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Discovery in Biological News

New discovery suggests trees evolved camouflage defense against long extinct predator

Many animal species such as snakes, insects and fish have evolved camouflage defences to deter attack from their predators. However research published in New Phytologist has discovered that trees in New Zealand have evolved a similar defence to protect themselves from extinct giant birds, provi...

Down Under dinosaur burrow discovery provides climate change clues

On the heels of his discovery in Montana of the first trace fossil of a dinosaur burrow, Emory University paleontologist Anthony Martin has found evidence of more dinosaur burrows this time on the other side of the world, in Victoria, Australia. The find, to be published this month in Cretaceous...

GUMC discovery highlights new direction for drug discovery

Washington, DC In a discovery that rebuffs conventional scientific thinking, researchers at Georgetown University Medical Center (GUMC) have discovered a novel way to block the activity of the fusion protein responsible for Ewing's sarcoma, a rare cancer found in children and young adults. In ...

New discovery suggests mammoths survived in Britain until 14,000 years ago

Research which finally proves that bones found in Shropshire, England provide the most geologically recent evidence of woolly mammoths in North Western Europe publishes today in the Geological Journal . Analysis of both the bones and the surrounding environment suggests that some mammoths remaine...

NAU discovery could help feed millions

When scientist Loretta Mayer set out to alleviate diseases associated with menopause, she didn't realize her work could lead to addressing world hunger and feeding hundreds of millions of people. The Northern Arizona University researcher and her colleagues at NAU and the University of Arizona ...

Voyages of discovery or necessity?

Ciguatera poisoning, the food-borne disease that can come from eating large, carnivorous reef fish, causes vomiting, headaches, and a burning sensation upon contact with cold surfaces. An early morning walk on cool beach sand can become a painful stroll on fiery coals to a ciguatera victim. But i...

Cell's split personality is a major discovery into neurological diseases

Researchers at the Universit de Montreal (UdeM) and the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI), McGill University have discovered that cells which normally support nerve cell (neuron) survival also play an active and major role in the death of neurons in the eye. The findings, published this week i...

Google Earth aids discovery of early African mammal fossils

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---A limestone countertop, a practiced eye and Google Earth all played roles in the discovery of a trove of fossils that may shed light on the origins of African wildlife. The circuitous and serendipitous story, featuring University of Michigan paleontologists Philip Gingerich, ...

Penn researchers demonstrate a new model for drug discovery with a fluorescent anesthetic

PHILADELPHIA - A collaboration of University of Pennsylvania and University of Wisconsin chemists and anesthesiologists have identified a fluorescent anesthetic compound that will assist researchers in obtaining more precise information about how anesthetics work in the body and will provide a mea...

Gene discovery could lead to male contraceptive

A newly discovered genetic abnormality that appears to prevent some men from conceiving children could be the key for developing a male contraceptive, according to University of Iowa researchers reporting their findings in the April 2 online edition of the American Journal of Human Genetics . ...

Bioscience institutions come together to launch Microlife Discovery Center for area students

Microbes may hold the key to many of the challenges we face today, such as renewable energy and disease eradication, and yet scientists estimate that they have discovered less than one percent of all microbial species. Helping students delve into such uncharted scientific territory as a means o...

Elephant shark genome sequence leads to discovery of color perception in deep-sea fish

The elephant shark, a primitive deep-sea fish that belongs to the oldest living family of jawed vertebrates, can see color much like humans can. This discovery, published in the March 2009 issue of Genome Research , may enhance scientists' understanding of how color vision evolved in early ve...

Cellular discovery may lead to targeted treatment for rare form of anemia

CINCINNATIUniversity of Cincinnati (UC) researchers have identified the specific biological mechanisms believed to lead to a rare and incurable blood disease known as Diamond Blackfan anemia (DBA). Scientists say with further investigation, their discoveries could result in drastic changes to curr...

