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Lancet study supports new, highly effective treatment for blood disorder

NEW YORK (March 20, 2009) -- Patients suffering from a blood disorder that prevents proper clotting have the option of a new medication that may dramatically improve their health. There are estimated to be between 50,000 and 100,000 individuals in the U.S. diagnosed with chronic immune thrombocyto...

New population of highly threatened greater bamboo lemur found in Madagascar

Arlington, Virginia (July 22, 2008) Researchers in Madagascar have confirmed the existence of a population of greater bamboo lemurs more than 400 kilometers (240 miles) from the only other place where the Critically Endangered species is known to live, raising hopes for its survival. The disco...

Slow-motion video study shows shrews are highly sophisticated predators

Strange as it seems, the smallest mammal Is the shrew, and not the camel. And that is all I ever knew, Or wish to know, about the shrew. --Ogden Nash Shrews are tiny mammals that have been widely characterized as simple and primitive. This traditiona...

The key to unlocking the secret of highly specific DNAzyme catalysis

CHAMPAIGN, Ill. Using an extremely sensitive measurement technique, researchers at the University of Illinois have found clear evidence that a lead-specific DNAzyme uses the lock and key reaction mechanism. In the presence of zinc or magnesium, however, the same DNAzyme uses the induced fit reac...

454 Sequencing: Science paper describes a novel, highly efficient method of sequencing ancient DNA

Branford, September 27, 2007 454 Life Sciences, a Roche company, today reported that researchers from Pennsylvania State University have used the companys Genome Sequencer FLX system to sequence the entire mitochondrial genomes from 10 individual woolly mammoths. The study, entitled "Whole-Geno...

Ice Age extinction claimed highly carnivorous Alaskan wolves

The extinction of many large mammals at the end of the Ice Age may have packed an even bigger punch than scientists have realized. To the list of victims such as woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats, a Smithsonian-led team of scientists has added one more: a highly carnivorous form of wolf that...

World-wide warning of highly drug-resistant tuberculosis

New forms of highly drug-resistant tuberculosis are emerging and action must be taken soon before they become widespread globally, says an editorial in this week's BMJ. The authors say that urgent action is needed to implement effective tuberculosis control strategies, especially in countries wh...

First-ever Compounds To Target Only Metastatic Cells Are Highly Effective Against Breast, Prostate, And Colon Cancers

Two compounds that zero in on cancer cells spreading throughout the body, while ignoring primary tumor cells, could someday give doctors a whole new weapon in the fight against tough-to-treat metastatic disease, according to Weill Medical College of Cornell University researchers. The compounds, ...

EMBO pioneers pension plan for internationally mobile postdoctoral researchers

...ellows. The plan offers a benefit package that optimally suits the needs of highly mobile scientists. Post-doctoral researchers who are beneficiaries of an...concept and will also administer the pension plan according to the needs of highly mobile scientists. Funds invested in the plan will be managed by Allianz, o...

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists

...utes of Health presents a tremendous opportunity for Emory scientists, along with researchers throughout the United States, to begin projects that are highly promising but might not have been funded otherwise, and to extend successful projects that could soon be translated into treatments for patients," say...

New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible

...l-targeting problem, the U. of I. team turned its attention to small molecules called aptamers. "Aptamers are short strands of DNA or RNA; they are highly efficient binders, and are very easy to make, label and manipulate," said Zehui Cao, a postdoctoral researcher in the laboratory of chemistry professo...

Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water

...blem assuming the cleaned wastewater is dumped into brackish water or seawater. However, the bacteria that run the cell might have a problem living in highly acidic environments. For this experiment, the researchers periodically added a pH buffer avoiding the acid problem, but this problem will need to b...

First human gets new antibody aimed at hepatitis C virus

...rs hope the HCV virus left in the bloodstream will be neutralized and rendered unable to infect the new liver. Then, because monoclonal antibodies are highly specific and typically have little or no side-effects, additional dosages of the new antibody could, theoretically, be given immediately after transpl...

