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Australia in Biological News

Racing cane toads reveals they get cold feet on Southern Australia invasion

Cane toads weren't allowed to compete in the Olympics, but scientists have raced cane toads in the laboratory and calculated that they would not be able to invade Melbourne, Adelaide or Hobart and are unlikely to do well in Perth or Sydney, even with climate change. According to research by Dr ...

Canadian-based UN coral reef expert honored at world meeting in Australia

World experts meeting in Australia have presented a Canadian-based UN coral reef specialist with a distinguished award for his lifetime of achievement in marine research. Peter Sale, Assistant Director for Coastal Zones at the United Nations University's International Network on Water, Environm...

Understanding autumn rain decline in SE Australia

According to a report from a CSIRO Wealth From Oceans Flagship study published this week in the science journal Geophysical Research Letters since 1950 Victoria has suffered a 40 per cent decline in autumn rainfall (March to May) compared to the average recorded between 196190. The reports au...

'Hot spots' the key to controlling European carp in Australia

The on-going drought in Australia is having at least one positive spin-off - fewer carp are being distributed through inland waterways. NSW Department of Primary Industries (DPI) fisheries researchers at Narrandera are identifying carp hot-spots in conjunction with the Invasive Animals Cooperat...

Emory paleontologist reports discovery of carnivorous dinosaur tracks in Australia

The first fossil tracks belonging to large, carnivorous dinosaurs have been discovered in Victoria, Australia, by paleontologists from Emory University, Monash University and the Museum of Victoria (both in Melbourne). The tracks are especially significant for showing that large dinosaurs were liv...

Agilent Technologies new genome analysis technology set to accelerate Australia fight against mesothelioma

Agilent Technologies Inc. (NYSE: A) today announced that its breakthrough Human Genome CGH Microarray technology will be used by researchers at Melbourne's Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre in a three-year study designed to better understand mesothelioma, a cancer found in the lining of the chest, the ...

Highest ever winter water temperatures recorded

...ve consequences for marine ecosystems, fisheries, aquaculture, coastal communities and more," Dr Cresswell says. The Leeuwin Current forms north of australia and flows right around the western half of the country, meeting its better known cousin, the East Australian Current (EAC), at Tasmania. The exact loc...

Extraterrestrial platinum was 'stirred' into the Earth

... isotopic tracer systems which has eluded explanation until now. Co-authors Dr Marco Fiorentini and Dr Wolfgang Maier from the University of Western australia are delighted that this is a completely academic outcome which came out of an industry-funded project. "It is a nice example of an unexpected funda...

Bizarre walking bat has ancient heritage

...not deter modern vampire bats from walking. Likewise, the rich rainforest environment in which the ancestors of the mystacinid bats evolved in ancient australia was teeming with ground-based competitors and predators." A small secretive creature with velvety fur, the lesser short-tailed bat is New Zealand's ...

Researchers achieve major breakthrough with water desalination system

...nstitutions such as Ben Gurion University in Israel, Victoria University in australia and Tarragona University in Spain. According to Stephen Gray, directo... to achieve high water recoveries. Such advances are of great importance to australia and many other places in the world, where many communities are facing short...

Down Under dinosaur burrow discovery provides climate change clues

... to the Victoria coast, which marks the seam where australia once snuggled against Antarctica. Lower Cretaceous... about 110 million years old, around the time that australia split with Antarctica, and dinosaurs roamed in prolonged polar darkness along forested southern australia river plains. It was one of the last times the Ear...

New crops needed for new climate

...bal food security in a changing climate depends on the nutritional value and yield of staple food crops. Researchers at Monash University in Victoria, australia have found an increase in toxic compounds, a decrease in protein content and a decreased yield in plants grown under high CO 2 and drought conditions...

Scientists closer to developing salt-tolerant crops

...cation (GM), bringing salt-tolerant cereal crops a step closer to reality. The research team based at the University of Adelaide's Waite Campus in australia has used a new GM technique to contain salt in parts of the plant where it does less damage. Salinity affects agriculture worldwide, which means t...

