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Prenatal Stress Keeps Infants, Toddlers up at Night, Study Says

...ers-to-be are at increased risk of having children who will experience sleep problems in infancy and todd..., assessed pregnant women living in Avon, England, who were due to give birth in a 21-month window. More than 14,000 women an estimated 85 to 90 percent o...

Genomic Analysis Uncovers New Targets for HIV Vaccine

...t an Achilles heel of HIV, according to Goldstein, who said that a vaccine could be designed to elicit an...CHAVI investigators wanted to study those patients who had many sequential blood samples taken during this plateau in viral load. Before their analyses beg...

Art and music for the birds

...sation with co-creator John Walsh, a video artist, who sent Demaray sounds made by the catbird, an avid appreciator of human noise. The Rutgers-Camden scholar makes art that interacts with natural surroundings – imagine spotting a tree donning a sweater or finding a rock upholstered as a baseball. She de...

Nicotine rush hinges on sugar in neurons

...Raymond Stevens of The Scripps Research Institute, who was not involved in the study, called it “a landma...s stopped the gate’s operation, according to Chen, who said, “The sugar is critical, in my opinion.” The researchers also found a water molecule deep in ...

Researchers discover inherited mutation for leukemia

...on in men than women, and typically strikes people who are in their 50s, 60s and 70s. About 90 percen...But about one in 10 people with CLL have relatives who also develop the disease – strong evidence of a hereditary predisposition. However, usually only two...

Enzyme delivered in smaller package protects cells from radiation damage

...lications for the prophylactic protection of those who may be the first responders to a nuclear accident or a terrorist attack, such as a "dirty bomb," he explained. ...

Innovative smallpox vaccine research study to be conducted at Case Medical Center

...mallpox vaccine geared toward adults ages 18 to 34 who have never been vaccinated against the disease. The study is the first of its type in Northeast Ohio. The current FDA-approved vaccine, Dryvax®, is not recommended for use on everyone because of the potential for serious side effects in certain ind...

Blood test may help signal tumor's remission, return in throat cancer patients

...ity of Michigan, found that throat cancer patients who showed a decline in several cancer-related protein...re more likely to remain in remission, while those who experienced a large rise over time in those proteins frequently exhibited a return of throat cancer....

Soils offer new hope as carbon sink

...e Kimber said an added benefit for both the farmer who applies agrichar and the environment is that the carbon in agrichar remains locked up in the soil for many years longer than, for example, carbon applied as compost, mulch or crop residue. "We broadly categorise carbon in the soil as being labile ...

Math that powers spam filters used to understand how brain learns to move our muscles

...., professor of biomedical engineering at Hopkins, who with his colleagues built the new model, says the artificial brain in the computer, like its natural counterpart, is guided in part by a special kind of statistical “probability” theory called Bayesian math. Unlike conventional statistical analys...

Researchers find 24 species believed new to science in Suriname rainforest

..., a Conservation International (CI) vice president who heads the RAP program. “Our study will be a vital ...from CI and partner universities and organizations who traveled to the Lely and Nassau plateaus in eastern Suriname, 130 kilometers (80 miles) southeast of...

Cigarette smoke alters DNA in sperm, genetic damage could pass to offspring

...hildren could inherit genetic damage from a father who smokes. Canadian researchers have demonstrated ...l Toxicology Division. “We have known that mothers who smoke can harm their fetuses, and here we show evidence that fathers can potentially damage offsprin...

Old memory traces in brain may trigger chronic pain

... pain resulting from chemotherapy, noted Apkarian, who is a member of the Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center at Northwestern University. The drug has long-term benefits. Animals appeared to be pain free 30 days after the last dose of a 30-day regime of D-Cycloserine. The study, funde...

New study reports hotel guests at risk from carbon monoxide poisoning

...mall, the accumulated lifetime risk to individuals who travel frequently would be higher. This risk could approach zero with effective CO prevention measures.” The authors contacted 43 sites where CO poisonings had occurred and found that only 12% had installed CO detectors after the incidents. In 10...

Crammed with charged DNA, pressure rises inside virus

...s Smith, an assistant professor of physics at UCSD who headed the team that published the discovery this week in the early on-line edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. “First, the DNA must be forced to bend. Second, the electrostatic repulsion of the DNA’s negatively charged back...

Snoring in children might be an allergic type disease

...Pulmonology has established children with rhinitis who were first born, were exposed to maternal tobacco smoke during the first year of life and/or who had asthma and/or eczema at age five years were more likely to snore. Breastfeeding, birth weight...

Research team identifies new Alzheimer's gene

.... The team screened the DNA from 1,400 individuals who had been clinically assessed with Alzheimer’s prior death, and simultaneously examined more than 500,000 SNPs or genetic variations to characterize and confirm additional LOAD susceptibility genes. The search revealed GAB2. Based on the genetics o...

How to lose weight and not go hungry: HU researcher develops drug that mimics feeling of 'fullness'

...ss than the average for mice of their size and age who were not being given the compound. The peptide has been patented in Europe and the U.S., and a commercial firm, Bioline RX Ltd. Of Jerusalem has purchased development rights from Yissum, the Hebrew University’s technology transfer company, and i...

Pesticides choke pathway for nature to produce nitrogen for crops

... fellow under Joe Thornton, a professor of biology who focuses on phylogenomics and nuclear receptor genes. Fox and colleagues began detailing their findings in the journal Nature (2001) and Environmental Health Perspectives (2004), testing more than 50 chemicals, including pentachlorophenol (PCP), in...

Caribbean frogs started with a single, ancient voyage on a raft from South America

...he evolutionary biologist and professor of biology who directed the research. "Because land connections ...y is Penn State graduate student Matthew Heinicke, who performed DNA sequencing and analysis. One prominent theory had proposed that frog species on the...

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(Date:7/27/2014)... that nicotine and cotinine, a metabolite of nicotine, can ... in smoke. , The carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone or NNK is ... ends up in the tobacco smoke. Once inhaled, it ... is activated by a variety of enzymes called Cytochrome ... nicotine can partially interfere with the activation of NNK, ...
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(Date:7/27/2014)... to date, researchers from the U.K. provide national, regional, ... virus (HCV). Findings published in Hepatology, a journal of ... indicate that genotype 1 is the most prevalent worldwide, ... reside in East Asia. Genotype 3, at just over ... by genotypes 2, 4, 6, and 5. , ...
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