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Environment in Biological News

Warmer environment means shorter lives for cold-blooded animals

Stony Brook, N.Y., July 27, 2009 - Temperature explains much of why cold-blooded organisms such as fish, amphibians, crustaceans, and lizards live longer at higher latitudes than at lower latitudes, according to research published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ...

Saving energy and the environment with Flywheels

ECE researcher, Dr. Mark Flynn's high-speed flywheel motor controller is reducing fuel consumption and harmful emissions at ports throughout the world. Flynn's design has been incorporated into energy storage systems used in Rubber Tired Gantry (RTG) cranes and sold by VYCON Inc. The 8,000 RTG ...

Differences in neighborhood food environment may contribute to disparities in obesity

March 19, 2009 Researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health examined the association of neighborhood food environments and "walkability" with body mass index (BMI) and obesity in New York City and found that a higher density of BMI-healthy food outlets is associated with a l...

Venter, Somerville and Church highlight DOE/JGI genomics of energy and environment meeting

Keynote addresses by genomics pioneers J. Craig Venter, Energy Bioscience Institute's Chris Somerville and Harvard's George Church will highlight the U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) annual Genomics of Energy and Environment User Meeting March 25-27, 2009 in Walnut Creek,...

Study examining role of genetics and environment in type 1 diabetes

AUGUSTA, Ga. Another 200 newborns in Georgia and Florida with high-risk genes for type 1 diabetes will be enrolled over the next year in a long-term study to determine how genetics and environment cause the disease. A $10 million, five-year grant renewal from the National Institutes of Health ...

Toxicology program features wide range of human health and environment topical sessions

Reston, VA (February 19, 2009) - Nearly 6,500 toxicologists from around the world will be gathering in Baltimore, Maryland March 15-19, to create an unparalleled venue for discussion of a number of health and environmental topics of concern to the public. The Society of Toxicology's 2009 Annual Me...

Marine scientists to assess environment before offshore drilling begins in US arctic waters

AUSTIN, TexasThrough a $2.9 million, three-year grant from the Minerals Management Service (MMS), a team led by University of Texas at Austin marine scientists will assess the biological and chemical conditions on the seabed of the Chukchi Sea before the area opens for offshore oil drilling. Th...

NSF to fund water and environment technology center

The National Science Foundation has awarded a five-year, $1.24 million grant to The University of Arizona and two other universities to fund a research center to investigate new clean-water technologies. These new technologies include improved monitoring of large-scale water distribution system...

NIH's Genes, Environment and Health Initiative adds 6 studies

The Genes, Environment and Health Initiative (GEI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) today awarded grants, estimated to be up to $5.5 million over two years for six studies aimed at finding genetic factors that influence the risks for stroke, glaucoma, high blood pressure, prostate canc...

Major European program for the environment under the spotlight in Lille, France

On 16 and 17 September, in the context of France's presidency of the EU, Lille will play host to 'Forum GMES 2008' at the Grand Palais. The GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) programme has been set up to provide services relating to the environment, climate change, resource m...

Gift of $100 million to transform energy and environment research at Princeton

Gerhard R. (Gerry) Andlinger, an alumnus and noted international business executive, has made a gift to Princeton University to accelerate research on effective and sustainable solutions to problems of energy and the environment. Princeton will use the gift, which will total $100 million, to creat...

World-class environment vision to 'bring back the species'

One of Australia's leading environmentalists will spearhead a world-class project to help revegetate the Mount Lofty Ranges, to stave off the effects of climate change and halt the loss of bird, animal and plant species. Associate Professor David Paton AM from the University of Adelaide will le...

Yale Environment 360 magazine launches online

New Haven, Conn.Yale Environment 360, a new online magazine dedicated to covering the global environment, is launching today at http://e360.yale.edu . Edited by Roger Cohn, the former editor of Mother Jones and Audubon magazines, Yale Environment 360 aims to become one of the leading Web sites fo...

Do chemicals in the environment affect fertility?

Our day-to-day exposure to chemicals is on the increase. From food packaging to the air we breathe, every day contact with potentially-toxic substances could be affecting our health and our fertility. Researchers at The University of Nottingham are set to take part in one of the first studies ...

Early environment may be key to determining bird migration location

How young migratory birds choose the nesting location of their first breeding season has been something of a mystery in the bird world. But a new University of Maryland/National Zoo study of the American redstart suggests that the environmental conditions the birds face in their first year may he...

Genes and environment interact in first graders to predict physical but not social aggression

Physical aggression in children comes from their genes and the environment in which they grow up. Social aggression, such as spreading rumors or ignoring other children, has less to do with genetic factors and more with environmental factors. One important environmental influence on children...

Nanotech companies need clear environment and health roadmap to succeed

Washington, DC Today, the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies released the results of a new survey of New England-based nanotechnology companies aimed at discovering how firms in almost every sector of the economy address the possible environmental, health and safety (EHS) impacts of new nanosca...

Nanotech's health, environment impacts worry scientists

MADISON - The unknown human health and environmental impacts of nanotechnology are a bigger worry for scientists than for the public, according to a new report published today (Nov. 25) in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. The new report was based on a national telephone survey of American hou...

Changing environment organizes genetic structure

HOUSTON -- Nov. 13, 2007 -- What is the fundamental creative force behind life on Earth" It's a question that has vexed mankind for millennia, and thanks to theory and almost a year's worth of number-crunching on a supercomputer, Rice University physicist and bioengineer Michael Deem thinks he has...

'Chlamy' genome holds clues for renewable energy, the environment and human health

University of Minnesota researchers contributed to a national effort to sequence the genome of an ancient, one-celled organism that will help advance research in a broad range of areas, from biofuels to restoring the environment to understanding a variety of human diseases. The organism, Chlamy...

