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World Day to Combat Desertification focuses on human security

Human security is under threat from desertification, land degradation and drought. Combating this threat requires an integrated international response, which is why the theme for this year's World Day to Combat Desertification is 'Conserving land and water = Securing our common future'. Deserti...

FluChip technology licensed to combat deadly flu virus

Boulder, CO, 4-28-09. InDevR, a small biotech company in Boulder, CO, announced today that they have licensed the FluChip technology from the University of Colorado. The FluChip was invented by a joint team of scientists at the University of Colorado and the Centers for Disease Control and Preve...

Will Europe at last unite to combat thousands of alien invaders?

This release is available in German . Europe's borders have been breached by thousands of plants and animal species from other parts of the world: from the American mink to the New Zealand flatworm. The invaders feed on, hybridise with, parasitise and out-compete native species. They also...

Computer superpower strengthens attempts to combat common diseases

New large-scale sequencing technology will revolutionize biomedical research in the coming decade. Uppsala University's entity UPPMAX is now expanding its operations and providing researchers with a powerful system for large-scale compute and storage of data, which can lead to new breakthroughs in...

Ben-Gurion University engineers develop technique to help combat nuclear proliferation

BEER-SHEVA, ISRAEL, March 4, 2009 Ben-Gurion University of the Negev engineers have developed a technique to "denature" plutonium created in large nuclear reactors, making it unsuitable for use in nuclear arms. By adding Americium (Am 241), a form of the basic synthetic element found in commerc...

Researchers call for nitrogen and phosphorus reductions to combat eutrophication in aquatic systems

An international group of scientists is renewing calls for policymakers to reduce both nitrogen and phosphorus when attempting to alleviate eutrophication or nutrient pollution problems in fresh and coastal waters. In the February 20 edition of Science , the researchers argue that dual-nutrient...

New target for medicine to combat Alzheimer's: VIB scientists confirm protein's key role

Alzheimer's disease Two thirds of all patients with dementia suffer from Alzheimer's disease. Estimates indicate that by 2010 our country will have more than 150,000 Alzheimer's patients. Alzheimer's is a disease that gradually destroys brain cells, with the result that the mental capacity of p...

UCSB scientists show how certain vegetables combat cancer

(Santa Barbara, Calif.) Women should go for the broccoli when the relish tray comes around during holiday celebrations this season. While it has been known for some time that eating cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, cauliflower, and cabbage, can help prevent breast cancer, the mechanis...

Traits produced by melanin may signal the bearer's capacity to combat free radicals

Some animal species have developed conspicuous traits produced by melanin pigments (for instance, dark manes in lions, black stripes in some birds and fishes). These traits are used as signals during contests for resources and/or contribute to increase the mating opportunities. However, the effici...

Biological sand filters, a practical approach to combat poverty and inequality

Ottawa, Canada - September 24, 2008 -Microbiologically contaminated water plagues approximately 1.1 billion people in rural and peri-urban populations in developing countries. Roughly 2.2 million people without safe access to drinking water die each year from the consumption of unsafe water, and m...

Excavated Jericho bones may help Israeli-Palestinian-German team combat tuberculosis

Six-thousand year old bones excavated in Jericho may help a joint Israeli-Palestinian-German research group combat tuberculosis. According to Prof. Mark Spigelman of the Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, who is leading the Isr...

UC San Diego researchers identify potential new drug candidates to combat 'bird flu'

As the specter of a worldwide outbreak of avian or "bird flu" lingers, health officials recognize that new drugs are desperately needed since some strains of the virus already have developed resistance to the current roster of anti-flu remedies. Now, a team of UC San Diego scientists - with the...

Engineers create 3-D model to help biologists combat blue tongue virus

A large 3D model of the Blue Tongue virus has been created by WMG engineering researchers at the University of Warwick that will help biologists devise new ways to combat the virus and protect millions of livestock from infection. The WMG University of Warwick researchers based their model on...

