K-State biologist collaborating with researchers in Africa on grassland sustainability, biodiversity
With a campus situated in the Kansas Flint Hills and access to the Konza Prairie Biological Station, Kansas State University researchers certainly know grasslands. They're using that expertise to collaborate with researchers in Botswana and South Africa
on studies of African grasslands.
Almost 7 million pregnant in sub-Saharan Africa infected with hookworms; at risk of anaemia
A study published today in the open-access journal PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases reveals that between a quarter and a third of pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa, or almost 7 million, are infected with hookworms and at increased risk of developing anaemia.
Hookworms are parasitic worms whi...
Professor Brian Greenwood awarded first Hideyo Noguchi Africa Award
Professor Brian Greenwood, Manson Professor of Clinical Tropical Medicine at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine will be awarded the first Hideyo Noguchi Africa
Prize for research by Prime Minister Fukuda, and will also meet their Majesties the Emperor and Empress of Japan at the TICA...
Impoverished areas of Africa and Asia face severe crop losses from climate change in 20 years
Many of the worlds poorest regions could face severe crop losses in the next two decades because of climate change, according to a new study by researchers at Stanford Universitys Program on Food Security and the Environment (FSE). Their findings will be published in the Feb. 1 issue of the journ...
Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa commits 180M to revive farmers' depleted soils
Nairobi, Kenya (25 January 2008) Determined to revive the grossly depleted soils of sub-Saharan Africa, which are a major underlying cause of poverty and hunger, the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa
(AGRA) today announced a US$180 million five-year program to restore the fertility of Afr...
First symposium of UN University-Cornell Africa Series to be held at UN
NEW YORK, N.Y. Cornell University and the United Nations University (UNU) will explore causes, effects and potential solutions for the health, governance and security of the African continent when it inaugurates the UNU-Cornell Africa
Series of moderated symposia on Tuesday, Nov. 13. The series i...
Fossilized cashew nuts reveal Europe was important route between Africa and South America
Cashew nut fossils have been identified in 47-million year old lake sediment in Germany, revealing that the cashew genus Anacardium was once distributed in Europe, remote from its modern native distribution in Central and South America. It was previously proposed that Anacardium and its African si...
Improving science, technology in Africa is aim as G-8, African, UN experts convene in Berlin
G 8 experts and their African counterparts convene for two days in Germany, Oct. 18-19, to map out specific ways to meet agreed commitments to foster better economic and social conditions in Africa
through science and technology (S&T). The meeting advances the initiatives pledged in the declaratio...
Research network wins approximately £5.7 million to target human and animal diseases in Africa
Deadly diseases including plague, Ebola and Rift Valley Fever are being targeted as part of a new multi-million pound international partnership involving African researchers and the London International Development Centre (LIDC). The Southern African Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance (SAC...
Geographic profiling applied to track hunting patterns of white sharks in South Africa
VIRGINIA KEY, Fla. -- Predation is one of the most fundamental and fascinating interactions in nature, and sharks are some of the fiercest predators on Earth. However, their hunting pattern is difficult to study because it is rarely observed in the wild. As a result, shark predatory behavior has r...
Research uncovers surprising lion stronghold in war-torn central Africa
MADISON Times are tough for wildlife living at the frontier between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Armies are reportedly encamped in a national park and wildlife preserve on the Congolese side, while displaced herders and their cattle have settled in an adjoining Ugandan park.
Hope for a rabies eradication strategy in Africa
Most of the rabies virus circulating in dogs in western and central Africa
comes from a common ancestor introduced to the continent around 200 years ago, probably by European colonialists. In the current issue of Journal of General Virology a team of scientists from Africa, USA and France report...
USAID grant awarded to improve food security in Africa
Blacksburg, Va. -- Amid global concerns about food security, the U.S. Agency for International Development has awarded a $1 million grant to Virginia Tech's Office of International Research, Education, and Development to improve agricultural productivity and ease trade barriers in Africa.
