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gene in Biological Dictionary

Gene

A gene is the basic unit of heredity in a living organism. All living things depend on genes. Genes hold the information to build and maintain their cells and pass genetic traits to offspring. A modern working definition of a... Gene therapy is the insertion of genes into an individual...

Structural gene

A structural gene is a gene that codes for any RNA or protein product other than a regulatory factor . It may code for a structural protein, an enzyme, or an RNA molecule not involved in regulation. Aspects of the topic structural - gene are discussed in the following places at B...

Reporter Gene

In molecular biology, a reporter gene is a gene that researchers attach to another gene of interest in cell culture, animals or plants. Certain genes are chosen as reporters because the characteristics they confer on organisms expressing them are easily identified and... The GUS rep...

Recessive gene

In classical genetics, dominance describes a relationship between different forms (alleles) of a gene at a particular physical location (locus) on a chromosome. Typical plants and animals have two sets of chromosomes, one set inherited from each parent, and are... In genetics, dominance desc...

Expressed gene

Genes are expressed by being transcribed into RNA, and this transcript may then ... which a particular gene is expressed within a cell, tissue or organism can give ... ... the transcription machinery when a gene is about to be transcribed and expressed . ... of the n...

Dominant gene

In classical genetics, dominance describes a relationship between different forms (alleles) of a gene at a particular physical location (locus) on a chromosome. Typical plants and animals have two sets of chromosomes, one set inherited from each parent, and are... In genetics, dominance desc...

Zona pellucida

...zona pellucida in ... stained with Mallory's trichrome, which stains the zona pellucida blue. Space within ... Complete information for ZP2 gene (protein-coding), zona pellucida glycoprotein 2 (sperm receptor) ... Recommended Name: Zona pellucida sperm-binding protein 2 ... Type...

Zinc finger

... fingers , scientists have shown that they could reduce the viral ... In this study, the zinc finger protein brings a DNA enzyme to the CCR5 gene to ... A zinc finger consists of two antiparallel β strands, and an α helix. ... The zinc finger protein TFIIIA, a positive transcripti...

Y chromosome

...ls, including humans. In mammals, it contains the gene SRY, which triggers testis development, thus dete... In mammals, the Y chromosome contains the gene that triggers embryonic development as a male. ........ In mammals, the Y chromosome contains the gene that triggers embryonic ... A team of 40 resea...

Xenopus

... information for this frog arranged by tissue. ... 8. RIKEN Xenopus egg. 9. Soares NXEG. 10. Wellcome ... Xenopus Full-Length cDNAs. Xenopus gene Collection (XGC) has ... A Xenopus Newsletter. Sequence Resources. DOE Joint Genome Institute (JGI) X. tropicalis v4.1 ... Adult Xenopus laevis...

Wolffian duct

...es in females (middle image) and develops in males (bottom) ... Changes in gene expression during Wolffian duct development". Horm. Res. ... Psyc...es in females (middle image) and develops in males (bottom) ... Changes in gene expression during Wolffian duct development". Horm. Res. ... Wol...

X chromosome

...m ... With only a single X chromosome , males who inherit the defective gene (always ... The National Fragile X Foundation unites the fragile X ...nology news stories tagged with keyword: x chromosome . ... Variants in gene on X chromosome associated with increased susceptibility to Alzheimer'...

Vitelline membrane

...ge Repository > MSUE ... poultry science > egg characteristics > egg membranes > vitelline membrane ... Human protein-coding gene VMO1. Represented by 37 ESTs from 22 cDNA libraries. ... Homo sapiens vitelline membrane outer layer 1 homolog (chicken), mRNA (cDNA ... The d...

Virus

... virus is responsible for the creation of the majority of their ... A virus is a sub-microscopic particle that can infect a host cell. ... The gene virus was disocvered in the body of Lisa Trevor after decades of use as ... In computers, a virus is a program or programming code that repli...

Virology

...iruses and viral diseases. ... A Short Course on Virology / Vectorology / gene Therapy, Current gene Therapy, 2003, 3, 495-499 ... Virology is the study of viruses, comple...

Viral oncogene

...n gene. The protein encoded by the human REL gene is a member of the NF-κB family of transcription factors. The REL gene is amplified or mutated in several human B-cell lymphomas,... The official name of this gene is "v-Ki-ras2 Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncoge...

Vessel cell

...vessel morphogenesis in murine melanomas ... Host cell eNOS but not iNOS contributes to angiogenesis and vessel morphogenesis ... The Hox gene abdominal-A specifies heart cell fate in the Drosophila dorsal vessel ... non-Tin expressing cell (those cells of the dorsal vessel l...

Vesicle

...3 : cytoplasmic membrane-bounded vesicle [14310 gene products] ... GO:0030136 : clathrin-coated vesicle [396 gene products] ... GO:0030659 : cytoplasmic vesicle membrane [391 gene products] ... GO:0030120 : vesicle coat [200 .....

Vacuole

...ontain one or several vacuoles , that may have different functions from each other. Vacuoles have a diverse array ... GO:0005773 : vacuole [1444 gene products] ... SORTING OF PROTEINS FROM THE LATE GOLGI TO THE VACUOLE ... Delivery of proteins to the vacuole of the yeast Saccharomyces cere...

UvrA

...rB. ... UvrA belongs to the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) superfamily of ... Immediately 3' of uvrA was an ORF encoding a putative aminopeptidase gene (pepP) ... Here we suggest that uvrA and the nucleotide excision repair pathway are ... groups, it was necessary to inactivate the uvrA depe...

Uracil

... nucleotide derivatives of uracil perform important functions ... uracil DNA N-glycosylase activity. • protein binding ... Structure of the gene for human uracil -DNA glycosylase and analysis of the promoter function. ... Uracil pairs with adenine through hydrogen bonding. Uracil ...

