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Biodiversity in Biological News

Climate-caused biodiversity booms and busts in ancient plants and mammals

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---A period of global warming from 53 million to 47 million years ago strongly influenced plants and animals, spurring a biodiversity boom in western North America, researchers from three research museums report in a paper published online this week in the Proceedings of the Natio...

Academy Library accepted to prestigious Biodiversity Heritage Library

PHILADELPHIAThe Academy of Natural Sciences announced today that its Ewell Sale Stewart Library has been accepted as a member of the prestigious Biodiversity Heritage Library. The BHL is a group of 12 natural history museum libraries, botanical libraries and research institutions worldwide dedic...

Threats to biodiversity rise in the world's Mediterranean-climate regions

In the first systematic analysis of threats to the biodiversity of the world's mediterranean-climate regions, scientists at The Nature Conservancy and UC Davis report that these conservation hotspots are facing significant and increasing pressure. The study, which appears in this week's edition o...

Alpine rivers hold important clues for preserving biodiversity and coping with climate change

Marginal plants, particularly trees, play a crucial role in sustaining the biodiversity of Europe's big river systems, according to a recently held workshop organised by the European Science Foundation (ESF). This finding provides important clues for protecting Europe's rivers against a combined o...

Marine invasive species advance 50 km per decade, World Conference on Marine Biodiversity told

A rapid, climate change-induced northern migration of invasive marine is one of many research results announced Tues. Nov. 11 during opening day presentations at the First World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, in Valencia. Investigators report that invasiv...

Marine invasive species advance 50km per decade, World Conference on Marine Biodiversity told

A rapid, climate change-induced northern migration of invasive marine is one of many research results announced Tues. Nov. 11 during opening day presentations at the First World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Ciudad de las Artes y las Ciencias, in Valencia. Investigators report that invasiv...

European biodiversity and ecosystem scientists merge and gear up for long-term research

Measures to tackle the human impact on biodiversity require long term research and collaboration between many countries working with common goals and frameworks. This emerged from a recent workshop organised by the European Science Foundation (ESF), which moved towards establishing an ESF Research...

DFG continues to strengthen biodiversity research

Biodiversity is fundamental to our life, providing food, drinking water and stable habitats. But biodiversity is currently in a crisis situation: the increasing loss of species around the world causes profound changes in our environment and threatens the functioning of ecosystems along with the se...

Smithsonian perspective: Biodiversity in a warmer world

Will climate change exceed life's ability to respond? Biodiversity in a Warmer World, published in the Oct. 10, 2008 issue of the journal, Science , illustrates that cross-disciplinary research fostered by the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute in Panama clearly informs this urgent debate. ...

Minnesota ecology professor wins international award for biodiversity and biofuels research

David Tilman, Regents Professor of Ecology at the University of Minnesota, has been named the 2008 recipient of the International Prize for Biology. Tilman will receive a medal, a $100,000 cash prize and a gift from Emperor Akihito of Japan in a ceremony in Tokyo on Dec. 8. Following the ceremony,...

Oklahoma researchers support biodiversity in biofuels production

U.S. and European mandates for subsidies of cellulosic ethanol production and use have uncertain environmental consequences according to an international group of scientists which includes researchers from the University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University. The 23-member group co-authore...

Dying frogs sign of a biodiversity crisis

BERKELEY Devastating declines of amphibian species around the world are a sign of a biodiversity disaster larger than just frogs, salamanders and their ilk, according to researchers from the University of California, Berkeley. In an article published online this week in the journal Proceeding...

Fossil and molecular evidence reveals the history of major marine biodiversity hotspots

This press release is available in Spanish . The journal " Science " has published in the issue of the 1st of August the results of a detailed research work about the evolution of marine diversity all through the last 50 million years. The study has been carried out with the participation o...

Biofuels and biodiversity don't mix, ecologists warn

Rising demand for palm oil will decimate biodiversity unless producers and politicians can work together to preserve as much remaining natural forest as possible, ecologists have warned. A new study of the potential ecological impact of various management strategies published in the British Ecolog...

