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Tag: "vegetable" at biology news

Scientists ID molecular 'switch' in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats

...quid at room temperature, such as various types of vegetable oils. Trans-unsaturated fatty acids, or trans fats, are artificially produced solid fats used in shortening and margarine, baked goods, and the oils used to cook french fries and other fast food. Studies have shown that trans fats not only raise LDL...

Children's taste sensitivity and food choices influenced by taste gene

...do not like bitter taste, thereby interfering with vegetable consumption and potentially limiting intake of imp...s to devise better strategies to enhance fruit and vegetable acceptance in children who are sensitive to bitter taste," comments Mennella. "It may be that childh...

Scientists identify genes responsible for 'black rot' disease in vegetables

...rot" disease, which is the most serious disease of vegetable crops worldwide. Their study, which represents the...tions (high humidity and temperature), Xcc infects vegetable crops by spreading through the plants' vascular tissues, turning the veins in their leaves yellow an...

UNC plant researchers discover proteins interact to form hair-trigger protection against invaders

...us to lose some 30 percent of our grain, fruit and vegetable crops after all the human, water and soil energy has already gone into producing them," Dangl said. "The hope is that we might be able to manipulate plants' immune systems to make them more resistant to pathogens using fewer expensive and polluting c...

FDA approves more generic AIDS drugs

...us to lose some 30 percent of our grain, fruit and vegetable crops after all the human, water and soil energy has already gone into producing them," Dangl said. "The hope is that we might be able to manipulate plants' immune systems to make them more resistant to pathogens using fewer expensive and polluting c...

Mechanism for the captation of nutrients in plants- unknown to date

...nable the design of experiments aimed at enhancing vegetable species in the interest of humanity. Researchers ...g their contents into an internal compartment of a vegetable cell known as the vacuola. Once inside the vacuola, the substances or nutrients are broken up, store...

MSU researchers receive $4 million grant to uncover gene functions

...important to agriculture and human health, such as vegetable oils, starch for ethanol-based fuels, vitamin E and amino acids. Despite the many functions of a chloroplast, the MSU team estimates that it takes only around 4,000 genes to make a functional chloroplast, which is similar to a simple bacterium, rathe...

Plant pathologists evaluate eco-friendly alternatives to methyl bromide

...at the next phase-out does not result in decreased vegetable or ornamental production in Florida and the rest of the U.S.," Rosskopf said. Attempts to identify chemical alternatives to methyl bromide have led to the re-examination of existing soil fumigants. "While an emphasis is currently being placed on the...

GROWing the next generation of water recycling plants

...een water is not drinkable and will be dyed with a vegetable colour to signify this, but it can be used to flush toilets or water the garden. More than half the water used in the home and workplace does not need to be of drinkable quality yet it comes from the same pure source as our kitchen taps. Using GROW,...

Researchers release new variety of asparagus

...fers a higher yield than previous varieties of the vegetable and boasts an excellent spear quality, marked by a...ndustry in this country needs new varieties of the vegetable ?varieties that can compete with those produced in other countries where labor cost is low, such as ...

New organic substrate

...wn outside the soil ?and, to a lesser extent, with vegetable and forest nurseries. It is a substrate that can compete with those in the market, especially those used for mushrooms and hydroponic crops, as a single substrate, while for the nursery crops it should be mixed with peat. Peat is the prime substrat...

Natural vitamin E tocotrienol reaches blood at protective levels

... American diet, occurs naturally in palm oil; this vegetable oil is increasingly used in prepared foods because it has no trans fat. In the first study of this form of the nutritional supplement in humans, Ohio State researchers determined that a moderate dose of tocotrienol reached concentrations in human ...

UCLA study of community health project shows how group dynamics affect fitness, eating habits

... A 12-week curriculum, meanwhile, boosts fruit and vegetable intake while reducing feelings of sadness and depr...ignificantly among 12-week participants; fruit and vegetable intake increased significantly and body mass index decreased marginally with the 12-week program, wi...

Why Popeye only has eyes for spinach

...strument, they have launched a study to see if the vegetable that endows Popeye with his super-human strength could also explain why the 77-year-old sailor has no need for spectacles! Spinach and some other vegetables like sweetcorn, kale and broccoli are rich in a chemical called lutein, which, together wit...

Dinosaurs -- stones did not help with digestion

... minerals. But if the stones did not help to crush vegetable food, the sauropods' digestive system must have used other methods, since the decomposition of large amounts of material which is difficult to digest requires the assistance of bacteria in the digestive system. The smaller the pieces are, the better ...

Bitter taste identifies poisons in foods

...ing toxins in the natural setting of the fruit and vegetable plant matrix," said senior author Paul Breslin, a Monell sensory scientist. Glucosinolates act as anti-thyroid compounds. The thyroid converts iodine into thyroid hormones, which are essential for protein synthesis and regulation of the body's met...

Sequencing of the oyster mushroom genome

...?or are currently being ?sequenced (human, animal, vegetable and microbian), enables us to obtain an overall and more enriched picture of the evolution of life on Earth. In the second year of the project, the reading of the genome will be completed and the annotation of the genes perfected. In the end, all...

U of M researchers invent 'flashy' new process to turn soy oil, glucose into hydrogen

Anyone who's overheated vegetable oil or sweet syrup knows that neither oil nor sugar evaporates--oil smokes and turns brown, sugar turns black, and both leave a nasty film of carbon on the cookware. Now, a University of Minnesota team has invented a "reactive flash volatilization pr...

100 percent juices found as beneficial to health as fruits and vegetables

...me of today’s health issues, 100 percent fruit and vegetable juices do help reduce risk factors related to cert...evention, there is no evidence that pure fruit and vegetable juices are less beneficial than whole fruit and vegetables.? The researchers add that the positionin...

World's largest flower evolved from family of much tinier blooms

...escribed rafflesia as "the greatest prodigy of the vegetable world," adding, "To tell you the truth, had I been alone, and had there been no witnesses, I should think I would have been fearful of mentioning the dimensions of this flower, so much does it exceed every flower I have ever seen or heard of." ...

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(Date:10/14/2014)... 14, 2014 – High doses of fish oil supplements, rich ... common type of irregular heartbeat in which the heart can ... of the AFFORD trial led by the Montreal Heart Institute ... of Cardiology on October 7th. , For the trial, ... were randomly assigned to 4 grams of fish oil a ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... international team of researchers, led by the Chinese Academy ... Nature Genetics a brief genomic history of ... the tomato plant. , The C.M. Rick Tomato Genetics ... in this study by providing seed of both cultivated ... which builds on the first tomato genome sequence completed ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... 14 October 2014 – Researchers from Stanford University School ... mechanism used by cells and the activation of muscle ... blocks" and generate energy during times of nutrient deprivation. ... that when this protective mechanism is operational it also ... "Our study reveals that when stem cells emerge from ...
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