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Clinical trial shows quadriplegics can operate powered wheelchair with tongue drive system

An assistive technology that enables individuals to maneuver a powered wheelchair or control a mouse cursor using simple tongue movements can be operated by individuals with high-level spinal cord injuries, according to the results of a recently completed clinical trial. "This clinical trial ha...

Climate change could drive vast human migrations

By mid-century, people may be fleeing rising seas, droughts, floods and other effects of changing climate, in migrations that could vastly exceed the scope of anything before, says a major new report. The document, authored by researchers at Columbia University's Center for International Eart...

Healing wounds with lasers, vehicles that drive themselves, other cutting-edge optics

WASHINGTON, May 26--Researchers from around the world will present the latest breakthroughs in electro-optics, lasers and the application of light waves at the 2009 Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics/International Quantum Electronics Conference (CLEO/IQEC) May 31 to June 5 at the Baltimore Co...

Computation and genomics data drive bacterial research into new golden age

A potent combination of powerful new analysis methods and abundant data from genomics projects is carrying microbiology forward into a new era. Bacteria in particular are shedding light on fundamental molecular and signalling processes of interest not just within microbiology, but across the whole...

How 'secondary' sex characters can drive the origin of species

BLOOMINGTON, Ind. -- The ostentatious, sometimes bizarre qualities that improve a creature's chances of finding a mate may also drive the reproductive separation of populations and the evolution of new species, say two Indiana University Bloomington biologists. In the September 2008 issue of E...

Estrogen helps drive distinct, aggressive form of prostate cancer

NEW YORK (May 27, 2008) -- Using a breakthrough technology, researchers led by a Weill Cornell Medical College scientist have pinpointed the hormone estrogen as a key player in about half of all prostate cancers. Estrogen-linked signaling helps drive a discrete and aggressive form of the diseas...

Fish farms drive wild salmon populations toward extinction

A study appearing in the December 14 issue of the journal Science shows, for the first time, that parasitic sea lice infestations caused by salmon farms are driving nearby populations of wild salmon toward extinction. The results show that the affected pink salmon populations have been rapidly dec...

Climate change predicted to drive trees northward

The most extensive and detailed study to date of 130 North American tree species concludes that expected climate change this century could shift their ranges northward by hundreds of kilometers and shrink the ranges by more than half. The study, by Daniel W. McKenney of the Canadian Forest Service...

Fujitsu Announces Industry Highest Capacity 2.5 Inch SATA Hard Disk Drive at 320GB(1)

320GB Capacity Meets Growing Demand for High-Performance Notebook Computers and Consumer Electronic Applications SUNNYVALE, Calif., Nov. 27 /PRNewswire/ -- Fujitsu Computer Products of America, Inc., a leading supplier of innovative computer products including hard disk drives, ...

How the plant immune system can drive the formation of new species

Plant geneticists know that not all plants from the same species can be successfully bred. Apparently, there are reproductive barriers that not only prevent the exchange of genes between well-established species (which goes to the very definition of a species), but also between varieties of one an...

Adaptation to parasites drive African fishes along different evolutionary paths

Quebec City, Canada - An international team of scientists from Canada (Universit Laval), the U.K. (University of Hull, Cardiff University) and Spain (Do ana Biological Station), have discovered that a pair of closely related species of East African cichlid fishes a group of fish whose diversity c...

Bursts of waves drive immune system 'soldiers' toward invaders

Scientists have discovered that torrents of microscopic waves propel white blood cells toward invading microbes. The discovery - recorded on videotape -- holds the potential for better understanding and treatment of cancer and heart disease. Visible only under a very high-resolution light micro...

Fujitsu Combines Capacity, Performance and Power Efficiency Into the Industry's First 320GB 7200 RPM 2.5" Sata Hard Disk Drive

320GB Hard Disk Drive Sets the Standard for High Performance Laptops and Desktops SUNNYVALE, Calif., March 24 /PRNewswire/ -- Fujitsu Computer Products of America, Inc., a leading supplier of innovative computer products including hard disk drives, peripherals an...

