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Virus in Biological Dictionary

Virus

A virus is a microscopic infectious agent that can reproduce only inside a host cell. Viruses infect all types of organisms: from animals and plants, to bacteria and archaea. Since the initial discovery of tobacco mosaic... A computer virus is a computer program that can copy itself an...

Tobacco mosaic virus

Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is an RNA virus that infects plants, especially tobacco and other members of the family Solanaceae. The infection causes characteristic patterns on the leaves . TMV was the first virus to be... Aspects of the topic tobacco - mosaic - virus are discussed i...

RNA virus

An RNA virus is a virus that has RNA as its genetic material. This nucleic acid is usually single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) but may be double-stranded RNA (dsRNA). The ICTV classifies RNA viruses as those that belong to Group III, Group IV or Group V of the Baltimore... Double-strande...

DNA virus

A DNA virus is a virus that has DNA as its genetic material and replicates using a DNA -dependent DNA polymerase. The nucleic acid is usually double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) but may also be single-stranded DNA (ssDNA). DNA viruses belong to either Group I or Group II of the... A...

Yellow fever

...ons ... Yellow fever : An acute systemic (bodywide) illness caused by a virus called a Flavivirus. ... In the 1700s and 1800s, yellow fever kille...ng to find the alternate name ... Yellow fever is caused by a small virus that is spread by ... A person with advanced yellow fever may show sig...

Vitelline membrane

...edit Card Required. BioInfoBank Library :: Vitelline Membrane :: THE DISPENSABILITY OF COMPLEMENT ... growth & development; Tissue Culture; virus Replication; Vitelline Membrane ; ... Comparison of vitelline membrane strength amongst breeds of commercial layers (abstract) ... and elast...

Virology

... Virology is the study of viruses and virus-like agents: their structure, classification and evolution, their ways to infect and exploit cells for virus reproduction, the diseases they cause, the techniques to isolate and culture them, and their use in research and... Virology Journal is ready ...

Viral oncogene

...o not themselves carry a viral oncogene . ... IT MAY BE TRANSMITTED BY A virus IN WHICH CASE WE REFER TO IT AS A VIRAL ONCOGENE . ... v-abl Abelson ... Oncogene Homolog 1 (ABL1). Suggested uses include: ... oncovirus Any virus that causes cancer. Includes the viruses of avian leukosis , ... If the v...

Virion

... shell and constituting the infective form of a virus virus n. , pl. -ruses . Any of various simple submicrosc..., and ... Together these make up the virion , or virus particle. ... ... virion – Our zoology dic...

Vaccine

...uired and ... To make a successful vaccine against a virus, the nature of these surface ... This vaccine comes in two forms. ... The vaccine virus may have arisen as ... ... to providing reliable information on vaccines and vaccination and unbiased vaccine news. ... The Children's Vaccin...

Untranslated RNA

...RNA DsrA regulates at least two global regulatory networks by ... An RNA domain within the 5' untranslated region of the tomato bushy stunt virus ... of the 5' untranslated region (UTR) in the (+)-strand RNA genome of tomato bushy ... 3'UTR RNA from Alpha-Tropomyosin Gene Suppresses ...

Untranslated region

...is unlikely to contain ... BioInfoBank Library :: Enhancement of dengue virus translation: role of the 3' untranslated region and the terminal 3' st...slated Region Cannot Accurately Distinguish Genotypes ... of Hepatitis C virus with Reference to C/E1 and 5' Untranslated Region Sequences. ... ......

Tropism

...olving ... Information about tropism in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... tropism (trpzm) ... tropism ... A mosaic virus strategy may improve adenoviral tropism in human gene therapy. ... DOUBLE TROPISM AND DOCUMENTARY: THE DRAW OF THE OTHER PLACE (Michigan ... ...

Transformed phenotype

... ... Control of Transformed Phenotype in Hybrids between SV40- Transformed and Normal Human Cells ... Genetics of Cell Transformation by Simian virus 40. ... ... the goal of genetic transformation is to change an organism's traits ( phenotype ). Before any ... transformation ) phenotype must...

Transfection

... purified viral nucleic acid, resulting in subsequent replication of the virus in the cell Genlantis is focused on developing innovative reagents for ...r ... Transfection reagents selection guide. Gene Expression. Protein, virus ... ... Transfer Vector Transient Transfection Procedure. 6 Vector .....

Transcriptase

...for an enzyme that functions as a RNA ... All retroviruses have a reverse transcriptase , but the enzymes that are ... Moloney Murine Leukemia virus (M-MuLV) Reverse Transcriptase is an RNA-directed DNA polymerase. This enzyme can synthesize a complementary DNA strand initiating from ... K...

Transcapsidation

...consisted of the transfection of pairwise ... virus groups determines vector specificity, transcaps...irion: the transcapsidation of adeno-associated virus serotypes ... This transcapsidation approach co...tial or full coating of the nucleic acid of one virus with a coat protein of a differing virus. ... ...

Topoisomerase

...d emerging technology ... Information on EC 5.99.1.3 - DNA topoisomerase (ATP-hydrolysing) ... Topoisomerase II. Paramecium bursaria Chlorella virus 1. 661177. Topoisomerase II ... Disclosed is a human is a hTopI-α polypeptide and DNA (RNA) encoding such hTopI-α polypeptide. ... Type I t...

Syncytium

..... New MAbs inhibit HTLV-1 syncytium formation. ... ... the envelope V3 domain differ in syncytium formation and replication capacity. ... virus type 1 infectivity, host range, and syncytium -forming ability. ... The results show that HTLV-1 syncytium formation can be blocked by prote...

Stomach

...ffers the only realistic chance to cure stomach cancer. ... stomach virus or Stomach Flu(gastroenteritis) - How to identify and rid your Stomach virus ... Stomach Flu Causes. Tomato Alert Swine Flu Influenza (Mexico) ... ...

