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Evolution: Crabs go deep to avoid hot water

Researchers from the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, have drawn together 200 years' worth of oceanographic knowledge to investigate the distribution of a notorious deep-sea giant the king crab. The results, published this week in the Journal of Biogeography , reveal temperature as a ...

Women with endometriosis need special care during pregnancy to avoid risk of premature birth

Amsterdam, The Netherlands: The largest study to date of endometriosis in pregnant women has found that the condition is a major risk factor for premature birth, the 25th annual conference of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology heard today (Wednesday July 1). Dr. Henrik Falco...

How to text message and avoid pain

While it is well known that excessive text messaging can result in sore thumbs, less is known about its possible effects on the neck, arms and hands. Young adults with symptoms in these parts of the body use a different technique when texting, according to a study at the Sahlgrenska Academy, Unive...

American carnivores evolved to avoid each other, new study suggests

How do the many carnivorous animals of the Americas avoid competing for the same lunch, or becoming each other's meal? A possible answer comes from a new study by a pair of researchers at the University of California, Davis. Their large-scale analysis shows that it's not just chance that's at p...

More accurate FEMA flood maps could help avoid significant damages and losses

WASHINGTON -- Significant loss of life, destroyed property and businesses, and repairs to infrastructure could be avoided by replacing Federal Emergency Management Agency flood maps with ones that contain high-accuracy and high-resolution land surface elevation data, says a new report from the Nat...

Drink brewed tea to avoid tooth erosion

CHICAGO (November 25, 2008) - Today, the average size soft drink is 20 ounces and contains 17 teaspoons of sugar. More startling is that some citric acids found in fruit drinks are more erosive than hydrochloric or sulfuric acidwhich is also known as battery acid. These refined sugars and acids fo...

Red-eyed treefrog embryos actively avoid asphyxiation inside their eggs

Boston University undergraduate Jessica Rogge and associate professor Karen Warkentin, working at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute's laboratories in Gamboa, Panama, discovered that frog embryos at a very early developmental stage actively respond to oxygen levels in the eggas reported i...

Best way to treat malaria: Avoid using same drug for everyone, scientists say

A team of scientists employing a sophisticated computer model pioneered at Princeton University and Resources for the Future has found that many governments worldwide are recommending the wrong kind of malaria treatment. Despite the availability of many drugs and therapies to treat malaria, man...

Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: UN experts

Current coastal management practices are ineffective and their continuation endangers ecosystems that support the economies on which over half the worlds population depend, United Nations University experts warn in a new report offering a major prescription for sweeping change. In a blunt asses...

Coastal management cooperation, enforcement key to avoid pending crisis for millions: U.N. experts

Current coastal management practices are ineffective and their continuation endangers ecosystems that support the economies on which over half the worlds population depend, United Nations University experts warn in a new report offering a major prescription for sweeping change. In a blunt asses...

New test could help consumers avoid surprise headaches from chocolate, wine

Researchers in California are reporting development of a fast, inexpensive test suitable for home use that could help millions of people avoid those out of the blue headaches that may follow consumption of certain red wines, cheese, chocolate, and other aged or fermented foods. The test is des...

Men with prostate cancer avoid radiation due to misconceptions

Negative perceptions about radiation therapy can strongly influence a prostate cancer patient's choice to avoid external beam radiation therapy, even though studies have proven the treatment to be as safe and effective as other treatments for the disease, including surgery, according to a study pre...

Winning by a neck -- Giraffes avoid competing with shorter browsers

The giraffe's elongated neck has long been used in textbooks as an illustration of evolution by natural selection, but this common example has received very little experimental attention. In the January issue of the American Naturalist, researchers at the Mammal Research Institute in the Department...

Female guppies risk their lives to avoid too much male attention

Sexual harassment is a burden that females of many species face, and some may go to extreme lengths to avoid it. In a new paper from the June issue of the American Naturalist, Darren Croft (University of Wales) and a research team from the University of Leeds suggest that female guppies, a popul...

