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Children in Biological News

When children have breathing problems

La Plata/Leipzig. Increasing numbers of children around the world are suffering from respiratory problems coughing, wheezing and asthma attacks. Although the key external causes of these diseases were identified a long time ago (traffic and industrial air pollution), it had not previously been po...

Targeting children effective use of limited supplies of flu vaccine and could help control flu spread

Targeting children may be an effective use of limited supplies of flu vaccine, according to research at the University of Warwick funded by the Wellcome Trust and the EU. The study suggests that, used to support other control measures, this could help control the spread of pandemics such as the cu...

First neuroimaging study examining motor execution in children with autism reveals new insights

(Baltimore, MD) In the first neuroimaging study to examine motor execution in children with autism, researchers at the Kennedy Krieger Institute have uncovered important new insight into the neurological basis of autism. The study, published online in the journal Brain 's April 23 Brain Advanced...

The 'clean plate club' may turn children into overeaters

"Finish your broccoli!" Although parents may have good intentions about forcing their kids to eat cold, mushy vegetables, this approach may backfire the very next day, according to new research from Cornell University. "We found that the more controlling the parents were about telling their chi...

Pulmonary hypertension in children may result from reduced activity of gene regulator

AUGUSTA, Ga. - Too little activity by gene regulators called PPARs appears to be a major player in the irreversible lung damage that can occur in children with heart defects, researchers say. If they are right, drugs already under study to boost PPAR signaling in adults with lung injuries, may ...

Nutritional supplementation program helps prevent weight loss among children in African country

Children in Niger who received a daily nutritional supplement for three months had a lower rate of weight loss and a reduced risk of wasting compared to children who did not receive the supplementation, according to a study in the January 21 issue of JAMA . Wasting (defined as a certain deviat...

Eating habits and exercise behaviors in children can deteriorate early

January 9, 2009, Philadelphia, PA As children transition from preschool-age to school-age, they may develop eating habits and leisure-time patterns that may not meet current recommendations and may contribute to childhood obesity. In a study published in the January/February 2009 issue of the Jo...

Exercise helps overweight children reduce anger expression

AUGUSTA, Ga. - Regular exercise seems to reduce anger expression in overweight but otherwise healthy children, researchers said. The first published study on the topic looked at 208 typically sedentary 7- to 11-year-olds who participated in a 10-15 week afterschool aerobic exercise program or m...

UNC study: Text messaging may help children fight off obesity

CHAPEL HILL Many children love sending and receiving text messages through their cell phones sometimes to the great annoyance of their parents. But now a new study from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill suggests this technology could be used to reduce children's chances of becom...

Premature children 4 times more likely to have behavioral disorders

Children born prematurely are four times more likely to have emotional problems or behavioural disorders, according to research led by the University of Warwick. A team led by the University's Department of Psychology and Warwick Medical School examined the behaviour of 200 six-year-old childre...

Risks and benefits of antipsychotics in children and adolescents

This release is available in Spanish . Background Many of the psychiatric disorders observed in adults have their onset in childhood or adolescence. In fact some studies show that at least 20% of children and adolescents will fulfil a diagnostic criterion for a mental disorder before r...

Parents shape whether their children learn to eat fruits and vegetables

Providing fruits for snacks and serving vegetables at dinner can shape a preschooler's eating patterns for his or her lifetime. To combat the increasing problem of childhood obesity, researchers are studying how to get preschoolers to eat more fruits and vegetables. According to researchers at ...

Case Western Reserve University study looks at keeping migrant workers' children healthy

CLEVELAND As Ohio and Michigan fruit and vegetable farms yield this year's harvest, they also will provide data about the eating choices of Latino migrant children for a Case Western Reserve University researcher. Information gathered this summer will help migrant families understand why their c...

Statin does not appear helpful for children with learning disabilities caused by genetic disorder

Use of simvastatin by children with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a genetic disorder that can cause learning disabilities, did not result in improved cognitive function, according to a study in the July 16 issue of JAMA . Characteristics of NF1 (incidence 1:3,000) include skin disorders, pro...

Domestic violence associated with chronic malnutrition in women and children in India

Boston, MA-- In a new, large-scale study exploring the link between domestic violence and chronic malnutrition, researchers from the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) have found that Indian mothers and children experiencing multiple incidents of domestic violence in the previous year are more...

The evolution of aversion: Why even children are fearful of snakes

Some of the oldest tales and wisest mythology allude to the snake as a mischievous seducer, dangerous foe or powerful iconoclast; however, the legend surrounding this proverbial predator may not be based solely on fantasy. As scientists from the University of Virginia recently discovered, the comm...

New book gives a human face to children with congenital heart disease

COLD SPRING HARBOR, N.Y. Despite the fact that congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect in the United States, pediatric cardiology receives relatively little attention compared to adult cardiology. But a new photodocumentary volume entitled My Heart vs. the Real World g...

Effective ADHD treatment found for children with fragile X syndrome

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common hereditary form of mental retardation. Many children with FXS also suffer from attention deficit and/or hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which complicates social relationships at home and at school. Although stimulant medication such as Ritalin is often su...

Should children be permitted to get genetic testing for BRCA 1/2 mutations?

PHILADELPHIA -- Its an ethical dilemma with serious implications. Should children be tested for gene mutations that predispose them to developing breast cancer and/or ovarian cancer later in life" New research suggests the next generation of parents may support testing minors even when any step...

Study shows immigrant children are at increased risk of lead poisoning

Immigrant children are five times as likely as U.S-born children to suffer from lead poisoning in New York City, according to a new Health Department study, and the risk is highest among the most recent immigrants. The new study of children tested for lead poisoning in 2002, published online in th...

