New renewables to power 40 per cent of global electricity demand by 2050
With adequate financial and political support, renewable energy technologies like wind and photovoltaics could supply 40 percent of the world's electricity by 2050, according to findings from the International Scientific Congress "Climate Change: Global Risks, Challenges & Decisions." However, if ...
EMBO pioneers pension plan for internationally mobile postdoctoral researchers
...al security later in life until they take up permanent positions.
A survey conducted by the EMBO Fellowship office revealed that less than ten per cent
of fellows contributed to a pension scheme, while nearly all of them were insured against health risks and accidents. The European Charter for Researc...
Marine microbes creating green waves in industry
...acturing solutions - for pharmaceuticals and agrochemicals in particular - as a result of this search."
Microorganisms account for more than 95 per cent
of ocean biomass but relatively little is really known about them and their potential applications. The research team's search is for industrially rel...
UBC researchers find first-ever 'wanderlust gene' in tiny bony fish
...d a mutant form of a gene, or allele, that prohibits growth of armour and is commonly found in freshwater sticklebacks but exists in less than one per cent
of their marine counterparts.
Now UBC PhD candidate Rowan Barrett and colleagues from UBC's Dept. of Zoology have found that the gene may also be c...
Stem cell 'daughters' lead to breast cancer
... mutations in the gene BRCA1.
BRCA1 gene mutations are found in 10-20 per cent
of women with hereditary breast cancer. Women with BRCA1 mutations often de...ses of premature death in women.
"BRCA1 women have approximately a 65 per cent
lifetime chance of developing breast cancer. Following surgery, treatment o...
Global curbs on overfishing are beginning to work
"These highly managed ecosystems are improving," says Dr Hilborn. "Yet there is still a long way to go: of all fish stocks that we examined 63 per cent
remained below target and still needed to be rebuilt."
According to Dr Worm, there is still a troubling trend of increasing stock collapse across ...
Humans 'damaging the oceans'
...s not unreasonable to expect warming of 5.5 degrees by the end of this century."
Scientists expect ocean oxygen levels to decline by about six per cent
for every one degree increase in temperature and areas in the sea which are low in oxygen to grow by at least 50 per cent. This has major implications...
First genetically-engineered malaria vaccine to enter human trials
...sue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA.
Professor Cowman said similar vaccines had been tested in mice and offered 100 per cent
protection against malaria infection. He said it was hoped the vaccine would produce similar results in humans. "Although two genes have been deleted ...
Test helps in fight against lung infections and for treating other life-threatening infections
...doctors to more accurately identify the right antibiotics required to treat serious, chronic infections that are biofilm based. With more than 80 per cent
of infections in the developed world caused by biofilms, the potential for this new breakthrough test, called bioFILM PA™, is of immense signifi...
UBC researchers help push for standard DNA barcodes for plants
...n evaluated 12,055 species of plants as endangered, but notes only four per cent
of total plant species have been evaluated. Those evaluations tend to focus...ngered. Estimates of the total number of endangered plants vary from 13 per cent
to 37 per cent.
121 breeding tigers estimated to be found in Nepal
...a tipping point. Tigers are experiencing a range collapse, occupying 40 per cent
less habitat than was estimated just one decade ago. The estimated number o...vised in which the target is to increase the population of tigers by 10 per cent
within the first 5 year period of the plan implementation.
"Tigers can n...
When children have breathing problems
... children. In the suburbs and in the countryside only half as many children tend to be affected and even in the city centre only around one or two per cent
more children are affected than in the relatively unpolluted areas. The lung function of children from the industrial area was also significantly impa...
Surviving mass extinction by leading a double life
...t that all modern planktic foraminifers were descended from the few lucky survivors of the meteor impact that wiped out the dinosaurs and 65 to 70 per cent
of life on earth 65 million years ago. However, this might not be the case.
Dr Wade together with PhD student Heidi Seears have shown that live spe...
Toward an explanation for Crohn's disease?
... This release is available in French .
