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Babies in Biological News

ICSI or IVF: Babies born from frozen embryos do just as well

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Analysis of the longest running ICSI programme in the United States has found reassuring evidence that babies born from frozen embryos fertilised via ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) do just as well as those born from frozen embryos fertilised via standard IVF tr...

Mama whales teach babies where to eat

SALT LAKE CITY University of Utah biologists discovered that young "right whales" learn from their mothers where to eat, raising concern about their ability to find new places to feed if Earth's changing climate disrupts their traditional dining areas. "A primary concern is, what are whales ...

Fewer babies born after Caesarean delivery

Women who have a Caesarean delivery for their first child go on to have fewer children than women who give birth in the traditional way. This is shown in a study from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health (NIPH) and University of Bergen. Researchers at the NIPHs Medical Birth Registry and th...

Bacterial infections in premature babies more common than previously realized

Premature babies are subject to a host of threats that can result in fetal/neonatal disease. In a study published in the January 2008 issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology, researchers from the University of AlabamaBirmingham Medical School and the Drexel University College of M...

Evidence of a relationship between swimming babies and infections

In this way, the study shows that allowing babies to swim is possibly not as harmless with regard to infections as has been presumed till now," underlines Dr. Joachim Heinrich. He leads the research unit environmental epidemiology at the GSF Institute for Epidemiology. Prof. Dr. Dr. H. Erich ...

Tufted bacteria cause infection in premature babies

Bacteria that normally reside on the skin of healthy people can cause serious infections in premature babies. A group of researchers at the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet have now found an explanation for why a certain kind of staphylococcus can attach itself to the skin and quic...

Study finds 'rescue course' of antenatal steroids improves outcome in premature babies

WASHINGTON, DC In a study to be presented today at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting, researchers will unveil findings that show that premature babies born before 34 weeks have a 31 percent reduction in serious complications when given a "rescue course" of Antenatal ...

Consumers desire more genetic testing, but not designer babies

A new study by researchers at NYU Langone Medical Center found a high desire for additional genetic testing among consumers for life altering and threatening medical conditions including mental retardation, blindness, deafness, cancer, heart disease, dwarfism and shortened lifespan from death by 5...

World breakthrough in treating premature babies

Adelaide researchers have made a world breakthrough in treating premature babies at risk of developmental disorders. A six-year study led by Dr Maria Makrides from the Women's and Children's Health Research Institute and Professor Bob Gibson from the University of Adelaide has demonstrated that...

Virus weaves itself into the DNA transferred from parents to babies

Parents expect to pass on their eye or hair color, their knobby knees or their big feet to their children through their genes. But they don't expect to pass on viruses through those same genes. New research from the University of Rochester Medical Center shows that some parents pass on the huma...

Codeine not safe for all breastfeeding moms and their babies

Using pain treatments which contain codeine may be risky for some breastfeeding mothers, according to researchers at The University of Western Ontario, and the Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) in Toronto. Lead author Dr. Gideon Koren published research in the journal, Clinical Pharmacology &...

Embryo biopsy does not affect early growth and risk of congenital malformations in PGD/PGS babies

This release is also available in Spanish . Barcelona, Spain: A study of 70 singleton babies born after preimplantation genetic diagnosis and screening has shown that the procedure does not adversely affect their early growth and risk of congenital malformations. The lead researcher, ...

Too much or too little weight gain poses risks to pregnant mothers, babies

CHAPEL HILL Women who gain more or less than recommended amounts of weight during pregnancy are likely to increase the risk of problems for both themselves and their child, according to a new report by the RTI International-University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Evidence-based Practice Cente...

Scientists find predisposition to bronchiolitis in some babies

LIVERPOOL, UK 19 October 2007: Scientists have found that a large proportion of infants who suffer from bronchiolitis have an inherent pre-disposition to the disease. The disease is the most prevalent acute wheezing disorder in infants and is the most common cause of admission to hospital in ...

Thymus transplants gives hope to babies with fatal immune disease

"My baby is doing what other babies her age are doing -- she's feeding herself, putting on her own clothes and she loves to dance." Lolita Harding is describing her daughter Dave'yana, who will turn three in September, thanks in large part to a thymus transplant she received at Duke University Me...

Designer babies - what would you do for a 'healthy' baby?

The well-educated are significantly more open to the idea of "designing" babies than the poorly educated, according to a new study by psychologists at the University of East Anglia. The findings will be presented by Dr. Simon Hampton at the BA Festival of Science on Setpember 5. Dr. Hampton ...

Solvent exposure linked to birth defects in babies of male painters

Men who paint for a living may be placing their unborn children at increased risk of birth defects and low birth weight. A study of construction workers in the Netherlands, conducted in part by the University of Alberta in Edmonton, Canada, links low birth weight and birth defects to paternal, a...

Hair samples show babies can be exposed to 'crystal meth' while in the womb

Babies can be exposed to methamphetamine or "crystal meth" while in the womb, reveals an analysis of hair samples, published ahead of print in the Fetal and Neonatal Edition of Archives of Disease in Childhood. Unlike hair, the most commonly used detection methods (blood and urine), cannot regis...

Today's babies are fatter babies

By examining more than 120,000 children under age 6 in Massachusetts over 22 years, a newly published study shows that young children--especially infants--are now more likely to be overweight. This study was based at the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention of Harvard Medical School and Har...

Number Of Babies Born Prematurely Nears Historic Half Million Mark In U.S.

Some 12.3 percent of all babies -- 499,008 infants -- were born prematurely (less than 37 weeks gestation) in 2003, according to the report released by the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS). That's up from 12.1 percent (or about 480,000 babies) in 2002 -- and an increase of more than 30 ...