Specially-designed soils could help combat climate change

Could part of the answer to saving the Earth from global warming lie in the earth beneath our feet? A team from Newcastle University aims to design soils that can remove carbon from the atmosphere, permanently and cost-effectively. This has never previously been attempted anywhere in the world....

Researchers combat slowing yields with targeted fertilizer applications

MADISON, WI, DECEMBER 10, 2007 Scientists at Punjab Agricultural University, the International Rice Research Institute, and Virginia Tech have been successful in increasing average rice yields in northwest India using site-specific nutrient management strategies. The Punjab province, which acco...

HATS off to combat asthma

Two University of Nottingham studies exploring the causes and treatment of asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) could lead to the development of drugs to battle these debilitating conditions. The Division of Respiratory Medicine at the University has been awarded a total of ...

Natural chemical found in broccoli helps combat skin blistering disease

Johns Hopkins scientists have found yet another reason why you should listen to your mother when she tells you to eat your vegetables. Sulforaphane, a chemical present at high levels in a precursor form in broccoli and related veggies (cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, etc.), helps prevent the severe...

Researchers examine carbon capture and storage to combat global warming

While solar power and hybrid cars have become popular symbols of green technology, Stanford researchers are exploring another path for cutting emissions of carbon dioxide, the leading greenhouse gas that causes global warming. Carbon capture and storage, also called carbon sequestration, traps c...

York mathematician probes geometric route to combat viruses

A mathematician at the University of York has been awarded a Research Leadership Award of more than £700,000 by the Leverhulme Trust to study the geometry of viruses. Dr Reidun Twarock, an Anniversary Reader in the Departments of Biology and Mathematics, will study the structure and assembly of v...

New strategy developed to combat West Nile Virus

The spread of West Nile Virus appears to be triggered by a complex interaction of mosquitoes, nesting birds and specific weather patterns, scientists say, which leads to "amplification" of the virus within mosquito populations. Researchers from Oregon State University and the University of Florid...

Team discovers possible 'universal strategy' to combat addiction

An international research team led by the University of Saskatchewan has discovered a signaling pathway in the brain involved in drug addiction, together with a method for blocking its action, that may point to a single treatment strategy for most addictions. Their findings appear in the March is...

Pair of studies offer new clues to combat antibiotic resistance

In the continuing battle against antibiotic resistance, two new studies shed light on the complex defense mechanisms pathogenic bacteria use to evade antibiotic attack, an understanding of which could lead to new, more effective antibiotics to help save lives and combat the growing problem of antib...

New U. of Colorado at Boulder flu chip may help combat future epidemics, pandemics

A novel "Flu Chip" developed at the University of Colorado at Boulder that can determine the genetic signatures of specific influenza strains from patient samples within hours may help world health officials combat coming epidemics and pandemics. Tests last month on the new technology by the Cent...

Storing carbon to combat global warming may cause other environmental problems, study suggests

Growing tree plantations to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere to mitigate global warming -- so called "carbon sequestration" -- could trigger environmental changes that outweigh some of the benefits, a multi-institutional team led by Duke University suggested in a new report. Those effects ...

AIDS expert says global strategy needed to combat feminization of HIV/AIDS

Thomas C. Quinn, M.D., a Johns Hopkins physician and scientist, who has spent the best part of the last 25 years leading major efforts to combat HIV and AIDS throughout the world, is calling for global strategies and resources to confront the rapid "feminization" of the AIDS pandemic. Quinn, a pr...

Male Combat Veterans Rank High In Heart Disease Risk

Men who fought in World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War are more likely to be heavy drinkers, heavy smokers and obese than men who are non-combat veterans or non-veterans, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's 45th annual Conference of Cardiovascular Disease...

New polysaccharide may help combat multidrug resistance in cancer

In a recent study published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry, scientists report that a molecule previously thought to play a purely structural and inert role in cells is actually involved in multidrug resistance in cancer. Using antagonists for this molecule, the researchers were able to sens...