BBVA Foundation Awards for Biodiversity Conservation

Francisco Gonzlez, president of the BBVA Foundation: "One of the biggest challenges facing humanity is to halt the destruction of the environment and, especially, of biodiversity. This is a task that must be urgently addressed and in which we must all play our part. At BBVA, we believe it is our...

Smithsonian coral biodiversity survey of Panama's Pearl Islands

A comprehensive survey of coral biodiversity in Panama's Las Perlas Archipelago, published in the journal Environmental Conservation by researchers from the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and their colleagues, has resulted in clear conservation recommendations for a new coastal manageme...

Brown scientists say biodiversity is crucial to ecosystem productivity

PROVIDENCE, R.I. [Brown University] - In the first experiment involving a natural environment, scientists at Brown University have shown that richer plant diversity significantly enhances an ecosystem's productivity. The finding underscores the benefits of biodiversity, such as capturing carbon d...

Surprising discovery from first large-scale analysis of biodiversity and biogeography of viruses

Viruses and bacterial viruses (known as phages) are among the most abundant life forms on the planet. Two papers published recently in Nature, March 2 and 12, 2008, analyse the geographical distribution of viral communities in modern organosedimentary structures (sedimentary features, built by the...

Oil palm research in context: Identifying the need for biodiversity assessment

Oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) cultivation has expanded dramatically in recent decades and is frequently cited as a major threat to tropical biodiversity. This is because oil palm is grown in lowland tropical regions and so impacts on the most biodiverse terrestrial habitats: tropical rainforests. A...

Markets of biodiversity and equity in trade: An illusion?

Since the end of the 1980s, the idea has become predominant that the best way to ensure conservation of biodiversity was to create value for it in the framework of markets. The great upsurge in genetic engineering techniques at that time offered a glimpse of many possibilities for money-earning us...

New study finds biodiversity conservation secures ecosystem services for people

Arlington, Virginia (Dec. 5, 2007) Healthy ecosystems that provide people with essential natural goods and services often overlap with regions rich in biological diversity, underscoring that conserving one also protects the other, according to a new study. Titled Global Conservation of Biod...

GBIF making the search for biodiversity research resources easier

Copenhagen, 5 December 2007 - If you needed to see a specimen of a hedgehog from Herzegovina or a fish from Fiji, would you know where to look? Finding a natural history collection that has specimens from a particular time or place right now is mostly a matter of guesswork. The Global Biodivers...

Are current projections of climate change-impacts on biodiversity misleading?

This is the urgent question arising from the study Quaternary climate changes explain diversity among reptiles and amphibians, published in the journal Ecography. Why is life on Earth not evenly distributed? Geographic patterns of species diversity and their underlying processes have intrigued ...

Single-largest biodiversity survey says primary rainforest is irreplaceable

As world leaders prepare to discuss conservation-friendly carbon credits in Bali and a regional initiative threatens a new wave of deforestation in the South American tropics, new research from the University of East Anglia and Brazils Goeldi Museum highlights once again the irreplaceable importan...

How global is the Global Biodiversity Information Facility?

Biologists and computer scientists have appealed for more information on the worlds biodiversity to be stored digitally so it may better be used to understand the impact of climate change on the Earths flora and fauna. A study, funded by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Counc...

NAS Biodiversity and Extinction Meeting Dec. 7-8

The National Academy of Sciences' Sackler Colloquium series will hold a meeting on the so-called biodiversity crisis and whether a mass extinction of plants and animals is under way. Leading researchers and students will discuss recent discoveries and concepts regarding the global abundance and d...

Coral reef fish harbor an unexpectedly high biodiversity of parasites

IRD researchers (1) showed that Epinephilus maculates, a fairly abundant species of grouper off New Caledonia, was parasitized by 12 species of microscopic monogenean worms. This diversity of parasites has just been confirmed also in the malabar grouper, Epinephilus malabaricus, another the coral r...

