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RNA in Biological Dictionary

RNA

Transcription is the synthesis of RNA under the direction of DNA. RNA synthesis, or transcription, is the process of transcribing DNA nucleotide sequence information into RNA sequence information. Both nucleic acid sequences... In living cells, RNA in different configurations fulfi...

Untranslated RNA

A non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is a functional RNA molecule that is not translated into a protein. Less-frequently used synonyms are non-protein-coding RNA (npcRNA), non-messenger RNA (nmRNA), small non-messenger RNA (snmRNA),... Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA e...

Transfer RNA

Transfer RNA is a small RNA molecule that transfers a specific active amino acid to a growing polypeptide chain at the ribosomal site of protein synthesis during translation. It has a 3' terminal site for amino acid... transfer RNA n. ( Abbr. tRNA ) One of a class of RNA...

Small nuclear RNA

Small nuclear RNA (snRNA) is a class of small RNA molecules that are found within the nucleus of eukaryotic cells. They are transcribed by RNA polymerase II or RNA polymerase III and are involved in a variety of important processes such as RNA splicing, regulation of transcription ...

Satellite RNA

A Satellite is a subviral agent composed of nucleic acid that depends on the coinfection of a host cell with a helper or master virus for their multiplication. When a satellite encodes the coat protein in which its nucleic acid is encapsidated it is referred to as a... The seque...

Ribosomal RNA

Ribosomal RNA (rRNA) is the central component of the ribosome, the protein manufacturing machinery of all living cells. The function of the rRNA is to provide a mechanism for decoding mRNA into amino acids and to interact... The 16S rRNA is a part of the ribosomal RNA −-- a 1542 nt long...

Messenger RNA

Messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) is a molecule of RNA encoding a chemical "blueprint" for a protein product. mRNA is transcribed from a DNA template, and carries coding information to the sites of protein synthesis: the... Ribonucleic acid ( RNA ) is a biologically important...

Heterogeneous nuclear RNA

The hnRNPs are RNA binding proteins and they complex with heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnRNA) ... Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A1 has been shown to ... Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U (scaffold attachment factor A), also ... RNA binding ...

Complementary RNA

In genetics, complementary DNA (cDNA) is DNA synthesized from a mature mRNA template in a reaction catalyzed by the enzyme reverse transcriptase. cDNA is often used to clone eukaryotic genes in prokaryotes. When scientists... In molecular biology, complementarity is a property of double-...

Z-DNA

... of three... left-handed Z - DNA binding. • rna binding. • double-stranded rna adenosine deaminase activity ... a b "Entre... disciplines of science, as well as ... ... the rna editing enzyme ADAR1, bound to left-handed Z-DN...

Zinc finger

...ifs ... PR-domain zinc finger protein PRDM1. rna editing complex, ... The European Bioinformatic...FIIIA, a positive transcription factor of the 5S rna ... Brief and Straightforward Guide: What Is a .... Zinc finger proteins often bind to DNA and rna because their shape allows close ... Finding Z...

Wobble base pair

...on-Crick base pairing between two nucleotides in rna molecules. The four main wobble base pairs are...rine linked ... bonds, does occur fairly often in rna (see wobble base pair ) but rarely in DNA. .....e base pair in Escherichia coli 23S ribosomal rna is ... wobble base pairs by introducing both s...

Virion

...ly binding to a ... virion n. A complete viral particle, consisting of rna or DNA surrounded by a protein shell and constituting the infective for...finition of Virion . Virion : A complete virus particle with its DNA or rna core and ... Next to the common cold, influenza (the flu) is perhaps the...

Ventral root

...Root , Ramus) · Sympathetic trunk ... With the other three proteins, most of the detectable change occurred in the ventral root only. ... total rna synthesis altered after ventral root transection? ... Ventral - Definition of Ventral at Dictionary.com a free online ... Ventral fin. V...

Uracil

... A pyrimidine base, C 4 H 4 N 2 O 2 , that is an essential constituent of rna ... uracil (yʊr'əsĭl) , organic base of the pyrimidine family. ... uracil , U a nitrogen-containing base found in rna (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with ... the carbon at...

Untranslated region

...der sequence, is a particular section of messenger rna (mRNA) and the DNA that codes for it. It starts at... (3' UTR) is a particular section of messenger rna (mRNA). It follows the coding region . Five pr...e untranslated region ". Read more ... 3'UTR rna from Alpha-Tropomyosin Gene Suppresses Tumor Activ...

Trans-splicing

... Trans - splicing is a special form of rna processing in eukaryotes where exons from two different primary rna transcripts are joined end to end and ligated. rna splicing n The process by which base pairs tha...

Transient transfection

...t pores or " ... Altogen Biosystems - Cell Transfection Resource ... Transient and Stable Transfection . Cancer Cell Lines and Primary Cells. rna Interference (RNAi) ... siRNA Transfection ... ALTOGEN® Transfection Reagents have been developed and ... for siRNA-induced studies where tran...

Transfection

...Reagent ... Find a range of specialized transfection reagents that effectively deliver plasmid DNA, siRNA or duplex RNAi, oligonucleotides, and rna into eukaryotic cells for a ... More information on Cutting Edge Transfection Reagents from Roche Applied Science ... Web Seminar—Challenges an...

