Web-based program designs more efficient farm terrace layouts
COLUMBIA, Mo. From the time of the Babylonians to the Incas, terracing has been used to prevent water from eroding steep and hilly croplands. Designing terrace layouts can be time consuming and labor intensive. Now, University of Missouri researchers are developing a Web-based program that will de...
DNA blueprint for healthier and more efficient cows
Ground breaking findings by an international consortium of scientists who sequenced and analysed the bovine genome, could result in more sustainable food production.
The findings, published in two reports in the journal Science today, will have a profound impact on Australia's livestock indus...
Cheap and efficient white light LEDs new design described in AIP's Journal of Applied Physics
COLLEGE PARK, MD, April 7, 2009 -- Roughly 20 percent of the electricity consumed worldwide is used to light homes, businesses, and other private and public spaces. Though this consumption represents a large drain on resources, it also presents a tremendous opportunity for savings. Improving the e...
Iowa Power Fund advances researchers long quest for efficient solar power
AMES, Iowa In Vikram Dalal's 37 years of researching solar technology, the efficiency of thin film solar cells for homes and buildings has improved from 1 percent to about 7 percent.
Dalal, the Thomas M. Whitney Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Iowa State University and dire...
'Cool' idea for efficient climate control wins recognition
EAST LANSING, Mich. A Michigan State University researcher and a colleague have won the Boston Innovation Prize for the design of a low-cost, energy-efficient method of cooling and dehumidifying residential and small commercial spaces.
Norbert Mϋller, assistant professor in Michigan State...
Tel Aviv University researchers root out new and efficient crop plants
A part of the global food crisis is the inefficiency of current irrigation methods. More irrigated water evaporates than reaches the roots of crops, amounting to an enormous waste of water and energy.
Tel Aviv University researchers, however, are investigating a new solution that turns the prob...
More efficient fuel-cells, thanks to a new catalyst
This release is available in Spanish .
Over the past decades climate change and its consequences for life on our planet have given rise to a growing scientific interest in the development of alternative energies. The fossil fuels that currently dominate our energy map are not only becoming s...
In the race to the top, zigzagging is more efficient than a straight line
A straight line may be the shortest distance between two points, but it isnt necessarily the fastest or easiest path to follow.
Thats particularly true when terrain is not level, and now American and British researchers have developed a mathematical model showing that a zigzag course provides ...
Colorado Engineering Firms Win NASA Grant to Develop Innovative Insulation for Next Generation Spacecraft - Super-Insulation May Allow Future Energy Efficient Appliances
DENVER, Feb. 5 /PRNewswire/ -- Quest Product Development, teaming with
Ball Aerospace & Technologies Corp., has completed a NASA research program
and successfully demonstrated a new thermal insulation. NASA has awarded
the team a Small Business Innovation Research Phase II grant to develop and...
Satellites help ensure efficient use of pesticides
A new service, developed in the framework of an ESA-supported project, is using satellite images to compare agricultural crop sites across Europe in order to ensure the more efficient
use of pesticides.
Pesticides currently used within the European Union (EU) must be registered with the nationa...
454 Sequencing: Science paper describes a novel, highly efficient method of sequencing ancient DNA
Branford, September 27, 2007
454 Life Sciences, a Roche company, today reported that researchers from Pennsylvania State University have used the companys Genome Sequencer FLX system to sequence the entire mitochondrial genomes from 10 individual woolly mammoths. The study, entitled "Whole-Geno...
Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient
CORVALLIS, Ore. Automobile owners around the world may some day soon be driving on tires that are partly made out of trees which could cost less, perform better and save on fuel and energy.
Wood science researchers at Oregon State University have made some surprising findings about the potent...
New technology enables faster, more efficient cell harvest: Cell therapy meeting study
A new, transformative filtration-based technology for the isolation and enrichment of cells, a critical first step in the development of therapies to repair or replace diseased or damaged tissues and organs, was found to be more efficient
and faster than traditional technology used for cell separat...
A more powerful and efficient engine for rice: the C3-C4 challenge
A major international scientific effort was launched last week to develop and use a radical new approach to boost rice production and avoid potential rice shortages, or even future famine.