Tamiflu effective for treatment and prevention of influenza in children 1 year and older

Tamiflu (oseltamivir) significantly reduces illness severity and duration in children one year and older, particularly if given within 24 hours of symptom onset, according to new data presented at the World Society for Pediatric Infectious Disease (WISPID) meeting in Bangkok 15-18 November. The an...

Obesity-related hormone is higher in children with Down syndrome

Children with Down syndrome are more likely than their unaffected siblings to have higher levels of a hormone associated with obesity, according to pediatric researchers. The hormone, leptin, may contribute to the known higher risk of obesity among children and adults with Down syndrome. A rese...

MSU researcher helps develop computer game for Ugandan children recovering from cerebral malaria

EAST LANSING, Mich. The computer program Captains Log originally used with individuals diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, brain injuries or learning disabilities is being adapted to rehabilitate Ugandan children who are survivors of cerebral malaria. Michael Boivin, a Mi...

Influenza vaccine causes weaker immune response for children of rural Gabon than in semi-urban areas

Researchers have found that vaccination against influenza strains seem to be more effective in a semi-urban population than in a rural population of schoolchildren in Gabon, Africa, according to an article in the Journal of Infectious Diseases, published by the University of Chicago Press in partn...

Studies: Children obese due to a host of unhealthy pressures

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Unhealthy options and pressures influence nearly every part of children's daily lives, according to studies released this week in a special supplement of the American Journal of Preventative Medicine. The national studies, which include work conducted at the University of Mic...

Thousands of starving children could be restored to health with peanut butter program

Sept. 12, 2007 -- An enriched peanut-butter mixture given at home is successfully promoting recovery in large numbers of starving children in Malawi, according to a group of researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. Malnutrition affects 70 percent of all Malawian chil...

Hush little baby... Linking genes, brain and behavior in children

It comes as no surprise that some babies are more difficult to soothe than others but frustrated parents may be relieved to know that this is not necessarily an indication of their parenting skills. According to a new report in Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychologica...

Growth in German children

German children are taller than 30 years ago, but the increase in height observed during the last century has become slower. In the current edition of Deutsches rzteblatt International (Dtsch Arztebl Int 2009; 106(23): 377-82), Bettina Gohlke and Joachim Woelfle of the Department of Pediatrics a...

Scientists discover new genetic immune disorder in children

Your immune system plays an important function in your healthit protects you against viruses, bacteria, and other toxins that can cause disease. In autoinflammatory diseases, however, the immune system goes awry, causing unprovoked and dangerous inflammation. Now, researchers from the National Ins...

Camphor-containing products may cause seizures in children

May 6, 2009 (BRONX, NY) Inappropriate use of camphor-containing products may be a common and underappreciated cause of seizures in young children, according to a new study by researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. The study, published in this month's issue of ...

truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children

"Digital Fingerprinting for Kids" event on April 18 at Pembroke Mall , Virginia Beach CHESAPEAKE, Va., April 2 /PRNewswire/ -- Turner Network Sales (TNS), the distribution, sales and marketing arm of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (TBS, Inc.), and truTV, are partnering with Cox Co...

truTV and Cox Offer Free Digital Fingerprinting to Help Prevent Crimes Against Children

"Digital Fingerprinting for Kids" event on April 18 at Pembroke Mall , Virginia Beach CHESAPEAKE, Va., April 2 /PRNewswire/ -- Turner Network Sales (TNS), the distribution, sales and marketing arm of Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. (TBS, Inc.), and truTV, are partnering with Cox Co...

Changes in gene may stunt lung development in children

PITTSBURGH, March 26 Mutations in a gene may cause poor lung development in children, making them more vulnerable to diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) later in life, say researchers at the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health and the German Researc...

UMMS researchers publish DNA identification of czar's children

WORCESTER, Mass. Cutting edge science has finally put to rest a 90-year-old mystery that involved nobility, revolution, murder and the long-romanticized story of a child's escape from the firing squad. Genomic analysis performed at the University of Massachusetts Medical School in cooperation wi...

Social support during breast-feeding helps humans have more children

COLUMBUS, Ohio The fact that human mothers have support from family while they're breast-feeding may be a key strategy that enables humans to reproduce more rapidly than other primates, new research suggests. Social support helps mothers conserve energy in a way that allows their bodies to pre...

Beach vacations may increase future skin cancer risk in children

PHILADELPHIA Vacationing at the shore led to a 5 percent increase in nevi (more commonly called "moles") among 7-year-old children, according to a paper published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention , a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. Number of nevi is ...

Scientists discover why a mother's high-fat diet contributes to obesity in her children

New research published online in The FASEB Journal ( http://www.fasebj.org ) suggests that pregnant women should think twice about high-fat foods. In a study from the University of Cincinnati and the Medical College of Georgia, scientists found that female mice fed high fat diets were more likel...

Aberrations in region of chromosome 1q21.1 associated with broad range of disorders in children

Researchers have discovered a submicroscopic aberration in a particular region of human chromosome 1q21.1 that appears to be associated with a variety of developmental disorders in children. The aberration can manifest itself as unexplained mild or moderate mental retardation, growth retardation, ...

Syracuse University partners with Serum Institute of India to develop vaccines for children

A unique partnership between Syracuse University and the Serum Institute of India could lead to better access to life-saving vaccines for children living in some of the most impoverished areas of the world. The Institute recently awarded $250,000 to a team of SU researchers led by Robert Doyle, a...

New genes found for inflammatory bowel disease in children

Researchers have discovered two new genes that increase the risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in childhood. While further study is needed to identify the specific disease-causing mutations in these new genes, the researchers say the genes are particularly strong candidates to ...
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