Heal thyself: Systems biology model reveals how cells avoid becoming cancerous

Researchers at the University of California, San Diego and three other institutions have described for the first time a web of inter-related responses that cells use to avoid becoming diseased or cancerous after being exposed to a powerful chemical mutagen. The group led by UCSD bioengineering pro...

How plants avoid feeling the burn

Too much sun ?for plants as well as people ?can be harmful to long-term health. But to avoid the botanical equivalent of "lobster tans," plants have developed an intricate internal defense mechanism, called photoprotection, which acts like sunscreen to ward off the sun's harmful rays. "We knew th...

Travelers can avoid jet lag by resetting their body clocks

A simple, at-home treatment -- a single light box and the over-the-counter drug melatonin -- allows travelers to avoid jet lag by resetting their circadian body clock before crossing several time zones, according to new research being published in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocri...

Gladstone investigators discover how resting T cells avoid HIV infection

Scientists have discovered the mechanism that enables some CD4 T cells -- the main target of HIV -- to thwart the virus. The discovery, reported on April 13 in the online version of Nature, could open the door to an entirely new strategy for preventing the spread of HIV infection in the body's cell...

Falling ants glide back to trunk to avoid dangers of forest floor

An amazing variety of arboreal animals have learned to glide through the forest, from flying squirrels to flying lizards and frogs, and even ?frightening as it sounds ?snakes. Now, add ants to that list, say biologists at the University of California, Berkeley, and the University of Texas Medica...

Why do insects stop 'breathing'? To avoid damage from too much oxygen, say researchers

A new study investigating the respiratory system of insects may have solved a mystery that has intrigued physiologists for decades: why insects routinely stop breathing for minutes at a time. Challenging previous theories, researchers at UC Irvine and Humboldt University propose that insects suc...

Protein handlers should be effective treatment target for cancer and Alzheimer's

... to find drugs that adjust the activity of molecular chaperones and heat shock factors. She theorizes these drugs would be used for limited periods to avoid trading cancer for an increased risk of neurodegenerative disease or vice versa. "A lot of drugs, such as chemotherapeutic agents, can kill cancer ...

Urban water ecology at the ESA annual meeting

...ce of harboring pathogens that cause human diseases. Chaves makes the case that cities should separate their sewage overflow from their rain runoff to avoid creating ideal habitat for mosquitoes. Lakeshore development reduces food supplies for fish Freshwater fish, especially stream fish, rely on t...

U of M study identifies risk factors of disordered eating in overweight youth

...dicate the importance of working with overweight youth to prevent an unhealthy preoccupation with weight, promote a positive psychological well-being, avoid unhealthy weight control behaviors, and encourage family connectedness. ...

Humans 'damaging the oceans'

...re carbon from the atmosphere, or using the seabed to store CO2. However these require far more research to be sure. "It may already be too late to avoid major irreversible changes to many marine ecosystems. As history has shown us, these marine-based changes could have major earth-system consequences,...

Stem cell research: From molecular physiology to therapeutic applications

...een studied in both animal models and human patients for more than 20 years. Recent progress in stem cell biology has indicated that it is possible to avoid immunorejection of either nuclear transfer embryonic stem cells or induced pluripotent stem cells. On the other hand, recent post mortem analysis of p...

Nottinghamshire Police First Law Enforcement Agency to Deploy ForensicSoft in United Kingdom

...r impossible to access. I can see our use of SAFE increase in correlation with the increase in netbook and sub-notebook submissions. SAFE allows us to avoid time-consuming disassembly whilst continuing to use our preferred imaging and analysis software. Benefits obviously vary case by case, but on the most...

Cancer's distinctive pattern of gene expression could aid early screening and prevention

...nctive patterns of genes turned off or left on in healthy versus cancerous cells could enable early screening for many common cancers and maybe help avoid them, Medical College of Georgia scientists say. Researchers are comparing chemical alterations, called DNA methylation, in the body's basic buildi...

