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Creation in Biological News

Scientists propose the creation of a new type of seed bank

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) While an international seed bank in a Norwegian island has been gathering news about its agricultural collection, a group of U.S. scientists has just published an article outlining a different kind of seed bank, one that proposes the gathering of wild species at interval...

MIT aids creation of neural prosthetic devices

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--MIT researchers have developed a new algorithm to help create prosthetic devices that convert brain signals into action in patients who have been paralyzed or had limbs amputated. The technique, described in a paper published as the cover article in the October edition of the ...

Gladstone scientists identify key factors in heart cell creation

Scientists at the Gladstone Institute of Cardiovascular Disease have identified for the first time key genetic factors that drive the process of generating new heart cells. The discovery, reported in the current issue of the journal Nature , provides important new directions on how stem cells may...

World's leading scientists announce creation of 'Encyclopedia of Life'

Many of the world’s leading scientific institutions today announced the launch of the Encyclopedia of Life, an unprecedented global effort to document all 1.8 million named species of animals, plants, and other forms of life on Earth. For the first time in the history of the planet, scientists, st...

Twin molecular scissors link creation of microRNAs with gene-silencing

One of the body's primary strategies for regulating its genome is a kind of targeted gene silencing orchestrated by small molecules called microRNAs, or miRNAs. First observed only a few years ago, these molecules appear to inactivate messenger RNA, itself responsible for translating genes into pro...

K-State professors discover enzyme responsible for creation of a beetle's hard shell

Kansas State University researchers think their discovery of the enzyme involved in the hardening of a beetle's exoskeleton or cuticle could lead not only to better pest control, but also help create similar strong, lightweight materials for use in aircraft and armor. After a beetle first molts,...

Molecular steps involved in the creation of gene-silencing microRNAs identified

First discovered only a few brief years ago, microRNAs are small, remarkably powerful molecules that appear to play a pivotal role in gene silencing, one of the body's main strategies for regulating its genome. A scant 22 nucleotides in length, miRNAs appear to work by binding to and somehow interf...

NIH stimulus funding supports Emory biomedical scientists

...is funding is no longer available." Examples of stimulus-funded projects at Emory thus far include: Blocking blood vessel growth in tumors: The creation of new blood vessels can be good a response to exercise or injury or bad, enabling the growth of a tumor. This project examines Syk, a molecule that...

'Microfluidic palette' may paint clearer picture of biological processes

... The masterpieces that spring from the talents of Rembrandt, Van Gogh and other artists often begin with the creation of a gradient of colors on a palette. In a similar manner, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have created an in...

University has grand designs to build a house of straw

...d panels consisting of a wooden structural frame infilled with straw bales or hemp and rendered with a breathable lime-based system. ModCell is the creation of White Design in Bristol and Integral Structural Design in Bath. Other partners on the research project are Agrifibre Technologies, Lime Technology,...

UC San Diego's $3 million NSF grant to fund science festivals

...oundation (NSF) to support the 2010 San Diego Science Festival and fund the creation and growth of Science Festivals nationwide. The grant award follows the hig...st for the 2009 San Diego Science Festival. The NSF grant also funds the creation of a sustainable national network of Science Festivals in cities and towns ...

Life on Earth came from other planets

... these planets may have eventually struck or become part of the newly forming Earth. Life appeared a few hundred million years after the Earth's creation during a period of heavy bombardment by comets and moon-sized asteroids produced by the supernova of the parent star. Life on Mars may have appeared n...

A global model for the origin of species independent of geographical isolation

...o prevent ourselves from quenching the very forces that fuel the continuous creation of new life forms on earth." This study is also the fourth in a series ... coexistence and evolutionary diversification. "One can think about the creation of species on the genetic level in the same way we think about the appearan...

World's largest ocean observatory takes shape

..., resource development, sovereignty and security, and ocean management. Its cutting-edge technologies are already generating commercialization and job creation opportunities. "Today's launch demonstrates Canada as a global leader in ocean research," says the parliamentary secretary to the Minister of Indus...

Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: New patient radiation safety guidelines

...radiation exposure from such procedures as embolization (including chemoembolization for cancer); transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for liver disease; and renal and/or visceral artery angioplasty and/or stent placement. "The value of medical imaging is great and the risks of rad...

UTSA infectious disease researchers advancing vaccine against Valley fever

... against Valley Fever, known in scientific circles as coccidioidomycosis. A live, attenuated vaccine is used as a preventative treatment based upon creation of a mutated form of the pathogen that is no longer capable of causing disease. Coccidioides , a soil-dwelling fungus, is responsible for signifi...

July 9-10 symposium on synthetic biology

...iological materials, enabling scientists to create new biological systems or even engineer new life forms. Though these technologies could lead to the creation of beneficial materials and applications for human health, they also raise a host of public policy, legal, and ethical questions. A symposium to b...

Stem cell surprise for tissue regeneration

...these genes become unnecessary for muscle stem cells to regenerate muscles. It turned out that these embryonic genes are important to muscle stem cell creation up to the first three weeks after birth. What makes the muscle stem cells different after three weeks? The scientist believe that these two embryonic ...

A Canada-wide technology platform for mapping the human interactome

...(CFI) announced the award of $9.16 million for the creation of a national technology platform aimed at mapping...works underlying the functioning of our cells. The creation of a nation-wide platform will allow Canadian scie...rking with American and European colleagues on the creation of an international project, the International Int...

World Day to Combat Desertification focuses on human security

... 2050. In its effort to combat DLDD, the UNCCD is calling for the global creation of short-, medium- and long-term strategies to deal with the scarcity of fe...sertification' does not refer to the spread of existing deserts, but to the creation of new ones through the degradation of drylands, which cover 40% of the wor...

Potential for non-invasive brain tumor treatment

... experiments, in particular the clarity of the images and ability to increase temperature with the same catheter, lead us to believe that the ultimate creation of a practical intracranial ultrasound catheter is possible," said Stephen Smith, director of the Duke University Ultrasound Transducer Group and seni...

They are young and need the job: A second chance for dangerous T-cells

...n fact, it is "quite the opposite," as Klein explained. "They even keep other nearby errant T -cells under control. This is why the mechanisms for the creation of regulatory T-cells are of enormous practical interest. Deciphering these processes could lead to new therapeutic approaches for autoimmune diseases...

German Research Minister Schavan: 'Rapid knowledge transfer can safe lives'

...sented today is an excellent, future-oriented example of such a partnership," Janssen emphasized. Key tasks of the national consortium include the creation and use of effective translational research units at partnering sites within a network throughout Germany. The DKFZ in Heidelberg as the core research...

Embryology study offers clues to birth defects

...oic acid suppresses the gene fibroblast growth factor 8 (Fgf8) during the period when forelimb budding occurs, creating a suitable environment for the creation of forelimb buds. "For decades, it was thought that retinoic acid controlled limb patterning, such as defining the thumb as being different from t...

Is this the beginning of the end of plant breeding?

...laced by mitotic divisions. The work, by a team of researchers in France and Austria, is potentially very important commercially, because it makes the creation of stable new mutant cropssuch as plants of a different colour, or with a different yield, etc.much simpler. It is now much closer to being po ssible ...

Afghanistan releases its first-ever list of protected species

... and Livestock and Kabul University in managing Afghanistan's threatened and endangered species. Last month, Afghanistan announced the creation of its first national park: Band-e-Amir, a spectacular series of six deep blue lakes separated by natural dams made of travertine, a mineral deposit. ...

International team tracks clues to HIV

... "This is just one component of the problem -- we're not going to cure HIV," Barron cautioned. The hope, he said, is to develop a method for the rapid creation of drugs to address various strains of HIV and other diseases. Authors of the paper with Barron were Manthos Papadopoulos of the National Hellenic ...

