Navigation Links
Cigarette in Biological News

If your first cigarette gave you a buzz and you now smoke, a gene may be to blame

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Anyone who has ever tried smoking probably remembers that first cigarette vividly. For some, it brought a wave of nausea or a nasty coughing fit. For others, those first puffs also came with a rush of pleasure or "buzz." Now, a new study links those first experiences with smok...

Scientists discover how cigarette smoke causes cancer: Study points to new treatments, safer tobacco

Everyone has known for decades that that smoking can kill, but until now no one really understood how cigarette smoke causes healthy lung cells to become cancerous. In a new research report published in the March 2008 print issue of The FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ), researchers from the...

1 drug may help people both lay down the drink and put out the cigarette

A popular smoking cessation drug dramatically reduced the amount a heavy drinker will consume, a new Yale School of Medicine study has found. Heavy-drinking smokers in a laboratory setting were much less likely to drink after taking the drug varenicline compared to those taking a placebo, accordin...

New cigarette designs don't offer lower predicted cancer risks

The tobacco company's description of its new cigarette brand seems to promise a lot. "May present less risk of cancer associated with smoking," the company boasts on its Web site, making it a natural choice "for smokers who have decided not to quit, but who are interested in a cigarette that respon...

Halving daily cigarette quota has no health benefit

Halving the number of cigarettes smoked every day in the belief that it will stave off an early death makes no difference, suggests research in Tobacco Control. Although reducing consumption may have a place as a temporary measure in smoking cessation, this study proves quite clearly that the onl...

Growing evidence of marijuana smoke's potential dangers

... condensed smoke samples from both marijuana and tobacco. There were distinct differences in the degree and type of toxicity elicited by marijuana and cigarette smoke. Marijuana smoke caused significantly more damage to cells and DNA than tobacco smoke, the researchers note. However, tobacco smoke caused chrom...

Scientists open doors to diagnosis of emphysema

...ed by the damage and destruction of the alveoli, the tiny air-sacs of the lungs that are crucial for respiration and uptake of oxygen from the air. cigarette smoke and other irritants activate immune cells, like macrophages, in the lungs to destroy the foreign material, and chronic exposure causes inflammat...

A 'heart healthy' diet and ongoing, moderate physical activity may protect against cognitive decline

... to menopause. Eight memory and brain function tests were administered to all participants. After adjusting for age, education, reproductive years, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, parity, and periods of amenorrhea, the researchers found that long-term strenuous activity was consistently associated w...

American Chemical Society weekly presspac -- June 10, 2009

...he development of adverse health effects such as cancer." ARTICLE #1 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE "Evaluation of the DNA Damaging Potential of Cannabis cigarette Smoke by the Determination of Acetaldehyde Derived N2-Ethyl-2-deoxyguanosine Adducts" DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ARTICLE: http://pubs.acs.org/stoken/press...

Activated stem cells in damaged lungs could be first step toward cancer

...ls." Stripp said this finding could be related to the increased incidence of lung cancer in people with chronic disease states, in particular among cigarette smokers. The findings were published in the advance online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences during the week of May ...

Yale team identifies key to potential new treatment for allergy-induced asthma

...sthma is not completely understood, scientists do know from previous research that this ion channel protein is a sensor for chemical irritants such as cigarette smoke and certain chemicals that also trigger asthma. TRPA1 is found in airway nerves that mediate pain and irritation and trigger coughing and sneezi...

Allergy season: Cigarettes to the rescue?

...y help with your allergies? A new study shows that cigarette smoke can prevent allergies by decreasing the reac...e field of respiratory medicine, demonstrates that cigarette smoke decreases the allergic response by inhibitin...herlands found that treatment of mast cells with a cigarette smoke-infused solution prevented the release of in...

New mediator of smoking recruits

...cular and lung disease. Although lung exposure to cigarette smoke leads to immune cell recruitment and tissue fibrosis, how cigarette smoke causes these changes is largely unknown. ...st[s] that chronic nicotine stimulation induced by cigarette smoking promotes macrophage and Langerhans cell ac...

