studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli , tree fern , gazelle , Goliath beetle
is the science of life (from the Greek words bios = life and logos = reasoned account). It is concerned with the characte...
(also called cellular biology
or cytology ) is an academic discipline which studies the physiological properties of cells , as well as their behaviours , interactions, and environment ; this is done both on a microscopic and molecular level. Cell biology
is the study of the process by which organisms grow and develop. Modern developmental biology
studies the genetic control of cell growth , differentiation and " morphogenesis ," which is the process that gives rise to tissues , organs and anatomy .
is a subfield of biology
concerned with the origin and descent of species , as well as their change over time, i.e. their evolution . One who studies evolutionary biology
is known as an evolutionary biologist , or less frequently evolutionist .
Evolutionary developmental biology
Evolutionary developmental biology
(often referred to as ' evo-devo' or evolution of development ) is a field of biology
that compares the developmental processes of different animals in an attempt to determine the ancestral relationship between organisms and how developmental processe...
is the study of animal and plant life within saltwater ecosystems . Given that in biology
many phyla , families and genera have some species that live in the sea and others that live on land, marine biology
deals with those species in which life is spent only (or ma...
or biomathematics is an interdisciplinary field of academic study which aims at modelling natural, biological processes using mathematical techniques and tools. It has both practical and theoretical applications in biological research.
is the study of biology
at a molecular level. The field overlaps with other areas of biology
, particularly genetics and biochemistry . Molecular biology
chiefly concerns itself with understanding the interactions between the various systems of a cell, including the int...
is the study of the architecture and shape of biological macromolecules -- proteins and nucleic acids in particular--and what causes them to have the structures they have. This subject is of great interest to biologists, because macromolecules carry out most of the functio...
is an academic field that seeks to integrate biological data as an attempt to understand how biological systems function. By studying the relationships and interactions between various parts of a biological system (e.g. organelles , cells , physiological systems , organi...
Unsolved problems in biology
Some unsolved problems in biology
Life . How did it start? Is life a cosmic phenomenon? Are the conditions necessary for the origin of life narrow or broad? How did life originate and diversify in hundred millions of years? Why, after rapid diversification, do microorgan...
...day, the term is primarily used in the context of biology
and the origin of life .
Some confusion exists o...sis by information theory, Journal of Theoretical biology
67: 377–398, quotes from pp. 379, 396.)
.... (Yockey, 1992. Information Theory and Molecular biology
, p. 336, Cambridge University Press, UK, ISBN 0-...
...om the Greek anatome , from ana-temnein , to cut up), is the branch of biology
that deals with the structure and organization of living things; thus ther...eeding a knowledge of the allied sciences of embryology or developmental biology
, phylogeny , and histology .
Pathological anatomy (or morbid ana...
... The three-letter abbreviation AMP can refer to the following:
, the nucleotide adenosine monophosphate
As a flavour enhancer , the nucleotide adenosine monophosphate
AngryMutantPenguin, a famous fan ...
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
...n the Netherlands . He is best known for his contribution to improvement of the microscope and his contributions towards the establishment of cell biology
. Using his handcrafted microscope he was the first to observe and describe muscle fibres, bacteria , spermatozoa and blood flow in capillarie...
... In biology
, apoptosis (from the Greek words apo = from... in what was to become the Laboratory of Molecular biology
(LMB) in Cambridge, UK. It was at this lab that d...her a framework for a process fundamental to human biology
and human disease."
In 1992, two independent tea...
...most aspects of cell structure and metabolism . However, their genetic transcription and translation - the two central processes in molecular biology
- do not show the typical bacterial features, but are extremely similar to those of eukaryotes . For instance, archaean translation uses eukaryotic...
... mathematics , philosophy , computer science , biology
, anthropology and sociology in which unusual ...
Lindenmayer s...e: A Report from the Frontier Where Computers Meet biology
. Vintage Books: Random House, New York. ISBN 0-...
...tegrated F-plasmid do recombine unusually often, which is why they are also called Hfr- (high frequency recombination-) strains .