Biodiesel won't drive down global warming

EU legislation to promote the uptake of biodiesel will not make any difference to global warming, and could potentially result in greater emissions of greenhouse gases than from conventional petroleum derived diesel. This is the conclusion of a new study reported today in Chemistry & Industry, ...

Faster, low cost sequencing technologies needed to drive era of personalized medicine

DNA testing is transforming health care and medicine, but current technologies only give a snapshot of an individual's genetic makeup. Any patient wanting a complete picture of their inherited DNA, or genome, would drop their jaw at the sight of the bill -- to the current tune of $10 million or mor...

Does natural selection drive the evolution of cancer?

The dynamics of evolution are fully in play within the environment of a tumor, just as they are in forests and meadows, oceans and streams. This is the view of researchers in an emerging cross-disciplinary field that brings the thinking of ecologists and evolutionary biologists to bear on cancer bi...

One in 14 men having a heart attack drive themselves to hospital

Seven per cent of men having a heart attack drove themselves to hospital and only 60 per cent went by ambulance, according to research published in the latest Journal of Advanced Nursing. The study, which looked at 890 heart attack patients admitted to six major teaching hospitals in Dublin, So...

Overfishing may drive endangered seabird to rely upon lower quality food

The effects of overfishing may have driven marbled murrelets, an endangered seabird found along the Pacific coast, to increasingly rely upon less nutritious food sources, according to a new study by biologists at the University of California, Berkeley. The results, to be published online by early...

Picky female frogs drive evolution of new species in less than 8,000 years

Picky female frogs in a tiny rainforest outpost of Australia have driven the evolution of a new species in 8,000 years or less, according to scientists from the University of Queensland, the University of California, Berkeley, and the Queensland Parks and Wildlife Service. "That's lightning-fast,...

Random gene expression may drive HIV into hiding

Random fluctuations in gene expression can influence the fates of cells infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) far more than previously thought, according to new research from Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) researchers at the University of California, Berkeley. By combining experi...

Pair of cancer genes found to drive both cell migration and division

Johns Hopkins researchers have found that two genes already known to control cell movement are also needed for proper cell division. They report their findings in the April issue of Developmental Cell. The researchers discovered that the two genes are required for a dividing cell's halves to sepa...

Scientists identify molecular events that drive cell senescence

UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas researchers have found a way of stimulating the immune systems of mice to fight against amyloid proteins that cause the devastating plaques that are characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. For years scientists have examined the possibility of using a protein-...

AGU journal highlights -- Aug. 6, 2009

... 3-D model of ocean dynamics Seasonal winds might drive current variability in the northern Indian Ocean ...029/2009GL038359 12. Seasonal winds might drive current variability in the northern Indian Ocean ...n, the authors believe that similar dynamics could drive coastal current variability in the Atlantic and Pa...

Antibody targeting of glioblastoma shows promise in preclinical tests, say Lombardi researchers

...activity mattered to the outcome of patients with brain tumors. "A lot of pathways that are activated in cancer are passengers, in a sense. They don't drive cancer. But in the case of PTN and ALK, the expression data suggest that these are drivers patients with increased expression of these genes had sign...

Fox Chase researchers uncover one force behind the MYC oncogene in many cancers

...ment, where part of the chromosome containing the DLX5 gene gets flipped around during cell division cooperates with another known oncogene, AKT2, to drive cancer in mice. In the current paper, the researchers discover that DLX5 binds to and actively promotes the activity of a gene known as MYC, which evi...

Improved air quality during Beijing Olympics could inform pollution-curbing policies

...ed more than 300,000 heavy-emission vehicles mostly trucks from the roads. The city also implemented rules in which only some people were allowed to drive on certain days based on their license plate numbers. As a result, close to 2 million vehicles were pulled from the roads. Other mandates involved hal...

Frost & Sullivan Recognizes MIRTEC With the 2009 Award for Automated Optical Inspection Product Innovation of the Year

... leadership. The company's Growth Partnership Service provides the CEO and the CEO's Growth Team with disciplined research and best practice models to drive the generation, evaluation and implementation of powerful growth strategies. Frost & Sullivan leverages over 45 years of experience in partnering ...

