' understanding of biological processes, according to researchers from the University of North Carolina at Cha...

Duckweed genome sequencing has global implications

NEW BRUNSWICK, N.J. Three plant biologists at Rutgers' Waksman Institute of Microbiology are obsessed with duckweed, a tiny aquatic plant with an unassuming name. Now they have convinced the federal government to focus its attention on duckweed's tremendous potential for cleaning up pollution, ...

How mammals fuel milk production may have implications for cancer

A new study in the December issue of the journal Cell Metabolism, published by Cell Press, offers insight into the manner in which the mammary glands of mammals meet the incredible metabolic demands of milk production. As the normal pathways of breast development undoubtedly affect breast cancer, t...

Inside rocks, implications for finding life on Mars

UCLA paleobiologist J. William Schopf and colleagues have produced 3-D images of ancient fossils -- 650 million to 850 million years old -- preserved in rocks, an achievement that has never been done before. If a future space mission to Mars brings rocks back to Earth, Schopf said the techniques ...

New classification of eukaryotes has implications for AIDS treatment, agriculture and beyond

New classification conveys important information about the biochemistry and metabolism of disease-causing organisms. The new classification recognizes 6 major clusters of organisms, rather than the 4 traditional Kingdoms. Here are three examples. 1) Pneumocystis, an opportunistic pathogen causin...

Muscle repair: Making a good system better, faster; implications for aging, disease

Skeletal muscles naturally repair themselves very efficiently after injury. But when they don't, otherwise successful recovery following damage from overuse during exercise, surgery or trauma can be stymied. Furthermore, as we age, muscle repair slows noticeably, and in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy ...

Science study holds implications for gene therapy and stem cell biology

A study in the May 20 issue of Science holds mixed blessings for scientists who follow research in gene therapy and stem cell biology. The study, conducted by scientists from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, and Hannover Medical School and Hamburg University in Germany, reveals import...

Findings have implications for tracking disease, drugs at the molecular level

Researchers in the laboratory of Boston College Chemistry Professor John T. Fourkas have demonstrated that gold particles comparable in size to a molecule can be induced to emit light so strongly that it is readily possible to observe a single nanoparticle. Fourkas, in collaboration with postdoctor...

Biochemists report discovery of structure of major piece of telomerase; implications for cancer

UCLA biochemists have determined the three-dimensional structure of a major domain of telomerase, the enzyme that helps maintain telomeres ?small pieces of DNA on the ends of chromosomes that act as protective caps -- allowing DNA ends to be copied completely when cells are replicated. This is t...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

... of electrical activity in Martian dust storms has implications for atmospheric chemistry, habitability, and prepa...ic and Pacific oceans. The results could also have implications for coastal current monitoring, the authors sugges...ltiple sills upon internal wave generation and the implications for mixing Authors: Jiuxing Xing and Alan M. Da...

Understanding how weeds are resistant to herbicides

... resistance got down here? Or did resistance occur here and independently down in southern Illinois?" Understanding how the resistance occurred has implications for weed management. "If it's evolving multiple times, you need to pay attention to what you're doing in your field whereas if it evolved once and is ...

Brain difference in psychopaths identified

...es the significance of these findings cannot be underestimated. The suggestion of a clear structural deficit in the brains of psychopaths has profound implications for clinicians, research scientists and the criminal justice system.' While psychopathy is strongly associated with serious criminal behaviour (eg ...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

... the atmosphere, leading to long-term cooling. The implications of this study are that Columbia River volcanism li...solation cannot be applied to southern Africa. The implications of this in terms of understanding regional- to glo...from the southwestern Karoo basin, South Africa -- implications for the Permian-Triassic boundary Andrea Fildani...

Extraterrestrial platinum was 'stirred' into the Earth

...of that stirring, which took about 1.5 billion years to occur. This is the first time a time scale has been put on the stirring, which has important implications for the people who study the dynamics of mantle processes and the mechanisms that cause plate tectonics, earthquakes and volcanoes. Combined with so...

Humans 'damaging the oceans'

...six per cent for every one degree increase in temperature and areas in the sea which are low in oxygen to grow by at least 50 per cent. This has major implications for the world's most productive fishing waters in the cool temperate regions. The seas provide around one sixth of humanity's protein food and any lo...

