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GUIDE in Biological News

New guide to tropical seedlings: Essential to climate change research

The enormous trees forming rainforest canopies bear little resemblance to their seedlings, many described for the first time in the new field guide, "Seedlings of Barro Colorado Island and the Neotropics," published in July 2009 by Cornell University Press. Author Nancy Garwood, professor of plant...

Fluorescent cancer cells to guide brain surgeons

Gliomas are malignant brain tumors that arise from glial (supporting) cells of the brain. Gliomas are often resistant to chemotherapy. These tumors grow fine extensions that infiltrate normal brain tissue and, in addition, individual tumor cells can form satellites in surrounding tissue. Therefore...

New test for breast cancer will help guide treatment choices

SALT LAKE CITY One in eight women in the United States will receive a diagnosis of breast cancer in their lifetime, and it is the second leading cause of cancer-related death in women. Now a new test will help physicians determine the best possible treatment for each patient. "Our research sh...

Studies offer guide as protein interaction mapping comes of age

BOSTON--During the past 20 years, researchers have identified thousands of cell protein interactions, with the ultimate goal of inventorying all that occur within cells of various organisms a comprehensive catalogue known as the interactome. Such information will be critical to understanding the ...

NASA picks ASU research team to guide study of search for life

TEMPE, Ariz. Humans have long pondered the possibility that life exists beyond Earth. The quest for habitable worlds has focused on searching for water, but "following the water" turns out to be too general a criterion. The list of planets and satellites that possess liquid water is growing faste...

Thinking it through: Scientists call for policy to guide biofuels industry toward sustainability

MBL, WOODS HOLE, MA As the United States and other nations commit to the path of biofuels production, a group of scientists is calling for sustainable practices in an industry that will, as MBL scientist Jerry Mellilo says, "reshape the Earth's landscape in a significant way." In a paper publi...

Fujitsu PalmSecure(TM) Wins Network Products Guide 2008 Reader Trust Award

Palm Vein Recognition Solution Named the Winner in the Best Security Solution for Healthcare Category SUNNYVALE, Calif., Sept. 3 /PRNewswire/ -- Fujitsu Computer Products of America, Inc., a leading supplier of innovative computer products including hard disk drives, perip...

Biodiversity maps developed by UCSD scientists will help guide conservation measures in East Africa

Conservation biologists from UC San Diego are collaborating with scientists from the African Conservation Centre and other institutions to map patterns of biodiversity and land use in East Africa in unprecedented detail. Their maps, combined with climate models, will project how climate change wil...

Montana State researchers release guide to noninvasive carnivore research

BOZEMAN Two Montana state University researchers are principal editors on a new book that will help biologists find noninvasive ways to study carnivores in the wild. "Noninvasive Survey Methods for Carnivores" (Island Press, 2008) was released June 27 with Robert Long and Paula MacKay as princ...

RING finger protein 5 may guide treatment for muscle disease in older adults

Researchers at the Burnham Institute for Medical Research (Burnham) have discovered a new player in the development of a disorder called Sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis (sIBM). sIBM is a muscle disease that affects predominantly older men, causing muscles to gradually weaken and waste away. The n...

Veterinarians' guide to hedgehogs, chinchillas and chelonians.....oh, my!

Ferrets, frogs and finches are becoming more common as pets, but the list of unusual species adopted into human households now includes some of the most exotic creatures on the planet. The trade in exotic pets has become a multi-billion dollar enterprise, but expansion of the industry sometimes ou...

Oceans Past: A Guide to Oceans Future

Oceans Past: Management Insights from the History of Marine Animal Population Edited by David J. Starkey, Poul Holm and Michaela Barnard. Book available on: http://shop.earthscan.co.uk/ProductDetails/mcs/productID/821 Violent confrontations on the waterfront and arson attacks were an unsavo...

Mutant sperm guide clinicians to new diseases

Research published today in Nature Genetics shows that some rearrangements of the human genome occur more frequently than previously thought. The work is likely to lead to new identification of genes involved in disease and to improve diagnosis of genomic disease. The scientists from the Wellco...