Sticky end/blunt end
... In biology
, sticky end and blunt end are the two possible configurations resulting from the breaking of double-stranded DNA . DNA exhibits a stabilizing i...
Some text in this entry was merged with the Nupedia article entitled Bacteria , written by Nagina Parmar; reviewed and approved by the biology
group (editor: Gaytha Langlois, lead reviewer: Gaytha Langlois, lead copyeditors: Ruth Ifcher and Jan Hogle)
... Bioinformatics or computational biology
is the use of techniques from applied mathematic...e biological problems. Research in computational biology
often overlaps with systems biology
. Major research efforts in the field include seq...
... living organisms . See the article on molecular biology
for a diagram and description of the interrelat... used in many areas, from genetics to molecular biology
and from agriculture to medicine . The first a...pics
List of biochemistry topics
List of biomolecules
List of biochemists
...a scientist devoted to and producing results in biology
through the study of organisms .
Typically biolo...tment of Labor.)
Many positions in biology
as a field require an academic degree . A PhD (o...g involves a specialization in a specific area of biology
. (U.S. Department of Labor)
See also: List o...
... Biotechnology is technology based on biology
, especially when used in agriculture , food science , and medicine .
List of publications in biology#biotechnology
..., such as elastic modulus , would be different.
Chemistry , molecular biology
, and cell biology
have much to offer in the way of explaining the active and passive properti...
... methods of the physical sciences to questions of biology
Biophysics research today comprises a number of...links
Traditional studies in biology
are conducted using statistical ensemble experi...as groups across departments within the fields of biology
, biochemistry , chemistry , computer science ,...
...fold " into characteristic shapes, which determine their biological functions and depend in a complicated way on their primary structures. Structural biology
is the study of the shapes of biopolymers.
The convention for a protein is to list its constituent amino acid residues as they occur from the ami...
...scientific study of plant life . As a branch of biology
, it is also sometimes referred to as plant science(s) or plant biology
. Botany covers a wide range of scientific discipl...e officinal uses of plants.
Agriculture , horticulture , forestry and ...
... 5 Causes and pathophysiology
5.1 Molecular biology
Causes and pathophysiology
Carcinogenesis (meaning literally, the creatio... for any specific cancer. However, with molecular biology
, it is now possible to characterize the mutations...
Carbohydrates and Glycosylation - The Virtual Library of Biochemistry and Cell biology
... Carrier has several different meanings:
in telecommunication , a carrier wave
, an asymptomatic carrier
the Carrier tribe , a First Nations tribe living in British Columbia , Canada ; also the name of their Atha...
... In cell biology
, the nucleus (from Latin nucleus or nuculeus , kernel) is an organelle , found in the majority of eukaryotic cells , which contains most o...
... The term cell growth is used in two different ways in biology
. When used in the context of reproduction of living cells the phrase "ce...
... A centriole in biology
is a hollow cylindrical organelle found in most animal cells , and cells of fungi and algae though not frequently in plants . The walls of...
...achments or a primary constriction, and a "diffuse" kinetochore assembles along the entire length of the chromosome.
See also: Genetics -- Cell biology
Report about Nature Genetics article that centromere of rice genome carries active genes
* Science . 2002 Sep 13;2...
Charles Darwin's theory of evolution based upon natural selection changed the thinking of countless fields of study from biology
to anthropology . His work established that "evolution" had occurred: not necessarily that it was by natural or sexual selection (this particular r...
Chloroplasts and Photosynthesis: The Role of Light from Kimball's biology
... This article relates to cell biology
. For the Italian town, see Cisterna, Italy .
A cisterna (plural cisternae ) comprises a flattened membrane disk which makes up the Golgi ap...
...iques and methodologies of genetics that predate the advent of molecular biology
. A key discovery of classical genetics in eukaryotes , was genetic linka...etics is often contrasted with reverse genetics , and aspects of molecular biology
are sometimes referred to as molecular genetics .
See also : Genetic li...