Montreal, July 9th 2009 Twenty-five per cent
of Crohn's disease patients have a mutation in what is called the NOD2 gene, but it is not precisely known how this mutation influences the disease. T...
Investing wisely to save the Great Barrier Reef
...argeting of the investment is crucial.
"Scientists estimate that 70 per cent
of sediment pollution comes from just 20 per cent
of the total catchment area. Our task is to build a model that helps decisi...
Laboring without the labor bed: It's a good thing
...ndard, clinical bed and adding relaxation-promoting equipment had a
28 per cent
drop in infusions of artificial oxcytocin, a powerful drug used to advance ...n 65 percent of the labouring women in the ambient room, compared to 13 per cent
in the standard labour room, reported they spent less than half their hosp...
U Alberta researcher in same group as Darwin and Hawking
...active than conventional antibiotics and are effective against infectious bacteria resistant to commonly used antibiotics. Currently, more than 50 per cent
of hospital-acquired infections are resistant to common antibiotics. Veredas' work also centres around biosynthesis by fungi of important metabolites ...
Research network wins approximately £5.7 million to target human and animal diseases in Africa
SACIDS' work tackles a woefully under-resourced and important sector. Most major infectious human diseases have animal origins and up to 80 per cent
of emerging infectious human diseases come from livestock or wild animals, yet Africa currently has the least capacity to survey major livestock or wi...
New nanoparticles could revolutionize therapeutic drug discovery
...ion technique has been developed by scientists funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) which could lead to 30 per cent
more proteins being available as potential targets for drug development - opening up exciting possibilities in drug discovery.
Understanding the st...
Common fish species has 'human' ability to learn
...food from or giving roughly the same or less. In the second test, the fish were again free to swim around and choose their feeder.
Around 75 per cent
of fish were 'clever' enough to know from watching the other fish that the rich feeder, previously experienced first hand themselves as the poor feede...
Caribbean coral reefs flattened
...ted between 1969 and 2008. They found that 75 per cent
of the reefs are now largely flat, compared with 20 per cent
in the 1970s.
There have been two major period...rred when a widespread disease killed about 90 per cent
of the Elkhorn and Staghorn corals in the late 197...
Natural seed treatment could drastically cut pesticide use
...of tomato plants, sweet pepper and maize. Red spider mite attack on tomato plants was down by 80 per cent, aphid attack on sweet peppers cut by 70 per cent
and caterpillar damage to maize was reduced by 38 per cent.
Initial results were so encouraging that Becker Underwood quickly started large-scale fi...
More than just the tailpipe
...larger greenhouse gas (GHG) emitter because 82 per cent
of the energy generated in Boston is fossil-fuel based, compared to only 49 per cent
in San Francisco.
Total life-cycle energy inpu...and GHG emissions contribute an additional 155 per cent
for rail, 63 per...
Author says challenging simple concepts can save planet
...on family owners of Wal-Mart controls as much wealth as the bottom 40 per cent
of the U.S. population. Is it growth if the wealthy families just get wealt...ly. For example, she says various estimates show that between 25 and 50 per cent
of all food produced in the United States is wasted. And that every year, A...
Major funding to help cut CO2 emissions
... the future."
The UK is committed to reducing carbon emissions by 80 per cent
by 2050. In the short-term the Government advisory body, the Committee for Climate Change, has suggested an interim cut of at least 34 per cent
David Delpy, EPSRC Chief Executive, said: "This illustrates th...
A big lesson from the reef
...e Great Barrier Reef from over-fishing and his work is now helping to improve shark management in Queensland.
Sean Connolly ranks in the top 1 per cent
of the world's ecological scientists in terms of the number of times his work is cited by other researchers. He combines mathematical and statistical ...
Coral 'can't escape the heat'
... be able to avoid the acidification of the oceans, which is a simple and direct consequence of humanity's interference in the atmosphere. About 40 per cent
of the CO2 we release dissolves into the oceans, turning them more acidic."
Analysis of corals taken from the sea off Cairns revealed an increase i...
