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Field in Biological News

International team of students and scientists on month-long field course in Siberian Arctic

Scientists and undergraduate students from across the United States and Russia are departing July 2 for a month-long field course in the Russian Arctic. The program, known as The Polaris Project, is training future leaders in arctic research and education, and informing the public about the impact...

Work of Field Museum scientist addresses question of chance in evolution

As Darwin observed, natural selection leading to adaptation of individuals and populations is occurring gradually and all the time. But over very long spans of time, the major channels of genetic organization, organism form, and the different ways organisms develop arose as outcomes of history-de...

First 'nanorust' field test slated in Mexico

HOUSTON -- (May 27, 2009) -- Rice University researchers today announced that the first field tests of "nanorust," the university's revolutionary, low-cost technology for removing arsenic from drinking water, will begin later this year in Guanajuato, Mexico. "Mexico's debating the adoption of m...

$1.6 million grant to lead development of resistance-detecting field kit

Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine (LSTM) has been awarded a 1.1m grant by the US National Institutes of Health to lead a five year project to develop a Field Applicable Screening Tool (FAST) kit to detect resistance to public health insecticides in mosquitoes. The two principal methods for ...

Remembrance of things past influences how female field crickets select mates

RIVERSIDE, Calif. UC Riverside biologists researching the behavior of field crickets have found for the first time that female crickets remember attractive males based on the latter's song, and use this information when choosing mates. The researchers found that female crickets compare the inf...

New book expands field data available on orangutans

Des Moines, Iowa February 23, 2009 Great Ape Trust of Iowa scientist Dr. Serge Wich and three other internationally respected orangutan experts have edited a book set for release in the United States this month that, for the first time, compares data collected at every known orangutan research s...

Carnegie's Field and Koshland Elected AAAS Fellows

Washington D.C.Christopher B. Field, director of Carnegie's Department of Global Ecology, and Douglas E. Koshland, staff scientist at the Department of Embryology, have been elected AAAS Fellows by the American Association for the Advancement of Science. The announcement appears in the News & Note...

Experts discuss applying systematic review to the field of nutrition

Performing systematic reviews of nutrition related topics raises unique challenges not often encountered in the field of medicine. In a new article, a team of researchers use specific examples to describe the steps, strengths, and limitations of systematic reviews relevant to nutrition and discuss...

HJF nursing specialist wins prestigious Celina Field Cargiver Award

Rockville, Md. (Nov. 06, 2008)Christine M. Rupprecht, MSN, RN, nursing specialist for the Army's Regional Anesthesia & Pain Management Initiative at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, has won the prestigious Celina Field Caregiver Award by the National Pain Foundation (NPF). Ms. Rupprecht is an empl...

INCF organizes the first congress dedicated to the emerging field of neuroinformatics

The first INCF Congress of Neuroinformatics will convene September 7-9 at the Stockholm City Conference Center in Stockholm. The emerging neuroinformatics field combines neuroscience and informatics research to develop advanced tools and approaches to understanding the structure and function of th...

Grant supports emerging field of massive data analysis and visual analytics

Enormous amounts of data are being generated in health care, computational biology, homeland security and other areas, but analyzing these massive and unstructured data sets has proven cumbersome and difficult. An emerging research field known as data and visual analytics is helping sift through s...

Advances in the field of schizophrenia research: New genetic factors identified

Schizophrenia is one of the most serious mental illnesses and is accompanied by symptoms that include delusions and blunted affect. Environmental as well as genetic factors form a complex interplay that leads to the illness. Two papers published in the Internet editions of the professional journal...

U. of I. librarian launches comprehensive Web database of field guides

Journeying to Johannesburg to survey bat colonies? To Kenya to count monkeys? To Tasmania to track devils Down Under? What about Roman ruins in Britain? Snowflakes in North America? No worries, theres a field guide for you, in fact, an entire digital database of weird and wacky but mostly prac...