Smoke from cigarettes, cooking oil, wood, shift male cardiovascular system into overdrive

...healthy non-smokers (21 women, 19 men) whose average age was 35 participated in the experiment. The researchers exposed the participants to secondhand cigarette smoke, wood smoke or cooking oil smoke in separate trials as they sat in a 10-by-10-foot environmental chamber. The researchers cleared the air in the...

Smoke from cigarettes, cooking oil, wood, shift male cardiovascular system into overdrive

...healthy non-smokers (21 women, 19 men) whose average age was 35 participated in the experiment. The researchers exposed the participants to secondhand cigarette smoke, wood smoke or cooking oil smoke in separate trials as they sat in a 10-by-10-foot environmental chamber. The researchers cleared the air in the...

Changes in gene may stunt lung development in children

...en associated with loss of lung function in COPD, which is mainly caused by cigarette smoking. "We know SOD3 protects the lung against injury caused by chemicals in cigarette smoke, and it could be a link between childhood exposure to environmental t...

Inhaling a heart attack: How air pollution can cause heart disease

... the previous day. In animal experiments, Dr. Bhatnagar has found that aldehydes -- a toxic class of chemicals found in most forms of smoke, including cigarette smoke and car exhaust -- increase blood cholesterol levels and activate enzymes that cause plaque in the blood vessels to rupture. When plaque rupture...

Brupbacher prize to Nubia Munoz and Sir Richard Peto

... human beings than smoking. Although the fact that lung cancer is caused by cigarette smoking has been known for more than 50 years, it lasted an astonishingly l...ed that in the 20th century, more than 100 million people died early due to cigarette smoking, i.e. at the age of 30-69 years. He commented that the very high ra...

Nicotine activates more than just the brain's pleasure pathways

...of tobacco addiction, mainly because of their effects on the central nervous system, "but it is possible they could also modify the sensory effects of cigarette smoke." ...

Smoking during pregnancy may impair thyroid function of mom and fetus

...w study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism ( JCEM ). "We studied the influence of cigarette smoking on thyroid function of two groups of women at different stages of pregnancy one in the first trimester and the other in the third trimester,"...

First trimester smoking linked to oral clefts

...borns. Genes that play a role in detoxification of cigarette smoke do not appear to be involved. This is shown ...oral cleft risk through the way toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke are processed. The study is based on an ...he genes related to detoxification of chemicals in cigarette smoke (NAT1, NAT2, CYP1A1, GSTP1, GSTT1, GSTM1). T...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 3, 2008

... test for early detection of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). That condition, which causes severe difficulty in breathing most often in cigarette smokers affects 12 million people in the United States. In an article scheduled for the December 5 issue of ACS' Journal of Proteome Research , a...

Indiana University research at American Public Health Association meeting

... behaviors: checking food labels for health value when buying foods, using a seat belt, choosing foods based on health value, exercising regularly and cigarette smoking. Compared with people caring for a single generation, people in the sandwich generation were less likely to check food labels, wear seat belts...

Key component of debilitating lung disease identified

...toxifying genes to protect the lungs from environmental pollutants, such as cigarette smoke. Biswal previously identified that disruption of NRF2 expression in m...ve actions of NRF2 are decreased in the course of a lifetime of exposure to cigarette smoke, it opens new venues for the development of novel drugs fitted for in...

COPD? Eat your veggies

...uding KEAP1, which inhibits NRF2, and DJ-1, which stabilizes it. Dr. Biswal had previously shown that disruption in NRF2 expression in mice exposed to cigarette smoke caused early onset of severe emphysema. When compared to non-COPD lungs, the lungs of patients with COPD showed markedly decreased levels of ...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Aug. 13, 2008

...2180 Phone: 518-276-3404 Fax: 518-276-3405 Email: linhar@rpi.edu ARTICLE #3 Newly detected air pollutant mimics damaging effects of cigarette smoke EMBARGOED FOR RELEASE: Sunday, Aug. 17, 2:15 p.m., Eastern Time A previously unrecognized group of air pollutants could have effects remark...

