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Tiny super-plant can clean up animal waste and be used for ethanol production

Researchers at North Carolina State University have found that a tiny aquatic plant can be used to clean up animal waste at industrial hog farms and potentially be part of the answer for the global energy crisis. Their research shows that growing duckweed on hog wastewater can produce five to six ...

Microbes in mud flats clean up oil spill chemicals

Micro-organisms occurring naturally in coastal mudflats have an essential role to play in cleaning up pollution by breaking down petrochemical residues. Research by Dr Efe Aganbi and colleagues from the University of Essex, presented at the Society for General Microbiology's meeting at Harrogate t...

U of T technique put to use to test clean up of contaminated groundwater

Cleaning up the dangerous contaminants dry-cleaning fluids, solvents and petroleum hydrocarbons found in underground water presents one of the most urgent challenges facing environmental science. A report issued today by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sheds light on a new way to ...

Iowa State engineer works to clean and improve engine performance

AMES, Iowa The five engines in Song-Charng Kong's Iowa State University laboratory have come a long way since Karl Benz patented a two-stroke internal combustion engine in 1879. There are fuel injectors and turbochargers and electrical controls. There's more horsepower, better efficiency, clea...

Future for clean energy lies in 'big bang' of evolution

Amid mounting agreement that future clean, "carbon-neutral", energy will rely on efficient conversion of the sun's light energy into fuels and electric power, attention is focusing on one of the most ancient groups of organism, the cyanobacteria. Dramatic progress has been made over the last decad...

New chlorine-tolerant, desalination membrane hopes to boost access to clean water

AUSTIN, TexasA chemical engineering professor at The University of Texas at Austin is part of a team that has developed a chlorine-tolerant membrane that should simplify the water desalination process, increasing access to fresh water and possibly reducing greenhouse gases. "If we make the desa...

Beijing game for clean air challenge

Wen-Xings assessment of the quality of ambient air in Beijing has just been published online in Springers journal, Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health.Since the 1980s, the rapid industrial development, urbanization and increase in traffic have resulted in severe air pollution in Beijing. And with the...

Manufactured Buckyballs don't harm microbes that clean the environment

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Even large amounts of manufactured nanoparticles, also known as Buckyballs, don't faze microscopic organisms that are charged with cleaning up the environment, according to Purdue University researchers. In the first published study to examine Buckyball toxicity on micro...

Bacteria and nanofilters -- the future of clean water technology

Bacteria often get bad press, with those found in water often linked to illness and disease. But researchers at The University of Nottingham are using these tiny organisms alongside the very latest membrane filtration techniques to improve and refine water cleaning technology. These one-celled ...

Washington University, 2 industries, team to clean up mercury emissions

Washington University in St. Louis is partnering with Chrysler LLC and a major Midwest utility company in a project to determine if paint solid residues from automobile manufacturing can reduce emissions of mercury from electric power plants. The project is based upon the technical expertise o...

Fighting pollution the poplar way: Trees to clean up Indiana site

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Purdue University researchers are collaborating with Chrysler LLC in a project to use poplar trees to eliminate pollutants from a contaminated site in north-central Indiana. The researchers plan to plant transgenic poplars at the site, a former oil storage facility near K...

Life-saving clean water project secures $13M from Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

The fight against water-borne disease one of the most serious threats to child health in developing countries will receive a major boost thanks to groundbreaking work by an international consortium led by the University of Bristol and supported by a $13 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gate...

Paying peanuts for clean water

Peanut husks, one of the biggest food industry waste products, could be used to extract environmentally damaging copper ions from waste water, according to researchers in Turkey. Writing in the Inderscience publication the International Journal of Environment and Pollution, the team describes how ...

To keep mouths safe, don't just wear a mouthguard; keep it clean

Fractured teeth, neck injuries and abrasions in the mouth, also known as sports-related dental injuries, are ever present among athletes. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control, sports-related dental injuries account for more than 600,000 emergency room visits each year. One may ass...