Scientists have been working on different aspects of the approach since the early 1990s. But new knowledge ...
MetaChip provides quick, efficient toxicity screening of potential drugs
A large, multisite trial designed to examine the safety and preliminary effectiveness of two candidate topical microbicides to prevent HIV infection has opened to volunteer enrollment. The trial, sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National In...
Marine microbes creating green waves in industry
...umbers of novel marine microbes could lead to more efficient
and greener ways to manufacture new drugs for cond...try. There is every possibility of developing more efficient
and sustainable manufacturing solutions - for phar... amine oxidase. This could be key to cheaper, more efficient
and sustainable process in the synthesis of valuab...
New cancer drug delivery system is effective and reversible
...ting problem, the U. of I. team turned its attention to small molecules called aptamers.
"Aptamers are short strands of DNA or RNA; they are highly efficient
binders, and are very easy to make, label and manipulate," said Zehui Cao, a postdoctoral researcher in the laboratory of chemistry professor Yi Lu, w...
Argonne to showcase science and technology at community open house
...rgonne also operates world-class user facilities to help advance America's scientific leadership, including one of the world's fastest and most energy efficient
The laboratory's last open house, held in 2006, attracted approximately 20,000 people. Information about this year's open house is ...
'Green' energy from algae
...cilities were constructed. "It is our objective to develop new economically efficient
and sustainable extraction methods to obtain a maximum amount of cell const...investment and operation costs of photobioreactors and on developing highly efficient
processes for the harvesting and decomposition of algae.
To close the cy...
August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights
...mary way that sulfate is reduced to sulfide in seawater is through bacteria, a process known as bacterial sulfate reduction. Because bacteria are more efficient
at converting isotopically lighter sulfate (32SO4) to sulfide, sulfide -- and the pyrite that it forms -- tends to be lighter, on average, than the or...
MU researchers create drought conditions to unearth solutions
... uses," Fritschi said. "In light of population increases and greater demands for non-agricultural water uses, more and more emphasis must be placed on efficient
use of water resources for plant production. The drought simulators will provide us with a new tool to study how agricultural water use efficiency can...
Parasites ready to jump
...f the genetic material. "This demonstrates", says Frstemann, "that it is not always possible to tame these "selfish" genetic elements, although highly efficient
mechanisms of defence have evolved. For instance, in the germ cells, which are required for reproduction, the system of so-called piRNAs ensures that ...
New computer simulation helps explain folding in important cellular protein
...n one by one and studied. That led the team to a question: Could they use a Monte Carlo Simulation along with the Wang-Landau algorithm to discover an efficient
simulation method capable of sampling the energy density states that allow such folding?
Perhaps remarkably, they did. The first step in studying t...
Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications
...bit pluripotency resembling fES cells, as evidenced by similarly high chimera production and germline transmission. Thus, immature eggs may provide an efficient
source of autologous stem cells for regenerative medicine. This group also tested whether pESCs can be generated from older females. Drs. Lingyi Chen ...
University of Toronto helps to 'barcode' the world's plants
...sification method that uses a short genetic marker in an organism's DNA to identify it as belonging to a particular species.
"Barcoding provides an efficient
means by which we can discover the many undescribed species that exist on earth," says Spencer Barrett, a professor of ecology and evolutionary biolog...
Bioterrorism and disaster preparedness explored in special issue of Medical Decision Making
... The researchers found that it was possible for the clinic to reach its target and that using a computer simulation could help them determine the most efficient
use of staff, machinery, supplies, and time.
"How hospitals and public health agencies are prepared for an attack--and how they respond to the su...
DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009
...oncentrates and packages a sample of suspected contaminated water for safe, efficient
transport to a qualified analytical laboratory. This technology will help s... is a renewable energy source that has no moving parts, which makes it more efficient
and cost-effective than other technologies. The technology can save time an...