Biodiversity maps developed by UCSD scientists will help guide conservation measures in East Africa
Conservation biologists from UC San Diego are collaborating with scientists from the African Conservation Centre and other institutions to map patterns of biodiversity and land use in East Africa
in unprecedented detail. Their maps, combined with climate models, will project how climate change wil...
Undergraduates develop 'dirt-powered' microbial fuel cells to light Africa
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. May 14, 2008 A team composed of Harvard students and alumni was among the winners of the World Banks Lighting Africa
2008 Development Marketplace competition, held in Accra, Ghana from May 6 to 8, 2008. The innovation, microbial fuel cell-based lighting systems suitable for Sub-...
Purging the plantain pests in Africa
A tiny pest threatening the staple diet of millions in Africa
could soon be eradicated in a project announced today, bringing together plant experts from Leeds and Uganda.
Professor Howard Atkinson and Dr Peter Urwin from the University of Leeds Faculty of Biological Sciences have been awarded ...
Mellon awards Carnegie Grant for Ecological Monitoring in South Africa
Stanford, CA-- The Andrew W. Mellon Foundation awarded a $750,000 grant to the Carnegie Institutions Department of Global Ecology for an intensive pilot study of ecosystem diversity in South Africas Kruger National Park. This research will contribute to the parks adaptive management program, whic...
8 plants from South Africa may hold potential for treating high blood pressure
Medicinal plants are an integral part of African culture, one of the oldest and most diverse in the world. In South Africa, 21st century drug therapy is used side-by-side with traditional African medicines to heal the sick. While plants have been used in African medicine to treat fever, asthma, con...
Out of Africa -- Bacteria, as well
When man made his way out of Africa
some 60,000 years ago to populate the world, he was not alone: He was accompanied by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which causes gastritis in many people today. Together, man and the bacterium spread throughout the entire world. This is the conclusion reached...
Electric fish in Africa could be example of evolution in action
Avoiding quicksand along the banks of the Ivindo River in Gabon, Cornell neurobiologists armed with oscilloscopes search for shapes and patterns of electricity created by fish in the water.
They know from their previous research that the various groups of local electric fish have different DNA, ...
Oldest dated evidence of cattle in southern Africa found
A team of researchers working with colleagues from the Botswana National Museum shed new light on the questions of when cattle were brought to southern Africa
and from where. A domestic cow bone, dated to about 2000 years ago was excavated from a site at Toteng, located in the Kalahari Desert of no...
South Africa still debating how to tackle HIV/AIDS when 5 million are infected
A national conference in South Africa
was dominated this week by the continuing debate over HIV/AIDS drugs. Health Minister Manto Tshabalala-Msimang repeated yet again that drugs were not the only way to fight HIV/AIDS, and that eating habits were also important.
After previously denying links b...
Crisis in African fish supplies looms, experts warn Africa leaders
32% increase of African fish supply needed by 2020 just to maintain consumption levels
Calling fisheries critical for nourishing the poor and for helping Africa
cope with the health, economic and social devastation of problems like HIV and AIDS, the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPA...
President Bush's cut to AIDS prevention in Africa would be devastating
Twenty-eight years after intense selective logging stopped in the region now known as Uganda's Kibale National Park, the red-tailed guenon (Cercophithecus ascanius) is a primate still in decline. The logging practice, scientists report in a new study, changed the ecological balance for these monkey...
Laboratory professionals in Africa receive training under AIDS Relief Plan
The American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP) announced that the Society will receive approximately $1.5 million in federal funds to continue to provide laboratory training and quality improvement programs in African countries severely affected by AIDS. The training programs are for medical l...
Study of energy and health in Africa focuses spotlight on charcoal and forest management
A new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and the Harvard School of Public Health finds that promoting cleaner, more efficient technologies for producing charcoal in Africa
can save millions of lives and have significant climate change and development benefits.
A New Species of Monkey is Discovered in Tanzania: The First in Africa for More Than 20 Years
Editor : Pictures, video and sound of this rare monkey are available on the Saving Wildlife website .
Researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society, working in conjunction with other partners, have discovered Africa’s first new species of monkey in over 20 years, marking the third monkey...