Music is the engine of new U-M lab-on-a-chip device

... ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Music, rather than electromechanical valves, can drive experimental samples through a lab-on-a-chip in a new system developed at t...nd samples around on the device." The U-M researchers use sound waves to drive a unique pneumatic system that does not require electromechanical valves. I...

Frost & Sullivan: North American Government Biometrics Markets Thrive With Active R&D Thrust

...-scale funded programs, focused on monitoring employee access in buildings, drive revenue growth," says Sagar. "In addition, the demand for finger-scan biome...the CEO's Growth Team with disciplined research and best practice models to drive the generation, evaluation, and implementation of powerful growth strategie...

$29.4 million grant establishes CTSI at NYU in partnership with Health and Hospitals Corporation

...ment in and of itself, it is also another demonstration of the more than century-long successful affiliation with HHC and our sustained and successful drive for excellence at the School of Medicine and throughout NYU: excellence in research, in clinical practice, in education, and in leadership." The C...

Growing Demand for Rapid Screening and Detection Systems Pushes the European Maritime Security Market, Finds Frost & Sullivan

... Biometric systems, the new standard in access control, will continue to drive maritime security markets, with combined facial and fingerprint examination...the CEO's Growth Team with disciplined research and best practice models to drive the generation, evaluation, and implementation of powerful growth strategie...

Telomeres resemble DNA fragile sites

... part of a six-protein complex called shelterin, enables DNA replication to drive smoothly through telomeres with the aid of two other proteins. "Telomeri...d its helpers remove the bumps in the road so that the replication fork can drive through." The work, published in the July 10 issue of Cell , began when...

Seals quickly respond to gain and loss of habitat under climate change

...re. The study, published in the academic journal PLoS Genetics , and funded by the US National Science Foundation, shows how environmental change can drive the demographic and evolutionary processes that determine diversity within and among species. Tracking these processes during periods of change re...

Report shows the power of US cities to mitigate climate change and steps they need to take to adapt

...the cities who took part in this project for the steps they are taking towards tackling climate change. Cities around the world have the potential to drive significant emissions reductions globally. The cities participating in this project embarked on an important task to improve their understanding of t...

'Normal' cells far from cancer give nanosignals of trouble

... by light waves striking the complex structure of the cell. A cell's nanoarchitecture includes the fundamental "building blocks" of the cell, which drive the molecular processes that allow a cell to function. These structures are most likely to be altered with the onset of cancer formation, says Backman...

Frost & Sullivan Looks at Biometrics Advancement in Civil Security: Exploring Opportunities for Today and Beyond

... leadership. The company's Growth Partnership Service provides the CEO and the CEO's Growth Team with disciplined research and best practice models to drive the generation, evaluation and implementation of powerful growth strategies. Frost & Sullivan leverages over 45 years of experience in partnering ...

Ben-Gurion U. researchers reveal connection between cancer and human evolution

... of Africa to Europe 100,000 years ago carried seven mutations found in almost all of today's Europeans. "The concept that the same principles that drive evolution toward the emergence of new species govern the emergence of diseases is new," Mishmar explains. "A clinician looks at the genome of a tumor,...

Why do we choose our mates? Ask Charles Darwin, prof says

...irst scientist to propose plausible mechanisms of evolution, and from there he took it one step further he confirmed that animals' mating choices can drive evolutionary change. "He noticed that birds, especially, seemed to be a bit picky about who they mated with," Jones explains. "He discovered that b...

Stress puts double whammy on reproductive system, fertility

..."We didn't have any hint of this stress effect nine years ago, when GnIH was first discovered." In humans, chronic stress can lead to a drop in sex drive as well as a drop in fertility. Even the stress of infertility treatments can block their effectiveness, as evidenced by many anecdotes about couples ...

They are young and need the job: A second chance for dangerous T-cells

...death, and reprogramming into regulatory T-cells both take place in the thymus gland, right alongside each other? Why does apparently the same trigger drive some cells to 'suicide' while bringing on a 'reeducation process' in others? "One largely popular hypothesis among immunologists in answer to these qu...
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