Clean fuels could reduce deaths from ship smokestacks by 40,000 annually
Rising levels of smokestack emissions from oceangoing ships will cause an estimated 87,000 deaths
worldwide each year by 2012 almost one-third higher than previously believed, according to the second major study on that topic. The study says that government action to reduce sulfur emissions from ...
Study links seabird deaths to soap-like foam produced by red-tide algae
In late 2007, hundreds of dead and stranded seabirds washed up on the shores of Monterey Bay, their feathers saturated with water and coated with an unknown substance. After an intensive investigation, scientists determined that a massive "red tide" bloom of marine algae had produced a foamy soap-...
Tree deaths have doubled across the western US
Tree death rates have more than doubled over the last few decades in old-growth forests of the western United States, and the most probable cause of the worrisome trend is regional warming, according to a U.S. Geological Survey-led (USGS) study published in Science on January 23.
The study fo...
'Stroke Belt' deaths tied to non-traditional risk factors
BIRMINGHAM, Ala. Southerners die from stroke more than in any other U.S. region, but exactly why that happens is unknown. A new report by researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) and the University of Vermont underscores that geographic and racial differences are not the sole ...
Fewer deaths with preventive antibiotic use
Administering antibiotics as a preventive measure to patients in intensive care units (ICUs) increases their chances of survival. This has emerged from a study involving nearly sixthousand Dutch patients in thirteen hospitals. Researchers at University Medical Center (UMC) Utrecht have published t...
Human deaths from shark attacks hit 20-year low last year
GAINESVILLE, Fla. Fatal shark attacks worldwide dipped to their lowest levels in two decades in 2007 with the sole casualty involving a swimmer vacationing in the South Pacific, according to the latest statistics from the University of Florida.
Except for 1987, when there were no fatalities, t...
Earlier bites by uninfected mosquitoes boost West Nile deaths in lab mice
GALVESTON, Texas Theres one more reason to try to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes, scientists have discovered: bites from mosquitoes that arent infected by the West Nile virus may make the disease worse in people who acquire it later from West Nile-infected mosquitoes.
Researchers from the Un...
Cost-effective measures could stop child pneumonia deaths
Implementing measures to improve nutrition, indoor air pollution, immunization coverage and the management of pneumonia cases could be cost-effective and significantly reduce child mortality from pneumonia, according to a study led by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. Researcher...
New technology aims to reduce maternal and neonatal deaths
London, ON A new technology that could help physicians screen pregnant women at risk of developing a prenatal and potentially fatal complication called preeclampsia has been developed at The University of Western Ontario and the Children's Health Research Institute of Lawson Health Research Insti...
Study shows rise in Cornwall's dolphin, whale and porpoise deaths
Four weeks on from the shocking incident that led to the death of 26 dolphins near Falmouth, research released today (7 July 2008) sheds new light on the extent of the problems facing Cornwall's marine mammals.
A study by the University of Exeter and Cornwall Wildlife Trust, published in the j...
Small-scale fishing in Mexico rivals industrial fisheries in accidental turtle deaths
SANTA CRUZ, CA--Industrial fishing operations take plenty of blame for both depleting fish stocks and inadvertently catching innocent bystanders such as dolphins, sharks, seabirds, and sea turtles--a phenomenon known as "bycatch."
But new research shows that a small-scale Mexican fishery--opera...
Scientists discover new virus caused deaths of transplant recipients from single donor
Scientists in the Greene Infectious Disease Laboratory of the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health and colleagues in the Victorian Infectious Diseases Reference Laboratory in Melbourne, Australia and 454 Life Sciences have discovered a new virus that was responsible for the deaths
Continued reduction in the number of drug-related deaths in the UK
The National Programme on Substance Abuse Deaths
(np-SAD) based at the International Centre for Drug Policy, St George's, University of London, has found that there has been a decline in the number of drug-related deaths
occurring, from 1,487 in 2003 to 1,372 in 2004, a drop of eight per cent. The...
Measles Deaths Worldwide Drop By Nearly 40% Over Five Years
The World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) today announced that countries are on target to halve deaths
from measles, a leading vaccine-preventable killer, by the end of this year. Global measles deaths
have plummeted by 39%, from 873 000 in 1999 to an estim...
