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Earth in Biological News

Life on Earth came from other planets

Life on Earth came from other planets. So concludes a major scientific article which will appear in the inaugural issue of the online science journal, Cosmology.com For thousands of years scientists and theologians have debated the origins of Earthly life. Surprisingly, most scientists a...

Explosive growth of life on Earth fueled by early greening of planet

TEMPE, Ariz. Earth's 4.5-billion-year history is filled with several turning points when temperatures changed dramatically, asteroids bombarded the planet and life forms came and disappeared. But one of the biggest moments in Earth's lifetime is the Cambrian explosion of life, roughly 540 million...

Europe and China watching Earth together

Nearly 200 scientists from Europe and China have gathered in Barcelona this week to report on the progress of ongoing Dragon 2 research projects using data from ESA and Chinese Earth observation satellites. Dragon 2 a joint undertaking between ESA and the Ministry of Science and Technology (MO...

New book suggests Earth perhaps not such a benevolent mother after all

In the past 50 years it has become commonplace to think of Earth as a nurturing place, straining mightily to maintain equilibrium so that life might continue and flourish. The Gaia hypothesis, named for the ancient Greek goddess of Earth, even put forth the idea that our planet behaves as a ...

NASA Earth system science meeting celebrates 20 years of discovery

Twenty years ago NASA embarked on a revolutionary new mission for its Earth science program: to study our home planet from space as an inter-related whole, rather than as individual parts. To acknowledge this milestone, NASA is holding a symposium June 22-24 to examine the accomplishments of 20 ye...

ESA's Earth observation missions: Sharing teams and facilities boosts efficiency

With ESA's family of Earth observation missions expanding, it makes sense to share operations engineers across satellites and conduct mission control from a combined Dedicated Control Room. The move is increasing efficiency, enhancing effectiveness and generating improved economic returns. Fl...

Google Earth aids discovery of early African mammal fossils

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---A limestone countertop, a practiced eye and Google Earth all played roles in the discovery of a trove of fossils that may shed light on the origins of African wildlife. The circuitous and serendipitous story, featuring University of Michigan paleontologists Philip Gingerich, ...

Tufts students host Earth Day with groundbreaking ceremony for solar house

BOSTON and MEDFORD/SOMERVILLE, Mass. -- A collaborative team of student designers, engineers and planners from the Boston Architectural College and Tufts University will use Earth Day as an occasion to unveil their vision of innovative sustainable living, a house that will be solar powered, attra...

K-State using Second Life island to help high school students learn earth science

A mysterious island that moves through time. Travelers in search of answers. It sounds something like the science fiction television show "Lost," but it also describes a new approach to teaching earth sciences to high school students. Iris Totten, an associate professor of geology at Kansas ...

GSA special paper presents new studies of Western US earth motion

Boulder, CO, USA The Great BasinSierra Nevada transition zone has received substantial attention over the past decade, due in part to the recognition that nearly 25% of the relative motion between the Pacific and North American plates is accommodated along this tectonic boundary. This Geological ...

Satellites show how Earth moved during Italy quake

Studying satellite radar data from ESA's Envisat and the Italian Space Agency's COSMO-SkyMed, scientists have begun analysing the movement of Earth during and after the 6.3 earthquake that shook the medieval town of L'Aquila in central Italy on 6 April 2009. Scientists from Italy's Istituto per...

Down to Earth carbon science: Briefing April 15 in DC

WASHINGTON DC, APRIL 9, 2009 -- Four experts in soil carbon research, farming, and forestry will address the unique opportunity farmers and foresters have to manage soil carbon to reduce greenhouse gas (GHGs) and participate in voluntary markets. Agricultural and forest soils in the U.S. have the ...

The Earth Observatory of Singapore devoted to the study of earth sciences officially opens

The Earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS) which aspires to be a leading world institution for understanding and addressing several of civilisation's most serious environmental threats including earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions and climate change aims to provide invaluable research and da...

