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Gene expression findings a step toward better classification and treatment of juvenile arthritis

Scientists have discovered gene expression differences that could lead to better ways to classify, predict outcome, and treat juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Eventually such findings could enable doctors to target more aggressive treatment to children at risk of more severe arthritis, while t...

USC researchers present diabetes findings at American Diabetes Association Scientific Sessions

New Orleans, LA June 4, 2009---Researchers from the Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California will present new findings at the American Diabetes Association's scientific sessions June 5 9 in New Orleans, LA. Keck School of Medicine of USC faculty, students and post-doct...

SRI International announces findings from new upper atmospheric radar system for scientific research

MENLO PARK, Calif. June 2 , 2009 SRI International, an independent nonprofit research institute, announced today that early scientific results are now available from the Advanced Modular Incoherent Scatter Radar (AMISR), a modular, transportable radar system funded by the National Science Foundat...

New findings in taste and smell

Smell and taste play essential roles in our daily lives. The chemical senses serve as important warning systems, alerting us to the presence of potentially harmful situations or substances, including gas leaks, smoke, and spoiled food. Flavors and fragrances are also important in determining what...

FANTOM findings boost for biologists

Genomic regulatory blocks have unique features that may explain their ability to respond to regulatory inputs from very long distances, according to a special thematic series of companion articles from the FANTOM4 consortium. This research, to be published across a number of BioMed Central's open ...

New research findings may enable earlier diagnosis of uterine cancer

Cancer is a genetic disease. It occurs when changes take place in the genes that regulate cell division, cell growth, cell death, cell signalling and blood vessel formation either due to mutations caused by external factors such as smoking or radiation or due to inherited changes. This interacti...

Nearly a century later, new findings support Warburg theory of cancer

CHESTNUT HILL, MA (January 12, 2009) German scientist Otto H. Warburg's theory on the origin of cancer earned him the Nobel Prize in 1931, but the biochemical basis for his theory remained elusive. His theory that cancer starts from irreversible injury to cellular respiration eventually fell o...

More findings on gene involved in childhood asthma

Asthma researchers have found that a gene variant known to raise the risk of childhood asthma in European children plays a similar role in white American children, but not in African American children. The most common chronic illness among children in the developed world, asthma is a complex d...

International conference to release new findings on smell and taste

San Francisco - The International Symposium on Smell and Taste will be held at the Hyatt Embarcadero, in San Francisco July 21-26. Over 1,000 scientists will gather to present new information on the role of smell and taste in disease, nutrition and social interactions in humans as well as animals....

New findings on immune system in amphibians

This release is available in German . Krakow/Halle. Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) genes produce proteins that are crucial in fighting pathogen assault. Researchers from the Jagiellonian University in Krakow and from the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research (UFZ) character...

Study findings show infection control intervention helps keep kids in school

BOSTON, June 2, 2008 A study from researchers at Children's Hospital Boston published in Pediatrics found that a simple infection control intervention in elementary schools disinfecting frequently-touched surfaces and using alcohol-based hand sanitizers helped reduce illness-related student abs...

Women's health-related scientific findings presented by University of Pittsburgh researchers

SAN DIEGO, March 27 The clinical and basic science research findings of nearly two dozen studies are being presented by researchers from the University of Pittsburgh-affiliated Magee-Womens Research Institute (MWRI) at the 55th annual meeting of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation (SGI). In...

UVA reports surprising findings related to myotonic muscular dystrophy

CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA (Dec. 17, 2007) New research from the University of Virginia Health System shows that, in cases of Type 1 myotonic muscular dystrophy (DM1), a well known heart protein does several surprising things. DM1 is the most common form of muscular dystrophy in adults and affects appr...

K-State researchers findings on E. coli

MANHATTAN, KAN. -- Ethanol plants and livestock producers have created a symbiotic relationship. Cattle producers feed their livestock distiller's grains, a byproduct of the ethanol distilling process, giving ethanol producers have an added source of income. But recent research at Kansas State ...

International climate change researchers meet, review latest findings

College Park, Md. Top international climate scientists are meeting this week at the University of Maryland to lay the groundwork for improving regionalized climate change forecasts and for developing the advanced computing models needed to make these projections, says the chair and host, UM's An...

Therapeutic cloning gets a boost with new research findings

San Antonio Germ cells, the cells which give rise to a mammal's sperm or eggs, exhibit a five to ten-fold lower rate of spontaneous point mutations than adult somatic cells, which give rise to the body's remaining cell types, tissues and organs. Despite their comparatively higher mutation rates,...

September 2007 Sumatran earthquakes research findings

Three great earthquakes and destructive tsunamis over the past four years is not enough to spare the region of another large earthquake, warns an international group of earthquake researchers in their paper published in the Dec. 4 issue of the journal Nature . The first of the recent great ear...

Researcher helping to pioneer medical therapy for Fragile X Syndrome presents latest findings

(CHICAGO) Neurological experts from across the U.S. and other countries including a nationally renowned researcher from Rush University Medical Center will discuss the latest findings in basic and clinical research for Fragile X at the 11th International Fragile X Conference, to be held July 23-2...

Pioneering landscape-scale research releases first findings

The May issue of the Canadian Journal of Forest Research presents the preliminary findings of 23 scientists involved in one of the first landscape-scale experiments on how forest management affects western Ponderosa pine ecosystems. The Blacks Mountain Interdisciplinary Research team includes U...

New prostate cancer research findings

WHAT: The 2007 Prostate Cancer Foundation Scientific Retreat will feature new studies by the worlds leading researchers in prostate cancer. Presentations include discoveries expected to lead to new diagnostics and treatments, and the potential to help men avoid developing prostate cancer. ...

