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Day in Biological News

World Day to Combat Desertification focuses on human security

Human security is under threat from desertification, land degradation and drought. Combating this threat requires an integrated international response, which is why the theme for this year's World Day to Combat Desertification is 'Conserving land and water = Securing our common future'. Deserti...

Tufts students host Earth Day with groundbreaking ceremony for solar house

BOSTON and MEDFORD/SOMERVILLE, Mass. -- A collaborative team of student designers, engineers and planners from the Boston Architectural College and Tufts University will use Earth Day as an occasion to unveil their vision of innovative sustainable living, a house that will be solar powered, attra...

Portable kit may 1 day detect plant disease before disastrous outbreak

COLLEGE STATION This science may literally be outside the box: A briefcase-sized kit is carried to a field where thousands of tons of food are growing. The search is for microorganisms that could infect and kill the plants, wreaking havoc on the food supply and market. If the equipment in the ...

Research model may one day 'inoculate' elderly against slip-related falls

BETHESDA, Md. (Feb 4, 2009) - Training people to avoid falls by repeatedly exposing them to unstable situations in the laboratory helped them to later maintain their balance on a slippery floor, according to new research from the Journal of Neurophysiology . The study furthered the understandi...

A walk in the park a day keeps mental fatigue away

If you spend the majority of your time among stores, restaurants and skyscrapers, it may be time to trade in your stilettos for some hiking boots. A new study in Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, reveals that spending time in nature may be more benefi...

Farming and chemical warfare: A day in the life of an ant?

One of the most important developments in human civilisation was the practice of sustainable agriculture. But we were not the first - ants have been doing it for over 50 million years. Just as farming helped humans become a dominant species, it has also helped leaf-cutter ants become dominant herb...

World Food Day brings attention to food security around the globe

Food Security: From Local to Global, will be the focus of the Society for Nutrition Education's 2009 annual conference, but this single event is just one small step in fighting world hunger. Food security remains a top priority around the world and requires immediate attention in order to combat t...

How corals adapt to day and night

Researchers have uncovered a gene in corals that responds to day/night cycles, which provides some tantalizing clues into how symbiotic corals work together with their plankton partners. Corals are fascinating animals that form the largest biological constructions in the world, sprawling coral...

EPFL Research Day 2008, in the presence of Al Gore

This release is available in French . As a continuation of their collaboration with Generation Investment Management, the private bankers Lombard Odier Darier Hentsch & Cie announce today the creation of a new chair at EPFL dedicated to sustainable development. The chair is a major effort...

Algae could one day be major hydrogen fuel source

ARGONNE, Ill. (April 1, 2008) As gas prices continue to soar to record highs, motorists are crying out for an alternative that wont cramp their pocketbooks. Scientists at U.S. Department of Energys Argonne National Laboratory are answering that call by working to chemically manipulate algae for...

Opening day for a home of the future

The first of six properties designed to show case state-of-the-art energy efficient housing will be officially opened on Wednesday January 30 2008 at The University of Nottingham. The house built by BASF, a major supplier of raw materials to the construction industry, is part of the Creative En...

Nursery programs for corals receive TLC from NOAA this Independence Day

VIRGINIA KEY, Fla. As the nation celebrates its birth on the 4th of July, University of Miami (UM) Professor Diego Lirman and fellow Caribbean coral reef nursery scientists will be celebrating as well. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) today announced that The Nature Con...

Immunity stronger at night than during day

The immune system's battle against invading bacteria reaches its peak activity at night and is lowest during the day. Experiments with the laboratory model organism, Drosophila melanogaster, reveal that the specific immune response known as phagocytosis oscillates with the body's circadian rhy...

Feats of strength begin a lizard's day

Male Jamaican anole lizards begin and end the day with displays of reptilian strength -- push-ups, head bobs and extensions of a colorful neck flap, or dewlap -- to defend their territory, according to a new study. "Anoles are highly visual species, so in that sense it is not surprising that t...

Male bird at Smithsonian's National Zoo has special reason to celebrate Father's Day

How will the only male rhea at the Smithsonian's National Zoo spend Father's Day? He will spend it much like he has spent the past eight weeks: as a proud papa nurturing and caring for his four chicks born April 20. This is the first time in some 30 years that rhea chicks have hatched at the Zoo. ...

UC biology prof traces his roots to the first Earth Day

George Uetz is passionate about spiders and the environment. George Uetz, professor of biological sciences in the McMicken College of Arts & Sciences, was a Master's student in the Department of Entomology and Applied Ecology at the University of Delaware in Newark. That wasnt his only passion...

Right breakfast bread keeps blood sugar in check all day

If you eat the right grains for breakfast, such as whole-grain barley or rye, the regulation of your blood sugar is facilitated after breakfast, lunch, and dinner. It was previously not known that certain whole-grain products have this effect all day. This is due to a combination of low GI (glycem...

Corals that can fight global warming may one day help fragile reefs

While humans can survive large temperature fluctuations, such species as corals are only comfortable within a 12-degree temperature range. And rising global temperatures appear to be threatening their survival, according to Drew Harvell, Cornell professor of ecology and evolutionary biology. Howe...

Woman's Day and For Womens of Science

The health risks posed by mercury contaminated fish is sufficient to warrant issuing a worldwide general warning to the public ?especially children and women of childbearing age-to be careful about how much and which fish they eat. That is one of the key findings comprising "The Madison Declaratio...

Imaging techniques permit scientists to follow a day -- or four -- in the life of a cell

\The movement and growth of cells are critical for normal physiological processes, and--when perturbed--can result in negative outcomes such as tumor formation. Understanding how live cells function is therefore invaluable for molecular and cellular biologists, and advanced techniques to visualize ...

