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Asian in Biological News

NASA study says climate adds fuel to Asian wildfire emissions

In the last decade, Asian farmers have cleared tens of thousands of square miles of forests to accommodate the world's growing demand for palm oil, an increasingly popular food ingredient. Ancient peatlands have been drained and lush tropical forests have been cut down. As a result, the landscape ...

IOF World Congress on Osteoporosis in Bangkok to address Asian issues

With projections indicating that more than 50% of all osteoporotic hip fractures will occur in Asia by the year 2050, the prevention and treatment of osteoporotic fractures has become a major health concern in the region. The IOF World Congress on Osteoporosis (IOF WCO), to be held for the firs...

Recovery efforts not enough for critically endangered Asian vulture

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Captive breeding colonies of a critically endangered vulture, whose numbers in the wild have dwindled from tens of millions to a few thousand, are too small to protect the species from extinction, a University of Michigan analysis shows. Adding wild birds to the captive colon...

Tiny dust particles from Asian deserts common over western United States

It has been a decade since University of Washington scientists first pinpointed specific instances of air pollution, including Gobi Desert dust, traversing the Pacific Ocean and adding to the mix of atmospheric pollution already present along the West Coast of North America. Now a UW research...

Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research to set up its first Asian branch in Singapore

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) has been signed by the worlds largest international non-profit cancer research institute, the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research (LICR), to establish a branch for translational and clinical cancer research in Singapore. This is in collaboration with three Sing...

Warning from Asian bees

Four swarms of Asian bees found in Cairns have been cleared of carrying the dreaded Varroa destructor mite but the intruders themselves could pose the beginning of a serious threat to Australian honey bee populations. Asian bees are known to have found their way into Australian ports at least ha...

Scientists to track impact of Asian dust and pollution on clouds, weather, climate change

Mice whose brain cells respond to a flash of light are providing insight into the complexities of the sense of smell and may ultimately yield a better understanding of how the human brain works. Investigators at Duke University Medical Center and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute have engineere...

Nonvenomous Asian snakes 'borrow' defensive poison from toxic toads

Most snakes are born with poisonous bites they use for defense. But what can non-poisonous snakes do to ward off predators? What if they could borrow a dose of poison by eating toxic toads, then recycling the toxins? That's exactly what happens in the relationship between an Asian snake and ...

Hepatitis B accounts for 40 percent of 'missing' Asian women

In a groundbreaking, sure-to-be-controversial new study, Emily Oster (a graduate student in economics at Harvard University) argues that excess female mortality, such as infanticide, may not be the only cause of uncommonly high male to female ratios in many Asian countries. It has long been observe...

Genetic analysis of Asian elephants in India reveals some surprises

Researchers in India and from The Earth Institute at Columbia University have discovered that one of the few remaining populations of Asian elephants in India is actually two genetically distinct groups. The results of the study, which appear in the current issue of the journal Animal Conservation,...

Cousin of Asian super termite invades Florida

Another highly destructive termite -- a close relative of the Formosan "super termite" that's gnawing its way across many Southern states -- has become established in South Florida, according to University of Florida researchers. "The Asian subterranean termite, a major pest in tropical areas suc...

Lead-based consumer paint remains a global public health threat

...ding current U.S. standards. In September 2006, Clark's team published what is believed to be the first scientific report to show that unregulated asian countries produced and sold new consumer paints that greatly exceeded U.S. lead safety levels. In that study, 75 percent of the consumer paint samples...

Hybrid vehicle rebates produce scant environmental benefits, high cost

...ati, assistant professor in UBC's Dept. of Food and Resource Economics, and Milind Kandlikar of UBC's Liu Institute for Global Issues and Institute of asian Research. "Our estimates indicate that two-thirds of people who buy hybrids were going to buy them anyway," says Chandra. "So for the majority, reb...

August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...tope ratios and will be used to unravel the migration history to and from these ancient Maya cities. Natural and anthropogenic sources of East asian dust Gaojun Li et al., State Lab of Mineral Deposits Research, Institute of Surficial Geochemistry, Dept. of Earth Sciences, Nanjing University, Nan...

