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Scary ancient spiders revealed in 3-D models, thanks to new imaging technique

...d similar to a spider. In the new study, the researchers' computer models reveal that Cryptomartus hindi 's first two legs were angled towards the front of the body, which suggests that it used its legs to grab its prey before killing them. The researchers believe this find suggests the Cryptomartus h...

High-tech vehicle design boosts emergency rescue capacity

...el, particularly suitable for the type of off-road vehicle needed for rapid access to disaster zones. "Our four-stretcher carrier is adjustable at the front and rear end to cope with the state of shock of the patient," adds Strobel. "For easy maintenance all our loaded components are made of stainless stee...

C. difficile spores spread superbug

... although logistically complex - is worth investigating. " C. difficile is a highly resistant and highly infectious pathogen and resistant to many front line antibiotics," explains Dr Trevor Lawley, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute researcher and lead author on the study. "Until now, animal studies have...

Slotted buses keep passengers cool

...or standing in the aisle do not receive any ventilation, while those in the front seats receive airflow from the rear. The team has found that a wide vent at the front and rear of a bus will draw air into the bus at a much better rate than sid...

LSUHSC's Bazan awarded ARRA grant to preserve vision

...ccupational eye injury include blunt trauma, chemical burns, corneal abrasions (a scratch on the cornea, the clear dome-shaped surface that covers the front of the eye), and biological contamination (infections). ...

Reading the brain without poking it

...lepsy patients sat up in their hospital beds and used one arm to move a wireless computer "mouse" over a high-quality electronic draftsman's tablet in front of them. The patients were told to reach their arm to one of two targets: one was forward to the left and the other was forward to the right. ...

Nematode courting caught on camera

...elegans . As the hermaphrodite does not actively co-operate in mating, it is up to the male to make and maintain the necessary contact. He presses the front side of his tail against the hermaphrodite while he backs along and searches for the vulva. If not found along this first side, the tail makes a sharp...

Resilin springs simplify the control of crustacean limb movements

...ing to Burrows, the water currents created by these movements have two important roles. First, as an active sensor; water is drawn from a wide area in front of the animal over the sensory neurons around its mouth. The flow created in this way mixes odor molecules in the water and thus enables better odor a...

Genital stimulation opens door for cryptic female choice in tsetse flies

... ritual during which the male rubs the underside of the female's abdomen with his hind legs, sings to her by buzzing his wings, rubs her eyes with his front legs, and so on. With Daniel Briceo, professor of biology at the University of Costa Rica, Eberhard modified male genital structures by cutting off...

Interventional radiology: From sidelines to mainstream for patients

...uma and transplant care," said Stainken. "While those physician relationships remain in place, interventional radiologists are taking positions in the front line of medical care. In delivering high-quality health care, interventional radiologists are formalizing their clinical role with offices, doing roun...

Consumers more likely to identify healthy food using traffic light nutrition labels

...ation that consumers have access to in supermarkets by adding labels to the front of food packages, but there is no standard approach, not all products have ...turers are currently allowed to use any labelling system they prefer on the front of food packages. In some countries this has led to a plethora of different...

Satellite imagery shows fragile Wilkins Ice Shelf destabilized

...hat icebergs have begun to calve from the northern front of the Wilkins Ice Shelf indicating that the huge...ely formed a barrier pinning back the northern ice front of the central Wilkins Ice Shelf, collapsed on 5 A...t noted that, "We are not sure if a new stable ice front will now form between Latady Island, Petrie Ice Ri...

Early brain activity sheds new light on the neural basis of reading

... middle temporal gyrus, the angular and supramarginal gyri, and the left superior temporal gyrus. The left inferior frontal gyrus is located in the front of the brain. This is a key region of the language brain and lesions can lead to the inability to articulate words. In the context of the experiment, ...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

...ng" sounds. Participants in their study listened to a tone moving toward them and pressed a button when they thought the sound had arrived directly in front of them. Nearly everyone pushed the button too early, which Neuhoff interprets as an adaptation that helps human beings to anticipate and avoid danger...

IVCC and Syngenta start project for novel insecticidal active ingredient for malaria control

...C is to unlock the talent and enthusiasm of companies like Syngenta to enable them to take on huge research efforts for public health by absorbing the front end costs. We are delighted by the commitment that Syngenta has shown to this project." "Syngenta has increased significantly its activities in t...

A genomic CluE for cloud computing

...best one. Pop likens this process to completing a jigsaw puzzle. "If you have a reference genome, it's like having the box with the picture on the front to guide your assembly," he said. "With no reference, it's like having no picture and no idea what the finished product will look like; with lots of ...

Fossil evidence of missing link in the origin of seals, sea lions, walruses found in Canadian Arctic

...ests that the feet were webbed, but not flippers. This animal was likely adept at both swimming and walking on land. For swimming it paddled with both front and hind limbs. Puijila is the evolutionary evidence we have been lacking for so long," says Mary Dawson, curator emeritus of Carnegie Museum of Nat...

Field Museum paleontologist leads study on two new dinosaurs from China

...t, broad braincase, broad struts of bone near the temples, expanded areas for jaw muscle attachment on the skull roof, modified "nipping" teeth at the front of the mouth, and expanded vertebral structures to support a large head. Many of these features represent structural modifications for increasing bite...

Nutrition experts propose new class of low-sugar drinks to help stem obesity and diabetes epidemics

...alorie information for the entire bottlenot just for a single servingon the front of drink labels. The aim is to re-educate the American palate to a lower ex...anies to list the number of calories per bottle or cannot per servingon the front of beverage containers. ...

The life histories of the earliest land animals

... about the lifestyle of the animal, because its shape gives clues to the pattern of movement and can tell us for example whether the animal lifted the front part of its body clear of the ground," says Per Ahlberg. Ichthyostega , which has robust limbs and only a small tail fin, appears to be the more t...