New discovery paves the way for new diagnosis of serious lung disease

The discovery by Uppsala University researchers of a previously unknown protein in the cells of the lower air ways brings new potential for early diagnosis of a serious lung disease. The findings, published today in the Web edition of the American journal Proceedings of the National Academy of S...

Singapore research organisations team up to advance drug discovery using brain tumor stem cells

Lilly Singapore Centre for Drug Discovery (LSCDD), Singapore's National Neuroscience Institute (NNI), and the Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences (SICS), have teamed up to advance drug discovery using adult brain tumour stem cells. NNI is one of the institutions of SingHealth, the larges...

Breaking the barrier: Discovery of anti-resistance factors and novel ocean drugs

Investigations into coral disease, red tides and other marine environmental issues have led to discoveries of new chemicals as a source for pharmaceuticals. These chemicals function as antibiotics for microorganism providing survival advantages and may be usable in human health care. Research ...

Major step for drug discovery and diagnostics

Researchers from Nano-Science Center, University of Copenhagen and National Centre for Scientific Research, France have developed a general method to study membrane proteins. This method can be used to screen several thousand proteins, and it will reduce the way from development to useful drugs su...

Cell-building discovery could reduce need for some animal research

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] Brown University biomedical engineers can now grow and assemble living microtissues into complex three-dimensional structures in a way that will advance the field of tissue engineering and may eventually reduce the need for certain kinds of animal research. ...

New discovery may lead to new class of allergy drugs

If you've ever wondered why some allergic reactions progress quickly and may even become fatal, a new research report published in the February 2009 issue of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology ( http://www.jleukbio.org ) provides an important part of the answer. In the report, scientists from Quee...

Billion-year revision of plant evolution timeline may stem from discovery of lignin in seaweed

Land plants' ability to sprout upward through the air, unsupported except by their own woody tissues, has long been considered one of the characteristics separating them from aquatic plants, which rely on water to support them. Now lignin, one of the chemical underpinnings vital to the self-su...

Cancer-causing gene discovery suggests new therapies

Scientists have discovered a novel way by which a much-studied cancer-promoting gene accelerates the disease. The finding suggests a new strategy to halt cancer's progress. Up to now, research has largely focused on how the mutated gene, Myc, disrupts the ability of DNA to be "transcribed" int...

Jumbo-sized discovery made in Malaysia

NEW YORK (JANUARY 14, 2008) New data released today by the Wildlife Conservation Society and Malaysia's Department of Wildlife and National Parks (DWNP) reveals that a population of endangered Asian elephants living in a Malaysian park may be the largest in Southeast Asia. WCS and D...

UC Davis discovery offers hope for treating kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is typically without symptoms until it has spread to other organs, when it is also the most difficult to treat. Newer chemotherapies show great promise for extending survival during later disease stages, but they can also be highly toxic. In one of the first discoveries of its ki...

Life Sciences Discovery Fund awards health research program grants

Seattle (December 16, 2008) The Life Sciences Discovery Fund (LSDF) today announced its latest grant recipients. Four Washington State-based research organizations will receive life sciences program grants totaling more than $18 million. The newly-funded health research initiatives will focus on...

In just 5 years, gene discovery to clinical trial of potential treatment

One of the fastest translations of a basic research discovery into a promising clinical trial for an "untreatable" and fatal disorder will be discussed publicly for the first time by the key players in this remarkable research story, on Sunday, Dec. 14, at the American Society for Cell Biology (AS...

Kidney function discovery sheds light on genetic complexity of disease

To find a cure for cancer, haemophilia and other diseases, researchers need to be looking for complex, interacting genetic factors, according to the authors of a new study. A new study, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation by researchers at the Centenary Institute, Royal Prince ...

New discovery may enhance MRI scans, lead to portable MRI machines

COLLEGE PARK, MD, Nov. 25, 2008 -- Researchers in Ohio and France have solved a longstanding scientific mystery involving magnetic resonance -- the physical phenomenon that allows MRI instruments in modern hospitals to image tissues deep within the human body. Their discovery, a new mathematical ...