Lavishly illustrated guide to Peru's birds describes 1,800 species

CHICAGOMore than 30 years in the making, Birds of Peru describes the birds of Peru through 304 color plates, 1,700 species distribution maps, also in color, and concise descriptive text. The first two authors of this landmark publication, Tom Schulenberg, PhD, and Douglas Stotz, PhD, are conservat...

Another type of nanotube, a how-to guide to making bamboo-structured carbon nanotubes

Nanotechnology is area if science that has recently captured the attention of people all around the world. At the heart of the nanotechnology revolution are carbon nanotubes, amazing materials with astonishing properties. They have applications in most fields, with new possibilities emerging regu...

Presence of gene mutation helps guide thyroid cancer treatment

A specific gene mutation may be useful in predicting the level of aggression of thyroid cancer and help guide treatment options and follow-up care, according to new study findings. The mutation, called BRAF V600E, is a genetic alteration in the BRAF oncogene, a modified gene believed to cause ...

Advice to the new administration: UM foreign and domestic policy guide

COLLEGE PARK, Md. - The incoming administration will confront an array of threats and challenges as serious as any ever faced by an American president, says Steve Fetter, dean of the University of Maryland School of Public Policy. To help whoever won, Fetter asked six experts on his faculty with d...

Fujitsu Scanners Selected as 'Editor's Choice' in Better Buys for Business 2008 Scan-to-File Guide

Fujitsu Production, Network, Departmental and Workgroup Scanners Recognized by the Leading Guide for Office Equipment SUNNYVALE, Calif., Sept. 2 /PRNewswire/- Fujitsu Computer Products of America, Inc., a market leader in document imaging scanners and services, today announced...

Clues to gene expression in cystic fibrosis will guide research

Genetics tests could help provide cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with targeted treatment in future, pilot study authors suggest. Results from a French clinical trial published today in BMC Medicine show how a small percentage of CF sufferers with a rare genetic stop mutation responded positively to ...

3-D ultrasound scanner could guide robotic surgeries

Duke University engineers have shown that a three-dimensional ultrasound scanner they developed can successfully guide a surgical robot. The scanner could find application in various medical settings, according to the researchers. They said the scanner ultimately might enable surgeries to be perf...

The Bacteria's guide to survival

If there was a market for it, a survival guide for bacteria might include topics like "How to use your pili to keep your host from going apoptotic." A host's cells can respond to a bacterial infection with apoptosis, or programmed cell death. For bacteria that pass directly from host to host, this ...

Runners -- Let thirst be your guide

Many people are drinking too much water, including sports drinks, when exercising, a practice that could put some individuals engaging in prolonged types of endurance exercise at risk of potentially lethal water intoxication, say international experts who study disorders of water metabolism. Such ...

Advances in lung cancer research announced at conference

...sis is a devastating complication that occurs in as many as 1 in 4 patients. The ability to identify those at risk for developing brain metastasis may guide new therapies. A team led by Dr. Weiss found several microRNAs, which are single-stranded RNA molecules that regulate how genes control cellular de...

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists

... Pediatric heart development: Children's hearts respond differently to medications and surgery than adults' hearts, and more information is needed to guide pediatric heart specialists. This project looks at physiological properties of human heart tissue in pediatric patients. Student research experien...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

...le freshwater ecosystems. In a series of presentations at the Ecological Society of America's Annual Meeting, ecologists present research results that guide efforts to balance an increasingly urbanized society with the need to conserve and protect water and aquatic ecosystems. Urban stream pollution c...

Stem cell 'daughters' lead to breast cancer

...said in the long-term, breast biopsies might be able to reveal misbehaving luminal progenitor cells. What's more, certain 'markers' might one day help guide diagnosis and treatment. "For example, c-KIT is a key marker of the luminal progenitor cell and I expect we will see an increase in pathologists routi...

Extraterrestrial platinum was 'stirred' into the Earth

... A research program aimed at using platinum as an exploration guide for nickel has for the first time been able to put a time scale on the planet's large-scale convection processes. The research is reported in a Nat...