Animal trackers collaborate on new Google Earth for oceans

Pacific Grove, CA A consortium of researchers led by Stanford University Professor Barbara Block collaborated with Google for more than a year, providing animal tracking data for the new Google Earth release, which features a three-dimensional, interactive ocean. In the animal tracking layer, ca...

New version of Google Earth features California's marine protected areas

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) You don't have to get wet, or seasick, to find out what is going on in Marine Protected Areas worldwide. Just tune in through your computer. This morning at 10 a.m. Pacific Time, Ocean in Google Earth available to computers everywhere was launched at the California Ac...

Census of Marine Life and ocean in Google Earth bring ocean information to life

Web visitors can now share the excitement of Census of Marine Life explorations as scientists uncover the mysteries of what lives below the surface of the global ocean. A world of marine discoveries including 50 different kinds of Arctic jellies, a colossal sea star, and Antarctica's biggest-ever ...

Barcelona Declaration 2008: Challenges and Pathways to Earth Sustainability

The Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF), in the celebration of its 20th anniversary, organised a meeting whit a group of international experts to discuss the environmental future of the planet on the 2 and 3 of October. The work of both days is summarized in the Declar...

Send your name around the Earth on NASA'S Glory mission

WASHINGTON Members of the public can send their names around Earth on NASA's Glory satellite, the first mission dedicated to understanding the effects of particles in the atmosphere and the sun's variability on our climate. The "Send Your Name Around the Earth" Web site enables everyone to tak...

Bringing Martian samples to Earth -- preparations outlined in journal Astrobiology

New Rochelle, NY, August 13, 2008 A critical component of NASA's Mars exploration program involves bringing planetary samples back to Earth for in-depth analysis, plans for which are detailed in the latest issue of Astrobiology, a peer-reviewed journal published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. The re...

Scorched Earth millenium map shows 'fire scars'

A geographer from the University of Leicester has produced for the first time a map of the scorched Earth for every year since the turn of the Millennium. Dr Kevin Tansey, of the Department of Geography, a leading scientist in an international team, created a visual impression of the fire scars...

NASA study links Earth impacts to human-caused climate change

WASHINGTON -- A new NASA-led study shows human-caused climate change has made an impact on a wide range of Earth's natural systems, including permafrost thawing, plants blooming earlier across Europe, and lakes declining in productivity in Africa. Cynthia Rosenzweig of NASA's Goddard Institute...

And the first animal on Earth was a ...

A new study mapping the evolutionary history of animals indicates that Earth's first animal--a mysterious creature whose characteristics can only be inferred from fossils and studies of living animals--was probably significantly more complex than previously believed. The study, which was funde...

UC biology prof traces his roots to the first Earth Day

George Uetz is passionate about spiders and the environment. George Uetz, professor of biological sciences in the McMicken College of Arts & Sciences, was a Master's student in the Department of Entomology and Applied Ecology at the University of Delaware in Newark. That wasnt his only passion...

And the first animal on Earth was a...

A new study mapping the evolutionary history of animals indicates that Earth's first animal--a mysterious creature whose characteristics can only be inferred from fossils and studies of living animals--was probably significantly more complex than previously believed. The study, which was funde...

'Nanominerals' influence Earth systems from ocean to atmosphere to biosphere

The ubiquity of tiny particles of minerals--mineral nanoparticles--in oceans and rivers, atmosphere and soils, and in living cells are providing scientists with new ways of understanding Earth's workings. Our planet's physical, chemical, and biological processes are influenced or driven by the pro...

UD's Bobev receives NSF Early Career Award for research on novel compounds of rare Earth metals

Svilen Bobev, assistant professor of chemistry and biochemistry, has received the National Science Foundation's prestigious Faculty Early Career Development Award. The highly competitive funding award, designed to support the integrated research and educational activities of faculty early in th...

