A genomic CluE for cloud computing
College Park, Md. -- DNA sequencing is the next frontier in biological research.As new sequencing technology becomes more efficient and affordable, it is increasingly available to small laboratories. Thus, sequencing data is being generated at a faster rate than ever before.
However, the compu...
Harnessing cloud computing for data-intensive research on oceans, galaxies
Private companies, universities and government agencies are joining forces to bring scientific research into the era of "cloud computing," the name for massive clusters of computers connected through the Internet.
The University of Washington has won three recent awards from the National Science...
Dwarf cloud rat rediscovered after 112 years
CHICAGO-A team of Filipino and American scientists have rediscovered a highly distinctive mammal C a greater dwarf cloud
rat C that was last seen 112 years ago. Furthermore, it has never before been discovered in its natural habitat and was thought by some to be extinct.
The greater dwarf cloud
Sunbathing tree frogs' future under a cloud
Animal conservationists in Manchester are turning to physics to investigate whether global warming is responsible for killing sun-loving South American tree frogs.
In a unique collaborative project, researchers in The Photon Science Institute (PSI) at The University of Manchester have joined fo...
Researchers link ocean organisms with increased cloud cover and potential climate change
Atmospheric scientists have reported a new and potentially important mechanism by which chemical emissions from ocean phytoplankton may influence the formation of clouds that reflect sunlight away from our planet.
Discovery of the new link between clouds and the biosphere grew out of efforts to...
Wyoming cloud seeding experiment begins this month
Scientists have sequenced and compared the genomes of planktonic microbes living throughout the water column in the Pacific Ocean. The pioneering study yielded insight into the specialization of microbial communities at each depth--ranging from 40 to more than 13,000 feet.
"By reading the informa...
Life on Earth came from other planets
...s generally acknowledged that the Sun and Earth were created from a nebular cloud
and protoplanetary disc, the remnants of an exploding star. According to Dr...in dormant for hundreds of millions of years. The inner layers of a nebular cloud
and protoplanetary disk also
protects against radiation and extreme cold, e...
Early initiation of Arctic sea-ice formation
...years before major ice-sheet expansion in the region.
The findings have potentially important implications for climate. Spring sea ice and summer cloud
formation would have reduced oceanic heat loss to the atmosphere and increased the amount of solar radiation reflected back out into space. "A stable ...
Baylor researchers unravel mystery of DNA conformation
...tus changes in waves generated by normal cell functions such as DNA replication, transcription, repair and recombination. DNA is also accompanied by a cloud
of counterions (charged particles that neutralize the genetic material's very negative charge) and, of course, the protein macromolecules that affect ...
Two is not company -- as far as fish are concerned
...ented on Monday 29th June 2009 at the Society for Experimental Biology Meeting in Glasgow, looked at two common aquaria species, neon tetras and white cloud
mountain minnows. As Dr Katherine Sloman from the University of Plymouth explains 'fish kept alone or in pairs show higher levels of aggression than t...
Salt block unexpectedly stretches in Sandia experiments
...ckish water. Understanding unexpected salt deformations also may lead to better understanding of sea salt aerosols, implicated in problems as broad as cloud
nucleation, smog formation, ozone destruction and asthma triggers, the researchers write in their paper published in the May Nanoletters .
Penn researchers discover genetic risk factor for testicular cancer
...c risk factors as a lens, Nathanson and Kanetsky believe they may now be able to reveal critical environmental factors that would otherwise be lost in cloud
of confounding information.
"We are very interested in how genes and environmental factors work together to increase one's risk," Nathanson says. "...
Jeepers creepers: Climate change threatens endangered honeycreepers
In addition, the tropical inversion layer often visible as a thin cloud
layer around high peaks -- may play a more significant role than temperatur...r meets warm, moist air, creating an inversion layer that caps moisture and cloud
development between 5,900 and 7,900 feet (1,800 and 2,400 meters). Over th...
American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 13, 2009
ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
computing brings cost of protein research down-to-earth
Journal of Prote...EDIATE RELEASE
"Low Cost, Scalable Proteomics Data Analysis Using Amazon's cloud
Computing Services and Open Source Search Algorithms"
DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT...