'Green' energy from algae

...gy production from algae economically efficient, it will be focused on minimizing investment and operation costs of photobioreactors and on developing highly efficient processes for the harvesting and decomposition of algae. To close the cycle for the complete use of algae biomass for energy production, ...

Venomous sea snakes play heads or tails with their predators

...od sea snakes probe crevices and coral formations, temporarily forcing them to drop their guard to threats from the surrounding waters and making them highly vulnerable to attack. However, the Yellow-lipped Sea Krait has been found to twist its tail so that the tip corresponds with the dorsal view of the he...

Methods for gene transfer in stem cells featured in Cold Spring Harbor Protocols

... on the website for Cold Spring Harbor Protocols ( http://cshprotocols.cshlp.org/cgi/content/full/2009/8/pdb.prot5276 ). Though viral vectors are highly efficient, their use can raise concerns about recombination, immune responses and other safety issues. DNA transposons offer an effective, alternative...

Hormone levels contribute to stress resilience

...ical and hormone assessments on a group of soldiers the day before they began the month-long CDQC, and immediately after their final pass/fail exam a highly stressful, nocturnal, underwater navigation exercise. They found that soldiers with more DHEA performed better during the final underwater navigatio...

Joint research into an enzyme that causes genetic diseases

...f the previous models is the correct one. Mikel Valle, a researcher from CIC bioGUNE's Structural Biology Unit explains that This is the start of a highly ambitious study which is being carried out at CIC bioGUNE and which aims to discover the functioning of pyruvate carboxylase. This they shall achieve ...

Fossil plants bring Wilf distinguished speaker honor

... by the Paleontological Society. The Paleontological Society selects outstanding scientists whose current research or other work in paleontology is highly regarded and of broad interest to serve as Distinguished Lecturers. The Lecturers are excellent speakers who communicate the interest and importance o...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

... insect outbreaks often happen in pulses, in which insects emerge over a short time period, but Francis and her team found no signs of these pulses in highly developed areas. This disparity was apparent in fish food availability: In the four lakes, terrestrial insects comprised up to 100 percent of the diet...

New hope for fisheries

...nagement can contribute to the rebuilding of fisheries elsewhere. It's good news for several regions in the U.S., Iceland and New Zealand. "These highly managed ecosystems are improving" says Hilborn. "Yet there is still a long way to go: of all fish stocks that we examined sixty-three percent remained...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...aordinary potential to preserve high-resolution records of rapid climate change, and that over the last 11,700 years, the Namib Desert has experienced highly variable climates, marked by abrupt shifts in moisture availability. These shifts include events such as the Little Ice Age, the Medieval Warm Period,...

UC San Diego engineer provides insights to decades-old DNA squabble

... that adjacent nucleosomes along the chain lie side by side on the chromatin fiber also and thus the linker DNA connecting the two needs to maintain a highly bent conformation. Other researchers suggest that chromatin has a zigzag structure where the nucleosome chain follows a zigzag path along the chromati...

Parasites ready to jump

... half of the genetic material. "This demonstrates", says Frstemann, "that it is not always possible to tame these "selfish" genetic elements, although highly efficient mechanisms of defence have evolved. For instance, in the germ cells, which are required for reproduction, the system of so-called piRNAs ens...

Global curbs on overfishing are beginning to work

...ment can contribute to the rebuilding of fisheries elsewhere. It is 'good news' for several regions in the US, Iceland and New Zealand. "These highly managed ecosystems are improving," says Dr Hilborn. "Yet there is still a long way to go: of all fish stocks that we examined 63 per cent remained bel...

Structure of protective protein in the eye lens revealed

... The human eye lens consists of a highly concentrated mix of several proteins. Protective proteins prevent these proteins from aggregating and clumping. If this protective function fails, the...

Leicester research paves way for first use in Europe of an insect to fight invasive plant

...efra's Food and Environment Research Agency (Fera) has now launched a public consultation exercise into plans to control the Japanese Knotweed using a highly specialist sap-sucking insect or psyllid- called Aphalara itadori. This follows a rigorous testing regime undertaken by the not-for-profit research...