UVa biomedical engineering study shows magnetic field can reduce swelling

A recent study by University of Virginia researchers demonstrates that the use of an acute, localized static magnetic field of moderate strength can result in significant reduction of swelling when applied immediately after an inflammatory injury. Thomas Skalak, professor and chair of biomedica...

Emerging field of neuroecology is showcased in December issue of the Biological Bulletin

MBL, WOODS HOLE, MA A plant laces its leaves with a noxious chemical, forcing a hungry herbivore to choose between starving, eating a potentially toxic item, or moving on. A newt secretes a potent neurotoxin to defend against predators, unwittingly setting off a cascade of effects in its freshwate...

New book defines promising young field of adult neurogenesis

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. Studies of the birth and incorporation of neurons into the brains of mature animalsa process known as adult neurogenesispromise intriguing insights into the mechanisms of normal brain function and into the causes of depression and other psychiatric disorders. A new boo...

New system would use rotating magnetic field to detect pathogens

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Researchers at Purdue and Duke universities have developed a technique that uses a magnetic field to selectively separate tiny magnetic particles, representing a highly sensitive method for potentially diagnosing disease by testing samples from patients. Because different...

Darwin Symposium at Field Museum offers broad overview of his science and its impact

CHICAGOWorld-class experts from the United States and Great Britain will speak at The Field Museum for a one-of-a-kind symposium on Charles Darwin and his theory of evolution, which continues to excite the world and direct scientific research 125 years after Darwins death. The free one-day sympo...

Scientists break record by finding northernmost hydrothermal vent field

Well inside the Arctic Circle, scientists have found black smoker vents farther north than anyone has ever seen before. The cluster of five vents one towering nearly four stories in height are venting water as hot as 570 F. Dissolved sulfide minerals that solidify when vent water hits the icy...

LSU and Ohio State battle on football field, collaborate in research field

BATON ROUGE LSU and Ohio State University will battle for the BCS National College Football Championship in the Superdome early next week, but if the game was held in the Louisiana wetlands instead, the entire field would disappear before halftime. Louisianas wetlands are being lost at the ra...

Molecular force field helps cancer cells defend against attack

Much as the famed starship Enterprise would deploy a deflector shield to evade enemy attack, tumor cells are capable of switching on a molecular force field of their own to fend off treatments aimed at killing them. Now University of Florida researchers have found a chink in their armor. The cell...

Kenya halts first field trials of GM maize

Kenyan authorities began destroying the country's first genetically modified (GM) maize growing in open field trials. The government halted the research and ordered the destruction after discovering that a technician had sprayed a restricted pesticide on maize modified to resist attack by insects...

New technique could alter field of mouse genetics

Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers have harnessed a mobile gene from the cabbage looper moth and modified it for routine use in mice and other vertebrates. If the new tool works as they expect, it will speed understanding of genes involved in human biology and disease and accelerate the se...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

...ning Dust storms on Earth build up an electric field as dust particles collide, and then emit lightning as the electric field discharges. Some previous evidence suggested that ... satellite mission (which measures Earth's gravity field and can sense mass movement) and estimates of wind...

'Green' energy from algae

...stitute hosts one of the two KIT working groups focusing on research in the field of algae biotechnology. "As far as the development of photobioreactors is c...gy production", says Mller. "The plant cells are exposed to a high electric field for a very short term. This causes a perforation of the cell membrane and t...

Understanding how weeds are resistant to herbicides

...ific for the resistance mutation. "We can take a sample of waterhemp from a field that was sprayed and the waterhemp hasn't died and we can confirm whether i...ving multiple times, you need to pay attention to what you're doing in your field whereas if it evolved once and is moving around then you've got to pay atte...

Bioethanol's impact on water supply 3 times higher than once thought

... detailed irrigation data from 41 states. They found that bioethanol's water requirements can be as high as 861 billion gallons of water from the corn field to the fuel pump in 2007. And a gallon of ethanol may require up to over 2,100 gallons of water from farm to fuel pump, depending on the regional irri...