Lab research may one day lead to cancer treatment using patient's own immune cells

A new line of developing research is underway that hopes to use a patient's own immune cells to fight cancer. The field, known as adoptive immunotherapy, is a specialty procedure performed in only a handful of institutions, which may one day include University Hospitals Case Medical Center. Juli...

Diabetes hits 275 Australians each day as pandemic spreads

A new national health study funded by the NH&MRC, industry and state governments released today by the International Diabetes Institute in Melbourne shows diabetes is hitting up to 275 new victims each day throughout Australia. The findings of the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle St...

Time of day tempers tadpoles' response to predators

To a tiny tadpole, life boils down to two basic missions: eat, and avoid being eaten. But there's a trade-off. The more a tadpole eats, the faster it grows big enough to transform into a frog; yet finding food requires being active, which ups the odds of becoming someone else's dinner. Scientis...

A Father’s Day Gift: Free DNA Paternity Testing

Vast genetic resources ?"blue gold" on the international deep sea floor ?need protection from unfettered commercial exploitation, warns a new report from the Japan-based United Nations University Institute for Advanced Studies (UNU-IAS). Increasingly recognized as important to humankind for their...

Argonne to showcase science and technology at community open house

...epartment of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory will open its gates to the community on Saturday, August 29, from 9:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. for a day of discovery and fun for the whole family. The event is free and open to the public. "The open house will be great fun for everyone," said Eric Isa...

Hormone levels contribute to stress resilience

... not know until now whether this was also true for humans. The scientists completed psychological and hormone assessments on a group of soldiers the day before they began the month-long CDQC, and immediately after their final pass/fail exam a highly stressful, nocturnal, underwater navigation exercise...

Scary ancient spiders revealed in 3-D models, thanks to new imaging technique

...mbush predator, living in logs and fronds, waiting for prey such as insects to walk by before catching and killing them. This stance is seen in modern day crab spiders, which sit on the edge of flowers and wait for insects to land so that they can grab them. The scientists also discovered that Crypt...

DNA computation gets logical at the Weizmann Institute of Science

...4, detected cancer in a test tube and released a molecule to destroy it. Besides the tantalizing possibility that such biology-based devices could one day be injected into the body a sort of 'doctor in a cell' locating disease and preventing its spread biomolecular computers could conceivably perform m...

Stem cell 'daughters' lead to breast cancer

...Visvader said in the long-term, breast biopsies might be able to reveal misbehaving luminal progenitor cells. What's more, certain 'markers' might one day help guide diagnosis and treatment. "For example, c-KIT is a key marker of the luminal progenitor cell and I expect we will see an increase in patholo...

Scientists uncork a potential secret of red wine's health benefits

... appendicitis, peritonitis, and systemic sepsis. "Strong acute inflammatory diseases such as sepsis are very difficult to treat and many die every day due to lack of treatment," said Alirio Melendez, senior lecturer on the faculty of medicine at Glasgow Biomedical Research Centre in Scotland and one ...

Bioterrorism and disaster preparedness explored in special issue of Medical Decision Making

...liant prophylaxis campaign starting two days after exposure would protect as many as 86% of exposed individuals from illness. However, each additional day needed to complete the campaign would result in as much as 3% more hospitalizations in the exposed population. Unsustainable levels of hospitalization...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

...dy's basic building block in healthy colon, breast, brain and lymphatic cells and their cancerous counterpart to find telltale patterns that could one day be detected in the blood, urine or feces. The patterns could give patients a heads up that lifestyle changes, or more severe intervention, is in or...

URI researcher sheds light on 'man-eating' squid; finds them timid, nonthreatening

...vior and swimming abilities. Humboldt squid feed in surface waters at night, then retreat to great depths during daylight hours. "They spend the day 300 meters deep where oxygen levels are very low," Seibel said. "We wanted to know how they deal with so little oxygen." Seibel said that while t...

Early detection and quick response are key to defense against anthrax attack

...ls from illness -- a rate considered successful by the CDC. Each additional day needed to complete the campaign would result in an average of up to 2.9 percent more hospitalizations in the exposed population. And each extra day of delay to the start of the program beyond two days would result in up to ...

URI researcher sheds light on 'man-eating' squid; finds them timid, non-threatening

...vior and swimming abilities. Humboldt squid feed in surface waters at night, then retreat to great depths during daylight hours. "They spend the day 300 meters deep where oxygen levels are very low," Seibel said. "We wanted to know how they deal with so little oxygen." Seibel said that while t...

Short stressful events may improve working memory

... BUFFALO, N.Y. -- Experiencing chronic stress day after day can produce wear and tear on the body physically a... four hours after the stressful experience and one day post-stress, compared to the non-stressed rats. ...

Tires made from trees -- better, cheaper, more fuel efficient

... CORVALLIS, Ore. Automobile owners around the world may some day soon be driving on tires that are partly made out of trees which could cost less, perform better and save on fuel and energy. Wood science researc...

Chasing tiny vehicles

...ve products. In medical therapies, for example, tiny nanovehicles could one day ferry drugs or even genes into cells. So far, the only way of testing these... body. Researchers and doctors alike hope that these tiny vehicles will one day be put to work in therapies carrying drugs directly to the seat of a diseas...

LincRNAs serve as genetic air-traffic controllers

...cules are no mere messengers they have demonstrated that they can and do play a leading role. "Much work still remains to be done but we could one day envision utilizing RNA to guide personalized stem cells to specific cell fates to restore diseased and degenerative disease tissues," notes Rinn. ...

New theory on why male, female lemurs same size

... deposited as a liquid protein but quickly hardens and stays in place for a day or two. Since many female lemurs are sexually responsive to males for only one day out of the entire year, the plug serves the purpose of preventing other mal...
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