New crops needed for new climate

...bal food security in a changing climate depends on the nutritional value and yield of staple food crops. Researchers at Monash University in Victoria, australia have found an increase in toxic compounds, a decrease in protein content and a decreased yield in plants grown under high CO 2 and drought conditions...

Aussie and Kiwi researchers make double MS genetic discovery

... the ANZgene consortium, more than 40 investigators from 11 institutions in australia and New Zealand. The three year study utilized the MS Research australia (MSRA) Gene Bank and involved scanning the DNA of 1,618 people with MS and ...

Australia's climate: Drought and flooding in annual rings of tropical trees

... been able to prove that tree growth in north-east australia depends mainly on the annual precipitation. Furth...ion of the precipitation dynamics in Australia. australia is periodically influenced by the climate fluctuat...rich. To date the seasonal climate forecast for australia has been based on calculations of the fluctuations...

CSIRO deal to commercialize 'artificial gut'

...used to screen germplasm for functional grain attributes," Dr Lee said. "With the growing problem of obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease in australia and around the world, there is increasing demand for low GI and foods high in resistant starch. Consumers need greater access to products with appropr...

American Chemical Society's weekly PressPac -- May 27, 2009

...mp900063t CONTACT: Clive Prestidge, Ph.D. Sector Coordinator for Bio and Polymer Interfaces Ian Wark Research Institute University of South australia Mawson Lakes, South Australia Phone: +61 8 83023569 Fax : +61 8 83023683 Email : clive.prestidge@unisa.edu.au ARTICLE #5 EMBARGOED FOR 9 ...

Lenfest forage fish task force launched

...(Chair), Stony Brook University (New York) Dr. Eva Plaganyi-Lloyd, CSIRO, australia Dr. Keith Sainsbury, University of Tasmania, australia Dr. Bob Steneck, University of Maine ...

Stanford's Woods Institute awards new round of Environmental Venture Projects

...rd University faculty teams will receive a total of $791,692 over the next two years to tackle environmental challenges, from the desert grasslands of australia to the mountain meadows of California. Thirty-three EVP grants have been awarded since the annual program was established in 2004. This year'...

NAU discovery could help feed millions

... have to combine rabies vaccinations with fertility control." She hopes to address rabies problems on the rise in West Africa, India and China. australia hopes to put the technology to use in managing its kangaroo, wallaby and camel populations. New Zealand, Spain and the United Kingdom also are in line...

Bolivian rainforest study suggests feeding behavior in monkeys and humans have ancient, shared roots

..., and collected samples of what they had eaten from the actual trees the monkeys had chosen. The samples were then dried and sent to the laboratory in australia where they were analysed for their nutritional content. It is unusual for a study of feeding habits in wild primates to be conducted in this detailed ...

Accolade for solar-hydrogen project

...e energy sector. The awards were given to nine outstanding projects by 11 universities and institutes from six countries the UK, Sweden, Greece, USA, australia and Germany. Hydrogen has huge potential as an environmentally clean energy fuel. Associate Professor Gianluca Li Puma, an expert in photocatalysi...

Human role in Indonesian polluting forest fires -- Guido van der Werf in Nature Geoscience

...self but the poisonous smoke released. Due to this smoke, the number of people killed by fires in Indonesia is probably many times higher than that in australia this year. Furthermore, the smog also causes severe damage to the environment. Knowledge about the causes of these fires is essential for improved pre...

Rules proposed to save the world's coral reefs

...struction. Their proposal is being unveiled at the World Ocean Conference 2009 in Manado, Indonesia, where leaders of six regional governments plus australia and the United States are meeting to declare the largest-ever marine reserve in world history, the Coral Triangle Initiative. "The catastrophic dec...

Rabbits on the back foot -- but naturally they're fighting back

...was "needle-in-the-haystack" search as they had to find out: which areas in australia were affected, where in the rabbit the virus lurked, at what age rabbits be...Rabbit Calicivirus Australia1," she said. "Its ancestors probably came to australia with the first rabbits 150 years ago. We found it in the intestinal tissues...

