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Carnegie in Biological News

U. Mass Medical School and Carnegie announce licensing agreements with Oxford BioMedica

The University of Massachusetts Medical School and the Carnegie Institution of Washington announced today that they have entered into licensing agreements with Oxford BioMedica (LSE: OXB), a gene therapy company, that grants the company rights to key RNA interference (RNAi) patent rights. Th...

Novel mechanism for long-term learning identified by Carnegie Mellon researchers

PITTSBURGH Practice makes perfect or at least thats what were told as we struggle through endless rounds of multiplication tables, goal kicks and piano scales and it seems, based on the personal experience of many, to be true. Thats why neuroscientists have been perplexed by data showing that ...

Mellon awards Carnegie Grant for Ecological Monitoring in South Africa

Stanford, CA-- The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation awarded a $750,000 grant to the Carnegie Institutions Department of Global Ecology for an intensive pilot study of ecosystem diversity in South Africas Kruger National Park. This research will contribute to the parks adaptive management program, whic...

Teens unaware of sexually transmitted diseases until they catch one, Carnegie Mellon study finds

Most sexually active teenage girls know relatively little about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) until it is too late, according to a paper by Carnegie Mellon University researchers that will be published in the January edition of the Journal of Adolescent Health. "For the most part kids lear...

DNA conclusive yet still controversial, Carnegie Mellon professor says

Although the odds that DNA evidence found at a crime scene will match by chance the DNA of a person who was not there are infinitesimal, controversy continues about DNA identification and its use in criminal investigations, says Carnegie Mellon University Statistics Professor Kathryn Roeder. Roeder...

Team led by Carnegie Mellon University scientist finds first evidence of a living memory trace

An international team of scientists for the first time has detected a memory trace in a living animal after it has encountered a single, new stimulus. The research, done with honeybees sensing new odors, allows neuroscientists to peer within the living brain and explore short-term memory as never b...

Green catalyst destroys pesticides and munitions toxins, finds Carnegie Mellon University

Results reported at American Chemical Society meetingA chemical catalyst developed at Carnegie Mellon University completely destroys dangerous nitrophenols in laboratory tests, according to Arani Chanda, a doctoral student who is presenting his findings on Sunday, Aug. 28, at the 230th meeting of t...

Robot-based system developed at Carnegie Mellon detects life in Chile's Atacama desert

A unique rover-based life detection system developed by Carnegie Mellon University scientists has found signs of life in Chile's Atacama Desert, according to results being presented at the 36th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference March 14-18 in Houston. This marks the first time a rover-based au...

Carnegie donates landmark clones to biology

...nal Science Foundation funding, researchers at the carnegie Institution's Department of Plant Biology have clo...eins amongst each other. Recent research at the carnegie department has shown that cells across different s...he uptake of the vital nutrient nitrogen. Previous carnegie work indicated that plants have a novel regulatory...

Carnegie Mellon's Jean VanBriesen leads research team on Monongahela River

...(TDS) observed in the river. carnegie Mellon researchers will work with the River Alert ...la River," said Gregory, an assistant professor in carnegie Mellon's Civil and Environmental Engineering Depar...monitor for some aspects of water quality, and the carnegie Mellon team will take additional samples for bromi...

Carnegie Mellon team makes sequestration recommendations

...riefs just released by the CSSReg project led by M. Granger Morgan, head of carnegie Mellon University's Department of Engineering and Public Policy. "At the...from the National Science Foundation (NSF). In addition to investigators at carnegie Mellon, the project team involves experts at the University of Minnesota, t...

Anti-biotech groups obstruct forest biotechnology

...ed trees on a scientific, case-by-case basis, and is focused on the end product rather than the process, say researchers from Oregon State University, carnegie Mellon University and other institutions in an article in the journal Nature Biotechnology . Lacking that, the potential will be lost to use this ...

Stem cell surprise for tissue regeneration

... Baltimore, MDScientists working at the carnegie Institution's Department of Embryology, with colleagues, have overturned previous research that identified critical genes for making muscle stem cells...

Carnegie Mellon's Kris Matyjaszewski recieves EPA's Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Award

...f the Natural Sciences and University Professor at carnegie Mellon University, will receive the 2009 President...at a ceremony at 5:30 p.m., Monday, June 22 at the carnegie Institution of Washington. Matyjaszewski, the second carnegie Mellon professor to receive the award, will be rec...