Genes, Environment and Health Initiative invests in genetic studies, environmental monitoring

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has selected the first projects to be funded as part of the Genes, Environment and Health Initiative (GEI), a unique collaboration between geneticists and environmental scientists. "This is ground-breaking research in understanding the complex factors t...

New study examines how rearing environment can alter navigation

Many animals, including humans, frequently face the task of getting from one place to another. Although many navigational strategies exist, all vertebrate species readily use geometric cues; things such as walls and corners to determine direction within an enclosed space. Moreover, some species su...

Bird songs change with environment

Just as a changing radio landscape has made it tough for Foghat to get much airplay these days, so it is for birdsongs according to new research published in The American Naturalist . Behavioral ecologist Elizabeth Derryberry (Louisiana State University) has found that the songs of white-crown...

Exploring the dynamic relationship between health and environment

After clearing a swath of Amazonian rainforest, local residents experience an increase in the number of mosquito bites and a spike in malaria. Veterinarians keep their cattle healthy with doses of anti-parasiticsmedication that can harm populations of local invertebrates like dung beetles. Conserv...

Genetic adaptations key to microbe's survival in challenging environment

The genome of a marine bacterium living 2,500 meters below the ocean's surface is providing clues to how life adapts in extreme thermal and chemical gradients, according to an article published Feb. 6 in the journal PLoS Genetics , an open-access publication published by the Public Library of Sci...

Mixing genomics and geography yields insights into life and environment

In an upcoming issue of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , Yale researchers used newly developed mathematical models to analyze huge amounts of data on physical characteristics such as temperature and salinity in different ocean habitats and metabolic activity in marine micro-organ...

The physics of star-forming clouds and the urban environment

October 24, 2008 -- From the collapse of star-forming clouds to the flow of the molten Earth's core, from the combustion of gasoline in your car engine to the coursing blood in your veins, from the aerodynamics of flight to the concentration of microscopic animals in the ocean, many of nature's mo...

The Camille & Henry Dreyfus Foundation to host important symposium on chemistry and the environment

New York, October 22, 2008Eight of the nations leading scientists will present groundbreaking analysis and findings in environmental chemistry research at The Camille and Henry Dreyfus Foundations symposium, Climate, Energy, and the Changing Environment, to be held on October 24, 2008, at the New ...

Hypertension disparity linked to environment

Social environment may play a greater role in the disparity between the numbers of African Americans living with hypertension compared to non-Hispanic whites with the disease. A study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the disparity was substantially r...

Why eating less can help the environment

An estimated 19 percent of total energy used in the USA is taken up in the production and supply of food. Currently, this mostly comes from non-renewable energy sources which are in short supply. It is therefore of paramount importance that ways of reducing this significant fuel consumption in t...

Salk researchers reprogram adult stem cells in their natural environment

LA JOLLA, CA In recent years, stem cell researchers have become very adept at manipulating the fate of adult stem cells cultured in the lab. Now, researchers at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies achieved the same feat with adult neural stem cells still in place in the brain. They successf...

New report looks at the state of the North American environment

18 June 2008, MontrealIn its latest state of the environment report, released today, the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) examines environmental issues facing the NAFTA partners. The report addresses issues related to air and water, biodiversity and ecosystems, and pollution. Spec...

Thinking ahead: Bacteria anticipate coming changes in their environment

Microbes may be smarter than we think. A new study by Princeton University researchers shows for the first time that bacteria don't just react to changes in their surroundings -- they anticipate and prepare for them. The findings, reported in the June 6 issue of Science , challenge the prevai...

New grants will support research in the sustainable built environment

The Woods Institute for the Environment has awarded planning grants to 17 Stanford faculty members to develop a campus-wide research agenda for the sustainable built environment (SBE), an emerging field that promotes the sustainable development of buildings and urban areas. "Buildings consume a...

Holistic understanding: Ag chemicals in the environment

MADISON, WI, JUNE 2, 2008-- An understanding how environmental processes and agricultural practices interact to determine the transport and fate of agricultural chemicals in the environment is essential for effectively addressing the widespread degradation of surface and ground waters from past, p...

Manufactured Buckyballs don't harm microbes that clean the environment

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Even large amounts of manufactured nanoparticles, also known as Buckyballs, don't faze microscopic organisms that are charged with cleaning up the environment, according to Purdue University researchers. In the first published study to examine Buckyball toxicity on micro...

Academy establishes Asia Center to protect the environment

PHILADELPHIABuilding on nearly 15 years of biodiversity and climate change research in Mongolia, The Academy of Natural Sciences today announced formation of its Asia Center to forge international partnerships for the study, protection and sustainable use of environmental resources. One of the...

Book examines clash of capitalism and the environment

New Haven, Conn.The environment will continue to deteriorate so long as capitalism continues to be the modern worlds economic engine, argues Gus Speth, dean of the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, in his new book, The Bridge at the Edge of the World: Capitalism, the Environmen...

Despite awareness of global warming Americans concerned more about local environment

COLUMBIA, Mo. Last week, British Prime Minister Gordon Brown declared climate change a top international threat, and Al Gore urged politicians to get involved to fight global warming. Results from a recent survey conducted by a University of Missouri professor reveal that the U.S. public, while ...

Global trade in tiger shrimp threatens environment

The cultivation of shrimp and fish in tropical coastal areas is often described as an environmentally friendly way to alleviate poverty, but in fact this cultivation has negative consequences for both the local population and the environment. Daniel A. Bergquist of Uppsala University, Sweden, has...
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