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New research center at Brandeis to combine materials science and biology

Waltham, MABrandeis University has won a highly competitive $7.8 million grant from the National Science Foundation to establish a Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC). The Center will study the effects of imposing constraints on materials, such as DNA confined in cells and th...

Pictometry and First American Combine Accurate Parcel Addressing With 3-D Like Intelligent Images(TM)

Unprecedented accuracy and oblique imagery offer new possibilities for Insurance, Utilities, Real Estate and Mortgage/Banking Industries ROCHESTER, N.Y., Aug. 5 /PRNewswire/ -- Pictometry International Corp., a leading provider of geo-referenced aerial image libraries whose proprietary tech...

'Smothered' genes combine with mutations to yield poor outcome in cancer patients

Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center researchers have identified a set of genes in breast and colon cancers with a deadly combination of traditional mutations and "smothered" gene activity that may result in poor outcomes for patients. The Hopkins team showed that this smothering process, called ...

Small, self-controlled planes combine plant pathology and engineering

Dr. David Schmale prepares plane to collect Fusarium samples. A Virginia Tech plant pathologist has developed autonomous unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to detect airborne pathogens above agricultural fields. David Schmale, assistant professor of plant pathology, physiology, and weed scienc...

HIV and malaria combine to adversely affect pregnant women and their infants

University of Toronto researchers have uncovered the basis by which pregnant women protect themselves against malaria and have also discovered how the HIV virus works to counteract this defence. The research could lead to improved vaccines for pregnant women in malaria-ravished regions. Malaria ...

Understanding how weeds are resistant to herbicides

...in southern Illinois, one of the things you want to know in managing resistance is, did resistance evolve or occur here once and then a farmer moved a combine and that's how resistance got down here? Or did resistance occur here and independently down in southern Illinois?" Understanding how the resistanc...

Leicester research paves way for first use in Europe of an insect to fight invasive plant

...bitants of these Islands the hybrid between Japanese Knotweed and Russian Vine, although perfectly viable and established in some localities, does not combine the vigour of each parent rather they cancel each other out! Michelle Hollingsworth's work took advantage of the newly emerging DNA Fingerprinting...

All-in-1 nanoparticle: A Swiss Army knife for nanomedicine

...f medical imaging that uses infrared light. Gold also reradiates infrared heat and so could be used in medical therapies to cook nearby cells. But combine a quantum dot and a gold nanoparticle, and the effects disappear. The electrical fields of the particles interfere with one another and so neither beh...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...m This system does the work of two sensors by using a special dual-imaging lens, which acts like a bifocal, to capture both images simultaneously and combine them into one. Because the system combines two alignment sensors into one, it cuts the cost of alignment components in half and saves space. It has no...

Study finds role for parasites in evolution of sex

...ike a better way to go. Every individual in an asexual species has the ability to reproduce on its own. But in sexual species, two individuals have to combine in order to reproduce one offspring. That gives each generation of asexuals twice the reproductive capacity of sexuals. Why then is sex the dominant s...

New national genome center launched

...ntre of excellence in bioinformatics the application of computer science and statistical analysis to biological research. A key aim for TGAC is to combine world-class genome science with an innovation programme that aims to benefit the regional and national economy. TGAC will utilise its own discoveries ...

Triggering muscle development -- a therapeutic cure for muscle wastage?

...d to be stimulated by growth hormone (GH) in order to release MGF. Since there is a natural decrease in the levels of this hormone as we age, this may combine with the lack of intensive physical activity to cause muscle wasting in elderly people. "The downside", warns Dr. Goldspink, "is that MGF has great ...

CSHL scientists harness logic of 'Sudoku' math puzzle to vastly enhance genome-sequencing capability

... approaches that allowed only a single DNA sample to be sequenced at a time. It also significantly improves upon current approaches that, at best, can combine hundreds of samples for sequencing. "In theory, it is possible to use the Sudoku method to sequence more than a hundred thousand DNA samples," say...

A Canada-wide technology platform for mapping the human interactome

... partners in this project, we will not only be able to gather detailed data allowing us to understand the interactome's dynamic organization, but also combine the areas of expertise of some of our best scientists through a very promising multidisciplinary project for our country and our respective provinces ...