Global sunscreen won't save corals

... more vigorously in a high CO 2 , but cool world," says Ken Caldeira of the carnegie Institution's Department of Global Ecology, a co-author of the study with lead author Damon Matthews of Concordia University, Canada, and carnegie geochemist Long Cao. Land plants and soils would hold onto more carbon in t...

Advance in understanding cellulose synthesis

...research. But how it forms, and thus how it can be modified to design energy-rich crops, is not well understood. Now a study led by researchers at the carnegie Institution's Department of Plant Biology has discovered that the underlying protein network that provides the scaffolding for cell-wall structure is ...

New cleaning protocol for future 'search for life' missions

.... This work was carried out during the 2005 and 2006 field seasons of AMASE and was funded by a NASA ASTEP award to co-author Andrew Steele at the carnegie Institution of Washington and grants from the Earth and Biosphere Institute at the University of Leeds to Liane G. Benning. ...

Seventy-three scientists elected to the American Academy of Microbiology

...ndrik J. Koornhof, National Institute for Communicable Diseases, National Health Laboratory Service, Johannesburg, South Africa Douglas E. Koshland, carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C. Barry Marshall, University of Western Australia, Perth Maria Esperanza Martinez-Romero, Universidad Na...

CU-Boulder study shows 53 million-year-old high Arctic mammals wintered in darkness

...e early Eocene epoch, which lasted from roughly 50 million to 55 million years ago, first became evident in 1975 when a team led by Mary Dawson of the carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburg discovered fossil alligator jaw bones. Since then, fossils of aquatic turtles, giant tortoises, snakes and eve...

Drug prevents seizure progression in model of epilepsy

...epilepsy," said Alison Barth, associate professor of biological sciences at carnegie Mellon's Mellon College of Science. "The drug works by inhibiting ion chann...electrical impulses that allow neurons to communicate with one another. The carnegie Mellon researchers found that after a first seizure, BK channel function wa...

Laughing hyenas, wailing levees, the sound of cheese and blaring bagpipes

... big bucks. Sections of pipe must be manually exhumed to be tested for cracks or corrosion with acoustic or magnetic scanners. Nicholas O'Donoughue of carnegie Mellon University and colleagues are developing a way to monitor pipes continuously and remotely using embedded, low-power ultrasonic detectors. His t...

Fossil evidence of missing link in the origin of seals, sea lions, walruses found in Canadian Arctic

...addled with both front and hind limbs. Puijila is the evolutionary evidence we have been lacking for so long," says Mary Dawson, curator emeritus of carnegie Museum of Natural History. Portions of the Puijila darwini specimen were found in 2007 in deposits that accumulated in what was a crater lak...

AGU journal highlights -- March 25, 2009

...w University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel; Department of Global Ecology, carnegie Institution, Stanford, California, U.S.A.; Boaz Lazar, and Jonathan Erez...Jerusalem, Israel; Long Cao, Ken Caldeira: Department of Global Ecology, carnegie Institution, Stanford, California, U.S.A. Source: Geophysical Research ...

Carnegie Mellon researchers apply new statistical test

...l engineering and engineering and public policy at carnegie Mellon. Pittsburgh's history and buildings ar...sity Professor of Statistics and Social Science at carnegie Mellon, said the data was collected between July 2...as located on a hill in Schenley Park, adjacent to carnegie Mellon and about six miles east of downtown Pittsb...

Evidence of earliest known domestic horses found in Kazakhstan

...tication and help explain its early impacts on society. Researchers from carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh, Pa., and the universities of Exeter ... or adopted horse herds," said Sandra Olsen, curator of anthropology at the carnegie Museum of Natural History. Olsen directed several archaeological teams t...

Decisive action needed as warming predictions worsen, says expert

...arbon dioxide released from thawing tundra and increasingly fire-prone forests drives global temperatures even higher. Chris Field, director of the carnegie Institution's Department of Global Ecology and co-chair of the IPCC Working Group 2, will address these issues at a symposium titled "What Is New and ...

Biologist receives the 2008 AAAS Public Understanding of Science and Technology Award

...te emphasis on evolution as an underlying principle in the life sciences. Robert M. Hazen, research scientist at the geophysical laboratory of the carnegie Institution for Science in Washington and Clarence Robinson Professor of Earth Science at George Mason University, nominated Miller to receive the AAA...