Iowa State University researchers develop process for 'surgical' genetic changes
...determined location in the plant genome through targeted DNA breaks generated by zinc finger nucleases. This occurs about 1 in 50 attempts and is very efficient
compared to unassisted methods that allow the same changes at a rate as low as 1 in 10 million.
"I've been working in this field for 29 years, just ...
Promising new treatment for Alzheimer's suggested based on Hebrew University research
...hene for the U.S. military as protection from nerve gas poisoning (a result of earlier research at the Hebrew University). It was much more stable and efficient
than the mutant protein, which suggests that the BChE-K carriers' susceptibility to Alzheimer's could be substantially improved by treating them with ...
Wood stoves -- a viable home heat source?
...vanced in recent years. With the advanced secondary combustion systems on Environmental Protection Agency certified woodstoves, they are now 95% more efficient
than their predecessors.
Dr. Paul Grogan, a plant and ecosystem ecologist and Canadian Research Chair (II) at Queen's University in Kingston, Onta...
Facile synthesis of nanoparticles with multiple functions advanced in Singapore
...ows metal-based nanoparticles to be prepared in an organic medium using water-soluble, inexpensive, common metal precursors.
This method is highly efficient
and easily applied to derive many types of nanoparticles that have interesting applications, including metal-semiconductor nanocomposites and hybrid n...
Growing Demand for Rapid Screening and Detection Systems Pushes the European Maritime Security Market, Finds Frost & Sullivan
...shortened with foolproof and rapid screening and detection systems. At the same time, increased illegal immigration and smuggling augment the need for efficient
access control systems in ports and entry points.
(Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20081117/FSLOGO )
New analysis from Frost &...
New technique can fast-track better ionic liquids for biomass pre-treatments
...ature to dissolve lignocellulose and later help hydrolyze the resulting liquor into sugars, shows promise as a way of pre-treating biomass for a more efficient
conversion into fuels. However, the best ionic liquids in terms of effectiveness are also prohibitively expensive for use on a mass scale. Furthermore...
Landmark project to map genomics of complex ant systems
...e project. "If we can understand how these ants have evolved to process huge amounts of organic material over 50 million years, we might discover more efficient
ways to process our own waste materials, produce bio-fuels, or improve our agricultural methods."
Gerardo is an expert in the ecology and evolution...
Forest fire prevention efforts will lessen carbon sequestration, add to greenhouse warming
...ould take 169 years before such usage reached a break-even point in carbon sequestration. The study showed if the same material were used in even less efficient
production of cellulosic ethanol, it would take 339 years.
The researchers did not consider in this analysis how global warming in coming years mig...
NTU professor discovers method to efficiently produce less toxic drugs using organic molecules
... efficacy of the organocatalysis, making it a more efficient
process, something that has not been demonstrated ...using organocatalysts is that it is usually not an efficient
or cost effective process since relatively a high ...s which will be less toxic and produced under more efficient
processes. The other advantage is that this proces...
Robo-bats with metal muscles may be next generation of remote control flyers
...ntly completing fabrication and assembly of the joints, muscular system and wing membrane for the robo-bat, which should allow it to fly with the same efficient
flapping motion used by real bats.
"The key concept here is the use of smart materials," Seelecke says. "We are using a shape-memory metal alloy th...
Single thawed embryo transfer after PGD does not affect pregnancy rates
... our study is the first to provide reassurance that a strategy of elective single embryo transfer in good prognosis patients seeking PGD, backed by an efficient
PGD cryopreservation service, can result in pregnancy rates that are comparable to those for non-biopsied embryos that are frozen as part of conventio...
Super-sleepers could help super-sizers!
...trick , known as mitochondrial coupling, allows these frogs to be extremely efficient
in the use of the limited energy stores they have by increasing the total a...hen they happen to be inactive for extended periods.
If this is such an efficient
way to use energy resources during dormancy, how come that it is not more w...
Dolphins get a lift from delta wing technology
...ike modern delta wing aircraft. Calculating the flippers' efficiencies, the team found that the bottle nose dolphin's triangular flippers are the most efficient
while the harbour porpoise and Atlantic white-sided dolphin's fins were the least efficient.
Commenting that environmental and performance factors ...