New Estimates For The Causes Of Child Deaths Worldwide
The most accurate estimates of the causes of child deaths
to date, published in the March 26, 2005 of THE LANCET, reveal that worldwide more than 70% of the 10.6 million child deaths
that occur annually are attributable to six causes: pneumonia (19%), diarrhoea (18%), malaria (8%), neonatal sepsis ...
A comprehensive response to HIV could prevent 10 million AIDS deaths in Africa by 2020
Based on successful animal studies, a novel
vaccine that uses immune cells as factories to produce Her2/neu protein
may offer a way to treat some human breast cancers, say researchers at
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. [Ed : Her2/neu is a protein often present / surexpressed...
ADA releases position paper on food and water safety
...elated illnesses impose an increasingly important public health problem. It is estimated that 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations and 5,000 deaths
result from foodborne disease annually, with a cost of $23 billion. High-risk populations (the very young; elderly; pregnant; and immunocompromised du...
$2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked
...f 27,000 cases per year).
"If you consider lung cancer in never-smokers as a separate category, it ranks as the seventh-most common cause of cancer deaths
worldwide," Dr. Gazdar said. "Lung cancer among never-smokers is really an ignored disease, yet it is such a major killer."
Research has shown that...
Scientists report first remote, underwater detection of harmful algae, toxins
...or well over a decade. In 1991, the first U.S. outbreak of domoic acid poisoning was documented in Monterey Bay. This outbreak resulted in the unusual deaths
of numerous pelicans and cormorants that ingested sardines and anchovies, which had accumulated the domoic acid by feeding on a bloom of the toxic alg...
2 reproductive factors are important predictors of death from ovarian cancer
...oductive factors influence ovarian cancer survival.
"Ovarian cancer is the fifth leading cause of cancer mortality in women. It accounts for more deaths
than any other gynecologic cancer," said Robbins, also a researcher on the study. "Although we have relatively good knowledge about the influence of r...
Chemicals in common consumer products may play a role in pre-term births
...e 1990. In 2004, premature births accounted for 12.8 percent of live births nationwide.
Premature births, he says, account for one-third of infant deaths
in the United States, making it the leading cause of neonatal mortality. Being born too early can also lead to chronic health problems such as blindne...
Genetic finding could lead to targeted therapy for neuroblastoma
"What makes our study so important is that although neuroblastoma accounts for 7 percent of childhood cancers, it is responsible for 15 percent of deaths
in children with cancer," said Wendy London, Ph.D., a research associate professor of epidemiology, biostatistics and health policy research at the UF...
Tummy troubles -- gastrin key in bacterial-induced stomach cancer
...h lining and is strongly linked to the development of gastric ulcers and stomach cancer. Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths
Helicobacter infection results in increased expression of gastrin, a hormone that stimulates secretion of gastric acid; however, the ...
'Bycatch' whaling a growing threat to coastal whales
...o determine appropriate population counts to sustain the distinct stocks.
Whales are occasionally killed in entanglements with fishing nets and the deaths
of large whales are reported by most member nations of the IWC. Japan and South Korea are the only countries that allow the commercial sale of product...
Waste water treatment plant mud used as 'green' fuel
...plants. The experiment with the mud has led to a 140,000 tonne reduction in CO 2 emissions between 2003 and 2006, and will have limited the potential deaths
from exposure to chemical pollutants. In addition, the study shows that using this green fuel would reduce the cancer rate by 4.56 per million inhabit...
Athletes, spectators faced unprecedented air pollution at 2008 Olympic Games
...ncreased respiratory morbidity and mortality. In China, particulate matter air pollution is believed to be responsible for about one million premature deaths
per year, researchers said in their study.
Of some note, the scientists said, is that efforts taken to constrain air pollution may be having a last...
Tips from the journals of the American Society for Microbiology
...humans continue to rise. Over 400 laboratory-confirmed human cases and 250 deaths
from H5N1 virus infection have been reported since 2003. Much is still unk...f Virology .