ComCam Selected by ePortation on New Maritime Domain Awareness Project

...ity Grant Program (PSGP) http://www.fema.gov/government/grant/psgp/index.shtm ePortation, Inc. http://www.eportation.com ) is a leader in the field of real-time information logistics and builds and deploys systems for managing challenging and complex environments. ePortation solutions are in use ...

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

...en in the soil. All these findings, says Glover, suggest that the perennial field soil is healthy enough to maintain high levels of organic nutrients. In ... the 75 years, despite requiring only 8 percent of the energy inputs in the field such as fertilizer and harvesting operations as the annual systems. Gl...

Restoring a natural root signal helps to fight a major corn pest

...a-caryophyllene from their roots. The substance attracts nematodes that attack and kill larvae of the Western corn rootworm, a voracious root pest. In field tests, the enhanced nematode attraction resulted in reduced root damage and considerably fewer surviving rootworms. Further fine-tuning of this natura...

Fossil plants bring Wilf distinguished speaker honor

...t and provide deep-time context to modern observations of climate change, biodiversity, ecological processes and biogeography. His work is based on field studies of the latest Cretaceous through the middle Eocene -- 66 to 45 million years ago -- fossil sites in Patagonia, Argentina and the western inter...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...asins were oxygen poor, voluminous volcanism occurred, and Earth's magnetic field underwent a period of relative stability. In the past, the cause of these s...ontrol or other safety measures, and filling gaps in geologic mapping where field access is limited. GEOLOGY abstracts are available for review at http:/...

MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions

...r in the United States, providing Missouri scientists with state-of-the-art field facilities to conduct a broad range of drought-related translational resear... to manage the timing, duration and intensity of water deficit stress under field conditions is essential to examine plant responses to drought. Thus, the dr...

Parasites ready to jump

...corporated into the genome. The phenomenon of RNA interference first came to light only a short time ago, but has already become a well established field of study. Thanks to more recent findings, the known repertoire of small RNAs has grown. As Frstemann stresses, "It is therefore particularly important...

Rodent size linked to human population and climate change

...d what some of the causes may be." Pergams examined specimen rodents from museums around the world, including the big collections held at Chicago's field Museum and the Smithsonian in Washington. Altogether, he recorded more than 17,000 body and skull measurements from 1,300 specimens from 22 locations ...

New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein

...happens, and several breakthroughs have occurred through computer modelinga field that dramatically increases analytical speed. Now, scientists at the Un...excellent alternative to other simulation methods used traditionally in the field of protein-folding thermodynamics." In the current study, the team disco...

Reprogramming human cells without inserting genes

...roblasts that would be beneficial in development of patient-specific cell therapy approaches," the authors wrote in the paper. Early on, the emerging field of regenerative medicine focused on embryonic stem cells, which are pluripotent, meaning they can grow into all the tissues of an adult organism. In t...

Biologists rediscover endangered frog population

...ts were in the Tahquitz Valley area the week of June 21 when Drew Stokes, a field biologist with the museum, found and photographed a single mountain yellow-... a senior environmental planner/biologist with Caltrans. Jim Bartel, the field supervisor for the Fish and Wildlife Service office in Carlsbad, said his a...

Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger

...ch, disease-and pest-resistant, and that can be disseminated through smallholder farmers. Heading the GHA team is Mark Manary, M.D., a leader in the field of childhood malnutrition who is the Helene B. Roberson Professor of Pediatrics at Washington University School of Medicine; and member, Donald Danfor...

Warmer environment means shorter lives for cold-blooded animals

...hat we see in all sorts of species has a common physiological basis in temperature." Munch and Salinas looked at lifespan data from laboratory and field observations for over 90 species from terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environments. They studied organisms with different average longevities--fro...
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