Asymptomatic HIV babies could use earlier treatment

Identifying and treating HIV-infected newborns is a race against the clock, according to a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine and Lucile Packard Children’s Hospital. Researchers found that HIV-infected infants treated with one or two antiretroviral drugs within two months of birt...

Maternal, paternal genes' tug-of-war may last well into childhood

...le, and least costly, to that parent. "Compared to other primates, human babies are weaned quite early, yet take a very long time to reach full nutritional...children become less dependent on their mothers' sustenance. Conversely, babies with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, in which some maternally derived genes ar...

Scientists link immune system's natural killer cells to infant liver disease

...backs up into and damages the liver. Corrective surgery is successful 65 to 85 percent of the time and is not considered a cure, although it can allow babies to have several years of fairly good health. In more severe cases, children may require a liver transplant. To better understand the disease's appa...

Hush little baby... Linking genes, brain and behavior in children

... It comes as no surprise that some babies are more difficult to soothe than others but frustrated parents may be relieved to know that this is not necessarily an indication of their parenting ...

Brain malformations significantly associated with preterm birth, Wake Forest research shows

... if there is some sort of difference between those babies and full-term babies some sort of soluble factor or an increased amount of something in the preterm babies that is not found in other babies," said William R...

NIST issues human milk and blood serum SRMs for contaminant measurements

...banks across the United States and divided the sample pools in half. (Note that the milk that was used to prepare the SRM was not suitable for feeding babies because the donors may have taken medications such as acetaminophen or the milk had reached its expiration date.) Researchers packaged half of each ma...

Complications early in pregnancy or in previous pregnancies adversely affect existing or subsequent pregnancies

...ing pregnancy, as well as enabling new research to improve clinical management of such high risk patients. Improving care for pregnant women and their babies is of particular importance in countries such as The Netherlands where perinatal mortality is a cause for concern. The Netherlands has a perinatal mor...

Genetic finding could lead to targeted therapy for neuroblastoma

...ma." Neuroblastoma forms in developing nerve cells, with tumors most often found on a child's adrenal gland. It's the most common form of cancer in babies and the third most common childhood cancer, according to the American Cancer Society. Led by John J. Maris, M.D., director of the Cancer Center at...

Autonomous robot detects shrapnel

...ating detailed, 3-D moving images in real-time. The Duke team has a long track record of modifying traditional 2-D ultrasound like that used to image babies in utero into the more advanced 3-D scans. Since inventing the technique in 1991, the team has shown its utility by developing specialized catheters ...

Potential for non-invasive brain tumor treatment

...detailed, 3-D moving images in real-time. The Duke laboratory has a long track record of modifying traditional 2-D ultrasound like that used to image babies in utero into the more advanced 3-D scans. After inventing the technique in 1991, the team also has shown its utility in developing specialized cathe...

Pre-pregnancy depressed mood may heighten risk for premature birth

...pregnancy." The consequences of higher preterm delivery are a growing burden on the health care system and parents. Studies have shown that preterm babies have higher morbidity rates and U.S. preterm birth rates are creeping up with no good explanation. In the U.S. the population at greatest risk for ma...

Simple drug treatment may prevent nicotine-induced SIDS: Study

... A new study has identified a specific class of pharmaceutical drugs that could be effective in treating babies vulnerable to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), because their mothers smoked during pregnancy. According to researchers at McMaster University, ...

Design input accelerates new technologies' route to market

... Thermo-chromic window films which regulate room temperature; a heart and breathing rate monitor which could revolutionise the monitoring of babies during childbirth; and improved tests for food sensitivities and allergies are among innovations developed at The University of Nottingham highlighted...

CU-Boulder study shows 53 million-year-old high Arctic mammals wintered in darkness

...t geologists believe linked Asia and Europe with North America, Eberle said. Their dietary chemical signatures, portly shapes and fossil evidence for babies and juveniles in the Arctic preclude the idea of long, seasonal migrations to escape the winter darkness, she said. "In order for mammals to have ...

Study suggests obese women should not gain weight

...g their pregnancy. The findings showed that there were no fetal deaths and no growth-restricted infants in the study group. Also, there were fewer babies weighing more than 10 pounds in the study group than in the control group. (A birth weight over 10 pounds poses significant hazards to both infants an...

New guidelines to fight obesity in pregnancy issued

...k of having a premature or low birthweight baby. babies born to overweight and obese mothers may face thei... IOM. It is the leading cause of newborn death and babies who survive an early birth often face the risk of ...hing problems, mental retardation and others. Even babies born just a few weeks too soon (34-36 weeks gestat...

Report updates guidelines on how much weight women should gain during pregnancy

...ht and gestational weight gain affect outcomes and the reality that healthy babies are born to women across a spectrum of pregnancy weight changes. Studies c...n that every woman who exceeds or falls short of the guidelines or that the babies born to these women will have problems. "This report gives women and the...

Babies born to native high-altitude mothers have decreased risk of low birth weight

...n of European descent. The study helps explain why babies of Andean descent born at high altitude weigh more than European babies born at altitude. The research, published in Th...fetus compared to women of European descent the babies of Andean women weighed an average of nine ounces ...

Study reveals conflict between doctors, midwives over homebirth

... births occur in the hospital, but the United States has one of the highest infant mortality rates of any developed country, with 6.3 deaths per 1,000 babies born. Meanwhile, the Netherlands, where a third of deliveries occur in the home with the assistance of midwives, has a lower rate of 4.73 deaths per 1...

Late motherhood boosts family lifespan

... SALT LAKE CITY, May 4, 2009 Women who have babies naturally in their 40s or 50s tend to live longer ...d at the lifespan of the brothers of women who had babies late, and of those brothers' wives. The wives are ...would influence his wife's child-bearing. Late babies Linked to Longer Life for Moms and Blood Uncles ...
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