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Emissions in Biological News

The coming of biofuels: Study shows reducing gasoline emissions will benefit human health

President Barack Obama and Energy Secretary Steve Chu are consistent in their message that when it comes to transportation fuels, carbon-neutral biofuels as an alternative to gasoline are coming. While the focus of a shift from gasoline to biofuels has been on global warming, such a shift could al...

Wings that waggle could cut aircraft emissions by 20 percent

Wings which redirect air to waggle sideways could cut airline fuel bills by 20% according to research funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and Airbus in the UK. The new approach, which promises to dramatically reduce mid-flight drag, uses tiny air powered jet...

Fish oils reduce greenhouse gas emissions from flatulent cows

The benefits to animals of omega 3 fatty acids in fish oils have been well documented helping the heart and circulatory system, improving meat quality and reducing methane emissions. These last two benefits may only apply to cows but lowering emissions is important for the environment, as meth...

One-fifth of fossil-fuel emissions absorbed by threatened forests

Globally, tropical trees in undisturbed forest are absorbing nearly a fifth of the CO 2 released by burning fossil fuels. The researchers show that remaining tropical forests remove a massive 4.8 billion tonnes of CO 2 emissions from the atmosphere each year. This includes a previously unkno...

Texas researchers provide emissions data for livestock industry

AMARILLO A group of Texas-based researchers provided answers for the nation's cattle feeding industry after it was given a very short window by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to begin reporting ammonia and hydrogen sulfide emissions. The EPA issued a final ruling on Dec. 18 that requ...

Ocean acidification from CO2 emissions will cause physiological impairment to jumbo squid

KINGSTON, R.I. December 15, 2008 The elevated carbon dioxide levels expected to be found in the world's oceans by 2100 will likely lead to physiological impairments of jumbo (or Humboldt) squid, according to research by two University of Rhode Island scientists. The results of a study by Brad...

Oil spray reduces greenhouse gas emissions from pig finishing barns

MADISON, WI, DECEMBER 8, 2008 Animal feeding operations are an important emission source of air pollutants including methane and carbon dioxideknown greenhouse gases. Recent inventories suggest that animal manure makes a significant contribution to global methane emissions. As a consequence, green...

Nitrous oxide emissions respond differently to no-till depending on the soil type

MADISON, WI, October 20, 2008--The practice of no-till has increased considerably during the past 20 yr. The absence of tillage coupled with the accumulation of crop residues at the soil surface modifies several soil properties but also influence nitrogen dynamics. Soils under no-till usually host...

Forest peoples' rights key to reducing emissions from deforestation

OSLO (15 October 2008)Unless based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples and forest communities, efforts by rich countries to combat climate change by funding reductions in deforestation in developing countries will fail, and could even unleash a devastating wave of forest loss, cultural...

'Fingerprinting' method tracks mercury emissions from coal

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---University of Michigan researchers have developed a new tool that uses natural "fingerprints" in coal to track down sources of mercury polluting the environment. The research is published in today's online issue of the journal Environmental Science & Technology . Mercury...

Seabird ammonia emissions contribute to atmospheric acidity

Amsterdam, September 23, 2008 Ammonia emissions from seabirds have been shown to be a significant source of nitrogen in remote coastal ecosystems, contributing to nutrient enrichment (eutrophication) and acidification in ecosystems. While most ammonia emissions originate from domesticated animals...

Curbing coal emissions alone might avert climate danger, say researchers

An ongoing rise in atmospheric carbon dioxide from burning of fossil fuels might be kept below harmful levels if emissions from coal are phased out within the next few decades, say researchers. They say that less plentiful oil and gas should be used sparingly as well, but that far greater sup...

Fuel emissions from marine vessels remain a global concern

The forecast for clear skies and smooth sailing for oceanic vessels has been impeded by worldwide concerns of their significant contributions to air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions that impact the Earth's climate. A new study by professors James Winebrake and James Corbett examines "Emi...