Results of national assessment of first responder location systems to be announced Aug. 3

...the rigorous assessment, which included several fire and police scenarios, was designed and conducted by researchers in WPI's PPL research program. To avoid a conflict of interest, the groundbreaking location systems developed by the WPI team were not included. "The real goal of the national assessment ...

DOE-funded research projects win 46 R&D 100 Awards for 2009

...e inspects each individual laser pulse, which is traveling at the speed of light, and then determines if the pulse meets the bandwidth requirements to avoid self-destruction during amplification. Spectral Sentry can stop the speed-of-light pulse it just measured from further amplification, avoiding potent...

Technology improves salmon passage at hydropower dams

...rmy Corps of Engineers. An informational video about JSATS can be found at http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qmJfFrFGmVw . Hydro model helps fish avoid becoming dinner Migrating salmon will soon be directed away from predatory fish near The Dalles Dam, thanks in part to a detailed 3-D computational...

Parasitic worms make sex worthwhile

...tists' report represents direct experimental evidence for the "Red Queen Hypothesis" of sex, which suggests sexual reproduction allows host species to avoid infection by their coevolving parasites by producing genetically variable offspring. "We have shown that parasites can play a role in the maintenan...

Noise pollution negatively affects woodland bird communities, says CU-Boulder study

...r of bird species found in the noisy sites -- including gray flycatchers, gray vireos, black-throated gray warblers and spotted towhees -- tended to avoid areas of noise disturbance when selecting nesting sites. "Understanding how birds respond to noise, especially birds with critical links to ecosy...

Warming climate threatens California fruit and nut production

...breaking dormancy in years of insufficient winter chill," Luedeling said. About winter chill Most fruit and nut trees from nontropical locations avoid cold injury in the winter by losing their leaves in the fall and entering a dormant state that lasts through late fall and winter. In order to brea...

Overfishing and evolution

...CUBA divers, but new research shows that these methods may misrepresent the number of fish. A study from the University of Victoria shows that fish avoid the divers and snorkelers who try to count them. Not all types of fish are equally frightened by the divers, and Faculty of 1000 member Helen Yap, who...

Probiotics help gastric-bypass patients lose weight more quickly, Stanford study shows

...linics suggests that the use of a dietary supplement after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery can help obese patients to more quickly lose weight and to avoid deficiency of a critical B vitamin. In a study published in the July issue of the Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery , John Morton, MD, associate...

Happier, healthier, more productive hens on omega-3?

...re aware of the potential health benefits of omega-3 found in fish oil and flax seed. Now researchers are looking at how omega-3 may help laying hens avoid bone damage. A grant of 1.7 million has been awarded to Dr John Tarlton of the University of Bristol's Matrix Biology Research Group in the School...

UAB study reveals bone coupling factor key to skeletal health

...lain the coupling role of TGF beta-1 in skeletal health. Bone remodeling occurs through resorption, the body's way of removing old and brittle bone to avoid breaks and skeletal disorders. Bone formation happens as skeletons grow and as the body works to counter bone resorption by laying down new bone. C...

US-Mexico border wall could threaten wildlife species

...ps added. "Putting in poles near the fence could allow the owls to swoop down from a perch, and planting brush to provide better cover could help them avoid predation by larger avian species and improve their chances for colonization." Maintaining or augmenting trees that are taller than the fence, and ...

When it comes to brain damage, blankets take the place of drugs

...uce shivering in all patients, Kramer concludes that "its simplicity, low cost, widespread availability, lack of adverse effects, and the potential to avoid sedation ... make it an attractive treatment option." ...

Scientists are learning more about big birds from feathers

...ften be traumatic to the animal. "They're wild animals that don't want to be caught," DeWoody said. "They can get hurt as well. Using feathers, you avoid all that." And costs can be as high as $5,000 for the tracking technology that researchers must attach to eagles, a prohibitive cost if studying mo...
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