More than 220,000 hospitalizations and approximately 36,000 deaths
are attributed to influenza A viruses each year. Since the first confirmed...
Trans fats hinder multiple steps in blood flow regulation pathways
...ach year more than 330,000 people in the U.S. die from coronary heart disease before reaching a hospital or while in an emergency room. Most of those deaths
are the result of sudden cardiac arrest, the Heart Association reports.
"This is the first time that trans fatty acids have been shown to interfere...
New method separates cancer cells from normal cells
... The vast majority of cancer deaths
are due to metastasis, the spread of cancer cells from its primary site to other parts of the body. These metastatic cells tend to move more than thei...
Hypertension among lower-status employees lingers well into retirement
...to have job-related hypertension may be considerably larger than previously assumed. One study estimated that 12 percent of all coronary heart disease deaths
can be attributed to occupation. When this estimate is applied to seniors, there could be an additional 2.1 million people in the United States with j...
Common chemotherapy drug triggers fatal allergic reactions
...System between 1997 and 2007 with 109 (38 percent) deaths
in patients who received Cremophor-based paclitaxe...e, so the number of hypersensitivity reactions and deaths
is likely significantly higher. The severe allergi...pharmacy at the University of New Mexico.
of women with early-stage breast cancer are partic...
Study suggests obese women should not gain weight
... pounds in the study group. Twenty-three extremely obese patients lost weight during their pregnancy.
The findings showed that there were no fetal deaths
and no growth-restricted infants in the study group. Also, there were fewer babies weighing more than 10 pounds in the study group than in the control...
Stanford scientists find heat-tolerant coral reefs that may resist climate change
...he reefs die and turn stark white, an event referred to as "coral bleaching."
During particularly warm years, bleaching has accounted for the deaths
of large numbers of corals. In the Caribbean in 2005, a heat surge caused more than 50 percent of corals to bleach, and many still have not recovered,...
Bull's-eye electrode helps interpret thoughts, deliver stimulus to aid paralyzed, epileptic patients
...ffering from status epilepticus, a life-threatening condition in which the brain is in a state of persistent seizure and which causes 20,000 to 40,000 deaths
each year in the United States.
Besio's NIH grant, along with an additional $15,000 grant from the Rhode Island Foundation, will also be used to d...
Monitoring water through a snake's eyes
...ilding, a terrorist only needs to introduce poison into a tank to wreak havoc. "A terrorist wouldn't have to kill tens of thousands of people. Only 50 deaths
― as horrible as that would be ― would cause nationwide panic."
Currently, water authorities in America test water reservoirs usually o...
Conservationists seek to identify prime stopover sites for migrating birds
...adar shows that birds fly approximately 10 hours at night at 30 miles per houror 200 to 300 miles a night. According to Waud, as much as 85 percent of deaths
in migratory bird populations occur while bird are flying en route to their wintering or breeding grounds. The conservation of stopover sites is criti...
Study reveals conflict between doctors, midwives over homebirth
...ne of the highest infant mortality rates of any developed country, with 6.3 deaths
per 1,000 babies born. Meanwhile, the Netherlands, where a third of deliver...occur in the home with the assistance of midwives, has a lower rate of 4.73 deaths
One of the biggest problems Cheyney sees is that physicians o...
Bacteria play role in preventing spread of malaria
...rten the mosquito's life span is additional good news," said Dimopoulos.
Malaria kills over one million people worldwide each year; the majority of deaths
are among children living in Africa.
Study finds homicidal poisoning rising, more likely in infants and elderly
...l professor in the UGA College of Pharmacy, and recent graduate Brian Ferslew examined seven years of recent federal mortality data and identified 523 deaths
due to homicidal poisoninga figure that corresponds to a rate of 0.26 poisonings per million people. The study found that although poisonings account ...
New early detection studies of lung cancer in non-smokers launched today
...ot attributable to smoking. "If you consider lung cancer in never smokers as a separate category, it ranks as the seventh most common cause of cancer deaths
worldwide, even before cancers of the cervix, pancreas and prostate," commented Adi Gazdar, M.B.B.S., of the University of Texas Southwestern Medical ...