Helping chlorine-eating bacteria clean up toxic waste

Cornell researchers hope to learn how certain bacteria that break down pollutants do their job and then to make them more effective in cleaning up toxic wastes. Bacteria called Dehalococcoides ethenogenes, discovered in Ithaca sewage sludge in 1997 by James Gossett, Cornell professor of civil an...

'Hidden-hero' microbes in soil, water may help naturally clean toxic sites

Buried under 243 acres in an East Tennessee valley adjacent to the Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Y-12 National Security Complex, toxic waste from weapons manufacturing at the facility between 1951 and 1983 leaches into groundwater that extends in radioactive plumes for miles from the contaminated...

Environmental metagenomics diagnosing extreme environments, tapping opportunities for clean energy

In his recent State of the Union speech President Bush said technology is the best way to break the nation's addiction to oil. The U.S. Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI) is directing the technology of DNA sequencing to scan the environment for processes that will lead to cheaper...

York researchers develop pollution-busting plants to clean up contaminated land

Scientists at the University of York have played a crucial role in developing a way of using plants to clean up land contaminated by explosives. The research, by a team led by Professor Neil Bruce in CNAP (Centre for Novel Agricultural Products) in the University's Department of Biology, uses mic...

Carbon nanoparticles toxic to adult fruit flies but benign to young

...a coated in multiwalled carbon nanotubes carried the carbon on their bodies from one test tube into another and deposited some of the particles in the clean tube. That test showed how insects could be vectors for transporting nanomaterials, Rand said. While two generations of fruit fly larvae showed no ...

Wastewater produces electricity and desalinates water

...nal team of researchers from China and the U.S. clean water for drinking, washing and industrial uses is...ally occurring bacteria to convert wastewater into clean water producing electricity -- so it could desalin...he process to additionally desalinate salty water, clean the wastewater and dump it and the resulting salt ...

Argonne to showcase science and technology at community open house

...imate change with live data feeds from around the world Ride an energy bike to generate electricity Identify proteins and learn how they can clean up the environment and produce energy Explore the mysteries of magnets by building one of your own Visualize local, national and internation...

Plankton Power and RTDC announce proposed algae-to-biofuels pilot facility on Cape Cod

...the U.S. Department of Energy that would leverage $4 million in private funding to construct the proposed facility. MassDevelopment, the Massachusetts clean Energy Center, and Loud Fuel Company are also supporting the initiative. "Over the next few years, we are ready to set up the MMR as a partner ...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

...bundance in a sewage-contaminated stream in Atlanta, but rarely in a nearby clean stream. They also found that mosquitoes were largest in streams with high l...ents, mosquitoes reared in sewage overflow were larger than those reared in clean water. "In this food web, mosquitoes feed on microorganisms that require ...

Humans 'damaging the oceans'

...nimize future human-induced climate change." The oceans can also play a role in the proposed solution of eliminating carbon emissions, by producing clean energy from wind, wave and tide potentially by triggering phytoplankton blooms with fertilisers to absorb more carbon from the atmosphere, or using ...

New supercomputer to reel in answers to some of Earth's problems

... Bacterial transformers: Communities of bacteria live and grow in the soil. And some bacteria have a taste for metals, a talent that can be used to clean up toxic substances in contaminated ground. Researchers use Chinook to understand the inner workings of these bacteria and how they form communities i...

High-tech vehicle design boosts emergency rescue capacity

...e ability to withstand a loading of 10 G, equivalent to an unbraked impact at 30 km/h. The rescue vehicles are easy and safe to operate, and simple to clean and disinfect. Environment disasters and terrorist attacks are putting ever increasing pressure on the rescue services as they often have to take ca...

Scripps-led study shows ocean health plays vital role in coral reef recovery

...gh rest," said Jessica Carilli, Scripps graduate student and lead author on the study. "Similarly, a coral organism that must be constantly trying to clean itself from excess sediment particles will have a more difficult time recovering after a stressful condition like bleaching." Carilli and colleag...