Technology improves salmon passage at hydropower dams

... at PNNL and the Corps' Portland District. The Corps is building a concrete guide wall downstream of the dam's spillbays. The researchers' computer model sho...ern pikeminnow gather in the shallow waters and eat passing salmon. The new guide wall should direct salmon toward the Columbia River's deeper channels, wher...

Chasing tiny vehicles

... genes or drugs directly to the target without side-effects. For such a targeted delivery, however, nanoferries need a kind of search mechanism to guide them to where their cargo is needed. Magnetic particles have already been tried in cancer therapies: They have been administered by infusion and then ...

LincRNAs serve as genetic air-traffic controllers

...they have demonstrated that they can and do play a leading role. "Much work still remains to be done but we could one day envision utilizing RNA to guide personalized stem cells to specific cell fates to restore diseased and degenerative disease tissues," notes Rinn. ...

22nd Congress of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology, Sept. 12-16, 2009, Turkey

...m 5󈝶 July 2009. ECNP is dedicated to the progressive integration of basic research, clinical neuroscience and medical practice, which can guide advances in neuropsychopharmacology and lead to a next generation of promising new treatments for mental disorders. Highlights of the 22nd ECNP ...

Our 'caveman logic' embraces ESP over evolution

...tching our diets, resisting violent impulses, and engaging in unselfish behavior, we can learn to use critical thinking and the insights of science to guide individual effort and social action in the service of our whole species. ...

International team of students and scientists on month-long field course in Siberian Arctic

...ity for those co-PIs to initiate research programs in the Siberian Arctic, and a wide range of outreach activities. (See attached graphic for a visual guide to the partnering institutions and outreach activities.) All project participants, both students and faculty, will visit kindergarten through Grade 12...

Gene expression findings a step toward better classification and treatment of juvenile arthritis

..., for example), doctors classify patients into one of four or five major subtypes of JIA, which helps them predict a patient's most likely outcome and guide appropriate treatments. "But, recent research suggests there is more variability in JIA than the four or five major subtypes we currently recognize,"...

Trio of signals converge to induce liver and pancreas cell development in the embryo

...DELPHIA - Understanding the molecular signals that guide early cells in the embryo to develop into differen...eta, and FGF signaling pathways turn on genes that guide cells to ultimately become pancreas or liver tissu...latory proteins. The regulatory proteins, in turn, guide the cells to become a liver cell or a pancreas cel...

Environmental cues control reproductive timing and longevity, University of Minnesota study shows

...ber of kids you have during your lifetime." Fluctuations in testosterone levels provide an example of how the environment and organisms interact to guide reproduction, explains R. Ford Denison, adjunct professor in the College of Biological Sciences and Ratcliff's adviser. Testosterone suppresses the im...

Gene predicts how brain responds to fatigue, human study shows

...al feature, for example- all-night health care staff, senior decision makers, commercial aircraft pilots, and truck drivers. Such knowledge might also guide the development of more effective, possibly personalized countermeasures for at-risk people," said Chee, the expert unaffiliated with the study. ...

Antibiotics take toll on beneficial microbes in gut

...ems that might already compromise their gut microbe health, Young says. Multiple rounds of antibiotics may also deserve concern. The findings will guide Young in related work in which he is using mouse models to examine how changes in the microbiota in the gut may influence how inflammatory bowel disea...

Autonomous robot detects shrapnel

...ry robot that can successfully locate tiny pieces of metal within flesh and guide a needle to its exact location - all without the need for human assistance....d a needle to the site of the shrapnel." By proving that the robot could guide a needle to an exact location, it would simply be a matter of replacing the...

Crustacean shell with polyester creates mixed-fiber material for nerve repair

...cal strength of the synthetic polymer. "A nerve guide requires very strict conditions. It needs to be bi...hose inside the body. The strength of the nerve guide is important for budding nerve cells. "This conduit serves as a guide to protect the neuron from injury," Zhang said. "I...
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