Eating fish may explain very low levels of heart disease in Japan

... diabetes) are very similar among men in the U.S. Additionally, the rate of cigarette smoking, another major risk factor, has been infamously high in Japan. ... after adjusting for other risk factors serum cholesterol, blood pressure, cigarette smoking, body mass index and diabetes. "Our study suggests that very h...

UC San Diego researchers could help US military thwart explosive threats

...y improvised explosive device (IED) camouflages such as cardboard boxes and cigarette cartons found in Iraq and Afghanistan." According to the Defense Departme.... The most common IED camouflages in Iraq include shoe boxes, milk cartons, cigarette cartons, plastic bags and garbage cans. As part of their current researc...

UT researchers find link between advertising and increased tobacco use among India's youth

...cco use in India with cigarettes taking 20 percent of the market. While tobacco advertising was banned in India in 2004, the year the study began, cigarette companies are coming up with new ways to reach a relatively untapped audience, Stigler said. Event sponsorship and lifestyle stores centered on tobacc...

Mental stress reduces blood flow to the heart in patients with gene variation

...a standard electrocardiogram. Yet previous UF research has shown that these patients have a threefold greater risk of dying as large a risk factor as cigarette smoking or high cholesterol. Other studies have linked stress experienced after mass disasters or natural catastrophes with a rise in heart attacks an...

Making sure the wonder materials don't become the wonder pollutant

...ssions of at least 15 aromatic hydrocarbons, including four different kinds of toxic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) similar to those found in cigarette smoke and automobile tailpipe emissions. They also found that the process was largely inefficient: much of the raw carbon went unconsumed and was vent...

Your baby's brain on drugs (and alcohol and tobacco)

... in brain volume. Rivkin notes that the study is also the first to document joint long-term neuroanatomic effects on the brain of prenatal cocaine, cigarette and alcohol exposures. Moreover, while previous studies have documented brain effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, these studies were mostly limited ...

Exposure to low levels of radon appears to reduce the risk of lung cancer, new study finds

...me exposure to radon, a naturally occurring radioactive decay product of radium, has been thought to be the second leading cause of lung cancer, after cigarette smoking. Chemically inert, it can percolate out of the ground into basements. The study was initiated and managed by Donald F. Nelson, now professo...

Cigarette after Valentine snuggle deadlier for some

... The proverbial cigarette after a Valentines Day snuggle can prematurely end a love affair, as new evidence emerges that a common defect in a gene significantly increases a smo...

New research explains link between smoking and SIDS

...lished online in the journal Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) and will appear in the May 2008 print issue. While cigarette smoke contains many different compounds, we found there is a direct impact of one component, nicotine, on the ability of certain cells to detect and r...

People not always needed to alleviate loneliness

...e describe their pets. Loneliness is both painful to experience and potentially deadly. Its actually a greater risk for morbidity or mortality than cigarette smoking is. Being lonely is a bad thing for you, he said. But anthropomorphizing pets or God may actually confer many of the same psychological and...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 19, 2007

...f increasingly popular in the United States can be a safer substitute for cigarette smoking. The review, by Stephen S. Hecht, is scheduled for the Jan. 1 issue...y support the idea of using low nitrosamine moist snuff as a substitute for cigarette smoking. The rationale for this is that moist snuff is demonstrably less ca...

American Chemical Society's Weekly PressPac -- Dec. 12, 2007

...re to such materials, say the researchers. MTS ARTICLE #2 FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE A Comparison of Mainstream and Sidestream Marijuana and Tobacco cigarette Smoke Produced under Two Machine Smoking Conditions DOWNLOAD PDF http://pubs.acs.org/cgi-bin/sample.cgi/crtoec/asap/pdf/tx700275p.pdf DOWNLOAD H...