New data on the breakdown of the KRas protein

...lling involving KRas, were published in the latest edition of the Journal of Cell Biology (184(6):863-79), where they merited an appearance on the front page of the journal and an editorial comment. This study is part of the doctoral thesis of Dr. Albert Lu and includes the participation of Dr. Orio...

Indigenous peoples at world summit to share climate change observations, coping techniques

...test brunt of its impact," says Patricia Cochran, Chair of both the Inuit Circumpolar Council and the April Summit. "Indigenous Peoples are on the front lines of this global problem at a time when their cultures and livelihoods in traditional lands are already threatened by such trends as accelerating ...

New nucleotide could revolutionize epigenetics

...xperiments to be published online Thursday by Science , researchers reveal an additional character in the mammalian DNA code, opening an entirely new front in epigenetic research. The work, conducted in Nathaniel Heintz's Laboratory of Molecular Biology at The Rockefeller University, suggests that a ne...

April 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...old phases as evidence for their co-occurrence in the southern middle latitudes in Patagonia, and hypothesize that the position of the Antarctic Polar front modulated the strength of these cold events in regions to the north or south of it. GSA Today Science Article Understanding the Great Ordovi...

Fossil fragments reveal 500-million-year-old monster predator

... by the possession of a huge three-part carapace that projects out from the front of the animal's head. "This structure is unlike anything seen in other...f her doctoral thesis. "The use of the large carapace extending from the front of its head is a mystery. In many animals, a shell or carapace is used to p...

UK robot sub searches for signs of melting 60 km into an Antarctic ice shelf cavity

... underside of the ice and measure changes in salinity and temperature of the surrounding water. After a test mission in unusually ice-free seas in front of the face of the glacier, they started with three 60km forays under the floating glacier and extended the length of missions to 110km round-trip. In...

ChemoBrain: How cancer therapies can affect your mind

...he compelling stories of adults and children who have struggled for years with cognitive dysfunction, and the coping strategies being developed on the front lines of patient care. Clegg's investigative study of chemobrain is both a required read for today's upcoming medical professionals and a gospel for t...

Crafty Australian crayfish cheat

...of one another, they size each other up in a ritualistic display, which can quickly escalate from careful tapping of their opponent's chelae (enlarged front claws) to a full-blown fight. Studying these fascinating animals, Wilson discovered that crayfish decide whether to flee or fight based on the size of...

'Freaks' help scientist unravel nature and nurture

... In 1940, a Dutch goat born without front legs learned to walk upright. So did Faith, a two-legged dog in Oklahoma. Johnny Eck, a "half-man" born without legs, grew naturally into a gr...

Honest crabs, power to the hungry, nice mice and clever meerkats: News from the American Naturalist

...s to whether or not the group breaks up." There's some empirical evidence to back up the model. Studies have shown that food deprived fish move to the front of shoals, presumably to steer the group toward food. L. Conrad, J. Krause, I. D. Couzin, and T. J. Roper, "'Leading According to Need' in Self-Org...

Mass media often failing in its coverage of global warming, says climate researcher

... is irresponsible to go out and talk when you can only get 5 seconds on the evening news, a couple of quotes in the New York Times, or five minutes in front of Congress," Schneider said. "Well, you know what guys, that's just how it is," he said. "And if you think that you have a higher calling and you'...

Origin of claws seen in 390-million-year-old fossil

... New Haven, Conn. A missing link in the evolution of the front claw of living scorpions and horseshoe crabs was identified with the discovery of a 390 million-year-old fossil by researchers at Yale and the Univers...

Researchers observe evolution chain reaction

...tell definitively." "What is startling is how fast populations can ecologically adapt to new habitats and begin to evolve into different species in front of our eyes," he said. Feder says the research is important because it provides insights into solving Darwin's mystery of the origins of new specie...

Neural mapping paints a haphazard picture of odor receptors

...station for odors. The crazy-quilt map of odor-processing neurons on the front lines of the olfactory system is described by Harvard University neuroscien...ture measuring some four to five millimeters across and located at the very front of the brain. "Glomeruli from different receptors line the surface of th...

What we don’t know still hurts us, environmental researchers warn

... subject to many in the developed world, he said, but "for an awful lot of people around the world, the functioning of the ecosystem is right in their front yard and at their water tap." ...

Nicotine activates more than just the brain's pleasure pathways

...said. The researchers then measured nerve activity in the chorda tympani (CT), which is a branch of the facial nerve that serves the taste buds in the front of the tongue and found that activity in CT nerve fibers increased when nicotine was put on the mice's tongues. Looking ahead, Oliveira-Maia said t...

New report on science learning at museums, zoos, other informal settings

...scientific problems, ideas, and activities that are meaningful to these local communities. The report also offers recommendations for those on the front line -- the professional and volunteer staffs of institutions and programs who interact with the public about science. In discussing new science conc...

Research yields new clues to how we locate objects in space

...looking at an object, for example, we can easily describe its size, shape and where it is located in space. However, when an object is not directly in front of us, we need to rely on a higher-level mental process known as visualization to help us recreate the object's location. An everyday example of visua...

Tellme Enters Automotive Market

...d information such as business listings, news, weather and sports. "Tellme's leadership in voice technology made them our choice to provide the front end of Ford's Traffic, Directions and Information service," said Doug VanDagens, director of Connected Services at Ford Motor Company. Accordin...

January GEOLOGY media highlights

...e-particle-water-air mixture generated a basal zone of high internal pore pressure. This effect is particularly strong when a thick, high-density flow front forms, which races ahead of the tail, to control runout and consequent hazard. Increased mid-twentieth century riverbank erosion rates related...
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