New theory gives more precise estimates of large-scale biodiversity

Ask biologists how many species live in a pond, a grassland, a mountain range or on the entire planet, and the answers get increasingly vague. Hence the wide range of estimates for the planet's biodiversity, predicted to be between 2 million and 50 million species. A new way of estimating speci...

Scorpion biodiversity

Scorpions possess resistance to high temperatures and the ability to conserve water for long periods of time, and as a result thrive in hot and arid parts of the world. But is this global distribution also seen at a more local level? Reporting in the open-access, peer-reviewed journal PLoS ONE ...

K-State biologist collaborating with researchers in Africa on grassland sustainability, biodiversity

With a campus situated in the Kansas Flint Hills and access to the Konza Prairie Biological Station, Kansas State University researchers certainly know grasslands. They're using that expertise to collaborate with researchers in Botswana and South Africa on studies of African grasslands. "There ...

The global impact of climate change on biodiversity

When three undergraduates set off on an expedition in 1965 to trap moths on Mount Kinabalu in Borneo, little did they realise that they were establishing the groundwork for a study of the impacts of climate change. New research led by the University of York has repeated the survey 42 years lat...

Networks of small habitat patches can preserve urban biodiversity

Sets of small and seemingly insignificant habitat patches that are within reach for mobile species may under certain circumstances, as a group, provide an acceptable alternative to larger and contiguous habitats. This finding can make preservation of important ecological functions possible even in...

Study confirms amphibians' ability to predict changes in biodiversity

Biologists have long suspected that amphibians, whose moist permeable skins make them susceptible to slight changes in the environment, might be good bellwethers for impending alterations in biodiversity during rapid climate change. Now two University of California biologists have verified the ...

Rainfall and river networks prove accurate predictors of fish biodiversity

Princeton researchers have invented a method for turning simple data about rainfall and river networks into accurate assessments of fish biodiversity, allowing better prediction of the effects of climate change and the ecological impact of man-made structures like dams. The mathematics behind t...

Spatial patterns in tropical forests can help to understand their high biodiversity

The high biodiversity in tropical forests has both fascinated and puzzled ecologists for more than half a century. In the hopes of finding an answer to this puzzle, ecologists have turned their attention to the spatial patterns of such communities and mapped the location of each tree with a stem l...

Australian wins prestigious prize in biodiversity informatics

Paul Flemons, winner of the 2007 Ebbe Nielsen Prize in biodiversity informatics, works at the Australian Museum, Sydney. The 2007 Ebbe Nielsen Prize has been awarded to Paul Flemons of the Australian Museum, Sydney. The Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) established the Prize in ho...

First Biodiversity Census of coral reef ecosystems in the NW Hawaiian Islands

As part of the international Census of Marine Life (CoML), a team of world renown scientists will embark on an expedition to explore coral reef biodiversity in the largest fully protected marine area in the world--the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Marine National Monument. Led by the National Ocea...

Overfishing in inland waters reduces biodiversity and threatens health

Systematic overfishing of fresh waters occurs worldwide but is largely unrecognized because of weak reporting and because other pressures can obscure fishery declines, according to an article in the December 2005 issue of BioScience. Although the status of inland waters and their fish species sho...

Acid water in East Java threatens biodiversity and local welfare

She went to investigate the local ecology. Yet during her field work on East Java, Dutch biologist Ansje Lohr became increasingly involved with the local residents, whose harvests failed and whose health was deteriorating due to extremely acidified and polluted river water. Lohr has recently receiv...

Sustainable agriculture at the ESA Annual Meeting

...t deeper into the ground. The perennial fields also had higher soil microbe biodiversity and higher levels of dissolved carbon and nitrogen in the soil. All these f...ystem services in the long term." Reduced tilling improves soil microbe biodiversity The idea of using biological instead of chemical methods to create healt...
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