HATS off to combat asthma

...ilar way. In asthma, allergens irritate the lungs, in COPD, this is done by cigarette smoke. This irritation inflames the sufferers airways, which the muscles th...hat act as chemical signallers when it comes into contact with allergens or cigarette smoke. In asthma and COPD sufferers, these proteins are produced by stimula...

Cigarette smoke, alcohol damage hearts worse as combo

...Pathology and lead author on the study. Our study shows that exposure to cigarette smoke when combined with alcohol consumption caused the greatest degree of ...ns reached the equivalent of a 150-pound adult consuming 2 drinks per hour. cigarette smoke exposure was similar to being in an automobile with a chain smoker wi...
Other Tags
(Date:12/17/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 15, 2014 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ ... a Good Clinical Practices (GCP) audit to confirm ... Administration (FDA) regulations. This accomplishment enables HITLAB to ... trials utilizing the highest principles for patient safety ... to improve global healthcare access, quality, and delivery ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/87pph8/global_facial ... "Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019" report to ... Facial recognition is a technology ... system measures the overall facial feature of a ... the distance between eyes. Facial recognition is used ...
(Date:12/11/2014)... Dec. 10, 2014  Data Sciences International (DSI), ... released a new series of digital telemetry implants ... researchers. M series, part of the PhysioTel™ Digital ... best possible physiologic data when incorporating functional endpoints ... endpoints to toxicology studies has evolved from short ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):HITLAB Completes GCP Audit for FDA Smart Device & App Compliance 2Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 2Global Facial Recognition Market 2015-2019: Key Vendors are 3M Cogent, Cognitec Systems, NEC and Safran Group 3New telemetry implants expected to change how large animal toxicology studies are conducted 2
(Date:12/19/2014)... These vanadium reserves are mostly found ... 151,000 tons of vanadium were produced globally in 2013, ... increased at 6.7% AAGR during the period from 2001 ... being the largest consumer, accounted for more than 90% ... alloy and the chemical industry. , View Full Report ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- New research warns parents that ... lives at risk. Nearly half of teen drivers killed in ... were at least 11 years old and often lacked important safety ... Eighty-two percent of teen drivers killed in crashes were in cars ... to 10 years old, 31 percent were in cars 11 to ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... FRIDAY, Dec. 19, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Injectable drug ... double the suicide attempt rate of other substance users, ... use is associated with the risk of suicide attempt ... the University of Montreal, said in a university news ... users. We wanted to know who among substance users ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... NC (PRWEB) December 19, 2014 Surviving Mesothelioma ... and EPA information indicates that these pipes can leach asbestos ... go to the full story on the Surviving Mesothelioma ... the erosion of natural asbestos deposits, decaying water mains made ... drinking water. , To protect consumers from mesothelioma ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... (PRWEB) December 19, 2014 B. E. ... to healthcare providers, has been retained to lead a ... Memorial Hospital in Franklin, Ind. The top executive search ... recently placed more than 900 healthcare executives into organizations. ... full service hospital providing care to the residents of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Marketresearchreports.biz: Global Vanadium Usage Increased at AAGR of 6.7% between 2001 and 2013 2Health News:Marketresearchreports.biz: Global Vanadium Usage Increased at AAGR of 6.7% between 2001 and 2013 3Health News:Older Cars a Bad Choice for Younger Drivers 2Health News:Cocaine, Amphetamines May Up Injection Drug Users' Suicide Risk 2Health News:Surviving Mesothelioma Warns of Potential Mesothelioma Risk from Cement Water Pipes 2Health News:Johnson Memorial Hospital Retains B. E. Smith to Recruit New Chief Financial Officer 2Health News:Johnson Memorial Hospital Retains B. E. Smith to Recruit New Chief Financial Officer 3
Other Contents