Down to earth remedies for chimps

The deliberate ingestion of soil, or geophagy, has important health benefits for chimpanzees, according to Sabrina Krief and her colleagues from the Musum National dHistoire Naturelle in Paris, France. Far from being a dysfunctional behavior, geophagy has evolved as a practice for maintaining hea...

Evolution tied to Earth movement

Scientists long have focused on how climate and vegetation allowed human ancestors to evolve in Africa. Now, University of Utah geologists are calling renewed attention to the idea that ground movements formed mountains and valleys, creating environments that favored the emergence of humanity. ...

Planting carbon deep in the earth -- rather than the greenhouse

STORING carbon dioxide deep below the earths surface could be a safe, long-term solution to one of the planets major contributors to climate change. University of Leeds research shows that porous sandstone, drained of oil by the energy giants, could provide a safe reservoir for carbon dioxide. ...

Scientists warn that species extinction could reduce productivity of plants on Earth by half

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) An international team of scientists has published a new analysis showing that as plant species around the world go extinct, natural habitats become less productive and contain fewer total plants a situation that could ultimately compromise important benefits that humans ...

Extraterrestrial platinum was 'stirred' into the Earth

A research program aimed at using platinum as an exploration guide for nickel has for the first time been able to put a time scale on the planet's large-scale convection processes. The research is reported in a Nature paper titled "Progressive mixing of meteoritic veneer into the early Earth's...

Cloud computing brings cost of protein research down to Earth

Researchers at the Medical College of Wisconsin Biotechnology and Bioengineering Center in Milwaukee have just made the very expensive and promising area of protein research more accessible to scientists worldwide. They have developed a set of free tools called ViPDAC (virtual proteomics data...

Deep-sea rocks point to early oxygen on Earth

Red jasper cored from layers 3.46 billion years old suggests that not only did the oceans contain abundant oxygen then, but that the atmosphere was as oxygen rich as it is today, according to geologists. This jasper or hematite-rich chert formed in ways similar to the way this rock forms around...

Ocean's journey towards the center of the Earth

A Monash geoscientist and a team of international researchers have discovered the existence of an ocean floor was destroyed 50 to 20 million years ago, proving that New Caledonia and New Zealand are geographically connected. Using new computer modelling programs Wouter Schellart and the team re...

NASA-funded carbon dioxide map of US released on Google Earth

Interactive maps that detail carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion are now available on the popular Google Earth platform. The maps, funded by NASA and the U.S. Department of Energy through the joint North American Carbon Program, can display fossil fuel emissions by the hour, geogr...

Cheap love costs the Earth

Ecology and conservation biologist at the University of Leicester, Dr David Harper, who has conducted research for over 25 years at Lake Naivasha in Kenya, today warned that cut-price Valentine roses exported for sale in the UK were 'bleeding that country dry'. Dr Harper, of the University's De...

ASU researcher may have discovered key to life before its origin on Earth

TEMPE, ARIZ. -- An important discovery has been made with respect to the mystery of handedness in biomolecules. Researchers led by Sandra Pizzarello, a research professor at Arizona State University, found that some of the possible abiotic precursors to the origin of life on Earth have been shown ...

Professor's video series explains all facets of Earth

Videos have been the bailiwick of rock stars at least since the days of Bob Dylan. But now theyre spilling over into a new arena - academia. Michael E. Wysession, Ph.D., associate professor of earth and planetary sciences in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, has 48 ...

Liquid crystal phases of tiny DNA molecules point up new scenario for first life on Earth

A team led by the University of Colorado at Boulder and the University of Milan has discovered some unexpected forms of liquid crystals of ultrashort DNA molecules immersed in water, providing a new scenario for a key step in the emergence of life on Earth. CU-Boulder physics Professor Noel Cl...

Evolution of life on Earth may hold key to finding life in outer space

Questions about the existence of life in outer space may have a surprisingly close-to-home answer, according to one University of Houston professor. Understanding how life evolved on Earth is important in obtaining clues as to where else in the universe one might find life and what it might be l...
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