Researchers achieve major breakthrough with water desalination system

... Concern over access to clean water is no longer just an issue for the developing world, as California faces its worst drought in recorded history. According to state's Department ...

PNNL scientist garners early career presidential award

... help reduce the impacts that nuclear and fossil fuel energy use have on the environment. Tartakovsky develops mathematical models to help researchers clean up nuclear contaminants from past practices or help future waste managers store carbon in the subsurface. The models Tartakovksy works on are of fl...

UH team analyzes Hurricane Ike's effects on waterways, fish contamination

... Rifai said, and it looks for pollutants in sediment, water and tissue. "The EPA has asked the states to come up with water bodies that do not meet clean Water Act standards and with ways to address the problem," Rifai said. "For the first few years, we looked at dioxins, and now we're also looking at P...

International team of students and scientists on month-long field course in Siberian Arctic

...e, but it will take much time and effort. Experiences like this one will help us to make people understand how important it is for everyone to breathe clean air and to see blue skies and green trees." Sudeep Chandra, a faculty member at the University of Nevada Reno, adds, "The Polaris project is an ex...

Study highlights massive imbalances in global fertilizer use

... global human priority," Robertson said. "But we should also find ways to do this without sacrificing other key aspects of human welfare, among them a clean environment. It doesn't have to be an either/or choice." For countries where over-fertilization is a problem, the authors cited a number of t...

Canadian synchrotron conference sheds light on new biomedical research

...bout some of the newest biomedical results from the CLS, as well as ways that synchrotron techniques are lighting the way to advances in environmental clean up and nanotechnology. Highlights include: Presentations by CLS users on using the synchrotron to study esophageal tumours, prion diseases s...

New cleaning protocol for future 'search for life' missions

...any biological signatures will be extremely scarce. Therefore it is essential that we are able to minimise 'background noise' and to document just how clean our sampling devices really are before we use them," she adds. "We are now able to fully decontaminate sampling devices in the lab and field to nu...

Scientists tackle the mystery of white-nose syndrome in bats

...unclear how WNS spreads, but it is likely transmitted from bat to bat. Other evidence suggests that humans transport the fungus from infected sites to clean sites on clothing and equipment. The purpose of the meeting is to determine the present knowledge of the disease and to develop predictive models t...

Scientists unravel the mystery of white-nose syndrome

...unclear how WNS spreads, but it is likely transmitted from bat to bat. Other evidence suggests that humans transport the fungus from infected sites to clean sites on clothing and equipment. The purpose of the meeting is to determine the present knowledge of the disease and to develop predictive models t...

Equity concerns raised by congestion pricing can be addressed to make approach viable

...hillips, who directs transportation advocacy in California for the Environmental Defense Fund. "A well-designed congestion pricing project can deliver clean air and less gridlock to everyone." The RAND study evaluated alternative ways of defining and measuring equity and how such approaches interact wi...

Spring agricultural fires have large impact on melting Arctic

...thane. During the UNH workshop, a report by the clean Air Task Force detailing some of the campaign's fi...uctions," says Ellen Baum, senior scientist of the clean Air Task Force. "In addition, we have the know-how...," says Brooks Yeager, executive vice president of clean Air-Cool Planet. "Pollutants carried into the regi...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- May 20, 2009

...t for solutions. This sweeping panorama of challenges includes topics such as providing a hungry, thirsty world with ample supplies of safe food and clean water; developing alternatives to petroleum to fuel the global economy; preserving the environment and assuring a sustainable future for our children;...

New book suggests Earth perhaps not such a benevolent mother after all

...bes have undergone evolution, a sort of natural engineering, throughout Earth's history, he said, and humans have the ability to guide such changes to clean the environment, for example, or regulate carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Like Gaia, Medea is a mythological character, though she is decidedly ...
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