Light therapy may combat fungal infections, new evidence suggests

A newly discovered mechanism by which an infectious fungus perceives light also plays an important role in its virulence, according to Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigators at Duke University Medical Center. The findings suggest that changes in light following fungal invasion of the human b...

A bacterial genome reveals new targets to combat infectious disease

More than a billion people are at risk for infection with filarial nematodes, parasites that cause elephantiasis, African river blindness, and other debilitating diseases in more than 150 million people worldwide. The nematodes themselves play host to bacteria that live within their cells, but in t...

Molecular machine may lead to new drugs to combat human diseases

The crystallized form of a molecular machine that can cut and paste genetic material is revealing possible new paths for treating diseases such as some forms of cancer and opportunistic infections that plague HIV patients. Purdue University researchers froze one of these molecular machines, whic...

Hormone levels contribute to stress resilience

...ed closely with collaborators at the Special Forces Underwater Warfare Operations Center to study special operations soldiers enrolled in the military combat Diver Qualification Course (CDQC). Dehydroepiandrosterone, or "DHEA" as it is commonly known, is a hormone that is secreted by the adrenal gland in ...

Leicester research paves way for first use in Europe of an insect to fight invasive plant

... Researchers at the University of Leicester have paved the way for the first ever use in Europe of an insect (biocontrol) to combat an invasive plant species in Britain. University of Leicester biologists established that the Japanese Knotweed in Britain was one the biggest fema...

Knee injuries may start with strain on the brain, not the muscles

... to very complex athletic scenarios, thus teaching rapid decision making. It might also be possible to train "hard wired" spinal control mechanisms to combat fatigue fallout. In a related paper, McLean's group again tested the single leg landings of 13 men and 13 women after working the legs to fatigue....

The right messenger for a healthy immune response

...self during the embryonic phase and that it should not fight against self-structures. "Our findings can help to develop or improve new therapeutics to combat autoimmune diseases such as multiple sclerosis or cancer." ...

'Show me the money!' MDA greenlights grants

...uscle diseases. MDA has awarded a three-year, $900,000 award to Jerry Mendell at Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio for a study to combat heart disease in muscular dystrophy. While advances in treatment of the devastating Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) have prolonged boys' live...

Mount Sinai's Dr. Benjamin tenOever to be honored by White House

...ver, will match this amount, giving him $1 million for research over five years. Dr. tenOever's lab focuses on developing novel vaccine strategies to combat influenza virus and other emerging pathogens. "My receipt of this Presidential Award reflects the priority Mount Sinai School of Medicine places o...

Systems biology recommended as a clinical approach to cancer

...ancer. This approach could result in the development of improved diagnostic tools and treatment options, as well as potential new drug targets to help combat the many potentially fatal types of the disease. In an upcoming paper* in Biochimica et Biophysica Acta , the international journal of biochemistr...

Frost & Sullivan Looks at Biometrics Advancement in Civil Security: Exploring Opportunities for Today and Beyond

...day, 7 July 2009 at 16.00 BST LONDON, June 30 /PRNewswire/ -- Governments across the globe are looking for new and sophisticated technologies to combat rising crime and terrorism. Recent advancements in biometric technology provides early warning support and enables government forces and agencies to p...

Harvard scientists solve mystery about why HIV patients are more susceptible to TB infection

...hn Wherry, Ph.D., Deputy Editor of the Journal of Leukocyte Biology , "There are still many unknowns about how HIV reduces the ability of the body to combat other infections. This study sheds light on co-infection with HIV and TB, which up to this point, has perplexed scientists and physicians alike." ...

Singapore nanotechnology combats fatal brain infections

...kill bacteria better than conventional antibiotics. By attacking the cellular structure of the microbes, our nanoparticles can be used to successfully combat persistant bacterial infections," added IBN scientist Lihong Liu, Ph.D. Pre-clinical tests have shown that IBN's peptide nanoparticles are biocomp...
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