Action needed now for Minnesota to reach goals in reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 2015

The state of Minnesota must act now if it wants to reach its Minnesota Next Generation Energy Act goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 15 percent by 2015, according to a team of University of Minnesota transportation and public policy researchers. The research team, which will release ...

Aerodynamic trailer cuts fuel and emissions by up to 15 percent

Creating an improved aerodynamic shape for truck trailers by mounting sideskirts can lead to a cut in fuel consumption and emissions of up to as much as 15%. Earlier promising predictions, based on mathematical models and wind tunnel tests by TU Delft, have been confirmed during road tests with an...

Experts prove the geochemical origin of part of the CO2 emissions in semiarid climates

The implementation of the Kyoto Protocol has raised, among other pressing matters, the need of getting to know the annual levels of carbon in different earths ecosystems. Scientists connected with the CEAMA-Andalusian Centre for the Environment (University of Granada-Andalusian Council) are studyi...

Alarming growth in expected CO2 emissions in China, finds UC analysis

Berkeley - The growth in China's carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is far outpacing previous estimates, making the goal of stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases even more difficult, according to a new analysis by economists at the University of California, Berkeley, and UC San Diego. Previous e...

US faces burning emissions issue

Severe United States wildfires can contribute as much as vehicles to carbon emissions in some US states, although the amount is highly variable. New research published in the online open access journal Carbon Balance and Management quantifies these emissions and suggests fires will complicate emis...

Decline in uptake of carbon emissions confirmed

A decline in the proportion of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions absorbed by land and oceans is speeding up the growth of atmospheric CO2, according to a paper published today in the US Journal: Proceedings of the National Academy of Science. Lead author and Executive Director of the Global Carbon...

RIT to study air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in the Great Lakes region

Reducing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in the Great Lakes region due to freight transportation requires a little creativity and a serious look at sustainabilityways of protecting the environment without slowing the economy. A team of professors at Rochester Institute of Technology rec...

Groundbreaking Canada-US study proves link between emissions and mercury pollution in fish

A groundbreaking environmental study to be published in a prestigious American science journal proves that mercury atmospheric emissions will end up in fish in as little as three years. Biologists from the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, played a key role in designing and carrying out t...

CO2 emissions could violate EPA ocean-quality standards within decades

Stanford, CA. -- In a commentary in the September 25, 2007, issue of the Geophysical Research Letters (GRL), a large team of scientists state that human-induced carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions will alter ocean chemistry to the point where it will violate U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Quality...

Groundbreaking Canada-US study proves link between emissions and mercury pollution in fish

A groundbreaking environmental study to be published in a prestigious American science journal proves that mercury atmospheric emissions will end up in fish in as little as three years. Biologists from the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, played a key role in designing and carrying out t...

University of Houston diesel testing center teams with state transportation agency to cut emissions

The Texas Diesel Testing and Research Center at the University of Houston, in partnership with the Texas Department of Transportation, has been awarded a $500,000 grant from the Environmental Protection Agency to test a system designed to reduce emissions produced by construction vehicles. "Imp...

Major funding to help cut CO2 emissions

The University of Nottingham is to share in 6.9m of research funding to investigate carbon capture and storage (CCS) technologies which could drastically cut CO 2 emissions from fossil-fuel power stations. The funding from E.ON and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council is to supp...

NASA study says climate adds fuel to Asian wildfire emissions

In the last decade, Asian farmers have cleared tens of thousands of square miles of forests to accommodate the world's growing demand for palm oil, an increasingly popular food ingredient. Ancient peatlands have been drained and lush tropical forests have been cut down. As a result, the landscape ...

Carbon sinks losing the battle with rising emissions

The stabilising influence that land and ocean carbon sinks have on rising carbon emissions is gradually weakening, scientists who attended the international Copenhagen Climate Change Conference."Forests, grasslands and oceans are absorbing carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) from the atmosphere faster than eve...