DNA blueprint for healthier and more efficient cows
...0 genes which are common to all mammals and these constitute the 'engine room' of mammalian biology.
"The team found that cows share about 80 per cent
of their genes with humans, also providing us with a better understanding of the human genome," Dr Tellam said.
"One of the surprises in the analys...
New hope for advances in treating malaria
..., selective inhibitors."
According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), malaria kills a million people across the globe each year, with forty per cent
of the world's population at risk of contracting the disease. WHO also estimates that a child dies from malaria every 30 seconds.
Dr McConkey says: ...
Immigrant women may be at higher risk of having a baby with a birth defect
...h has shown the risk of neural tube defects can be reduced by nearly 50 per cent
with folic acid supplements taken just before and soon after conception, or...aternal country of birth and years of residence in Canada.
Sixty one per cent
of Canadian-born women in the study reported using folic acid supplements i...
A quarter of the world's population depends on degrading land
...s in their countries. GLASOD indicated that 15 per cent
of the land area was degraded, but this was a map ...tartling. The new assessment indicates that 24 per cent
of the land has been degraded over the period 1981...he worst-affected countries, with more than 50 per cent
of territory degrading are, in Africa, the Congo, ...
Genetic sleuth solves glaucoma mystery
...some people who have WDR36 gene variations get glaucoma. This may also lead to further research to uncover the other genetic accomplices. "Only 10 per cent
of glaucoma cases are caused by known genes, so the genes involved in this polygenetic interaction may help to explain the other 90 per cent," says Wa...
Fetal alcohol syndrome testing expands
Defined as birth defects resulting from a mother's consumption of alcohol during pregnancy, FASD is believed to affect approximately one per cent
of children in Canada. FASD is associated with hyperactivity, difficulty in learning, and deficits in memory, understanding and reasoning, as well as ...
Carbon sinks losing the battle with rising emissions
...icultural production of food and fibre, potentially speeding up land clearing and tropical deforestation. This process currently contributes 15-20 per cent
of anthropogenic carbon emissions.
Findings on the exchange of heat and CO 2 between the atmosphere and deep ocean, which suggest that climate chan...
Teenage boys who eat fish at least once a week achieve higher intelligence scores
The research team found that:
58 per cent
of the boys who took part in the study ate fish at least once a week and a further 20 per cent
ate fish more than once a week.
When male teena...ombined intelligence scores were on average 12 per cent
higher than those who ate fish less than once a we...
Researchers discover gene mutations that cause childhood brain cancer
...n suspected as culprits in cancer formation.
About 250 Canadian children are diagnosed with various types of brain cancer every year. About 70 per cent
of these survive. Brain tumours are the leading cause of childhood cancer deaths. The most common childhood brain cancer is medulloblastoma a tumour ...
Climate change affecting Europe's birds now, say researchers
...he mid-80s, and those we predict should do badly have declined over the same period. The worry is that the declining group actually consists of 75 per cent
of the species we studied."
The Climate Change Indicator combines two independent strands of work; bioclimate envelope-modelling and observed popul...
Newly discovered gene plays vital role in cancer
...or destructive RNA molecules by genes with overlapping sequences, which determines whether or not the RNA molecules form proteins.
"At least 20 per cent
of all genes can be regulated by antisense RNA, making it a potentially very common control mechanism," says Dr Farnebo. "But it's been difficult to s...
'Experiment of nature' examines how mother's diet may impact on child's health
... and whether this affected their children's expression of the IGF2 gene, which is involved in growth, as adults. It found that the IGF2 gene had 5 per cent
fewer methyl caps in "famine babies" than in their siblings born outside this period. However, the study by Dr Hennig and colleagues will enable the r...
Gene to reduce wheat yield losses
... and a focus of Dr Cristobal Uauy's research at JIC will be to test how effective it is in UK-adapted varieties.
Bread wheat provides about 20 per cent
of the calories eaten by humankind and is the UK's biggest crop export.
Dr Uauy has recently been appointed at JIC. He will lead a research collabo...