GenWay Biotech obtains exclusive rights to AMDL's DR-70 cancer test in US and Canada

...ories in the United States and for lung cancer screening in Canada. The commercialization efforts include raising awareness of the disease and demand creation for the test through multiple media channels and healthcare outreach. Both exclusive distribution agreements extend for five-years based on continuin...

ChloroFilms announces video contest winners

...ners of its competition for new plant biology videos on YouTube. Over $8,000 in cash prizes were awarded in this first competition, which promotes the creation of fresh, attention-getting and informative videos about plant life. Grand prize winner (with $1,000 cash prize) is Ela Lamblin of Vashon, WA, f...

Bacteria create aquatic superbugs in waste treatment plants

...aren't equipped to remove all antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals entering the treatment plants. The treatment process is fertile ground for the creation of superbugs because it encourages bacteria to grow and break down the organic matter. However, the good bacteria grow and replicate along with the ba...

Princeton team's analysis of flu virus could lead to better vaccines

...wn as antibody interference was at play. It arises when a virus prompts the creation of multiple types of antibodies. During a viral attack, what then transpire...ain. Patients are then inoculated with this attenuated virus to provoke the creation of antibodies that will protect against future attacks. The Princeton s...

Scientists urge world leaders to respond cooperatively to Pacific Ocean threats

...l solutions now being applied and tested at various scales throughout the region. Examples include the establishment of marine protected areas and the creation of economic incentives for activities that promote rather than degrade ecosystem health. "These efforts have shown remarkable success at local scales ...

Lyncean Technologies Inc. receives $1.2 M from NCRR to develop new imaging technique

...t-like source and monochromatic x-ray energy ( http://www.eurekalert.org/multimedia/pub/11554.php?from=128323 ). In addition, the gratings permit the creation of the two additional images, using the new phase and scattering contrast mechanisms, which are not possible in conventional radiographs ( http://www....

George M. Whitesides receives inaugural Dreyfus prize in the chemical sciences

...he most innovative and prolific chemists of our time and the most highly cited living chemist in the world. He has developed powerful methods for the creation of new materials that have significantly advanced the field of chemistry and its societal benefits. His research extends across multiple disciplines, ...

Rumbaugh's theory links positions of Wilson, Skinner

... as serendipitously as he came to meet Rumbaugh. Naour and Wilson had developed a cordial relationship during the 1990s when Wilson consulted on the creation of a neuroscience major at Muskingum College in Ohio, where Naour was an associate dean. Intrigued by Naour's disparate background graduate work in b...

DOE funds bio-inspired solar fuel center at Arizona State

...ctor of the new center said, "This grant will allow us to put together a complete system that starts with the absorption of sunlight and ends with the creation of a clean fuel, such as hydrogen." "It also will provide resources to educate students at all levels about renewable energy, and it could lead to...

Afghanistan declares its first national park

...ty. "Band-e-Amir will be Afghanistan's first national park and sets the precedent for a future national park system." USAID applauded NEPA for the creation of the national park. USAID believes that protected areas are a key way to preserve natural resources while also improving local livelihoods. Thoug...

Sugar on bacteria surface serves as base for a web of resistance

...acterized in part by excess mucus in the lungs a condition that can foster creation of the biofilm. Some critically ill hospitalized patients also are suscepti...colleagues had singled out Psl as the likely culprit in Pseudomonas biofilm creation a few years ago, but weren't certain about how it worked until this new ser...

Scaling the wall of deafness

...tential cures. If scientists can figure out how microRNAs regulate hair cells, they could be used to rescue the cells that are dying or induce the creation of new hair cells, says Prof. Avraham, who also collaborates with Palestinian researchers to help them understand, and combat, the high incidence of g...

Field stations foster serendipitous discoveries in environmental, biological sciences

...ding of and ability to forecast the spread of Hantavirus and West Nile virus, based on research at the Sevilleta field station near Albuquerque, N.M. creation of a new framework for forest ecosystem management, later adopted as policy, based on field studies at the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest in Eugene,...
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