Opening a new window on daylight

...Systems Modelling and Simulation this month. Lerdlekha Tanachaikhan and colleagues in the School of Environment, Resources and Development, at the asian Institute of Technology in Pathumtani, Thailand, explain that electric lighting is typically responsible for 25 to 40% of total electricity consumptio...

$2 million grant aids study of lung cancer in people who never smoked

...utations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene. In addition, they found that such mutations are more common in women and among people of asian ancestry. For the current project, cancer scientists at the Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Fred Hutchi...

'Bycatch' whaling a growing threat to coastal whales

...t surveys include humpbacks whales, fin whales, Bryde's whales and critically endangered western gray whales. The entanglement and death of western or asian gray whales is of particular concern given the extremely small size of this endangered populations, which is estimated at only 100 individuals. ...

Elephant-size loopholes sustain Thai ivory trade

...nts are providing cover for illegal trade in wild-caught, highly-endangered asian elephants from both Thailand and neighbouring Myanmar. TRAFFIC's survey ...ing international requirements to the ongoing detriment of both African and asian Elephant populations," said Milliken. "Since 2004, the Thai government h...

Hidden genitalia in female water striders makes males 'sing'

...ect their genitalia from males' forceful copulatory attempts, females of an asian species of water strider seem to "win" the evolutionary arms race between t...ehavioral Ecology and Evolution at Seoul National University, females of an asian species of water striders, Gerris gracilicornis, do seem to win this race a...

Midge keeps invasive mosquito in check, aiding native mosquitoes

...getting eaten. One of the invasive mosquitoes, the asian tiger mosquito ( Aedes albopictus ), can carry den...ndiculata , eat more of the larvae of the invasive asian tiger mosquito than of the native Eastern treehole... species. The treehole mosquito is larger than the asian tiger mosquito, which makes it less vulnerable to ...

UCLA scientists discover ultrasonic communication among frogs

...ng purely ultrasonic calls, whose frequencies are too high to be heard by humans. Known as Huia cavitympanum , the frog lives only on the Southeast asian island of Borneo. Ultrasounds are high-pitched sounds more than 20 kilohertz (kHz) in frequency, which exceeds the upper limit of sounds detectabl...

HudsonAlpha investigator develops rapid response swine flu test

...blic who are interested in the test should contact a local physician or healthcare facility. Han also developed the Tem-PCR avian flu test for the asian strain H5N1, as well as a respiratory infection differentiation test used during the SARS outbreak in China earlier this decade. These tests played a ...

Native Americans descended from a single ancestral group, DNA study confirms

...ne wave or successive waves, or from one ancestral asian population or a number of different populations. ...y related to each other than to any other existing asian populations, except those that live at the very ed...nd and the Chukchi and Koryak people native to the asian (western) side of the Bering Strait. Yet this alle...

Genome projects launched for three extreme-environment animals

...ready enabled rapid, accurate, and cost effective completion of several other large genome projects at BGI-Shenzhen, including the Panda and the first asian individual genomes. This powerful technology will be used here to construct complete genome sequences for each of these animals and to carry out detai...

Field Museum paleontologist leads study on two new dinosaurs from China

... been used for digging or raking the ground." Profound implications for asian dinosaur faunas Other dinosaurs found together with Beishanlong and Xio...the very stable, but depauperate, lineage composition of Cretaceous Central asian dinosaur faunas that reined for the next 50 million years. Professor Gao Ke...

Indigenous peoples at world summit to share climate change observations, coping techniques

... The Arctic, The Caribbean The Amazon Southern Chile and Argentina, Southern Africa, Pacific islands and other island states, Along the asian coastline Across Australia Beyond temperature flux, climate change is expected to alter the timing, frequency and intensity of precipitation, t...

NOAA report calls flame retardants concern to US coastal ecosystems

...among scientists and regulators that their impacts on human health will prove comparable. PBDE production has been banned in a number of European and asian countries. In the U.S., production of most PBDE mixtures has been voluntarily discontinued. The NOAA Mussel Watch survey found that the highest con...