A big lesson from the reef

...niversity of Arizona (USA) where he examined global dynamics of marine biodiversity in the fossil record. In 2000, he came to James Cook University in australia to lead a research program in ecological modelling applied to coral reefs. Sean has 32 publications in leading international journals including N...

Coral 'can't escape the heat'

...ging political debate over carbon trading he states simply "Whatever policy australia adopts, the outcome must be to reduce our carbon emissions. While they are ...tigations of a high order into the solid Earth or its oceans carried out in australia or having some connection with Australian Earth science. The award is norma...

Social separation stops flu spread, but must be started soon

...tion, activated without delay and maintained for a relatively long period. Professor George Milne and his colleagues from the University of Western australia (UWA) simulated the effect of social distancing on the spread of a flu virus within a small town. Their research used a detailed, individual-based mod...

Wetlands likely source of methane from ancient warming event

...r and Atmospheric Research in New Zealand, the Technical University of Denmark and the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation in australia contributed to the report. The work was supported by grants from the National Science Foundation, the Packard Foundation, the American Chemical So...

Indigenous peoples at world summit to share climate change observations, coping techniques

...s. "Climigration means no possibility to return home." Says UN Under-Secretary-General Konrad Osterwalder, Rector of UN University: "The fires in australia last summer that killed 240 people graphically demonstrated the devastating potential of extreme weather events, which are expected with increasing fr...

Climate change may wake up 'sleeper' weeds

...CSIRO's Climate Adaptation Flagship. Weeds cost australia more than $4 billion a year either in control or l...ort for the Australian Government's Land and Water australia looked at what effects climate changes anticipated...oduced plants would produce a 'vacuum' in northern australia so, to prevent lurking species from invading, a ne...

Is love at first sight real? Geneticists offer tantalizing clues

...ng to a study published in the April 2009 issue of the journal GENETICS ( http://www.genetics.org ), a team of scientists from the United States and australia discovered that at the genetic level, some males and females are more compatible than others, and that this compatibility plays an important role in m...

Queen's researchers shine light on compact fluorescent bulb problems

... Dr. Jain adds, since widespread use of today's less efficient CFLs would reduce expected benefits to the global power grid. Many countries, including australia and the European Union, have already begun phasing out incandescent bulbs in favor of the compact fluorescents. (Europe and Asia have established mini...

Australia, India, New Zealand join integrated ocean drilling program

...embership is agreed upon in a memorandum signed by australia Research Council and IODP Lead Agencies: Japan's M...at Barrier Reef planned for 2010. The australia Research Council also negotiated a memorandum with...'s involvement in IODP is funded until 2012 by the australia Research Council along with 14 universities, and t...

April 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...ipelines, and other seafloor installations. Syndepositional fault control on lower Frasnian platform evolution, Lennard Shelf, Canning Basin, australia Annette D. George et al., School of Earth and Environment, University of Western Australia, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. Pages 331-334. Ancient r...

Aussie meat ants may be invasive cane toad's Achilles' heel

... Ecologists in australia have discovered that cane toads are far more susce... Shine: "The spread of cane toads through tropical australia has created major ecological problems. The ideal w...cause the toads are facing different challenges in australia challenges they have not evolved to deal with. Su...

You don't call, you don't write: Connectivity in marine fish populations

...ds Hole Oceanographic Institution. Thorrold and his colleagues from the French National Center for Scientific Research and James Cook University in australia studied the clownfish ( Amphiprion percula ) in Kimbe Island, New Britain, Papua New Guinea. This coral reef fish is the same species as Disney's fame...

Australia's most endangered snake might need burning

... in areas known to be important to the snakes. Although broad-headed snakes would benefit from controlled burns, the extreme risks of bushfires in australia must be weighed against the expected gains. "As with all decisions in environmental management, the decision should be made on the basis of the bes...

Deep-sea rocks point to early oxygen on Earth

...e water table and recover unweathered rocks." The researchers drilled diagonally into the base of a hill in the Pilbara Craton in northwest Western australia to obtain samples of jasper that could not have been exposed to the atmosphere or water. These jaspers could be dated to 3.46 billion years ago. "E...
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