UC Davis grant zeroes in on novel asthma diagnosis and treatment

...nhibitors and several of the blockers of leukotriene biosynthesis. "We hope to both evaluate sEH inhibitors alone in treating asthma but also to combine them with other inflammatory drugs to improve their efficacy and reduce their side effects," Hammock said. "Both the analytical and novel chemical p...

The downside of microtubule stability

...ered the Golgi complex, Tanabe and Takei discovered. Dynamic microtubules help construct the Golgi complex in two ways: they capture the vesicles that combine to form a mature Golgi complex; and they provide a track along which these vesicles can travel to their rendezvous point near the nucleus. By breaking...

American Chemical Society weekly presspac -- June 10, 2009

...hough buildings clad in nearly invisible solar cells are mostly visions of the future, government incentives and ongoing technology improvements could combine to make this dream a widespread reality, the article suggests. ARTICLE #5 EMBARGOED FOR 9 A.M., EASTERN TIME, June 15, 2009 "Sneaky Solar" This...

NAU discovery could help feed millions

... tragedy is that every 30 minutes someone dies from rabies. If you continue to vaccinate against rabies, you won't be able to make a dent. You have to combine rabies vaccinations with fertility control." She hopes to address rabies problems on the rise in West Africa, India and China. Australia hopes ...

NASA uses satellite to unearth innovation in crop forecasting

...es at a time when crop analysts at agencies like the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) are working to meet the food shortage problem head on. They combine soil moisture estimates with weather trends to produce up-to-date forecasts of crop harvests. Those estimates help regional and national officials pre...

Award for pioneering stem cell research to mend broken bones

...find themselves in affects their ability to interact with other cells to form new bone or cartilage." Over the next five years, the scientists will combine their expertise in skeletal stem cells, scaffolds and materials chemistry to identify the key growth factors, matrix proteins and physical conditions ...

Princeton team's analysis of flu virus could lead to better vaccines

...virus, a close cousin, than against the virus that spurred their creation. This is known as cross-reactivity. A closer look, using techniques that combine computing and biophysics, suggested that a phenomenon known as antibody interference was at play. It arises when a virus prompts the creation of multi...

Limping rat provides sciatica insights

...the feet, radiating leg pain or difficulty in controlling the leg. It is often caused by compression, or pinching, of any of the five nerve roots that combine to make up the sciatic nerve. These roots are the parts of the nerve that pass through openings in the spine to the spinal cord. Surgical simulatio...

FluChip technology licensed to combat deadly flu virus

...loyed in State Public Health Laboratories to greatly enhance influenza surveillance and our ability to track the virus," Rowlen said. InDevR will combine the FluChip technology with an innovative detection technology (NESATM), which InDevR also licensed from the University of Colorado and further develo...

Free online toolkit provides standard measures for genome and population studies

...ommon diseases. "The PhenX toolkit will allow researchers to more easily combine and compare results across a wide range of studies, strengthening our effor...e the standard measures in the PhenX toolkit, researchers could more easily combine the results for each measurement from an obesity study with the results fro...

Weizmann Institute scientists develop a unique approach for splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen

...gen and oxygen from water, without the need for sacrificial chemical agents, through individual steps, using light. For their next study, they plan to combine these stages to create an efficient catalytic system, bringing those in the field of alternative energy an important step closer to realizing this goa...

Cancer Genomics Browser gives cancer researchers a powerful new tool

...rkers to predict the most effective therapies for patients with advanced breast cancer. "What is amazing about the browser is that it allows us to combine complex molecular data and clinical observations, and provides insights into how we can truly improve treatment and outcomes," said Esserman, director...

Bioscience institutions come together to launch Microlife Discovery Center for area students

...vation in science and research is the purpose of the Microlife Discovery Center. The Center, to be launched later this month, uses a novel approach to combine San Diego's cutting-edge biotechnology with UCSD's BioBridge science outreach capabilities, giving access to local teachers and students. The Micr...