Research to secure a safe water supply

... develop a sustainable cross-border water management system in five Central asian states and to provide further training for Central asian specialists in the field. The CAWa consortium includes the Helmholtz Centre...

New explanation for a puzzling biological divide along the Malay Peninsula

.... "We found an area about 600 kilometers long where there are 30 percent fewer species than there should be," Woodruff said. Although 128 mainland asian species stopped before the southern tip of the peninsula and 121 island species were found only in the south, 35 widely distributed species were found...

Tigers get a stimulus plan

...and direct killing of tigers either due to conflicts with humans, or commercial poaching for their fur and other body parts, including for traditional asian medicines. There are no exact numbers for wild tiger populations, both historical and current. But two hundred years ago the total number of wil...

Winners of Tyler environmental prize announced

..., he correctly predicted that global warming from carbon dioxide would be detectable by the year 2000. More recently, Ramanathan showed that South asian "brown clouds" caused by the burning of fossil fuels could lower ocean temperatures, slowing down monsoon circulation and reducing seasonal rainfall. ...

The Earth Observatory of Singapore devoted to the study of earth sciences officially opens

...ge, and their potential effects on billions of people living in the region's cities and villages. In fact, such events threaten not only the Southeast asian region but much of civilisation. Among the immediate projects by the EOS is the setting up of an experimental GPS station at NTU which will be a pr...

One-fifth of fossil-fuel emissions absorbed by threatened forests

...can forest has trapped an extra 0.6 tonnes of carbon per year. The scientists then analysed the new African data together with South American and asian findings to assess the total sink in tropical forests. Analysis of these 250,000 tree records reveals that, on average, remaining undisturbed forests...

Biofuels boom could fuel rainforest destruction, Stanford researcher warns

...tations on degraded or already cleared lands," Gibbs said, "while environmental groups and some scientists point to Amazonian rainforests or Southeast asian peat swamps as the land sources." Gibbs was one of the first to approach the question by quantifying the types of landpristine forest, disturbed for...

Brupbacher prize to Nubia Munoz and Sir Richard Peto

...level, particularly in Central and South America, Southern Africa and a few asian countries. Sir Richard Peto Apart from the causation of cervical c...the age of 30-69 years. He commented that the very high ratio of smokers in asian countries will lead to sickness and mortality of extraordinary proportions....

February 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights

...to better understand the temporal and spatial variability of the worldwide late Holocene droughts. A New Late Cretaceous macrobaenid turtle with asian affinities from the High Canadian Arctic: Dispersal via ice-free polar routes Deborah Vandermark et al., Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences...

Jumbo-sized discovery made in Malaysia

...rks (DWNP) reveals that a population of endangered asian elephants living in a Malaysian park may be the la...S and DWNP researchers estimate that there are 631 asian elephants living in Taman Negara National Park a ... National Park is one of the great strongholds for asian elephants in Southeast Asia," said Dr. Melvin Guma...

Genetic mutation causes familial susceptibility for degenerative brain disease

...y included nearly two hundred children and adults from 35 unrelated families, 50 of whom had confirmed episodes of ANE. Nineteen patients of European, asian or African descent had isolated cases of ANE. None of the participants with isolated ANE, as well as over a thousand healthy control patients, carried...

Singapore research team first place in Brain-Computer Interface contest

... I2R, which is one of the research institutes under Singapore's A*STAR (Agency for Science, Technology and Research) and which is headquartered at the asian city-state's new R&D epicenter, Fusionopolis, have developed new algorithms and novel techniques that have dramatically improved the efficiency, accur...

Less than one month to opening of world’s largest global congress on osteoporosis

...OF will hold a media briefing to present preliminary results of an upcoming asian Osteoporosis Audit report (to be published in April 2009). At the same time, a "Call to Action" will be issued by leading asian women: Mrs Alice Chiu, Hong Kong; Ms Letisha Zivanna, Indonesia; Mrs Ying X...
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