Study links virus to some cases of common skin cancer

... - James Cancer Hospital and Solove Research Institute. The researchers examined tissue samples from 58 people with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a highly curable form of skin cancer that is expected to affect more than 200,000 Americans this year. They identified the virus in more than a third of the ...

UCSF researchers identify new drug target for Kaposi's sarcoma

...nterface. The work identified six molecules that inhibited the Kaposi's sarcoma virus protease activity by at least 50 percent, including one that was highly potent. That discovery potentially opens myriad opportunities for drug discovery, Craik said, by making target receptors that were biologically val...

Little-known protein found to be key player

...le and short-lived. "The endoplasmic reticulum is an ever-changing environment," McNew said. "It grows. It retracts. It expands. It collapses. It's highly dynamic, and for that to be the case, there has to be a mechanism by which it can grow new pieces and connect those pieces together. That's where the ...

Fujitsu Expands Support for Ethernet Networks With New Additions to XG Switch Product Line

...ce. With approximately 175,000 employees supporting customers in 70 countries, Fujitsu combines a worldwide corps of systems and services experts with highly reliable computing and communications products and advanced microelectronics to deliver added value to customers. Headquartered in Tokyo, Fujitsu Limi...

Freshwater fish at the top of the food chain evolve more slowly

...snail-eating cousins. As these fishes became top predators in aquatic ecosystems, natural selection put the breaks on evolution, say researchers. A highly sought-after game fish, the largemouth bass belongs to a group of roughly 30 freshwater fishes known as centrarchids. Centrarchids are native to North...

'Corrective genes' closer thanks to enzyme modification

...sit de Montral and McGill University have re-engineered a human enzyme, a protein that accelerates chemical reactions within the human body, to become highly resistant to harmful agents such as chemotherapy, according to a new study published in The Journal of Biological Chemistry . "Our team modified a...

Indonesia Now Using MegaMatcher Biometric Technology in Integrated Passport Issuance System

...nt kits. All components of MegaMatcher can be used on both Microsoft Windows and Linux operating systems. MegaMatcher 3.0 SDK is available with highly competitive licensing options through Neurotechnology or from distributors worldwide. A 30-day trial version with full functionality is also available...

Earliest animals lived in a lake environment, research shows

...to enable animal evolution. In their research, the authors focused on South China's Doushantuo Formation, one of the oldest fossil beds that houses highly preserved fossils dated to about 600 million years ago. These beds have no adult fossils. Instead, many of the fossils appear as bundles of cells in...

Key OSU water research receives national funding

...ecause water-use efficiency by people, plants and wildlife affects everyone and everything in the long run," he said. "Water, by its very nature, is a highly interconnected and integrated natural system." The study also is expected to pay dividends to Oklahoma's ongoing 50-year water plan. "In our pub...

Bioterrorism and disaster preparedness explored in special issue of Medical Decision Making

...pitalizations would result from delays in detecting and initiating response to large-scale, covert aerosol anthrax releases in a major city, even with highly effective mass prophylaxis campaigns. The article, written by Nathaniel Hupert, incorporates some of the latest type of modeling techniques scienti...

Researchers develop 'brain-reading' methods

... That has changed with the findings of scientists at Rutgers University in Newark and the University of California, Los Angeles who have developed a highly accurate way to peer into the brain to uncover a person's mental state and what sort of information is being processed before it reaches awareness. Wi...

UC San Diego's $3 million NSF grant to fund science festivals

...ion (NSF) to support the 2010 San Diego Science Festival and fund the creation and growth of Science Festivals nationwide. The grant award follows the highly successful first annual San Diego Science Festival, held March-April 2009. The San Diego Science Festival strives to highlight San Diego as a natio...

Newly discovered gene fusion may lead to improved prostate cancer diagnosis

... Researchers from NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center have discovered a new gene fusion that is highly expressed in a subset of prostate cancers. The results may lead to more accurate prostate cancer testing and new targets for potential treatments. Exp...
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