UCSD researchers make first direct observations of biological particles in high-altitude ice clouds
...st to yield in-situ data on their participation in cloud
Results of the Ice in Clouds Exp...ects of tiny airborne particles called aerosols on cloud
formation have been some of the most difficult asp...CAR and made a series of flights through a type of cloud
known as a wave cloud. The researchers performed i...
Potentially harmful chemicals found in forest fire smoke
...tep in this transport. Also, the nitrogen-containing alkaloids have a basic pH, which can make cloud-forming particles less acidic, and in turn impact cloud
formation that is critical to global agriculture and water supplies.
The researchers also found that the abundance of alkaloids depends on how vigo...
Cloud computing brings cost of protein research down to Earth
...adison stem cell research group," he says.
computing making the analysis less expensive and m...re in the world, to analyze proteomics data in the cloud
and reap the benefits of having significant comput...cribe a system that combines distributed-on-demand cloud
computing and open source software to allow labora...
Straw bale house survives violent shaking at earthquake lab
...eries of seven increasingly forceful tests, in the final powerful test the house shook and swayed violently, cracked at the seams and sent out a small cloud
of dust and straw...and remained standing.
Donovan oversaw the successful series of seismic tests run March 27 at the University's world-renowned L...
AGU journal highlights -- March 25, 2009
Airborne acid may help soot turn into cloud
Understanding sea temperature-atmospheric ...
4. Airborne acid may help soot turn into cloud
Carbon soot aerosols from combustion of ...orb water, potentially transforming particles into cloud
condensation nuclei. To learn more about how soot ...
AGU journal highlights -- March 12, 2009
... ( GRL ) paper 10.1029/2008GL036782, 2009; http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL036782
2. Earth cyclones may help explain Venusian vortices
top level, Venus' entire atmosphere circles the planet in just about four Earth days, much faster than the solid planet does. Despite this "superrotat...
Rising sea levels set to have major impacts around the world
...ctions of 18 to 59 cm".
"Different groups may come to slightly different projections, but differences in the details of the projections should not cloud
the overall picture where even the lower end of the projections looks to have very serious effects," says Konrad Steffen.
Commercial ships spew half as much particulate pollution as world's cars
... risk to human health and affect climate.
Lack and colleagues find that the organic and black carbon portion of ship exhaust is less likely to form cloud
droplets. As a result, these particles remain suspended for longer periods of time before being washed to the ground through precipitation.
European satellites provide new insight into ozone-depleting species
...t had never been measured by a space instrument.
In August 2008, the Kasatochi Volcano in Alaska's Aleutian Islands erupted explosively, sending a cloud
of volcanic ash and gas more than 11 km into the atmosphere.
The following day, scientists from the Brussels-based Belgian Institute for Space Aer...
Scientists find black gold amidst overlooked data
...e effects of large accidental spills.
The new method is not perfect, as cloud
cover or a lack of sun glint can limit its use. Hu and colleagues suggest it may be best used as a complement to SAR, which penetrates cloud
cover and can be tilted to get the necessary imaging angle.
"If you can...
Ancient geologic escape hatches mistaken for tube worms
...s. If these hydrates were to be destabilized, methane bubbles could release large quantities of microparticles to the ocean bottom. This release would cloud
up the deep ocean and the effect would be akin to fouling up the atmosphere with a dense smog. Given that the ocean bottom is one of the last frontier...
Structure of enzyme against chemical warfare agents determined
...sitions of hydrogen atoms, which
make up half of all atoms in proteins, and are crucial for chemical
reactions. As X-rays interact with the electron cloud
around an atomic
nucleus, so heavier elements are more easily seen, while neutrons
interact with the atomic nuclei, and atoms in proteins such as
January GEOLOGY media highlights
...he geomagnetic field shields the Earth from GCR particles and, according to the cosmic-ray-climate theory, it therefore has the potential to influence cloud
formation, rainfall, and climate. Since the amount of GCR particles entering the atmosphere is also modulated by the Sun, the cosmic-ray-climate theor...