Shuttle vector

... is more difficult or slower to use . Shuttle vector , a vector (usually a plasmid) constructed so that it can ... Viral vector , a virus modified to deliver foreign genetic material into a cell ... Furthermore, we simplify the shuttle vector cloning to one step by incorpor...

Sense strand

...sense strand . ... sense strand (cell and molecular biology) sense . virus ... Its sequence of nucleotides is called " sense " because it results...Positive- strand RNA virus: Also known as a sense - strand RNA virus, a virus whose ... ... sense strand differs from the 2'-sugar modification ...

Segregating

...gating populations ... WASHINGTON -- The Supreme Court today let a few states continue, at least for now, segregating inmates who have the AIDS virus from most activities available to ... However, the scarce number of segregating positions should make us be extremely ... In fact, only four se...

Satellite RNA

...ection of a host cell with a helper or master virus for their multiplication. When a satellite enco...open reading frame encoding a ... that a plant virus satellite RNA -encoded nonstructural protein ...BSV satellite RNA . ... Barley yellow dwarf virus satellite RNA : Helper - Luteovirus ... It is ...

RT-PCR

...on". In RT - PCR , however, RNA... Eleven Golden Rules of Quantitative RT - PCR ". Plant Cell 20: 1736–1737. ... Type A influenza virus detection and quantitation by real-time RT - PCR " ... ... describes several factors that can dramatically affect the success of an RT...

Revertant

...ain 810-REV, was obtained after multiple ... For the revertant , the imipenem MIC was 1 μg/ml and the meropenem MIC was 0.25 μ ... A revertant virus (SV Del6K-revQ21L) containing a point mutation in the deleted ... Neither mutant nor revertant viruses are complemented by the coexpression in .....

Reverse transcriptase

... . RTIs inhibit activity of reverse transcriptase , a viral DNA polymerase enzyme that retroviruses need to reproduce. Moloney Murine Leukemia virus (M-MuLV) Reverse Transcriptase is an RNA-directed DNA polymerase. This enzyme can synthesize a complementary DNA strand initiating from ... ...

Reverse genetics

... Information Staff, Agricultural Research Service, USDA. Communicating news and ... Reverse genetics has been developed over the past decade for virus studies. ... Reverse genetics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia ... Reverse genetics ... Reverse genetics definition - Medical Dictio...

Retrovirus

... A retrovirus is an RNA virus that is replicated in a host cell via the en...transcriptase, including the Retrovirus , any virus belonging to the family Retroviridae, whose mem... information, and more. ... A retrovirus is any virus belonging to the ... 1960's: Howard Temin knew...

Reticulocyte Lysate

... Protein ... ... been demonstrated to require the presence of reticulocyte lysate . ... The requirement for reticulocyte lysate for ongoing virus transcription in vitro ... ...

Replicon

...inate repeating work. The company develops project management software used in productivity and expense management applications. Its... Hepatitis C virus Rna Replicon Model: Soon after the discovery of the hepatitis C virus, attention turned to the development of models whereby replication of the .....

Recombinase

... Tre -- had 19 amino acid changes as compared ... Delivery of Tre recombinase , HIV-1 proviral DNA excision, and ... Recombinase activity and virus production were monitored. ... Moving faster with recombinase . ... Recombinase Zoo. ADME-Tox. Model Generation. Quality Assurance. Publication...

Recombinant DNA molecule

...arch? ... How do I know if my recombinant DNA molecule use is exempt or not? ... These recombinant DNA molecules are encapsulated into virus particles. ... you want to isolate only those that have picked up recombinant DNA molecules . ... A series of critical scientific discoveries...

Recombinant

...odification, recombinant DNA (rDNA) is introduced... Recombinant virus - a virus formed by recombining genetic material ... InSoc Recombinant , an alb...

Pseudorevertant

... 80.4, this region was maintained, but surprisingly the single ... ... pseudorevertant viruses obtained by passing the mutant viruses contained virus ... However, this pseudorevertant does not plaque at 40°C. One possibility is that ... However, an apparent pseudorevertant has been generat...

Pseudoknot

...er stem. The pseudoknot was first recognized in the turnip yellow mosaic virus in 1982. Pseudoknots fold into... Most information from pseudoknot is... pseudoknot loop depends not only on its ... the beet western yellows virus pseudoknot reveals strongly pH-depen ... speci®c interactions that a ps...

Promoter

...troduction to What exactly does a boxing promoter do? Lots More Information ... The CaMV promoter is a gene-switch from the cauliflower mosaic virus which is ... Instead, the gene promoter has many different parts or modules that act as ... EPD - Eukaryotic Promoter Database at EMBL, Heid...

Polyprotein

...uy quality chicken gag antibody (interacts with virus hiv), anti-gag, Gag polyprotein antibody, chick... amino acid sequence motifs characteristic of virus ... PEV1 polyprotein contains RNA-dependent RNA... POLG_CSFVB Genome polyprotein . 1 entry. Dengue virus type 1 (strain Brazil ... Duplication of LHC ...

Phage

...6796. 76 FASTA SRS ... Acyrthosiphon pisum secondary endosymbiont phage 1. 36,524. AF157835. AF157835. 54 FASTA SRS ... bacteriophage ( ) n. A virus that infects and lyses certain bacteria. ... The most striking form of phage infection is that in which all of the infected ... Phage therapy ...

Pathogenic

...... Pathogenic organisms result from gene shuffling, which inadvertently disrupts ... Pathogenic viruses are only the tip of the iceberg' of virus types, and the more ... Shop for Plant Pathogenic Bacteria - Books at Shop.com. Plant Pathogenic Bacteria includes symposia and research paper...
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