New findings challenge established views on human genome

An international research consortium today published a set of papers that promise to reshape our understanding of how the human genome functions. The findings challenge the traditional view of our genetic blueprint as a tidy collection of independent genes, pointing instead to a complex network in...

New findings blow a decade of assumptions out of the water

The Atlantic Ocean doesn't receive the mother lode of fixed nitrogen, the building block of life, after all. Instead, comparing fathom for fathom, the Pacific and Indian oceans experience twice the amount of nitrogen fixing as the Atlantic, say researchers in the Jan. 11 issue of Nature. The titl...

New findings could lead to vaccine for severe malaria

The most severe form of malaria hits pregnant women and children the hardest. A joint study between Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Makerere University in Uganda has now produced some important findings on how the malaria parasite conceals itself in the placenta. Plasmodium falciparium is the...

New stem-cell findings can help the body to cure itself

Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have identified an important mechanism that regulates how many new cells are produced by each intestinal stem cell. The study is published in the latest issue of the prestigious scientific journal, Cell. "This might eventually help us develop new drugs for thing...

New findings offer more complete view of breast cancer gene mutations in US population

A large study funded by the National Institutes of Health today provided the clearest picture yet of the prevalence in the U.S. population of mutations in two genes associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. The genes are called Breast Cancer 1 (BRCA1) and Breast Cancer 2 (BRCA2). In addit...

Oops! Researchers publish new findings on the brain's response to costly mistakes

It happens to all of us, no matter how hard we try. Whether it's deleting a computer file and realizing a split-second later that we can't get it back, or dropping a bag of groceries, or realizing that our gas tank is nearly empty on a lonely stretch of highway, we all make mistakes that aren't jus...

Study findings offer potential new targets for antibiotics

A new study of genetic changes in bacteria may ultimately help drug makers stay a step ahead of disease-causing bacteria that can become resistant to antibiotics. The secret lies in understanding the function of the ribosome, a tiny protein-making factory residing inside most cells. Many curre...

Surprising findings reported about iron overload

UAB and international scientists studying iron-overload disorders have made the unexpected discovery that Asians and Pacific Islanders have the highest levels of iron in their blood of all racial/ethnic groups who were screened. Individuals who develop hemochromatosis/iron overload absorb an exce...

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young

...n request.) Rand and Robert Hurt, director of Brown's Institute for Molecular and Nanoscale Innovation and the other corresponding author, said the findings are important, because they show that permutations of the same material carbon can have different effects in the environment. "It's not the nanop...

New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible

...ersity of Illinois researchers report that they have assembled a new cancer drug delivery system that, in cell culture, achieves all of the above. The findings appear this month in the journal Angewandte Chemie . The team began with the knowledge that small, membrane-bound compartments, called liposomes, ...

Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's

... comparing the resulting mouse to one that just over expresses Her2/Neu, they can examine the impact of Hsf1, Dr. Mivechi says. "That is how these findings will translate to patients," Dr. Mivechi says. "We need to know, not only how deleting or augmenting molecular chaperones and heat shock factors affec...

Women often opt to surgically remove their breasts, ovaries to reduce cancer risk

...hese women face a 50 to 85 percent lifetime risk of breast cancer, and mastectomy is currently the most effective prevention method available. The findings confirm the expectations that when a woman has a biopsy, even if benign, most are more likely to opt for risk-reduction surgery. "Screening should...

Hormone levels contribute to stress resilience

... navigation exam than those with less DHEA. These findings are being published by Elsevier in the August 15th...region of the brain," explained Dr. Morgan. "These findings are important in understanding why and how soldier...rly, additional research is still needed but these findings are a step forward in the quest to help prevent or...

UBC researchers find first-ever 'wanderlust gene' in tiny bony fish

...ndency to relocate instead of adjusting to their surroundings the first time a gene associated with this type of behaviour has been identified. Their findings are published today in the journal Biology Letters . "Contrary to our assumption, the low-armour allele is not linked to a preference for fresh wa...

Lead-based consumer paint remains a global public health threat

...to the United States," says Clark, a professor of environmental health at UC and principal investigator of the study. The UC team reports their findings in the journal Environmental Research online ahead of publication on Aug. 4, 2009. The report comes on the tail of the U.S. Consumer Product Safety ...

Brain difference in psychopaths identified

...ovide a more comprehensive understanding of criminal psychopathy. Dr Michael Craig said: 'If replicated by larger studies the significance of these findings cannot be underestimated. The suggestion of a clear structural deficit in the brains of psychopaths has profound implications for clinicians, research...

The way you eat may affect your risk for breast cancer

...cer risk, but results to date have been mixed. New findings published in Cancer Prevention Research , a journ... The researchers were initially surprised by these findings for several reasons. First, the prevailing wisdom ... prognosis of cancer patients." Based on varied findings from clinical trials, Pollak suggested that lifest...

Holding breath for several minutes elevates marker for brain damage

... the control group, but the controls rested on their backs for the entire experiment, without performing the breath hold or the warm-ups. Among the findings of this experiment: The average breath-hold time was 5 minutes 35 seconds. The longest was 6 minutes 43 seconds and the shortest was 4 minutes 41...

K-State researchers say after-school programs should promote activity, healthy nutrition

...ular programming as a project control. Baseline findings of the study showed that, on average, the after-sc...s physical activity throughout the session. The findings showed that boys were significantly more active th...e the structure of the school day. The baseline findings of the study have been published in numerous publi...

La Jolla Institute discovers novel tumor suppressor

...hanisms leading to some types of leukemia." The findings are being published online today in the journal C... levels of STAT5 activity, which is similar to our findings in myeloproliferative disease," he said. "We also... added that much work still needs to be done. "Our findings need to be explored in other tumors. And, of cour...
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