Carnegie's Donald Brown receives lifetime achievement award from Society for Developmental Biology

...on of exceptional scientists." Brown has been a carnegie staff member since 1962 and directed the Departmen...a result of his path-breaking discoveries," stated carnegie president Richard Meserve. "He also has had a major role at carnegie through his mentoring of and assistance to his man...

Carnegie's Doug Koshland elected Fellow of the American Academy of Microbiology

...hland would rank at the very top." "All of us at carnegie are proud of Doug's accomplishments. I know that t...emy of Microbiology is richly deserved," commented carnegie president Richard A. Meserve. Koshland has been a staff scientist at carnegie since 1987 and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute i...

Carnegie's Joe Berry elected Fellow of the American Geophysical Union

...f the members are elected annually. Berry has been a staff scientist at carnegie since 1972. Over the years he has pioneered laboratory and field techniques...g a key role in the founding of our Department of Global Ecology," remarked carnegie president Richard Meserve. "It is great to see him recognized and even bett...

Carnegie's Arthur Grossman receives Gilbert Morgan Smith medal

...my of Sciences has awarded Arthur Grossman, of the carnegie Institution's Department of Plant Biology, the 200...gure shaping our understanding of algae," remarked carnegie president Richard A. Meserve. "We congratulate him...honor." Grossman has been a staff scientist at carnegie since 1982 and professor by courtesy at Stanford U...

Scientists use lasers to measure changes to tropical forests

...ct carbon sequestration. U.S. Forest Service and carnegie Institution scientists involved in the research pu...n Hawaii and beyond," said Gregory Asner, with the carnegie Institution's Department of Global Ecology. Airb...ared field measurements with data derived from the carnegie Airborne Observatory ( http://cao.stanford.edu/ ),...

Research yields new clues to how we locate objects in space

...Current Directions in Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, Roberta L Klatzky, Bing Wu and George Stetten of carnegie Mellon University suggest that we can locate objects in space by accurately combining features from perception and visualization. The resulting spati...

Carnegie Mellon to unveil new sequestration plan

... PITTSBURGH carnegie Mellon University's M. Granger Morgan will unveil ... Morgan, who heads a team of investigators from carnegie Mellon, the University of Minnesota, The Vermont L...ic and private stakeholders," said Morgan, head of carnegie Mellon's Department of Engineering and Public Poli...

Hind wings help butterflies make swift turns to evade predators, study finds

...le for making them evasive. Eisner and the paper's lead author, Benjamin Jantzen, (M.S. physics '02), a doctoral student in philosophy of science at carnegie Mellon University, clipped off the hind wings of butterflies and then filmed their flight using two cameras to get three-dimensional views of their fl...

'Scrawny' gene keeps stem cells healthy

...lls over many cycles of cell division. How do they do it? Scientists at the carnegie Institution have identified a gene, named scrawny, that appears to be a key...inuous functioning of stem cells," says Allan C. Spradling, director of the carnegie Institution's Department of Embryology. "Yet we know little about the genes...

New rainforest mapping technology gets huge support

...d other threats. Gregory Asner and his team at the carnegie Institution's Department of Global Ecology recently created a new approach, part of the carnegie Spectranomics Project, which can determine the che...ty Imaging Spectroscopy (HiFIS). It is part of the carnegie Spectranomics Project and a major improvement of i...

Developer of advanced computing memory, father of biochemical engineering, and innovative engineering educators win highest engineering honors of 2009

...20 billion in sales through 2008. After earning B.S. and M.S. degrees in electrical engineering from Southern Methodist University and a Ph.D. from carnegie Mellon University in 1958, Dennard spent his entire professional career in various positions at IBM, including the prestigious title of IBM Fellow beg...

Eight ASU faculty elected as AAAS Fellows

...ng establish a new Center of Earth Systems Engineering and Management. He recently was named as one of the U.S. Professors of the Year for 2008 by the carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Higher Education. Richard Creath is cited by AAAS for "ac...

Carnegie's Field and Koshland Elected AAAS Fellows

...nd cohesion." "Carnegie is a small institution and we are particularly proud that two of our researchers have received the honor this year," remarked carnegie president Richard Meserve. The first AAAS Fellows were elected in 1874. Currently, Fellows are nominated by the steering groups of the association's ...
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