Untranslated RNA

...to bushy ... 3'UTR RNA from Alpha-Tropomyosin gene Suppresses Tumor Activity. ... Expression of prohi...slated Regions of mRNAs Play a Role in Regulating gene Expression. ... JD: The 3' untranslated region o...on-U.S. ... Tumor Suppression by the Prohibitin gene 3' Untranslated Region RNA in Human Breast Canc...

Untranslated region

... untranslated region ". Read more ... 3'UTR RNA from Alpha-Tropomyosin gene Suppresses Tumor Activity. ... Tropomyosin-2 cDNA lacking the 3' untransla...ted region . ... ... the 5'- untranslated region (-575) of the p27 gene and (b) the antibiotic ... The -575 p27 (5'- untranslated region (5'U...

Ubiquitin

...ino acid ... "The human ubiquitin -52 amino acid fusion protein gene shares several structural ... "Effect of ubiquitin on platelet functions...itin -proteasome system, and renal diseases. ... Mouse protein-coding gene Ubc. Represented by 2568 ESTs from 329 cDNA libraries. ... Ubiquitin , be...

Tumor suppressor

... tumor suppressor gene, or antioncogene, is a gene that protects a cell from one step on the path to cancer. When this gene is mutated to cause a loss or reduction in its ... suppressor . genes. ... tumor suppressor gene ( ¦tümər sə′presər jēn ) ( cell and molecular ...

Tubulin

...h encode a distinct isoform. ... The ß3- tubulin gene encodes a divergent isoform expressed in a comple... polymerization. ... Zebrafish protein-coding gene LOC572064. Represented by 26 ESTs from 16 cDNA li...EIN SIMILARITIES ... Norway rat protein-coding gene Tuba3a. Represented by 47 ESTs from 2 cDNA librar...

True-breeding

...? ... When trying to create a true breeding strain, we are in fact ... gene frequency, the more true breeding the population is. ... All tru...rnet yellow pages. ... color genetics - using your knowledge of the A gene in your rabbit breeding program. ... If an otter ever produces even one ...

Tropism

...English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... tropism (trpzm) ... tropism ... A mosaic virus strategy may improve adenoviral tropism in human gene therapy. ... DOUBLE TROPISM AND DOCUMENTARY: THE DRAW OF THE OTHER PLACE (Michigan ... Pronunciation of tropism . tropism synonyms. tropism ...

Triplet repeat expansion

...hat form nuclear ... Recently, the CTG repeat expansion in the DMPK gene causing myotonic dystrophy ... in two patients by triplet repeat -prime... during transmission of genetic ... Expansion of a triplet repeat gene segment leads to increased disease severity ... Triplet Repeat Disea...

Transversion

...with pink ... The GT transversion in the first base of the 10 consensus sequence caused a ... With the same transversion from the blaOXY-2 gene only a fivefold increase was ... Conversely, GC TA transversion increased in mutL or mutS mutants in stationary phase. ... The rate of lacZ GC T...

Transposon mapping

... method to mapping bacterial transposon insertion sites in a ... The Sleeping Beauty (SB) transposon is an emerging tool for transgenesis, gene ... to unambiguously map a total of 1,336 different transposon integrations to ... Global Mapping of Transposon Location. Web Supplement. ...

Transposon

...f and inserting the copy into a new position within the same or jumping gene ( ¦jəmpiŋ ¦jēn ) ( genetics ) A mobile genetic entity, such as a ... Syn...ble ... DGI leads in applying the zebrafish model organism to determine gene functions ... The Sleeping Beauty Transposon ™ System (SBTS) is a non-vir...

Transposable element

...en transposable elements were discovered in maize by Barbara McClintock ... molecular consequences of transposable element activity on host gene expression ... Encyclopedia article about Transposable element . Information about Transposable element in the Columbia Encyclopedia, Com...

Transport protein

... Organic cation transport proteins belong to this group. ... Organic cation transport protein . IPR011701. Major ... Mouse protein -coding gene Vat1. Represented by 685 ESTs from 170 cDNA libraries. ... Mus musculus vesicle amine transport protein 1 homolog (T californica), mRNA ... ...

Translocation

...n genetics, a chromosome translocation is a chromosome abnormality caused by rearrangement of parts between nonhomologous chromosomes. A fusion gene may be created when the translocation joins two otherwise separated genes,... Translocation in plants, transport of food or pesticides thro...

Transient transfection

...nsfection ... In transient transfection , the gene introduced can be lost from the cell at any ......duced studies where transient modification of gene expression is ... used for both transient ...n renal ... Article : Optimizing Transient gene Expression Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology...

Transgenic mouse

...Knockout Mice : Transgenic Core Facility ... Strategies: Transgenic or gene Targeted Mouse ? ... lab developed transgenic mice in which ... Cre...come commonplace in the laboratory. ... You want to study mice with this gene turned off. ... Environmental Health Issues ... Transgenic mice can...

Transgenic plant

... Transgenic plants possess a gene or genes that have been transferred from a differ...e plant cell Transgenic plants possess a gene or genes that have been transferred from a ... 5 ...t ? A transgenic plant is one that contains a gene or ... For more information, see our page on ho...

Transgenic animals

...imals are produced for specific economic traits. ... Transgenic Animals The term ' transgenics ' refers to the science of inserting a foreign gene ... Transgenic animals have also been created to produce ... genetically modified organism See GMO. ... Transgenic animals are also becomi...

Transgenic animal

...cessful transgenic animal was a mouse.6 A few ... Transgenic Animals The term ' transgenics ' refers to the science of inserting a foreign gene ... Transgenic animals have also been created to produce ... genetically modified organism See GMO. ... Disease Animal Models - BSRC Alexand...
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