MIT analysis shows how cap-and-trade plans can cut greenhouse emissions

CAMBRIDGE, Mass. -- Researchers at MIT's Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research have produced a report concerning key design issues of proposed "cap-and-trade" programs that are under consideration in the United States as a way of curbing greenhouse gas emissions. The first contributi...

Carbon Disclosure Project, ICLEI partner to help US cities report local climate actions, emissions

The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) and ICLEI-Local Governments for Sustainability are joining forces with some of the United States' largest cities to help them voluntarily report their greenhouse gas emissions and other climate change-relevant data. This project marks a significant step in ...

Paying to save tropical forests could be a way to reduce global carbon emissions

COLUMBUS, Ohio Wealthy nations willing to collectively spend about $1 billion annually could prevent the emission of roughly half a billion metric tons of carbon dioxide per year for the next 25 years, new research suggests. It would take about that much money to put an end to a tenth of the ...

IEEE-USA position encourages energy efficiency to save households money, reduce carbon emissions

WASHINGTON (2 July 2008) -- There's little the average person can do to stem the rising cost of gasoline, electricity, natural gas and other energy sources. But by improving our energy efficiency at home, on the road and at work, we can use less energy and save money. IEEE-USA, in an "Energy Ef...

Carnegie Mellon researchers to curb CO2 emissions

PITTSBURGHCarnegie Mellon Universitys Chris T. Hendrickson and H. Scott Matthews along with Alex Carpenter and Heather MacLean of the University of Toronto challenge Canadian officials to take the lead in eliminating dangerous carbon dioxide emissions that fuel global warming. ...

New UC analysis shows alarming increase in expected growth of China's carbon dioxide emissions

The growth in China's carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is far outpacing previous estimates, making the goal of stabilizing atmospheric greenhouse gases much more difficult, according to a new analysis by economists at the University of California, Berkeley, and UC San Diego. Previous estimates, i...

State, UH teaming up to reduce (ob)noxious air emissions

A University of Houston partnership that helped Houston avoid the title of Americas smoggiest city will soon help reduce emissions all over the state thanks to an $8.8 million grant from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ). The Texas Diesel Testing and Research Center at the ...

Washington University, 2 industries, team to clean up mercury emissions

Washington University in St. Louis is partnering with Chrysler LLC and a major Midwest utility company in a project to determine if paint solid residues from automobile manufacturing can reduce emissions of mercury from electric power plants. The project is based upon the technical expertise o...

First-ever study to link increased mortality specifically to carbon dioxide emissions

A Stanford scientist has spelled out for the first time the direct links between increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and increases in human mortality, using a state-of-the-art computer model of the atmosphere that incorporates scores of physical and chemical environmental processe...

Biodiesel could reduce greenhouse gas emissions

Biodiesel can be manufactured from any product containing fatty acids, such as vegetable oil or animal fats. The report, The greenhouse and air quality emissions of biodiesel blends in Australia assesses the emission levels and environmental impacts of biodiesel produced from sources including ...

Lower carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fueled power plants possible with technology development

A more economical technology for a 90 percent reduction of carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fueled power plants is being developed by a chemical engineer and his colleagues at The University of Texas at Austin as part of the TXU Carbon Management Program. TXU Power, a subsidiary of TXU Corp., ...

Increase in carbon dioxide emissions accelerating

New research shows the rate of increase in carbon dioxide emissions more than doubled since the 1990s. According to the co-Chair of the Global Carbon Project, CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research scientist Dr Mike Raupach, 7.9 billion tonnes of carbon were emitted into the atmosphere as carbon d...

Tropical forest CO2 emissions tied to nutrient increases

Extra helpings of key nutrients given to tropical rain forest soils caused them to release substantially more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, a concern to scientists monitoring global change, says a new University of Colorado at Boulder study. The study showed when either phosphorus or nitrog...
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