Scientists journey to southern Africa to unravel the secret world of elephant communication
It's a cloudless July afternoon in Etosha National Park in northern Namibia, and ecologist Caitlin O'Connell-Rodwell is scanning the horizon for elephants. "It's so fantastic here," she says. "We're constantly seeing elephants, rhinos, zebras, ostriches--it's the Garden of Eden."
A research asso...
A comprehensive response to HIV could prevent 10 million AIDS deaths in Africa by 2020
Based on successful animal studies, a novel
vaccine that uses immune cells as factories to produce Her2/neu protein
may offer a way to treat some human breast cancers, say researchers at
The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center. [Ed : Her2/neu is a protein often present / surexpressed...
Venomous sea snakes play heads or tails with their predators
...second head, complete with lethal venom.
There are over 65 species of sea snakes in the tropical waters of the Southern Hemisphere, ranging from africa
to the Gulf of Panama. Most spend their entire lives in the sea, inhabiting shallow water and are active predators, feeding on small fish found around...
August 2009 Geology and GSA Today media highlights
... two acidification events in the deep sea off West africa
about 16 and 15.5 million years ago, coincident wi...ctivity in the surface ocean off the west coast of africa
is likely to account for the accumulation and buri...which would have increased the tradewinds off West africa
and, in turn, fertilized the ocean by transporting...
Researchers team up to provide new hope for childhood hunger
...laborators, the improved varieties could potentially be widely available in africa
within 10 years, improving survival-rates and quality of life for millions ...hildren with AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa.
Disseminate improved cassava in africa
on a broad scale.
Introduce two additional improved crops in limited, co...
Ethiopian government celebrates rinderpest eradication
... cattle population in Africa.
"Most of the veterinarians working in East africa
are based in cities and towns and do not often travel to remote regions whe...frican countries including Uganda, Sudan, and Kenya. Rinderpest surfaced in africa
in colonial times, initially killing up to 90 percent of the cattle populat...
Seals quickly respond to gain and loss of habitat under climate change
... grounds, according to new research.
An international research team, including post-doctorate Dr Mark de Bruyn and collaborators from the US, South africa
and Italy, led by Professor Rus Hoelzel from the School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, found that when the Antarctic ice sh...
Ben-Gurion U. researchers reveal connection between cancer and human evolution
...precisely the same DNA building blocks that changed during evolution. The team also found that the mitochondrial genome of humans who migrated out of africa
to Europe 100,000 years ago carried seven mutations found in almost all of today's Europeans.
"The concept that the same principles that drive evol...
NSF provides $3.4 million to study climatically important Agulhas Current
..., carrying warm and salty tropical waters southward along the east coast of africa
as a narrow, fast jet. At the tip of africa
the Agulhas retroflects, looping around to eventually flow eastward toward ...
Policy transparency key to saving world's fisheries
...n 33% of the coastal states classified as low income (commonly countries in africa
and Oceania) most fishing is carried out by foreign fleets from either the ...on is more regrettable, given that many of these countries, particularly in africa
and Oceania, face shortages in food supply," says coauthor Rashid Sumaila a...
Study highlights massive imbalances in global fertilizer use
... and Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies.
Low nitrogen in africa
In sub-Saharan Africa, the initial challenge is to increase produc...t in the long run to avoid following the same path to excess in sub-Saharan africa
that occurred in the United States, Europe and China. "The past can't be al...
Humans related to orangutans, not chimps, says new Pitt, Buffalo Museum of Science study
...uggest that African apes had descended from earlier apes that migrated from africa
to Europe. According to these scenarios, European apes then diverged into apes that moved on to Asia and into apes that returned to africa
to later become humans and modern apes. Schwartz and Grehan challenge these...
U of Minnesota-led study finds that hunters are depleting lion and cougar populations
...with an international team of conservationists.
The study looked at numbers of lions and cougars killed by hunters over the past 15 to 25 years in africa
and the western United States. The analysis suggested that management agencies often adjusted quotas to control rather than conserve the big cats in a...