AGU journal highlights -- Dec. 31, 2008
...r-scale phenomena. For instance, previous studies have demonstrated that the structure, dynamics, and evolution of thunderstorms are very sensitive to cloud
microphysical parameters. However, those studies used resolutions too coarse to resolve tornadoes or tornado-like circulations and were therefore not ...
Bright lights, not-so-big pupils
...dy clock, it makes sense to have a sensor that responds slowly and only to large light changes," says Yau. "You wouldn't want your body to think every cloud
passing through the sky is nightfall."
"These melanopsin-containing cells signal light to many different parts of the brain to drive different be...
Jupiter's shrinking red spot
...as the Great Red Spot has shrunken over the past dozen years. Understanding cloud
patterns on distant planetary surfaces, such as those at Saturn or Jupiter,...e planet's rotation, simplifying our impression of what is happening to the cloud
decks. For mid latitudes, the velocity resolution for this mapping procedu...
Global warming link to amphibian declines in doubt
... first hypothesis to see whether climatic factors such as the percentage of cloud
cover, narrowing difference between the lowest average daily temperature an...tinctions, statistical analysis showed that growth rates for the fungus and cloud
cover to be lowest at the highest elevation.
"While there is evidence to...
AGU journal highlights: Nov. 11, 2008
...ly complex and can cause dramatic changes in the organization and extent of cloud
coverage. Prior to the launch of NASA's CloudSat and the NASA/French Cloud-...ting that drizzle may play a particularly important role in determining the cloud
characteristics in midlatitudes.
Title: Climatology of drizzle in mari...
Urea tanks on diesel trucks -- that's the law in the United States starting in 2010
...ilizersbut new demands for urea SCR may change that," Baanante says. Urea is also used in animal feed, plastic and glue manufacture, highway de-icing, cloud
seeding to induce rain, and tooth-whitening products.
Stringent New EPA Exhaust Emission Rules
Kedzie says that diesel-powered vehicles manufac...
British scientists go cloud-hopping in the Pacific to improve climate predictions
... A 20-strong -team of cloud
and climate experts from the UK's National Centre ... clouds' properties.
Using newly developed cloud
and dust probes fitted to the aircraft, the scient...ruvian coasts plays a significant role in changing cloud
properties. Tiny particles emitted during mining v...
Volcanoes may have provided sparks and chemistry for first life
...y Analytical lab.
Miller actually ran three slightly different experiments, one of which injected steam into the gas to simulate conditions in the cloud
of an erupting volcano. "We found that in comparison to Miller's classic design everyone is familiar with from textbooks, samples from the volcanic ap...
Brookhaven scientists take off for southeastern Pacific climate study
...n ideal laboratory for testing theories that have been developed at Brookhaven Lab regarding how precipitation forms in clouds and how aerosols affect cloud
optical and microphysical properties," said Brookhaven chemist Peter Daum, chief DOE scientist for the study.
The southeastern Pacific region is do...
Case Western Reserve University project ties soil conservation and river management together
...s of the sediment in our rivers if we want to address stewardship of our rivers," said Whiting.
For instance, fine sediment carried into rivers can cloud
the water and can choke out freshwater bugs and fish that require cleaner water. Fine sediment deposited on the stream bottom can smother eggs laid by...
Case Western Reserve University researchers track Chernobyl fallout
...teorological research showed that it rained in Sweden while the radioactive cloud
was over that country. Leeched of much of its radionuclides, much less plutonium fell on Poland when the cloud
later crossed over its borders.
Matisoff says that his team's findings a...
Argonne scientists peer into heart of compound that may detect chemical, biological weapons
...ed Photon Source.
"Like other such materials, this material has an electrically polarized structure. The incident light interacts with the electron cloud
and in the process is disturbed," Argonne scientist Mercouri Kanatzidis said. "The disturbance changes the wavelength of the emitted light and creates...
Send your name around the Earth on NASA'S Glory mission
Glory will carry two scientific instruments, the Aerosol Polarimetry Sensor, or APS, and the Total Irradiance Monitor, or TIM, and two cameras for cloud
identification. The APS instrument will help quantify the role of aerosols as natural and human-produced agents of climate change more accurately than...