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Gland in Biological Dictionary

Thyroid gland

The thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body. This gland is found in the neck inferior to (below) the thyroid cartilage and at approximately the same level as the cricoid cartilage. The thyroid controls how quickly the body burns energy, makes... Comprehensive informa...

Thymus gland

In human anatomy, the thymus is an organ located in the upper anterior portion of the chest cavity just behind the sternum. The main function of the thymus is to provide an area for T lymphocyte maturation. The thymus also... thymus n. , pl. -muses . A small glandular organ that is...

Prostate gland

The prostate is a compound tubuloalveolar exocrine gland of the male mammalian reproductive system. Females also have prostate glands, previously called paraurethral or Skene's glands, connected to the distal third of the... Prostate cancer is a disease in which cancer develops...

Pituitary gland

The pituitary gland , or hypophysis, is an endocrine gland about the size of a pea and weighing 0.5 g (0.02 oz.). It is a protrusion off the bottom of the hypothalamus at the base of the brain, and rests in a small, bony cavity (sella turcica) covered by a dural fold .... The pituitary ...

Pineal gland

The pineal gland is a small endocrine gland in the vertebrate brain. It produces melatonin, a hormone that affects the modulation of wake/sleep patterns and photoperiodic (seasonal) functions. It is shaped like a tiny pine cone, and is located near to the center of the... ... deposition in...

Mammary gland

Mammary glands are the organs that, in mammals, produce milk for the sustenance of the young. These exocrine glands are enlarged and modified sweat glands and give mammals their name. The mammary glands of domestic mammals containing more than two breasts are called... mammary gland...

Vas deferens

...tion. Web Links ... Learn about urology disorders and treatments from the board certified urology ... The epididymes are connected to the prostate gland by the vas deferens . ... What is vas deferens ? Meaning of vas deferens medical term. What does vas deferens mean? ... Vas defer...

Thoracic cavity

..., you can add more facts here " ... OPENING THE THORACIC CAVITY ... ARTERIES OF THE THORACIC CAVITY ... Thoracic cavity opened, thymus gland removed properly. Brachiocephalic Artery ... Gray, Henry. 1918. Anatomy of the Human Body. V. Angiology. 4. The Thoracic Cavity ... The size o...

T lymphocytes

...phocytes play a major role in defense against intracellular pathogens such ... " T " lymphocytes are so called because of the role that the thymus gland plays in ... Immunobiology is intended as an introductory text for use in immunology courses for ... disease X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA), ...

Synapse

...• Contact Us • Login ... synapse ( ) n. The junction across which a nerve impulse passes from an axon terminal to a neuron, muscle cell, or gland cell SYNAPSE is a one-day regional undergraduate neuroscience conference that was ... A very successful first SYNAPSE meeting at James Madiso...

Salivary glands

...rmation summary about the treatment of salivary gland cancer. ... Salivary gland cancer is a rare disease in which malignant (ca...injuries, infections, stones or ... salivary gland n. A ...

Posterior

... The posterior pituitary comprises the posterior lobe of the pituitary gland and is part of the endocrine system. Despite its name, the posterior pituitary gland is not a gland, per se; rather, it is largely a collection of axonal projec...

Polytene

...released ... 1: Chromosome Res. 1997 Nov;5(7):463-5. Using PRINS for gene mapping in polytene chromosomes. ... (IRP1A) in polytene salivary gland chromosomes of Chironomus ... In polytene cells, heterochromatic sequences are underreplicated because S phase ... Underreplication occurred du...

Phosphatase

...ubunit 1 ... Forensic Detection of Semen - The Acid Phosphatase Test by Dale Laux ... Acid phosphatase is an enzyme secreted by the prostate gland that is present in ... An alkaline phosphatase (ALP) test measures the amount of the enzyme ALP in the blood. ... Alkaline Phosphatase (cont...