FSU researcher's discovery leads to $1.5 million grant, potential new treatment of liver fibrosis

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. -- The discovery of a protein involved in the life-threatening mechanism of liver fibrosis has helped a researcher at the Florida State University College of Medicine attract a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health. Branko Stefanovic, associate professor in...

Groundbreaking discovery may lead to stronger antibiotics

CHARLOTTESVILLE, Va., Oct. 1, 2008 The last decade has seen a dramatic decline in the effectiveness of antibiotics, resulting in a mounting public health crisis across the world. A new breakthrough by University of Virginia researchers provides physicians and patients a potential new approach to...

'Chemical equator' discovery will aid pollution mapping

Scientists at the University of York have discovered a 'Chemical Equator' that divides the polluted air of the Northern Hemisphere from the largely uncontaminated atmosphere of the Southern Hemisphere. Researchers from the University's Department of Chemistry found evidence for an atmospheric c...

Life Sciences Discovery Fund advances latest research proposals

Seattle (September 17, 2008) Ten Washington State-based life sciences research teams will progress to the interview round in the Life Sciences Discovery Fund's latest grants competition, "Innovative Programs to Advance Health Research." A total of up to $20 million in funding is available in thi...

Plants in forest emit aspirin chemical to deal with stress; discovery may help agriculture

BOULDER--Plants in a forest respond to stress by producing significant amounts of a chemical form of aspirin, scientists have discovered. The finding, by scientists at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), opens up new avenues of research into the behavior of plants and their impact...

MSU's discovery of plant protein holds promise for biofuel production

EAST LANSING, Mich. Scientists at Michigan State University have identified a new protein necessary for chloroplast development. The discovery could ultimately lead to plant varieties tailored specifically for biofuel production. Chloroplasts, which are specialized compartments in plant cells,...

GIANT-Coli: A novel method to quicken discovery of gene function

COLLEGE STATION, Aug. 6, 2008 Think researchers know all there is to know about Escherichia coli, commonly known as E. coli? Think again. "E. coli has more than four thousand genes, and the functions of one-fourth of these remain unknown," says Dr. Deborah Siegele, a biology professor at Texas A&...

Life Sciences Discovery Fund awards health research project grants

Seattle (August 5, 2008) Six Washington State-based life sciences organizations and their partners will receive health research project grants totaling $5 million, the Life Sciences Discovery Fund announced today. The newly-funded health research endeavors will concentrate on prostate cancer ima...

Open access to large-scale drug discovery data

The Wellcome Trust has awarded 4.7 million (5.8 million) to EMBL's European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) to support the transfer of a large collection of information on the properties and activities of drugs and a large set of drug-like small molecules from publicly listed company Galapago...

Mobilizing white blood cells to the lung: New discovery could lead to an improved influenza vaccine

July, 10, 2008; Saranac Lake, N.Y. -- Findings just published in the scientific journal Immunity by researchers at the Trudeau Institute shed new light on how a previously-unknown messaging mechanism within the human immune system prompts specific influenza-fighting cells to the lung airways dur...

New discovery proves 'selfish gene' exists

A new discovery by a scientist from The University of Western Ontario provides conclusive evidence which supports decades-old evolutionary doctrines long accepted as fact. Since renowned British biologist Richard Dawkins ("The God Delusion") introduced the concept of the 'selfish gene' in 1976...

New discovery on role of vital protein that fights meningitis

A University of Leicester researcher has discovered how a protein in the blood linked to defence against meningitis - plays a more vital role than previously understood in the bodys immune defence system. The published research has helped to advance medical understanding of how the body defend...

University of Arizona scientist shares in discovery of microbe filaments' power

Researchers from The University of Arizona and Columbia University have discovered that tiny filaments on bacteria can bundle together and pull with forces far stronger than experts had previously thought possible. The team of researchers, including Magdalene Maggie So, a member of the BIO5 Ins...
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