Scientists discover Amazon river is 11 million years old

...e and geography of the hinterland," said Jorge Figueiredo from the University's Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences "This new research has large implications for our understanding of South American paleogeography and the evolution of aquatic organisms in Amazonia and on the Atlantic coast. The origin of th...

Experimental treatment halts hypoxic-ischemic brain injury in newborns

...ained Ton J. DeGrauw, M.D., Ph.D., director of Neurology at Cincinnati Children's. "This is why the findings of this study may have important clinical implications because, in a rodent model of HIE, they that show inhibiting plasminogen activators in functional areas of the brain is powerful strategy for brain pr...

Scientists closer to making implantable bone material, thanks to new research

...ss complex in its mineral composition when compared to the other materials. The researchers suggest that further research is now needed to explore the implications of these results for different stem cell therapies. Professor Molly Stevens, from the Department of Materials and the Institute of Biomedical Engi...

Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles

...it north and attempts to untangle the brain's role in movements in a random, realistic and complex sports environments. The findings could have big implications for training programs, McLean said. Mental imagery or virtual reality technology can immerse athletes to very complex athletic scenarios, thus teachin...

Noise pollution negatively affects woodland bird communities, says CU-Boulder study

...ew University of Colorado at Boulder study shows the strongest evidence yet that noise pollution negatively influences bird populations, findings with implications for the fate of ecological communities situated amid growing urban clamor. The study also is the first to indicate that at least a few bird species...

Newly discovered gene fusion may lead to improved prostate cancer diagnosis

...d not within normal cells. Ongoing work is exploring the potential biologic implications of this discovery. However, the diagnostic implications are more immediate because these types of genetic chimera occur only in can...

Scientists discover gene mutation responsible for hereditary neuroendocrine tumor

...ecreased by approximately 95% in tumors from three patients with PGL2. implications on Genetic Testing The identification of hSDH5 as the PGL2 gene has potential clinical implications for patients with familial PGL syndromes. Genetic testing is suggested for ...

Sticky protein helps reinforce fragile muscle membranes

...cs at the UI Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator. "The findings may also have clinical implications for muscular dystrophies that are caused by abnormal dystroglycan." These congenital muscular dystrophies include Fukuyama Congenital Muscular Dyst...

Scientists link immune system's natural killer cells to infant liver disease

...he journal's website. "Our findings underscore the developing immune system's role in causing injury to bile ducts soon after birth, and they have implications for developing new therapies to block the disease by targeting certain cells or pro-inflammatory circuits," said Jorge A. Bezerra, M.D., the study's s...

Corn yield stability varies with rotations, fertility

... MADISON, WI, July 20, 2009 -- Understanding temporal variability in crop yields has implications for sustainable crop production, particularly since greater fluxes in crop yields are projected with global climate change. Many long-term cropping...

C. difficile spores spread superbug

...man environment in which C. difficile is transmitted. The results have implications for infection control measures in the healthcare environment and open the d...crobiota and promote health, are clear." "This research has far reaching implications for treatment and infection control of a pathogen that is increasingly rais...

Early initiation of Arctic sea-ice formation

...re areas of the central Arctic, and about 24 million years before major ice-sheet expansion in the region. The findings have potentially important implications for climate. Spring sea ice and summer cloud formation would have reduced oceanic heat loss to the atmosphere and increased the amount of solar radia...

A 'heart healthy' diet and ongoing, moderate physical activity may protect against cognitive decline

..." Tierney said. "On the other hand, moderate long-term physical activity may improve later life cognition. These preliminary findings have important implications for women's health and support the need for large-scale studies including both women and men." Alzheimer's Risk Gene May Reduce Benefits of Physic...

Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC scientists identify enzyme important in aging

... thymus by targeted manipulation of PAPPA could be a way to maintain immune protection throughout life," Dr. de Vallejo said. "This study has profound implications for the future study of healthy aging and longevity." ...

1-finger exercise reveals unexpected limits to dexterity

...iven the evolutionary specializations of our brains and bodies that make our hands so dexterous. "These apparently esoteric results have tremendous implications for both humans and robots," Valero-Cuevas says. "For one, they bring together basic research and clinical reality by helping explain the high vulnera...

New crops needed for new climate

...o its tolerance of arid conditions, may experience yield reductions in high CO 2 . Combined with an increase in cyanogenic glycosides, this has major implications for the types of crops that can be grown in the future if CO 2 levels continue to rise: "We need to be preparing for the predicted reduction in nutri...
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