Parathyroid glands

...oid gland, and, in rare cases, within the thyroid gland or in the chest. Parathyroid glands ... Para...k (they are not always where ... parathyroid gland n. Any of usually four small kidney-shaped gland... or within the posterior surface of the thyroid gland and ... means that the parathyroid glands ...

Pancreas

... The pancreas is a gland organ in the digestive and endocrine system of vertebrates. It is both an endocrine gland producing several important hormones, including insulin, glucagon, and soma...

Nodule

...ceful. What is a thyroid nodule ? The thyroid gland is located in the lower front of the neck, ... th...hyroid nodule is a swelling/mass on the thyroid gland ... a thyroid nodule may be found on palpation of the gland by your physician, or ... Online Medical Dictio...

Nephridium

... ... a type of excretory gland or nephridium found in many types of invertebrates ... Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/ Nephridium " ... unit of...

Morphogenesis

.... Generic physical mechanisms of morphogenesis and pattern formation as ... Branching morphogenesis is essential for development of ... Mammary gland morphogenesis and. differentiation occur during postnatal development. ... The induction of the lung also involves the interplay between FGFs...

Infundibulum

...) or the vagina of a variety ... in the posterior infundibulum although sperm may ... Infundibulum and Rathke's pouch of the pituitary gland showed hybridization signal as well. ... diencephalon into the infundibulum as it represents the ... 1b. The Organ of Smell ... channel, the ...

Gonads

...hat gets in there. Gonads - Definition of Gonads at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary with ... gonads . in zoology, primary reproductive gland that produces reproductive ... Gonad - Definition of Gonad at Dictionary.com a free online dictionary with ... [New Latin gonas, gonad -, from...

Glycolipid

...2 ... ... that express the glycolipid globotriaosylceramide (CD77) on their ... The previous finding of globo-H glycolipid on normal mammary gland epithelia and ... ...

Exocrine glands

...acrines) that affect only target... exocrine gland n. An externally secreting gland , such as a salivary gland or sweat ...

Endocrine glands

..... shows the general location of each endocrine gland and endocrine -related organ. ... Endocrine ... glands . ... (Click to enlarge) endocrine gland endocrine glands A. thyroid B. pituitary gland C. pineal ...

Ductless glands

...onnections and related words. The noun ductless gland has one meaning: Meaning #1 : any of the glands endocrine gland , ductless gland any of the glands of the endocrine system that ...

Cytology

...formation about cytology in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... Fine-needle aspiration cytology in the management of salivary gland ... Cytology . From LoveToKnow 1911. CYTOLOGY (from hums, a hollow vessel, and Xeyos, science) ... The special literature of cytology has grow...

Cortex

...st layer of the cerebrum. In preserved... Look up cortex in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Adrenal cortex , the portion of the Adrenal gland responsible for the production ... Developing drugs for the treatment of neurological disorders including Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, and d...

Chordates

...otochord is ... ... distinctive derived characteristics of chordates distinguish them from their ancestors: ... that may develop as the thyroid gland in chordates ... ... Echinoderms and Invertebrate Chordates . Practice Test. 1. ... By comparing the development of echinoderms and chordates ...

Buccal cavity

... cavity . InterFIG 6 - Arcade cells in tadpole. embryo ... Development - Buccal Cavity & Epithelium - Muscle Cells - Marginal Cells - gland ... The anteriormost limit of the pharyngeal lumen is called the buccal cavity . ... Buccal cavity information including symptoms, causes,...

B cell

... Information about B cell in the free online English dictionary and encyclopedia. ... [ b (ursa-dependent) cell , after the bursa of Fabricius, a gland in birds where the ... provides an easy to understand definition for the medical term, B cell . ... is a picture of a B cell under a microsc...

Adrenal glands

...releasing three ... In other cases, the adrenal gland itself may have the problem. ... Easy to understand information on adrenal gland disorders and treatments. ... The adrenal glan...secreting the ... (Click to enlarge) adrenal gland top: cross section of a right adrenal ...
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