Hippo ancestry disputed

... trees, but DNA data can't be used all the time because DNA is not available for most fossils. "In order to get the best understanding, researchers combine the two sources of data in a single analysis. But what Thewissen and his group did, was leave one of the major ones out," says Theodor. Before the...

Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prizes 2009: Six young researchers recognized for outstanding achievements

...cientifically relevant and economically significant in industrial practice. Since 2008 she has held a "shared professorship", which has allowed her to combine her teaching and research work with work in corporate management. Since taking up this post, her research has focused, in particular, on the highly to...

Female birds 'jam' their mates' flirtatious songs

...nce between those two forces depends on the context. Their study also suggests that if there is some conflict in the system, then multiple singers can combine to produce rhythmic, precisely coordinated, and increasingly complex songs simply by avoiding overlap. "Most evidence points to vocalizations in e...

Study of protein structures reveals key events in evolutionary history

...kingdoms began to emerge, most proteins contained only single domains that performed a lot of tasks. "As time progressed, these domains started to combine with others and they became very specialized," Caetano-Anolls said. This eventually led to the big bang of protein architectures. "Exactly at the ...

Geologists map rocks to soak CO2 from air

...owned by a paper mill near Wallula, Wash. One model is to capture CO 2 directly from power-plant smokestacks or other industrial facilities, combine it with water and pipe it into the ground, as in the upcoming Iceland project. Lackner and his colleagues are also working on a process using "artific...

Penn research team tests bedside monitoring of brain blood flow and metabolism in stroke victims

...onal Institutes of Health and the University of Pennsylvania Comprehensive Neuroscience Center. BRP grants are awarded to interdisciplinary teams that combine basic, applied and translational research for important biological or medical problems. Yodh is joined by Rick Van Berg from the High Energy group of ...

Study to evaluate success of parental involvement in early childhood education

...ity of Texas Health Science Center's Children's Learning Institute (CLI) to combine two programs to test whether the approach can better prepare children for k...ersity of Texas Medical School at Houston. "In most cases, teachers have to combine two months worth of material into one month. I think we can bridge the gap ...

UCLA stem cells scientists make electrically active motor neurons from iPS cells

...d comparing them to motor neurons derived from patients with neurological disorders to see how they differ. The next step for Lowry and his team is to combine the motor neurons with muscle cells to see if they can stimulate a response. If they do, researchers should be able to see the muscle cells contract. ...

UC San Diego senior named Churchill Scholar for extraordinary undergraduate research

...mbridge into a doctoral program. He is combining his passion for engineering with a deep fascination with biology, so bioengineering will allow him to combine both disciplines. "He appears to me an ideal candidate for the Churchill Scholarship," Smith said. "He is someone who will undoubtedly go on to hav...

MacArthur Foundation awards planning grant to improve decision-making in energy policy

...models, but do not address the uncertainties inherent in the parameter estimates." Using supercomputers housed at Argonne, the CIM-EARTH group will combine the best of modern computational, physical and economic science to construct the most sophisticated and accessible tool available. The tool will allow...

Biophysical sciences program receives $2 million training grant

...on to the first-year curriculum," said Hammond, Ph.D.,'01. "We are hoping that this will produce scientists who are conversant across disciplines, can combine the best methods from multiple fields and sometimes think in completely new ways." The National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineer...

Van Andel Research Institute and TGen undertake alliance to promote science and health

...shed in 1996 as a philanthropic research and educational organization by the late Jay and Betty Van Andel. "We are excited to welcome TGen as they combine forces with us in our mission to conquer cancer and human disease,'' said VAI Chairman and CEO David Van Andel. "This alliance demonstrates that VARI ...

Genetic adaptations key to microbe's survival in challenging environment

...a as an energy source. Photosynthesis cannot occur in the hydrothermal vents' dark environment, where hot, toxic fluids oozing from below the seafloor combine with cold seawater at very high pressures. These results help to explain how microbes survive near the vents, where conditions are thought to resemb...
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Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Seafood substitutions can expose consumers to unexpectedly high mercury 2Seafood substitutions can expose consumers to unexpectedly high mercury 3Evolution of marine crocodilians constrained by ocean temperatures 2
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