Transcription unit

... Transcription is the synthesis of rna under the direction of DNA. rna synthesis, or transcription , is the process of t...ibing DNA nucleotide sequence information into rna sequence information. Both nucleic acid sequen...

Transcriptome

... The transcriptome is the set of all messenger rna (mRNA) molecules, or "transcripts," produced in one or a population of cells. The term can be applied to the total set of transcripts in a...

Transcription start site

... site is where transcription of the gene into rna begins. ... Transcription Start Site (TSS...ription factors are protein complexes that help rna ... nucleotides upstream from the transcription...etermined using 5' ... transcription factors, rna polymerase II in eukaryotes recognizes the st...

Transcription factor

...tion has been largely ... method, the DBD transcription factor ... sists of predicted transcription factor repertoires for ... TFIIIA is an rna polymerase III general transcription factor . ... The rules governing the interactions of members of a transcription - factor class are compl...

Transcription

... Transcription is the synthesis of rna under the direction of DNA. rna synthesis, or transcription , is the process of t...ibing DNA nucleotide sequence information into rna sequence information. Both nucleic acid sequen...

Transcriptase

...polymerase, is a DNA polymerase enzyme that transcribes single-stranded rna into single-stranded DNA. It also helps in the formation of a double helix....everse transcriptase is a common name for an enzyme that functions as a rna ... All retroviruses have a reverse transcriptase , but the enzymes that...

Transcapsidation

...sidation , however, is not needed for umbravirus accumulation within ... with some isolates of PEMV-2 is not required for transcapsidation of PEMV-2 rna ... which incorporate foreign virus genes: recombination, transcapsidation and. synergism. ... Transcapsidation happens when the virus "coa...

Tobacco mosaic virus

... Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) is an rna virus that infects plants, especially tobacco and other members of the family Solanaceae. The infection causes characteristic patterns on the le...

Thymine

...s called thymidine. ... Thymine is found in the nucleic acid DNA. In rna thymine is replaced with uracil in most ... Nucleobases: Adenine - Thy...midine, 2,4-dioxy-5-methyl ... Thymine combined with deoxyribose ... In rna thymine is replaced with uracil. ... Definition of thymine from the ...

Tertiary Structure

...(3?) and quaternary (4?) structures? What is super ... Tertiary structure is basically how the whole thing packs itself; it explains ... CSA of rna Tertiary Structure . lone basepairs - a helix with a length of 1 ... Pseudoknots are tertiary structure , but the helices that make them up are ...

Terminator region

...sequence s where DNA replication terminates. Full article >>> terminator ... terminator regions of DNA. • Explain how transcribed rna is modified ... terminator region of the. DNA. Initiation. • Genes on the DNA begin with a ... A terminator probe vector was constructed ...

Termination codon

... codon is a nucleotide triplet within messenger rna that signals a termination of translation. Prote...ences of amino acids, and most codons in messenger rna correspond to the addition of an amino acid to a..., in genetics, part of the process of transcribing rna ... Termination type, in lithic reduction, a ....

TATA box

...and thereby, directly or indirectly, ... Locating a TATA box is what rna "does" in finding proteins and what you will do in this problem. ... find... box , see the examples for details. ... Locating a TATA box is what rna "does" in finding proteins and what you will do in this problem. ... stri...

Taq polymerase

...of a Taq polymerase were tested using primer mixture C ... Five native Taq polymerases, from five different sources, ... Detection of viral rna by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) requires the prior ... of this phenomenon has revealed direct interference of RT with Taq polymerase . ... ...

T7 RNA Polymerase

... T7 rna Polymerase is an rna polymerase that catalyzes the formation of rna in the 5'→ 3' direction. T7 polymerase ...

Structural gene

... structural gene is a gene that codes for any rna or protein product other than a regulatory facto...code for a structural protein, an enzyme, or an rna molecule not involved in regulation. Aspects ...which is controlled as a unit to produce messenger rna (mRNA), in the process of transcription by an...

Stop codon

...codon is a nucleotide triplet within messenger rna that signals a termination of translation. Protein...ences of amino acids, and most codons in messenger rna correspond to the addition of an amino acid to a... codon is a nucleotide triplet within messenger rna ... the premature termination codon in theta-def...

Start codon

... TAC and AUG denote sequences of DNA and rna respectively that are the start codon or initiation codon encoding the amino acid methionine (Met) in eukaryotes and a modified Met (fMet) i...

Stable transfection

...tic material ... Altogen Biosystems - Cell Transfection Resource ... Transient and Stable Transfection . Cancer Cell Lines and Primary Cells. rna Interference (RNAi) ... Encyclopedia information on Stable Transfection ... Only through a stable transfection can a faulty gene be perma...

Splicing factor

... components and ... New results in the field of rna research establish that the rna splicing factor SF2/ASF can act as a cancer-ca... splicing factor , arginine/serine-rich 1 ... rna splicing factors are recruited to...

Spliceosome

... A spliceosome is a complex of specialized rna and protein subunits that removes introns from... particle that aids in the splicing of messenger rna in eukaryotes ... A spliceosome is a complex of specialized rna and ... spliceosome . Term information. Term l...
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